Henry Scott, 1st Earl of Deloraine

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Major-General Henry Scott, 1st Earl of Deloraine KB (1676 – 25 December 1730) was a Scottish peer and army officer.

Order of the Bath series of awards of an order of chivalry of the United Kingdom

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. The name derives from the elaborate medieval ceremony for appointing a knight, which involved bathing as one of its elements. The knights so created were known as "Knights of the Bath". George I "erected the Knights of the Bath into a regular Military Order". He did not revive the Order of the Bath, since it had never previously existed as an Order, in the sense of a body of knights who were governed by a set of statutes and whose numbers were replenished when vacancies occurred.

Kingdom of Scotland historic sovereign kingdom on the British Isles from the 9th century and up to 1707

The Kingdom of Scotland was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843. Its territories expanded and shrank, but it came to occupy the northern third of the island of Great Britain, sharing a land border to the south with the Kingdom of England. It suffered many invasions by the English, but under Robert I it fought a successful war of independence and remained an independent state throughout the late Middle Ages. In 1603, James VI of Scotland became King of England, joining Scotland with England in a personal union. In 1707, the two kingdoms were united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain under the terms of the Acts of Union. Following the annexation of the Northern Isles from the Kingdom of Norway in 1472 and final capture of the Royal Burgh of Berwick by the Kingdom of England in 1482, the territory of the Kingdom of Scotland corresponded to that of modern-day Scotland, bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest.

Scott was the second surviving son of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (the illegitimate son of Charles II and Lucy Walter) and his wife, Anne. In 1693, he married Anne Duncombe (d. 1720), the daughter of William Duncombe of Batthesden, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. They had three surviving children:

James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth English nobleman and soldier

James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, 1st Duke of Buccleuch, KG, PC was a Dutch-born English nobleman. Originally called James Crofts or James Fitzroy, he was born in Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the eldest illegitimate son of Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland, and his mistress Lucy Walter.

Charles II of England King of England, Ireland and Scotland

Charles II was king of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.

Lucy Walter mistress of King Charles II of England

Lucy Walter or Lucy Barlow was a Welsh mistress of King Charles II of England and mother of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth. She is believed to have been born in 1630 or a little later at Roch Castle near Haverfordwest, Wales into a family of middling gentry.

Tomb of the 1st Earl and Countess of Deloraine at Sandford St Martin, Oxfordshire St Martin, Sandford St Martin, Oxon - Churchyard - geograph.org.uk - 1622723.jpg
Tomb of the 1st Earl and Countess of Deloraine at Sandford St Martin, Oxfordshire

In 1706 Queen Anne created Scott Earl of Deloraine. He was elected to the last Scottish Parliament that year and voted in favour of the Acts of Union. In 1725 he was vested with the Order of the Bath.

Anne, Queen of Great Britain Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1702–07); queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707–14)

Anne was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707. On 1 May 1707, under the Acts of Union, two of her realms, the kingdoms of England and Scotland, united as a single sovereign state known as Great Britain. She continued to reign as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1714.

Acts of Union 1707 Acts of Parliament creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain

The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland. They put into effect the terms of the Treaty of Union that had been agreed on 22 July 1706, following negotiation between commissioners representing the parliaments of the two countries. By the two Acts, the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland—which at the time were separate states with separate legislatures, but with the same monarch—were, in the words of the Treaty, "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain".

In 1726, Deloraine married Mary Scott, Countess of Deloraine, the granddaughter of Col. Philip Howard, and they had two daughters:

James Peachey, 1st Baron Selsey, known as Sir James Peachey, Bt, between 1765 and 1794, was a British politician and courtier.

Lord Deloraine died suddenly on Christmas Day in 1730 and is buried at Sandford St Martin, Oxfordshire.

Oxfordshire County of England

Oxfordshire is a county in South East England. The ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buckinghamshire to the east, Berkshire to the south, Wiltshire to the south-west and Gloucestershire to the west.


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Earl of Deloraine was a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1706 for Lord Henry Scott, second surviving son of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth by Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch. He was made Lord Goldielands and Viscount of Hermitage at the same time, also in the Peerage of Scotland. Two of his sons, the second and third Earls, succeeded in the title. The titles became extinct on the death of the latter's son, the fourth Earl, in 1807.

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James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith Scottish noble

Sir James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith KT was an English nobleman and politician. He was the son of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth and Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch. He was also the grandson of Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. On 2 January 1693/94 he married Lady Henrietta Hyde, daughter of Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester and Henrietta Hyde, Countess of Rochester. They had six children:

  1. Francis Scott, 2nd Duke of Buccleuch married (1) Lady Jane Douglas (2) Alice Powell
  2. Anne
  3. Charlotte
  4. Charles
  5. (name unknown)
  6. Henry
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Anthony Duncombe, 1st Baron Feversham, was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 until 1747 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Feversham.

Events from the year 1730 in Scotland.

References

Military offices
Preceded by
The Earl Marischal
Captain and Colonel of the
2nd Troop Horse Grenadier Guards

171517
Succeeded by
The Lord Forrester
Preceded by
Col. John Cholmley
(as John Cholmeley's
Regiment of Foot)
Colonel of The Earl of Deloraine's
Regiment of Foot

172430
Succeeded by
Lt-Gen Roger Handasyde
(as Roger Handasyde's
Regiment of Foot)
Preceded by
Lt-Gen George MacCartney
Colonel of the 7th Regiment of Horse
1730
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Rich, Bt
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Earl of Deloraine
170630
Succeeded by
Francis Scott