Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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Henry the Mild
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Bornc. 1355
Died(1416-10-14)14 October 1416
Noble family House of Guelph
Spouse(s)Sophie of Pomerania
Margaret of Hesse
Father Magnus with the Necklace, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
MotherCatherine of Anhalt-Bernburg

Henry of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Latin Henricus, died 14 October 1416), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, called Henry the Mild, was prince of Lüneburg from 1388 to 1409 jointly with his brother Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, from 1400 to 1409 also of Wolfenbüttel, and from 1409 until his death sole prince of Lüneburg.

Henry was the fourth son of Magnus with the Necklace, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He participated in the prosecution of the murderers of his brother Frederick, elected King of the Romans, after 1400. Henry ravaged the Eichsfeld, a possession of the archbishop of Mainz, who was suspected to be involved in the murder. Only in 1405, a peace was ratified between Brunswick-Lüneburg and the Archbishopric.

In 1404, Henry was kidnapped by Bernard VI, Count of Lippe; when he paid a ransom, he was released, and later, with the support of King Rupert, took revenge on Bernard.

After the death of Gerhard, Count of Schleswig, Henry's sister's husband, Queen Margaret I of Denmark tried to take control of Schleswig, but Henry, together with Holstein, successfully defended Schleswig.


Henry married Sophie (died 1406), daughter of Wartislaw VI, Duke of Pomerania, in 1388. Children were:

Henry married Margaret (c. 1389–1446), daughter of Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse, in 1409. They had one known child:

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Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: about 1355 Died: 14 October 1416
German nobility
Preceded by
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Lüneburg
until 1409 joint rule with his brother Bernard I

Succeeded by
William the Victorious
and his brother
Henry the Peaceful
Preceded by
Frederick I
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
joint reign with his brother Bernard I

Succeeded by
Bernard I