Herbie Mann

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Herbie Mann
Herbie Mann-1.jpg
Mann c. 1980
Background information
Birth nameHerbert Jay Solomon
Born(1930-04-16)April 16, 1930
Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.
DiedJuly 1, 2003(2003-07-01) (aged 73)
Pecos, New Mexico, U.S.
Genres Jazz, bossa nova, disco, world music
Occupation(s)Musician, record label executive
Instrument(s) Flute, tenor saxophone, bass clarinet
Years active1953–2003
Labels Atlantic, Cotillion, Embryo, Kokopelli
Website www.herbiemannmusic.com (inactive)

Herbert Jay Solomon (April 16, 1930 – July 1, 2003), [1] known by his stage name Herbie Mann, was an American jazz flute player and important early practitioner of world music. Early in his career, he also played tenor saxophone and clarinet (including bass clarinet), but Mann was among the first jazz musicians to specialize on the flute. His most popular single was "Hi-Jack", which was a Billboard No. 1 dance hit for three weeks in 1975.

Contents

Mann emphasized the groove approach in his music. Mann felt that from his repertoire, the "epitome of a groove record" was Memphis Underground or Push Push , because the "rhythm section locked all in one perception." [2]

Early life, family and education

Herbie Mann was born in Brooklyn, New York, New York, to Jewish parents Harry C. Solomon (May 30, 1902 May 31, 1980), who was of Russian descent, and Ruth Rose Solomon (née Brecher) (July 4, 1905 November 11, 2004), of Romanian descent who was born in Bukovina, Austria-Hungary but immigrated to the United States with her family at the age of 6. [3] [4] [5] Both of his parents were dancers and singers, as well as dance instructors later in life. [3]

He attended Lincoln High School in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn.

Career

His first professional performance was playing the Catskills resorts at age 15. In the 1950s Mann was primarily a bop flutist, playing in combos with artists such as Phil Woods, occasionally playing bass clarinet, tenor saxophone and solo flute.

Mann was an early pioneer of the fusion of jazz and world music. In 1959, following a US State Department-sponsored tour of Africa, he recorded Flautista! , an album of Afro-Cuban jazz. In 1961, Mann toured Brazil, returning to the US to record with Brazilian musicians, including Antonio Carlos Jobim and guitarist Baden Powell. These albums helped popularize bossa nova in the US and Europe. He often worked with Brazilian themes. In the mid-1960s Mann hired a young Chick Corea to play in some of his bands. In the late 1970s and early 1980s Mann played duets at New York City's The Bottom Line and Village Gate clubs, with Sarod virtuoso Vasant Rai.

Herbie Mann at Bach Dancing & Dynamite Society, Half Moon Bay CA 9/5/82 Herbie Mann 1982.jpg
Herbie Mann at Bach Dancing & Dynamite Society, Half Moon Bay CA 9/5/82

Following the 1969 hit album Memphis Underground , a number of smooth jazz records influenced by Southern soul, blues rock, reggae, funk and disco elicited criticism from jazz purists but allowed Mann to remain active during a period of declining interest in jazz. The musicians on these recordings are some of the best-known session players in soul and jazz, including singer Cissy Houston, guitarists Duane Allman, Larry Coryell, and Sonny Sharrock, bassists Donald "Duck" Dunn, Chuck Rainey, and Miroslav Vitous, and drummers Al Jackson, Jr. and Bernard Purdie. In this period Mann had a number of pop hits — rare for a jazz musician. According to a 1998 interview Mann had made at least 25 albums that were on the Billboard 200 pop charts, success denied most of his jazz peers." [6]

Mann provided the music for the 1978 National Film Board of Canada animated short Afterlife , by Ishu Patel.

Herbie Mann and Will Lee (1975) Herbie Mann.jpg
Herbie Mann and Will Lee (1975)

In the early 1970s, he founded his own label, Embryo Records, distributed by Cotillion Records, a division of Atlantic Records. [7] Embryo produced jazz albums, such as Ron Carter's Uptown Conversation (1970); Miroslav Vitous' first solo album, Infinite Search (1969); Phil Woods and his European Rhythm Machine at the Frankfurt Jazz Festival (1971); and Dick Morrissey and Jim Mullen's Up (1976), which featured the Average White Band as a rhythm section; and the 730 Series, with a more rock-oriented style, including Zero Time (1971) by TONTO's Expanding Head Band. He later set up Kokopelli Records after difficulty with established labels. In 1996, Mann collaborated with Stereolab on the song "One Note Samba/Surfboard" for the AIDS-Benefit album Red Hot + Rio produced by the Red Hot Organization. Mann also played flutes on the Bee Gees' album Spirits Having Flown .

His last appearance was on May 3, 2003, at the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival.

In a review of Mann's Beyond Brooklyn (2004), his final recording (co-led with Phil Woods), critic George Kanzler proposed that Mann's status as an innovator had been overlooked:

...Mann's career, in both its questing nature and embrace of various musical styles, parallels that of Miles Davis. Mann championed Brazilian music even before Stan Getz. When Miles was fusing jazz with rock, Mann was fusing it with Memphis soul and Southern rock. He also was an early exponent of world music. But while Miles was usually hailed as a visionary, Mann was dismissed as just a popularizer selling out. It was a bum rap. [8]

Personal life and death

Mann was married to Susan Janeal Arison. His four children are: Paul Mann, Claudia Mann, Laura Mann-Lepik and Geoffrey Mann. Geoff is a multi-instrumentalist who plays drums for Los Angeles-based metal/afrobeat group Here Lies Man. [9]

After a long battle with prostate cancer, Herbie Mann died at age 73 on July 1, 2003, at his home in Pecos, New Mexico.

Discography

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This is a Herbie Mann discography. Mann spent his early years recording for a number of jazz oriented record labels, and signed with Atlantic Records in 1961. He recorded with them through the 1960s and 1970s, including their subsidiary Cotillion Records, where he ran his own imprint, Embryo Records, in the 1970s, for his records as well as other musicians. Mann also ran two independent record labels, Herbie Mann Music in the 1980s, and during the 1990s, Kokopelli Records. Minor reissues are not noted.

<i>Memphis Two-Step</i> 1971 studio album by Herbie Mann

Memphis Two-Step is a 1971 album by jazz flutist Herbie Mann. It was released on Mann's Embryo Records label, and distributed by Cotillion Records, a division of Atlantic Records.

<i>Muscle Shoals Nitty Gritty</i> 1970 studio album by Herbie Mann

Muscle Shoals Nitty Gritty is a 1970 album by jazz flutist Herbie Mann. It was released on Mann's Embryo Records label, and distributed by Cotillion Records, a division of Atlantic Records.

<i>Stone Flute</i> 1970 studio album by Herbie Mann

Stone Flute is an album by flautist Herbie Mann recorded in 1969 and becoming the first release on Mann's Embryo label.

<i>Just Wailin</i> 1958 studio album by Herbie Mann, Charlie Rouse, Kenny Burrell and Mal Waldron

Just Wailin' is an album recorded by flautist Herbie Mann, tenor saxophonist Charlie Rouse, guitarist Kenny Burrell and pianist Mal Waldron in 1958 for the New Jazz label.

<i>Herbie Mann Returns to the Village Gate</i> 1963 live album by Herbie Mann

Herbie Mann Returns to the Village Gate is a live album by American jazz flautist Herbie Mann recorded in 1961 for the Atlantic label but not released until 1963.

<i>My Kinda Groove</i> 1965 studio album by Herbie Mann

My Kinda Groove is an album by American jazz flautist Herbie Mann recorded for the Atlantic label and released in 1965.

References

Notes

  1. Scott Yanow. "Herbie Mann | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  2. "Herbie Mann's New Groove". Jimnewsom.com. 2002-07-09. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  3. 1 2 Peter Hawkins (September 10, 2003). "'Family Legacy Endures; Mother Of Herbie Mann Dancing At 98'". Sun Sentinel . Retrieved June 18, 2023.
  4. Alberto Manguel, Ara Guler - Creating the 20th Century: 100 Artists, Writers and Thinkers. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
  5. Robert Palmer (November 11, 1973). "'Why Herbie 'Sold Out,' Or The Evolution of Mann; The Evolution of Herbie Mann'". The New York Times . Retrieved September 25, 2008.
  6. "Herbie Mann Articles". jimnewsom.com. Jim Newsom. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
  7. "Embryo Album Discography". bsnpubs.com. 2005-09-21. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
  8. "Herbie Mann & Phil Woods: Beyond Brooklyn". All About Jazz. 15 October 2004. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
  9. "Here Lies Man Archives".

Sources