Henry S. Foote
|19th Governor of Mississippi|
January 10, 1852 –January 5, 1854
|Preceded by||James Whitfield|
|Succeeded by||John J. Pettus|
| United States Senator |
March 4, 1847 –January 8, 1852
|Preceded by||Joseph W. Chalmers|
|Succeeded by||Walker Brooke|
Henry Stuart Foote
February 28, 1804
Fauquier County, Virginia
|Died||May 19, 1880 76) (aged|
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Winters |
Rachel (Boyd) Smiley
|Alma mater||Washington College|
Henry Stuart Foote (February 28, 1804 –May 19, 1880) was a United States Senator from Mississippi and the chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1847 to 1852. He was a Unionist Governor of Mississippi from 1852 to 1854, and an American Party supporter in California. During the American Civil War, he served in the First and Second Confederate Congresses. A practicing attorney, he published two memoirs related to the Civil War years, as well as a book on Texas prior to its annexation, and a postwar book on the legal profession and courts in the South.
Henry S. Foote was born on February 28, 1804 in Fauquier County, Virginia.He was the son of Richard Helm Foote and Catherine (Stuart) Foote. He pursued classical studies in 1819 and graduated from Washington College (now Washington and Lee University). He later studied the Law and was admitted to the bar in 1822.
Foote moved to Alabama in 1824, where he began his law practice in Tuscumbia. [ citation needed ]He also established a Democratic newspaper. He became a co-founder and trustee of LaGrange College, later known as the University of North Alabama. Shortly after, he moved to Mississippi, where he practiced law in the state capital, Jackson, and in the river towns of Natchez, Vicksburg, and Raymond, which were centers of business associated with the cotton and slave trades. He also visited the state of Texas and wrote a two-volume book about it.
Foote served as a Democratic Senator from 1847 to 1852.He was the chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. He played a key role in securing the Compromise of 1850. During Senate debates over the projected compromise resolutions, Thomas Hart Benton refused to support the compromise and became enraged by Foote's verbal attacks. According to the historian James Coleman, during heated Senate debates over the projected compromise resolutions, Foote drew a pistol on Benton after Benton charged him. Other members wrestled Foote to the floor; they took the gun away and locked it in a drawer. The incident created an uproar that prompted an investigation by a Senate committee.
Foote defeated Jefferson Davis to succeed John A. Quitman as the Governor of Mississippi from 1852 to 1854.He was elected on a Unionist platform at a time of increasing sectional tension. It was the last Unionist ticket in Mississippi. Foote resigned and moved to California, where he practised the law in San Francisco and joined the American Party. He campaigned for the Fillmore–Donelson ticket in the 1856 presidential campaign.
On the eve of the American Civil War of 1861–1865, Foote returned to Vicksburg. In 1859, he was a member of the Southern convention held in Knoxville. He moved to Tennessee and settled in Nashville, where he was elected to the First and Second Confederate Congresses. As a member of the Confederate House of Representatives, he criticized the war policies of the Confederate President Jefferson Davis. In one debate, he verbally attacked the Confederate Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin, and expressed virulent antisemitism.
Early in 1865, Foote attempted to cross to Union lines and travel to Washington, D.C., but was arrested by Confederates before he could do so. The Confederate House of Representatives voted on January 24, 1865, to expel him, but the vote failed to garner the necessary two-thirds majority. Later, he was appointed a Mississippi Commissioner for Confederate POWs being held by the North (his own son among them). He resigned from office in 1865 and moved to Washington, where he sought a meeting with President Lincoln but was refused. Given the choice of leaving the United States or being sent back to the Confederacy, Foote fled to Canada and later to London. There he started writing a memoir of the war years.
After the war, Foote returned to Nashville, Tennessee, where he practiced law.He was also a frequent visitor to Washington, D.C. He joined the Republican Party in 1875, and he attended the 1876 Republican National Convention. He published two memoirs and a history of the law in the region. He was the appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes to serve as the Superintendent of the New Orleans Mint from 1878 to 1880.
Foote was married twice. With his first wife, Elizabeth Winters, he had two sons and three daughters.His son Henry S. Foote Jr. served in the Confederate States Army and later as a superior court judge in California. His other son, W. W. Foote, also served in the CSA and ran for the U.S. Senate as a Democrat from California in 1892. One of his daughters married Nevada Senator William Morris Stewart.
Foote had a third son with his second wife,Rachel Douglas Boyd Smiley. They briefly resided at Old Central in West Nashville, a house built in 1858 on land she had inherited from her grandfather, John Boyd, a congressman for the Republic of Texas. The land and house later became property of Vanderbilt University, where it still stands today. His third son moved to California.
Foote died on May 19, 1880 in Nashville, Tennessee.He was buried in the Smiley family plot at the Mount Olivet Cemetery in Nashville. His second wife Rachel died in 1882.
Mrs Rachel D. Foote, widow of the late ex-Gov. Henry S. Foote, died near Nashville, Tenn., on the evening of January 9, at the residence of her son, Robert G. Smiley.
Joseph W. Chalmers
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Mississippi |
March 4, 1847 –January 8, 1852
Served alongside: Jesse Speight, Jefferson Davis and John J. McRae
| Governor of Mississippi |
January 10, 1852 – January 5, 1854
John J. Pettus
|Confederate States House of Representatives|
| Member of the C.S. House of Representatives |
February 18, 1862 – January 24, 1865
The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850 that defused a political confrontation between slave and free states on the status of territories acquired in the Mexican–American War. It also set Texas' western and northern borders and included provisions addressing fugitive slaves and the slave trade. The compromise was brokered by Whig senator Henry Clay and Democratic senator Stephen Douglas with the support of President Millard Fillmore.
Thomas Hart Benton, nicknamed "Old Bullion", was a United States Senator from Missouri. A member of the Democratic Party, he was an architect and champion of westward expansion by the United States, a cause that became known as Manifest Destiny. Benton served in the Senate from 1821 to 1851, becoming the first member of that body to serve five terms.
Solon Borland was a newspaperman, soldier, diplomat, Democratic United States Senator from the State of Arkansas and a Confederate officer during the American Civil War.
William Brimage Bate was an American soldier and politician. He served as Governor of Tennessee from 1883 to 1887, and subsequently served as a United States Senator from 1887 until his death. During the Civil War, he fought for the Confederacy, eventually rising to the rank of major general and commanding a division in the Army of Tennessee. Bate saw action in multiple engagements throughout the war, and was seriously wounded on two occasions.
The 2nd Confederate States Congress, consisting of the Confederate States Senate and the Confederate States House of Representatives, met from May 2, 1864, to March 18, 1865, during the last year of Jefferson Davis's presidency, at the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond, Virginia. Its members were elected in the 1863 congressional elections.
Joseph Smith Fowler was an American attorney and politician. As a resident of Tennessee, he was notable for his support of the Union during the American Civil War. Fowler served as state comptroller during the military governorship of Andrew Johnson. After the war, Fowler served as a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1866 to 1871.
Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter was a Virginia lawyer, politician and plantation owner. He was a U.S. Representative, Speaker of the House (1839–1841), and U.S. Senator (1847–1861). During the American Civil War, Hunter became the Confederate States Secretary of State (1861–1862) and then a Confederate Senator (1862–1865) and critic of President Jefferson Davis. After the war, Hunter failed to win re-election to the U.S. Senate, but did serve as the Treasurer of Virginia (1874–80) before retiring to his farm. After fellow Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected President of the United States in 1884, Hunter became the customs collector for the port of Tappahannock until his death.
Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1864 to elect Representatives to the 39th United States Congress. The election coincided with the presidential election of 1864, in which President Abraham Lincoln was re-elected.
William Morris Stewart was an American lawyer and politician. In 1964, he was inducted into the Hall of Great Westerners of the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum.
Walker Brooke was an American politician who served as a Deputy from Mississippi to the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1862. He was also a U.S. Senator from 1852 to 1853, representing the state of Mississippi.
Edward Cary Walthall was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a postbellum United States Senator from Mississippi.
The Nashville Convention was a political meeting held in Nashville, Tennessee, on June 3–11, 1850. Delegates from nine slave holding states met to consider a possible course of action if the United States Congress decided to ban slavery in the new territories being added to the country as a result of Westward Expansion and the Mexican–American War. The compromises worked out in Nashville paved the way for the Compromise of 1850, and for a time, averted the dissolution of the United States.
G. A. Henry was an American politician who served as a Confederate States Senator from Tennessee from 1862 to 1865.
Landon Carter Haynes was an American politician who served as a Confederate States Senator from Tennessee from 1862 to 1865. He also served several terms in the Tennessee House of Representatives, including one term as Speaker (1849–1851). In the early 1840s, Haynes worked as editor of the Jonesborough-based newspaper, Tennessee Sentinel, garnering regional fame for his frequent clashes with rival editor, William "Parson" Brownlow.
The Civil War made a huge impact on Tennessee, with large armies constantly destroying its rich farmland, and every county witnessing combat. It was a divided state, with the Eastern counties harbouring pro-Union sentiment throughout the conflict, and it was the last state to secede from the Union, in protest at Lincoln’s call for troops. It also provided more regiments to the Union than every other Confederate state combined.
William Andrew Quarles was a Tennessee lawyer, politician, railroad executive, and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
Hezekiah William Foote (1813–1899) was an American Confederate veteran, attorney, planter and state politician from Mississippi.
John Boyd (1796–1873) was an American settler and politician. He served as a Congressman for the Republic of Texas and as a member of the Texas State Senate.
Frederick Steidinger Heiskell was an American newspaper publisher, politician, and civic leader, active primarily in Knoxville, Tennessee, throughout much of the 19th century. He cofounded the Knoxville Register, which during its early years was the city's only newspaper, and operated a printing firm that published a number of early important books on Tennessee history and law. He also served one term in the Tennessee Senate (1847–1849), and briefly served as Mayor of Knoxville in 1835. He was a trustee, organizer, or financial supporter of numerous schools and civic organizations.
Thomas Fletcher was an American politician who served as Acting Governor of Arkansas from November 4 to 15, 1862, following the resignation of Henry M. Rector.