| The Honourable |
|12th Premier of South Australia|
3 November 1868 –30 May 1870
|Governor||Sir James Fergusson|
|Preceded by||Henry Ayers|
|Succeeded by||John Hart|
|Born||14 November 1832|
Shapwick, England, United Kingdom
|Died|| 10 February 1920 87) (aged|
Somerset, England, United Kingdom
Henry Bull Templar Strangways (14 November 1832 – 10 February 1920) was an Australian politician and Premier of South Australia.
The Premier of South Australia is the head of government in the state of South Australia, Australia. The Government of South Australia follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of South Australia acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of South Australia, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the House of Assembly.
Strangways was the eldest son of Henry Bull Strangways of Shapwick, Somerset, England. As a boy, he visited South Australia, where his uncle Thomas Bewes Strangways was a pioneer. Returning to England he entered the Middle Temple in November 1851 and was called to the bar in June 1856. He went to Adelaide early in the following year, was elected to the South Australian House of Assembly for Encounter Bay in January 1858, and became Attorney-General of South Australia in the First Reynolds Ministry from May 1860 to May 1861. The ministry was then reconstructed and Strangways became Commissioner of Crown Lands and Immigration until October 1861. He held the same position in the Waterhouse ministry from October 1861 to July 1863, in the Dutton ministry from March to September 1865, and in the third Ayers ministry from September to October 1865. Strangways represented West Torrens from 17 November 1862 to 28 July 1871.
Shapwick is a village on the Polden Hills overlooking the Somerset Moors, in the Sedgemoor district of Somerset, England. It is situated to the west of Glastonbury.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.
On 3 November 1868 he became Premier and Attorney-General in a ministry that was reconstructed after an election on 12 May 1870, but was defeated 18 days later. In February 1871 he travelled to England on private business; while there he resigned his seat in the South Australian Parliament and settled instead on the family estate in Somerset where he lived the life of a country gentleman until his death on 10 February 1920. He retained his interest in South Australia all his life, but does not appear to have revisited it. In January 1861he married Maria Cordelia Wigley, a sister of William Rodolph Wigley (c. 1826–1890), and was survived by a daughter.
Somerset is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west. It is bounded to the north and west by the Severn Estuary and the Bristol Channel, its coastline facing southeastern Wales. Its traditional border with Gloucestershire is the River Avon. Somerset's county town is Taunton.
Sir Henry Ayers was the eighth Premier of South Australia, serving a record five times between 1863 and 1873.
Thomas Reynolds was the fifth Premier of South Australia, serving from 9 May 1860 to 8 October 1861.
Sir Arthur Blyth was Premier of South Australia three times; 1864–65, 1871–72 and 1873–75.
Captain John Hart was a South Australian politician and a Premier of South Australia. His son John Hart, Jr. was inaugural president of the Port Adelaide Football Club and had a brief political career.
Sir James Penn Boucaut was a South Australian politician and Australian judge. He was a member of the South Australian House of Assembly on four occasions: from 1861 to 1862 for City of Adelaide, from 1865 to 1870 for West Adelaide (1865–1868) and The Burra (1868–1870), from 1871 to 1878 for West Torrens (1871–1875) and Encounter Bay (1875–1878), and a final stint in Encounter Bay in 1878.
Strangways is a surname, and may refer to:
Benjamin Boothby was a South Australian colonial judge, who was removed from office for misbehaviour, one of four Australian supreme court judges removed in the 19th century.
Thomas Bewes Strangways, generally called "Bewes Strangways" and "T. Bewes Strangways", was an explorer, early settler and Colonial Secretary of South Australia.
Neville Blyth was a South Australian colonial politician.
Sir Archibald Michie, was an English-born Australian lawyer, journalist, Agent-General, Attorney-General of Victoria and politician.
John Tuthill Bagot was a South Australian politician.
Henry Edward Downer was a South Australian politician. He was a brother of Sir John Downer and George Downer, and a noted lawyer and businessman.
Henry Hay Mildred was a lawyer and politician in the colony and State of South Australia.
The Second Reynolds Ministry was the 6th Ministry of the Government of South Australia, led by Thomas Reynolds. It commenced on 20 May 1861, when Reynolds succeeded in reconstituting his ministry and retaining power after the defeat of the First Reynolds Ministry. The ministry resigned in October 1861 when Reynolds was unable to reconstruct a ministry following the resignation of John Morphett as Chief Secretary. It was succeeded by the First Waterhouse Ministry, which was specifically constructed as a short-term ministry to deal with the matter of dissident Judge Benjamin Boothby, on 8 October.
The First Waterhouse Ministry was the 7th Ministry of the Government of South Australia, led by George Waterhouse. It commenced on 8 October 1861 as a short-term government solely for the purpose of dealing with an attempt to remove dissident judge Benjamin Boothby. As Henry Strangways refused to serve in the ministry, an Attorney-General was appointed from outside parliament, which the Constitution allowed for a period of up to three months. The ministry resigned following the passage of a motion to remove Boothby, but Waterhouse was successful in gaining support to form an ongoing government, which was sworn in on 17 October as the Second Waterhouse Ministry.
Richard Bowen Colley was the first mayor of Glenelg, South Australia.
William Rodolph Wigley was a lawyer and politician in the British colony of South Australia.
Giles Edward Strangways was a pioneer of the British colony of South Australia, an associate of John Finnis and Charles Sturt. He was an uncle of H. B. T. Strangways, a Premier of South Australia.
John Henry Richman was a lawyer in the young British colony of South Australia.
The Strangways Land Act was legislation enacted in January 1869 in South Australia to enable closer settlement in areas of the province suited to more intensive agriculture rather than vast pastoral runs on uncleared land leased from the government. It is named for Henry Strangways who was premier and attorney-general when the legislation was passed, and had previously been the Minister for Crown Lands.
The Australian Dictionary of Biography is a national co-operative enterprise founded and maintained by the Australian National University (ANU) to produce authoritative biographical articles on eminent people in Australia's history. Initially published in a series of twelve hard-copy volumes between 1966 and 2005, the dictionary has been published online since 2006.
| Premier of South Australia |
3 November 1868 – 30 May 1870
| Attorney-General of South Australia |
9 May 1860 – 20 May 1861