Herb McKenley

Last updated

Herb McKenley
Herb McKenley 1948.jpg
Herb McKenley in 1948
Personal information
BornJuly 10, 1922
Pleasant Valley, Clarendon, Jamaica
DiedNovember 26, 2007 (aged 85)
Kingston, Jamaica
Height1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
Weight72 kg (159 lb)
Sport
CountryFlag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
SportSprint running
ClubIllinois Fighting Illini

The Hon. Herbert Henry McKenley OM (July 10, 1922 – November 26, 2007) was a Jamaican track and field sprinter. He competed at the 1948 and 1952 Olympics in six events in total, and won one gold and three silver medals. [1]

Contents

Born in Pleasant Valley, Clarendon, Jamaica, Herb McKenley enrolled at the University of Illinois and won the NCAA championships in 220 yd (200 m) and 440 yd (400 m) in 1946 and 1947. He was also the AAU champion in the 440-yard dash in 1945, 1947 and 1948, and was also the head of the list of world best times in 100 m (10.3), 200 m (20.4) and 400 m (46.2) in 1947. He is the only person to ever have achieved this feat.

Just before the 1948 London Olympics, McKenley ran the new world record in 440 yd (400 m) of 46.0, a record he broke again a month later, clocking 45.9. But at the Olympics itself, McKenley finished only second in 400 m, behind teammate Arthur Wint and was fourth in 200 m. He probably lost a gold medal in the 4 × 400 m relay when Wint pulled his muscle in the final. He is the only person to have made the final in all three sprinting events, the 100 m, 200 m and 400 m in the Olympics. [1]

Perhaps because of his success across the wide variation of distances, McKenley was known to have an uneven pace, blasting out to an early lead, but slowing towards the end of a 400 meters. August 23, 1947, on a wind-aided straight, boardwalk at Long Branch, New Jersey, McKenley was timed in 45.0 for 440 yards, a claimant to being the first person to break the 45 second barrier at 400 meters. [2]

At the first 1951 Pan-American Games in Buenos Aires, McKenley was third in 100 m, 200 m and 400 m, the only person to ever perform this feat.

At the Helsinki Olympics, McKenley was second in 100 m (the first four clocked 10.4 in a very close race) and also second in 400 m. He finally got his Olympic gold, when he helped the Jamaican 4 × 400 m relay team to win the race with a new world record of 3.03.9. His remarkable 44.6 leg is credited with pulling Jamaica into contention. It is considered one of the greatest relay legs in history. [3]

After retiring from sports, McKenley was a coach of the Jamaica national team from 1954 to 1973 and served also as a president of Jamaica Amateur Athletics Association. For his contributions in track and field, he was awarded the Jamaican Order of Merit in 2004. [4]

McKenley died at the University Hospital of the West Indies, according to Howard Aris, president of the Jamaica Amateur Athletics Association, who was speaking for the family. The cause of death was complications of pneumonia. [5] [6]

Competition record

Representing Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
YearCompetitionVenuePositionEventNotes
1948 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom4th200 m 21.3
400 m 46.4
1950 Central American and Caribbean Games Guatemala City, Guatemala2nd100 m 10.4Aw
1st200 m 20.9Aw
1st400 m 47.8A
1951 Pan American Games Buenos Aires, Argentina3rd100 m 11.0
3rd200 m 21.5

Related Research Articles

Lindy Remigino American sprinter

Lindy John Remigino was an American track and field athlete, the 1952 Olympic 100 m champion.

Arthur Wint Jamaican sprinter

Arthur Stanley Wint OD MBE was a Jamaican sprinter. Competing at the 1948 and 1952 Olympics he who won two gold and two silver medals, becoming the first Jamaican Olympic gold medalist.

George Vincent Rhoden is a former Jamaican athlete, winner of two Olympic gold medals in 1952. He was born in Kingston.

David Cecil, 6th Marquess of Exeter

David George Brownlow Cecil, 6th Marquess of Exeter, KCMG, styled Lord Burghley before 1956 and also known as David Burghley, was an English athlete, sports official, peer, and Conservative Party politician. He won the gold medal in the 400 m hurdles at the 1928 Summer Olympics.

William Roberts was an English sprinter and winner of gold medal in 4x400 m relay for Great Britain at the 1936 Summer Olympics.

Leslie Alphonso "Les" Laing is a former Jamaican athlete and a winner of gold medal in 4 × 400 m relay at the 1952 Summer Olympics.

Usain Bolt Jamaican sprinter

Usain St Leo Bolt, is a Jamaican former sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is a world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.

Robert George Windle is an Australian freestyle swimmer of the 1960s, who won four Olympic medals, including an individual gold medal. Windle won the 1500 m freestyle and took bronze in the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, and silver and bronze in the 4 × 200 m and 4 × 100 m freestyle relays respectively at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Known for his versatility, he is the only male swimmer to represent Australia at the Olympics in all freestyle distances from 100 m to 1500 m. During his career, Windle set six world records and won six Commonwealth Games gold medals. He won 19 Australian championships in all distances from 220 yd to 1650 yd.

Jamaica at the 1952 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Jamaica competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland.

Jamaica at the 1948 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Jamaica sent a delegation to compete at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, England from 29 July to 14 August 1948. This was the nation's first appearance at the Summer Olympic Games since they became a member of the International Olympic Committee back in 1936.

This article is about the athletics in Jamaica from the early 20th century to 2019

Steve Williams (sprinter) American sprinter

Steve Williams is a retired track and field sprinter from the United States. He equalled the men's world records for the 100 m and 200 m with hand-timed runs of 9.9 seconds and 19.8 seconds, respectively, and was also a member of a team that set a world record in the 4 × 100 m relay.

The ISSA Grace Kennedy Boys and Girls Championships is an annual Jamaican high school track and field meet held by Jamaica's Inter-Secondary Schools Sports Association. The five day event, held during the last week before Easter in Kingston, has been considered a proving ground for many Jamaican athletes.

Athletics at the 1948 Summer Olympics – Mens 400 metres

The men's 400 metres sprint event at the 1948 Olympic Games took place between August 4 and August 5. Fifty-three athletes from 28 nations competed. The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The final was won by Jamaican Arthur Wint coming from almost 10 meters back to catch teammate and world record holder Herb McKenley. This was Jamaica's first Olympic gold medal in any event, and broke a string of 3 straight American victories in the men's 400 metres.

Nickel Ashmeade Jamaican sprinter

Nickel Ashmeade is a Jamaican sprinter who specialises in the 100 and 200 meters. Nickel Ashmeade placed 2nd in the Jamaica National Trials in the 200 m behind Warren Weir. He came 3rd in the 100 m behind Kemar Bailey-Cole and Usain Bolt.

The men's 400 metres sprint event at the 1952 Olympic Games took place between July 24 and July 25. Seventy-one athletes from 35 nations competed. The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The event was won by George Rhoden of Jamaica, the second consecutive title in the event by a Jamaican. Herb McKenley repeated his silver medal performance from 1948, becoming the second man to win two medals in the event.

Michael Fray was a Jamaican Olympic sprinter. In the 1968 Mexico Olympics, he ran second leg on the 4x100 meters Jamaican relay team which set the world record at 38.6 seconds in the preliminary heats and then broke the record with a 38.3 seconds clocking in the semi-finals. This 38.3 clocking still stands as the world record for athletes under twenty-three years old.

The 440-yard dash, or quarter-mile race, is a sprint race in track and field competitions.

Michael Sands is a Bahamian former track and field sprinter. During his peak he held the Bahamian records from 100 metres to 400 metres.

Jamaica at the 2016 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Jamaica competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, from August 5 to 21, 2016. This marked its sixteenth Summer Olympic appearance as an independent nation, although it had previously competed in four other editions as a British colony, and as part of the West Indies Federation.

References

  1. 1 2 "Herb McKenley Biography and Olympic Results". Sports-reference.com. November 26, 2007. Archived from the original on January 17, 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
  2. Clouder, Justin. The First Ever Sub-45 sec 400m, run-down.com
  3. http://www.iaaf.org/news/news/world-relays-fastest-4x400m-splits
  4. Davidson, Taneisha. "Honour to whom honour is due. Archived November 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ", The Jamaica Observer, October 17, 2004.
  5. Track great Herb McKinley dead. sportsmax.tv. November 27, 2007
  6. Litsky, Frank (November 28, 2007). "Herb McKenley, 85, Top Jamaican Runner, Is Dead". Nytimes.com. Jamaica. Retrieved November 12, 2011.