Major-General Henry Scott, 1st Earl of Deloraine KB (1676 – 25 December 1730) was a Scottish peer and army officer.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. The name derives from the elaborate medieval ceremony for appointing a knight, which involved bathing as one of its elements. The knights so created were known as "Knights of the Bath". George I "erected the Knights of the Bath into a regular Military Order". He did not revive the Order of the Bath, since it had never previously existed as an Order, in the sense of a body of knights who were governed by a set of statutes and whose numbers were replenished when vacancies occurred.
The Kingdom of Scotland was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843. Its territories expanded and shrank, but it came to occupy the northern third of the island of Great Britain, sharing a land border to the south with the Kingdom of England. It suffered many invasions by the English, but under Robert I it fought a successful war of independence and remained an independent state throughout the late Middle Ages. In 1603, James VI of Scotland became King of England, joining Scotland with England in a personal union. In 1707, the two kingdoms were united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain under the terms of the Acts of Union. Following the annexation of the Northern Isles from the Kingdom of Norway in 1472 and final capture of the Royal Burgh of Berwick by the Kingdom of England in 1482, the territory of the Kingdom of Scotland corresponded to that of modern-day Scotland, bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest.
Scott was the second surviving son of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (the illegitimate son of Charles II and Lucy Walter) and his wife, Anne. In 1693, he married Anne Duncombe (d. 1720), the daughter of William Duncombe of Batthesden, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. They had three surviving children:
James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, 1st Duke of Buccleuch, KG, PC was a Dutch-born English nobleman. Originally called James Crofts or James Fitzroy, he was born in Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the eldest illegitimate son of Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland, and his mistress Lucy Walter.
Charles II was king of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.
Lucy Walter or Lucy Barlow was a Welsh mistress of King Charles II of England and mother of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth. She is believed to have been born in 1630 or a little later at Roch Castle near Haverfordwest, Wales into a family of middling gentry.
In 1706 Queen Anne created Scott Earl of Deloraine. He was elected to the last Scottish Parliament that year and voted in favour of the Acts of Union. In 1725 he was vested with the Order of the Bath.
Anne was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707. On 1 May 1707, under the Acts of Union, two of her realms, the kingdoms of England and Scotland, united as a single sovereign state known as Great Britain. She continued to reign as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1714.
The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland. They put into effect the terms of the Treaty of Union that had been agreed on 22 July 1706, following negotiation between commissioners representing the parliaments of the two countries. By the two Acts, the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland—which at the time were separate states with separate legislatures, but with the same monarch—were, in the words of the Treaty, "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain".
In 1726, Deloraine married Mary Scott, Countess of Deloraine, the granddaughter of Col. Philip Howard, and they had two daughters:
James Peachey, 1st Baron Selsey, known as Sir James Peachey, Bt, between 1765 and 1794, was a British politician and courtier.
Lord Deloraine died suddenly on Christmas Day in 1730 and is buried at Sandford St Martin, Oxfordshire.
Oxfordshire is a county in South East England. The ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buckinghamshire to the east, Berkshire to the south, Wiltshire to the south-west and Gloucestershire to the west.
George Gordon, 1st Earl of Aberdeen, was a Lord Chancellor of Scotland.
Earl of Wemyss and Earl of March are two titles in the Peerage of Scotland, created in 1633 and 1697 respectively, that have been held by a joint holder since 1826. The Scottish Wemyss family had possessed the lands of Wemyss in Fife since the 12th century.
Duke of Atholl, alternatively Duke of Athole, named after Atholl in Scotland, is a title in the Peerage of Scotland held by the head of Clan Murray. It was created by Queen Anne in 1703 for John Murray, 2nd Marquess of Atholl, with a special remainder to the heir male of his father, the 1st Marquess.
Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, 7th Earl of Winchilsea PC, was an English Tory statesman during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.
Lord Polwarth, of Polwarth in the County of Berwick, is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1690 for Sir Patrick Hume of Polwarth, 2nd Baronet, Lord Chancellor of Scotland from 1696 to 1702. In 1697 he was further created Lord Polwarth, of Polwarth, Redbraes and Greenlaw, Viscount of Blasonberrie and Earl of Marchmont, also in the Peerage of Scotland. Upon the death of his grandson, the third Earl, the creations of 1697 became dormant (unclaimed).
Charles Palmer, later Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland, 1st Duke of Southampton, KG, Chief Butler of England, styled Baron Limerick before 1670 and Earl of Southampton between 1670 and 1675 and known as The Duke of Southampton from 1675 until 1709 when he succeeded his mother to the dukedom of Cleveland, was the eldest son of Barbara Villiers, later 1st Duchess of Cleveland, and one of the illegitimate sons of King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. As the putative son of Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine, his nominal father, he was styled Lord Limerick from birth. His birth marked the separation of his parents; Lord Castlemaine, a Roman Catholic, had him baptised into the Roman Catholic faith, but six days later the King had him re-christened into the Church of England.
John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl, KT, PC was a Scottish nobleman, politician, and soldier. He served in numerous positions during his life, and fought in the Glorious Revolution for William III and Mary II.
John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland KG was the son of John Manners, 1st Duke of Rutland and his third wife Catherine Wriothesley Noel, daughter of Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden. He was styled Lord Roos from 1679 until 1703 and Marquess of Granby from 1703 until 1711.
George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu KG, PC, FRS styled Lord Brudenell until 1732 and known as The Earl of Cardigan between 1732 and 1766, was a British peer.
John Egerton, 3rd Earl of Bridgewater KB PC was a British nobleman from the Egerton family.
Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch was a wealthy Scottish peer.
Earl of Deloraine was a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1706 for Lord Henry Scott, second surviving son of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth by Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch. He was made Lord Goldielands and Viscount of Hermitage at the same time, also in the Peerage of Scotland. Two of his sons, the second and third Earls, succeeded in the title. The titles became extinct on the death of the latter's son, the fourth Earl, in 1807.
David Wemyss, 4th Earl of Wemyss was a Scottish peer and Member of Parliament who served as Lord High Admiral of Scotland from 1706–1714.
William Ernest Duncombe, 1st Earl of Feversham, known as The Lord Feversham between 1867 and 1868, was a British Conservative politician.
Henry Howard, 4th Earl of Carlisle KG, styled Viscount Morpeth until 1738 was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1715 to 1738 when he succeeded to the Peerage as Earl of Carlisle.
Sir James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith KT was an English nobleman and politician. He was the son of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth and Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch. He was also the grandson of Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. On 2 January 1693/94 he married Lady Henrietta Hyde, daughter of Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester and Henrietta Hyde, Countess of Rochester. They had six children:
William Byron, 4th Baron Byron was an English nobleman, politician, peer, and Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Prince George of Denmark.
John Peachey, 2nd Baron Selsey, styled The Honourable John Peachey between 1794 and 1808, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1776 to 1790.
Anthony Duncombe, 1st Baron Feversham, was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 until 1747 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Feversham.
Events from the year 1730 in Scotland.
The Earl Marischal
| Captain and Colonel of the|
2nd Troop Horse Grenadier Guards
The Lord Forrester
Col. John Cholmley
(as John Cholmeley's
Regiment of Foot)
| Colonel of The Earl of Deloraine's|
Regiment of Foot
Lt-Gen Roger Handasyde
(as Roger Handasyde's
Regiment of Foot)
Lt-Gen George MacCartney
| Colonel of the 7th Regiment of Horse |
Sir Robert Rich, Bt
|Peerage of Scotland|
|New creation|| Earl of Deloraine |
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