Heredia, Costa Rica

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Heredia
IglesiaLaInmaculadaHeredia.JPG
ParqueCentralDeHeredia.JPG
Fortin y anfiteatro.JPG
Eurocenter, Barreal de Heredia, Costa Rica.jpg
Ciudad de Heredia.JPG
Images, from top down, left to right: Church of the Immaculate Conception of Heredia, Central Park, the Fort and Amphitheatre of Heredia, the Eurocenter, Heredia skyline during the night.
Bandera de Heredia.svg
Flag
Escudo de Heredia.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Ciudad de las Flores  (Spanish)
"City of Flowers"
Motto(s): 
Libertad, Paz, y Progreso  (Spanish)
"Liberty, Peace and Progress"
Heredia, Costa Rica - City map.png
Heredia and surrounding area
Costa Rica location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Heredia
Location of Heredia within Costa Rica
Coordinates: 9°59′47″N84°7′0″W / 9.99639°N 84.11667°W / 9.99639; -84.11667 Coordinates: 9°59′47″N84°7′0″W / 9.99639°N 84.11667°W / 9.99639; -84.11667
Country Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica
Province Heredia Province
Canton Heredia Canton
Founded1705
Districts
Government
   Syndic Eduardo Murillo Quirós
Elevation
1,150 m (3,770 ft)
Population
 (2012)
  Total123,616
Climate Aw
Website http://www.heredia.go.cr/

Heredia (Spanish pronunciation:  [eˈɾeðja] ) is a city in the Heredia province of Costa Rica, of which it is the capital; it is 10 kilometers to the north of the country's capital, San José.

Costa Rica Country in Central America

Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a sovereign state in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers. An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.

San José, Costa Rica City and municipality in San José, Costa Rica

San José is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica, and the capital of the province of the same name. It is located in the centre of the country, specifically in the mid-west of the Central Valley, and contained within San José Canton. San José is the seat of national government, the focal point of political and economic activity, and the major transportation hub of Costa Rica. The population of San José Canton was 288,054 in 2011, and San José’s municipal land area measures 44.2 square kilometers, with an estimated 333,980 residents in 2015. The San José metropolitan area stretches beyond the canton limits and includes the cities of Alajuela, Heredia and Cartago, with an estimated population of over 2 million in 2017. The city is named in honor of Joseph of Nazareth.

Contents

The city is home to one of the largest colleges in Costa Rica, the National University of Costa Rica, which accepts many international students.

National University of Costa Rica public university in Costa Rica

The National University of Costa Rica is one of five public universities in the Republic of Costa Rica, in Central America. The main campus is located in the city of Heredia. According to recent international studies, The National University of Costa Rica ranks 85th in Latin America and 1576th in the world. More than 12,000 students study in its main campus. In addition to offering a broad undergraduate curriculum, it offers 16 Master of Arts degrees. It is known for its strong programs in ecology, sociology and education.

History

Cultural centre "Escuela Republica de Argentina" Escuela Republica de Argentina.JPG
Cultural centre "Escuela República de Argentina"

Prior to its founding, the area around Heredia was inhabited by the native tribe that is known as the Huetares, who were commanded at the coming of the Spanish by the Cacique Garavito. [1] In 1706 settlers from Cartago, set up a small church at a place they called "Alvirilla", which soon became more populated. Between 1716 and 1717 the settlers moved their village to the north, to a place the Indians called Cubujuquí. In 1736 Heredia was deemed sufficiently large to be granted its own parish, and the first incarnation of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada was built to serve as its parish church. In 1751, the Bishop of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Monseñor Pedro Agustín Morel de Santa Cruz supervised the founding of the first school in Heredia, which was run by the church. This school is now known as the Liceo de Heredia. In 1763 the town was promoted to the status of Villa ; it was later renamed Heredia in honor of the President of the Real Audiencia of Guatemala who had conferred the status, don Alonso Fernández de Heredia. During the 18th century the area around Heredia was developed, with the founding Barva and other towns. On 31 October 1796, Padre Felix de Alvarado laid the foundation stone for the rebuilding of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada. The Municipality of Heredia was founded on 19 May 1812, and in 1824, Heredia was promoted to city by Juan Rafael Mora, the first President of the Republic. The 1848 constitution made Heredia the capital of Heredia Province, promoted it to cantón, and assigned it seven parishes. [2]

A cacique is a leader of an indigenous group, derived from the Taíno word kasikɛ for the pre-Columbian tribal chiefs in the Bahamas, the Greater Antilles, and the northern Lesser Antilles. In the colonial era, Spaniards extended the word as a title for the leaders of practically all indigenous groups that they encountered in the Western Hemisphere. In Spanish America, Brazil, Spain, and Portugal, the term also has come to mean a political boss or leader who exercises significant power in the political system known as caciquismo.

Garavito may refer to:

Cartago, Costa Rica City in Cartago Province, Costa Rica

Cartago is the third largest city in Costa Rica, about 25 km (16 mi) east of the capital, San José. It is at an elevation of about 1435 m above sea level, at the base of the Irazú Volcano. Cartago is the capital of Cartago province, and was the capital of Costa Rica from 1574 to 1824. The city covers an area of 152,68 km². It includes the districts of city downtown: Oriental, Occidental, San Nicolás, El Carmen (north), Dulce Nombre, San Francisco, and Guadalupe (Arenilla). The city is part, with the cities of San Rafael de Oreamuno and Tejar del Guarco, of a continuous urban area that, in 2008, had a population of 156,600 inhabitants, according to the Statistics and Census Institute of Costa Rica.

For a brief period in the 1830s, Heredia served as the capital of Costa Rica.[ citation needed ]

Geography

Overview

Heredia is located 11km north of San José and is part of the greater metropolitan area.

Climate

Warm year-round, the temperatures are tempered by the amount of cloud cover that affects the area. The rains are spread throughout the year, but the rainiest period is May to October. The climate is relatively mild throughout the year.

Climate data for Heredia
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)24.3
(75.7)
25.1
(77.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
24
(75)
25.1
(77.1)
Average low °C (°F)14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
15
(59)
15.7
(60.3)
15.5
(59.9)
15.7
(60.3)
15.4
(59.7)
15
(59)
15.1
(59.2)
15.5
(59.9)
15.4
(59.7)
15.2
(59.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)20.4
(0.80)
21.7
(0.85)
47.8
(1.88)
110.1
(4.33)
333.1
(13.11)
327.8
(12.91)
199.5
(7.85)
241.6
(9.51)
410.8
(16.17)
424.6
(16.72)
182.4
(7.18)
54.5
(2.15)
2,374.3
(93.46)
Source: National Meteorologic Institute of Costa Rica [3]

Sports

The city's football club is Herediano, who have won the league title 25 times.[ citation needed ] They play their home games at the Estadio Eladio Rosabal Cordero.

Estadio Eladio Rosabal Cordero capacidad 8000 mil personas

Estadio Eladio Rosabal Cordero is a multi-purpose stadium in Heredia, Costa Rica. The stadium holds 8,700 people and opened in 1951. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of Herediano.

Heredianos play Saprissa, a rival. Saprissa vs. Herediano - 90 Minutos por la Vida 2015.jpg
Heredianos play Saprissa, a rival.

Sister cities

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Heredia is the first canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 282.60 square kilometres (109.11 sq mi), and has a population of 110,887. Its capital is the provincial capital city of Heredia, also known as Heredia Centro.

Barva (canton) Cantón in Heredia, Costa Rica

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San Rafael is the fifth canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 48.39 km², and has a population of 39,636. The capital city of the canton is also called San Rafael.

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Belén (canton)

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San Pablo is the ninth canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 7.53 km², and has a population of 22,038. The capital city of the canton is also called San Pablo.

Roberto Brenes Mesén, was a Costa Rican politician, writer, educator, and journalist.

Iglesia de la Inmaculada

The Iglesia de la Inmaculada Concepción, commonly known as La Inmaculada is a church located in Heredia, Costa Rica.

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Purabá de Santa Bárbara District in Heredia Province, Costa Rica

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References

  1. History
  2. Municipal Website
  3. "Instituto Metereológico Nacional" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2007.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. "Online Directory: Georgia, USA". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on 18 April 2008. Retrieved 24 April 2008.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. "City of Richfield, MN website". Archived from the original on 19 September 2010.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. Hodorov, Irit (26 September 2008). "Gemini Sign". Yediot Petah Tikva. Yedioth Ahronoth.
  7. "עיר תאומה לאריאל - בקוסטה ריקה - ארכיון כתבות - לוקאל - הפורטל המקומי הגדול בישראל". www.local.co.il. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  8. Lic. Carlos Melendez Ch. The book "Añoranzas de Heredia"

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