'Herbert Hahn' (* 5 May 1890 in Pärnu Estonia, then part of the Russian Empire; † 20 June 1970 in Stuttgart) was a German teacher and Anthroposophist
Pärnu is the fourth largest city in Estonia. Located in southwestern Estonia on the coast of Pärnu Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Livonia in the Baltic Sea. It is a popular summer holiday resort with many hotels, restaurants, and large beaches. The Pärnu River flows through the city and drains into the Gulf of Riga. The city is served by Pärnu Airport.
Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden on the other side, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), water 2,839 km2 (1,096 sq mi), land area 42,388 km2 (16,366 sq mi), and is influenced by a humid continental climate. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the second most spoken Finnic language.
The Russian Empire, also known as Imperial Russia or simply Russia, was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Hahn grew up in the old Hanseatic city of Pärnu in the Governorate of Livonia, the fifth child of city gardener Carl Wilhelm Hahn († 1905) from Mecklenburg and his wife Pauline from Riga. At home, German was spoken and at school Estonian and Russian.
The Hanseatic League was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe. Growing from a few North German towns in the late 1100s, the league came to dominate Baltic maritime trade for three centuries along the coasts of Northern Europe. Hansa territories stretched from the Baltic to the North Sea and inland during the Late Middle Ages, and diminished slowly after 1450.
The Governorate of Livonia was one of the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire, now divided between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Estonia.
Mecklenburg is a historical region in northern Germany comprising the western and larger part of the federal-state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The largest cities of the region are Rostock, Schwerin, Neubrandenburg, Wismar and Güstrow.
Between 1907 and 1913 he studied Philology in Dorpat, Heidelberg, Paris and Berlin; and completed a Phd from the University of Rostock in 1921. In January 1909 he met Rudolf Steiner and became a member of the Theosophical Society three years later. After obtaining his Russian teacher’s diploma in the summer of 1912, he worked as a French language teacher in a private school in Mariupol. and in 1914 passed his examinations as secondary school teacher in Moscow. In September 1913 he married Emely Hasselbach from Ladenburg and by 1924 they had four sons. After the outbreak of WW I during his summer holidays in Germany, he became a German citizen and from 1915 onwards did military service as an interpreter.
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is the intersection between textual criticism, literary criticism, history, and linguistics. Philology is more commonly defined as the study of literary texts as well as oral and written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. A person who pursues this kind of study is known as a philologist.
Heidelberg is a university town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. In the 2016 census, its population was 159,914, with roughly a quarter of its population being students.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris is one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.
From 1919 onwards Hahn taught French at the first Waldorf School in Stuttart, becoming a Class Teacher between 1921 and 1927 and finally History and German language teacher in the high school. Steiner entrusted him with the task of giving “free religion lessons” (for those children who did not belong to any of the denominations) and within this context he held the first “Sunday Service” in 1920. From 1931 until 1939 he taught at the Vrije School in The Hague.
The Hague is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland. It is also the seat of government of the Netherlands.
During WW II he was once again deployed as interpreter and in this way returned to Russia after 25 years absence. In 1943 he married his teaching colleague Maria Uhland (1893–1978). After the war, he returned to the Stuttgart Waldorf School, re-founded after the Nazi period and served as its unofficial director until his retirement in 1961. Of his numerous works as an author especially his recollections of Rudolf Steiner and his main work, Vom Genius Europas, his outline of an anthroposophical Cultural psychology that may be mentioned. Most of his works are unavailable in English.
Cultural psychology is the study of how cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of their members.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.
• Biographischer Eintrag in the Online-Documentation of the anthroposophical Forschungsstelle Kulturimpuls
Anthroposophy is a philosophy founded by the 19th century esotericist Rudolf Steiner that postulates the existence of an objective, intellectually comprehensible spiritual world, accessible to human experience. Followers of anthroposophy aim to develop mental faculties of spiritual discovery through a mode of thought independent of sensory experience. They also aim to present their ideas in a manner verifiable by rational discourse and specifically seek a precision and clarity in studying the spiritual world mirroring that obtained by natural historians in investigations of the physical world.
The General Anthroposophical Society is an "association of people whose will it is to nurture the life of the soul, both in the individual and in human society, on the basis of a true knowledge of the spiritual world." As an organization, it is dedicated to supporting the community of those interested in the inner path of schooling known as anthroposophy, developed by Rudolf Steiner.
Ricarda Huch was a pioneering German intellectual. Trained as an historian, and the author of many works of European history, she also wrote novels, poems, and a play. Asteroid 879 Ricarda is named in her honour. She was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature seven times.
Marie Steiner-von Sivers was the second wife of Rudolf Steiner and one of his closest colleagues. She made a great contribution to the development of anthroposophy, particularly in her work on the renewal of the performing arts, and the editing and publishing of Rudolf Steiner's literary estate.
Karl König was an Austrian paediatrician who founded the Camphill Movement, an international movement of therapeutic intentional communities for those with special needs or disabilities.
The Friend of God from the Oberland was the name of a figure in Middle Ages German mysticism, associated with the Friends of God and the conversion of Johannes Tauler. His name comes from the Bernese Oberland.
Marcel Beyer is a German writer.
Arnold Stadler is a German writer, essayist and translator. He was born on 9 April 1954 in Meßkirch in the district of Sigmaringen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.
Friedrich Rittelmeyer was a Protestant German minister, theologian and co-founder and driving force of The Christian Community.
Emil Bock was a German anthroposophist, author, theologian and one of the founders of The Christian Community.
Elisabeth Vreede was a Dutch mathematician, astronomer and Anthroposophist.
Ernst Lehrs was a German anthroposophist, Waldorf teacher, lecturer and writer.
Walther Cloos was a pharmacist, alchemist, Anthroposophist, lecturer, researcher, inventor, author and pioneer in anthroposophical pharmacy.
Richard Wagner is a Romanian-born German novelist. He has published a number of short stories, novels and essays.
Wilhelm Rath was a German writer, translator, bio-dynamic farmer and anthroposophist. He is best known for his research and translations of certain medieval mystics, notably the Friend of God from the Oberland, Bernard Silvestris, Alanus ab Insulis and John of Hildesheim.
Jakob Streit was a Swiss author, teacher and anthroposophist. Besides this he worked as musician and choirmaster as well as conductor and dramaturg
Ernst Weissert, born 20 July 1905 in Mannheim Germany and died 2 January 1981 in Stuttgart was a teacher, general secretary of the Anthroposophical Society in Germany and co-founder and director of the Bund der Freien Waldorfschulen, the Hague Circle and the Friends of Waldorf Education.
Else Klink was director of the Eurythmeum Stuttgart, the first training centre for Eurythmy founded by Marie Steiner in 1923, from 1935 until 1991. In 1945 she established the Eurythmeum Stage Group, which she also led until 1991. Her work contributed centrally to establishing Eurythmy as a performing art within the culture of Europe and internationally.
Johannes Tautz (30 September 1914 in Koblenz am Rhein to 13 March 2008 in Dortmund, was a Historian, Religious scholar, Anthroposophist, Author and Waldorf teacher. He concerned himself with a better understanding of National Socialism and with questions of education in the twentieth century.
Rainer Kirsch was a German writer and poet.