Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort

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The Duke of Beaufort
Henry Somerset 5th Duke of Beaufort by Francis Cotes.jpg
Born16 October 1744 (1744-10-16)
Died11 October 1803 (1803-10-12) (aged 58)
Noble family Beaufort
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Boscawen
Issue
Henry Charles Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort
Lord Charles Somerset
Lord Edward Somerset
Lord Norborne Somerset
Lady Elizabeth Somerset
Lady Frances Somerset
Lady Harriet Somerset
Lord Robert Somerset
Lord Arthur Somerset
Rev. Lord William Somerset
Lady Anne Somerset
Col. Lord John Somerset
Fitzroy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan
Father Charles Somerset, 4th Duke of Beaufort
Mother Elizabeth Berkeley
Shield of arms of Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort, KG Coat of arms of Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort, KG.png
Shield of arms of Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort, KG

Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort KG (16 October 1744 11 October 1803) [1] was an English courtier and politician. He was the only son of Charles Noel Somerset, 4th Duke of Beaufort and Elizabeth Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort. Styled Marquess of Worcester from 1746, at his father's death on 28 October 1756, he succeeded him as 5th Duke of Beaufort, 7th Marquess of Worcester, 11th Earl of Worcester, and 13th Baron Herbert. [2]

Contents

Life

On 18 October 1760 he began his studies at Oriel College, Oxford, graduating on 7 July 1763 with a Doctor of Civil Laws (DCL) degree. [2]

He held the office of Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England between 1767 and 1772. [2] From 1768 to 1770, he was Master of the Horse to the Queen Consort. [2] He was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Monmouthshire in 1771 and Lord-Lieutenant of Brecknockshire in 1787, holding both offices until his death in 1803, as well as that of Lord-Lieutenant of Leicestershire from 1787 to 1799. [2] He was invested as a Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG) on 2 June 1786. [2] His last will was dated from 21 June 1789 to 11 September 1800. On 4 June 1803, shortly before his death, he succeeded to the title of 5th Lord Botetourt. [2]

The 5th Duke of Beaufort is buried at St Michael and All Angels Church, Badminton.

Family

On 2 January 1766 he married Elizabeth Boscawen, daughter of Hon. Edward Boscawen, Admiral of the Blue, and sister to George Boscawen, 3rd Viscount Falmouth. [2] Elizabeth died 15 June 1828. Together they had four daughters and nine sons:

  1. Henry Charles Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort, his heir and successor
  2. Lord Charles Henry Somerset (2 December 1767–18 February 1831)
  3. Lord Edward Somerset (1768–1769)
  4. Lord Norborne Berkeley Henry Somerset (4 May 1771–1838)
  5. Lady Elizabeth Somerset (11 February 1773 –5 May 1836), who married, on 27 June 1796, Very Reverend Charles Talbot, Dean of Salisbury, grandson of Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot, with whom she had three daughters and three sons
  6. Lady Frances Elizabeth Somerset (3 April 1774 –24 May 1841)
  7. Lady Harriet Isabella Elizabeth Somerset (9 July 1775 –1 June 1855), married Colonel Hugh Henry Mitchell and had two daughters and one son
  8. Lord Robert Edward Henry Somerset (19 December 1776 –1 September 1842)
  9. Lord Arthur John Henry Somerset (1780–1816)
  10. Rev. Lord William George Henry Somerset (2 September 1784–14 January 1861), Prebendary of Bristol, who was married twice; on 29 June 1813 to Elizabeth Molyneux (d.1843), daughter of Lt.-Gen. Sir Thomas Molyneux, 5th Baronet, with whom he had five sons, [3] and in 1844 to Frances Westby Brady (d. 31 August 1854). They had no children.
  11. Lady Anne Elizabeth Somerset (7 June 1786–22 September 1803)
  12. Col. Lord John Thomas Henry Somerset (30 August 1787–3 October 1846), married Lady Catherine Annesley, daughter of Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Mountnorris on 4 December 1814
  13. Fitzroy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan (30 September 1788–28 June 1855)

Ancestry

Y-DNA of his descendants did not match Richard III, meaning that somewhere in his pedigree, there was a false paternity event. [4]

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References

  1. Record for Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort on www.thepeerage.com
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 55.
  3. "Reverend Lord William George Henry Somerset". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  4. Richard III DNA results
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Thomas Morgan
Lord Lieutenant of Monmouthshire
17711799
Succeeded by
The Duke of Beaufort
Preceded by
Charles Morgan
Lord Lieutenant of Brecknockshire
17871803
Preceded by
The Duke of Rutland
Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire
17871799
Succeeded by
The Duke of Rutland
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Noel Somerset
Duke of Beaufort
17561803
Succeeded by
Henry Charles Somerset
Preceded by
Abeyant
Baron Botetourt
1803
Court offices
Preceded by
The Earl De La Warr
Master of the Horse to Queen Charlotte
17681770
Succeeded by
The Earl Waldegrave
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Lord Blayney
Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England
17671772
Succeeded by
The Lord Petre