Henry William St Pierre Bunbury

Last updated

Henry Bunbury CB
Born(1812-09-02)2 September 1812
Died18 September 1875(1875-09-18) (aged 63)
NationalityEnglish
OccupationSoldier, explorer
Known forExploration in south of Western Australia
Children Sir Henry Charles John Bunbury, 10th Baronet
Parent(s)

Colonel Henry William St Pierre Bunbury CB (2 September 1812 – 18 September 1875) was a British Army officer who served for periods in Australia, South Africa, and India.

Contents

Early life

Bunbury was the son of Lt.-Gen. Sir Henry Bunbury, 7th Baronet, who served as Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. His mother, Louisa Amelia, was the daughter of Henry Edward Fox and the granddaughter of Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland. Bunbury's brothers, Sir Charles and Sir Edward, had prominent careers of their own.

At the age of 18, Bunbury was commissioned as an ensign in the 43rd Regiment of Foot. He was promoted lieutenant in 1833 and transferred to the 21st Regiment of Foot. Bunbury was then sent out to Australia, stationed in New South Wales from 1834 to 1835, Van Diemen's Land from 1835 to 1836, and Western Australia from 1836 to 1837. In New South Wales, he served as aide-de-camp to Sir Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales.

Colony of Western Australia

Bunbury arrived in the Colony of Western Australia in March 1836, and was sent by Governor James Stirling to explore the districts around Williams and Busselton and establish outposts. He kept a detailed diary, which provides valuable information about pre-settlement Aboriginal customs. One of the townships that Stirling had him establish was named Bunbury in his honour, and is now Western Australia's third-largest city. [1] [2]

In July 1836 Bunbury was sent to York 'to make war upon the native' and by 1837 around one third of the Swan River colony's troops were stationed in the York and Toodyay area. [3] In July 1836 Bunbury wrote 'I do not find the life very pleasant. I hope, however, it will not last very long as the Natives seem inclined to be quiet since I shot a few of them one night.' [4] On the 9th of July, 1836 The Perth Gazette reported a rumour of an attack in the York area of a night attack on Ballardong Noongar people in which several were wounded and a woman was killed.

In September 1836, Arthur Trimmer, the farming business partner of the Resident Magistrate Revett Henry Bland) got his servant Ned Gallop to hide in the loft of their barn with his guns waiting for Noongar men who were stealing flour. One "fine young" Noongar man was "wantonly" shot dead while walking away and two others were injured. Bunbury was sent again to York to keep the peace and wrote: Trimmer's "character never could recover from this foul stain." [5] In retaliation a shepherd called Knott was speared by Noongar Ballardong warriors Wainupwort and Dyott, an incident which Bunbury investigated with Bland. This incident resulted in more punitive action from troops led by Bunbury. [6] By October 1836 Bunbury was back in Perth and was then sent down to the Vasse area.

In July 1837 Bunbury was again sent to the York area after two colonial settlers Peter Chidlow and Edward Jones were speared by a group of around 40 Ballardong warriors after the arrest of two Noongar men, Durgap and his son Garbung, for stealing. They had been taken to Perth for punishment and the Ballardong Noongar people thought they would be killed without trial, like Midgegooroo had been. Governor Stirling sent Bunbury and extra troops to York with instructions to make 'proper examples of Severity to the full extent to which the Law warrants in such cases' so that 'the natives may be deterred from the Commission of further outrage'. [7] In his notebook titled 'Odds and Ends', Bunbury noted the names of eighteen Ballardong Noongar people who were killed during the following months. (Battye Library 327A)

South Africa and India

Leaving Western Australia in November 1837, Bunbury went to South Africa, where he was aide-de-camp to the Governor of the Cape Colony, Sir George Napier. He married Napier's daughter Cecilia in November 1852, and they had four children together. Bunbury served on the North-West Frontier of India and in the Crimean War before retiring in 1862. He retired with the rank of colonel, and was admitted into the Order of the Bath.

See also

Related Research Articles

Bunbury, Western Australia City in Western Australia

Bunbury is a coastal city in the Australian state of Western Australia, approximately 175 kilometres (109 mi) south of the state capital, Perth. It is the state's third-largest city after Perth and Mandurah, with a population of approximately 75,000.

Noongar

The Noongar are Aboriginal Australian peoples who live in the south-west corner of Western Australia, from Geraldton on the west coast to Esperance on the south coast. Noongar country is the land occupied by 14 different groups: Amangu, Ballardong, Yued, Kaneang, Koreng, Mineng, Njakinjaki, Njunga, Pibelmen, Pindjarup, Wardandi, Whadjuk, Wiilman and Wudjari.

George Thomas Napier

Sir George Thomas Napier was a British Army officer who saw service in the Peninsular War and later commanded the army of the Cape Colony.

Toodyay, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Toodyay, known as Newcastle between 1860 and 1910, is a town on the Avon River in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, 85 kilometres (53 mi) north-east of Perth on Ballardong Noongar land. The first European settlement occurred in the area in 1836. After flooding in the 1850s, the townsite was moved to its current location in the 1860s. It is connected by railway and road to Perth. During the 1860s, it was home to bushranger Moondyne Joe.

Bussell family

The Bussell family were a family of early settlers in colonial Western Australia. The four brothers John, Joseph Vernon, Alfred and Charles emigrated from England on Warrior, arriving at Fremantle on 12 March 1830. Lenox, Frances and Elizabeth arrived at Fremantle on Cygnet on 27 January 1833, and Mrs Frances Louisa and Mary arrived at Albany on 19 June 1834.

York, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

York is the oldest inland town in Western Australia, situated on the Avon River, 97 kilometres (60 mi) east of Perth in the Wheatbelt, on Ballardong Nyoongar land, and is the seat of the Shire of York.

Boyanup, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Boyanup is a town on the South Western Highway in the South West agricultural region, 195 km south of Perth and 18 km south-east of Bunbury, Western Australia. The town is located on the Preston River.

Pinjarra, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Pinjarra is a town in the Peel region of Western Australia along the South Western Highway, 85 kilometres (53 mi) from the state capital, Perth and 21 kilometres (13 mi) south-east of the coastal city of Mandurah. Its local government area is the Shire of Murray. At the 2016 census, Pinjarra had a population of 4910.

Arthur River, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Arthur River is a small town located in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, between Williams and Kojonup on the Albany Highway.

Williams, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Williams is a town located in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, 161 kilometres (100 mi) south-southeast of the state capital, Perth along Albany Highway and 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of Narrogin. The Williams River passes through the town. At the 2006 census, Williams had a population of 338.

Mark John Currie

Captain Mark John Currie RN played a significant role in the exploration of Australia and the foundation of the Swan River Colony, later named Western Australia.

Pinjarra massacre

The Pinjarra massacre, also known as the Battle of Pinjarra, is an attack that occurred in 1834 at Pinjarra, Western Australia on an uncertain number of Binjareb Noongar people by a detachment of 25 soldiers, police and settlers led by Governor James Stirling. Stirling estimated the Binjareb present numbered "about 60 or 70" and John Roe, who also participated, at about 70–80, which roughly agree with an estimate of 70 by an unidentified eyewitness.

The following lists events that happened during 1849 in Australia.

This is a timeline of Aboriginal history of Western Australia.

Henry Trigg (1791–1882) was the Superintendent of Public Works in Western Australia from 1839 to 1851 and founder of the Congregational Church in Perth.

Rivett Henry Bland was an early settler and a government administrator in colonial Australia.

John Henry Monger Snr (1802–1867) arrived in Western Australia as an assisted migrant in 1829. After a short period running a mill at what became Lake Monger, he established a hotel and store in York and went on to become one of the richest men in the colony.

Henry Stirling Trigg

Henry Stirling Trigg, also known as Harry, was a prominent Western Australian architect. He was the grandson of Henry Trigg, and the first architect both born and trained in Western Australia.

Arthur Trimmer (1805–1877) was one of three brothers who were early settlers in the colony of Western Australia. He was the grandson of Sarah Trimmer (1741–1810), an educational reformer and writer. Arthur’s father was William Kirby Trimmer who married Jane Bayne in 1794, with whom he had seven children. He owned a successful brickmaking business and collected fossils. He suffered a stroke in 1810 and died four months later, when Arthur was only five.

References

  1. "Bunbury, Henry William St Pierre (1812–1875)". Biography – Henry William St Pierre Bunbury – Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  2. "Chronology of Western Australian Aboriginal History" (1993, Gaia Foundation of Western Australia)
  3. John Connor. "The Australian Frontier Wars, 1788–1838". p. 83
  4. Lieut. H. W. BUNBURY St. Pierre Bunbury. "Early Days in Western Australia Being the Letters and Journal of Lieut. H. W. BUNBURY" (PDF).
  5. Bunbury, HW, edited by W St Pierre Bunbury and WP Morrell, Early Days in Western Australia, Oxford University Press, 1930, pp.53-56.
  6. Pamela Statham-Drew. "James Stirling : admiral and founding governor of Western Australia". p. 305
  7. JMR Cameron & Phyllis Barnes. "Lieutenant Bunbury's Australian Sojourn The letters and journals of Lt. H.W. Bunbury, 21st Royal North Fusiliers, 1834-1837". Footnote from p. 224

Further reading