Images, from top down, left to right: Church of the Immaculate Conception of Heredia, Central Park, the Fort and Amphitheatre of Heredia, the Eurocenter, Heredia skyline during the night.
Ciudad de las Flores (Spanish)
"City of Flowers"
Libertad, Paz, y Progreso (Spanish)
"Liberty, Peace and Progress"
Heredia and surrounding area
|• Syndic||Eduardo Murillo Quirós|
|Elevation||1,150 m (3,770 ft)|
Heredia (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈɾeðja] ) is a city in the Heredia province of Costa Rica, of which it is the capital; it is 10 kilometers to the north of the country's capital, San José.
Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a sovereign state in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers. An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.
San José is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica, and the capital of the province of the same name. It is located in the centre of the country, specifically in the mid-west of the Central Valley, and contained within San José Canton. San José is the seat of national government, the focal point of political and economic activity, and the major transportation hub of Costa Rica. The population of San José Canton was 288,054 in 2011, and San José’s municipal land area measures 44.2 square kilometers, with an estimated 333,980 residents in 2015. The San José metropolitan area stretches beyond the canton limits and includes the cities of Alajuela, Heredia and Cartago, with an estimated population of over 2 million in 2017. The city is named in honor of Joseph of Nazareth.
The city is home to one of the largest colleges in Costa Rica, the National University of Costa Rica, which accepts many international students.
The National University of Costa Rica is one of five public universities in the Republic of Costa Rica, in Central America. The main campus is located in the city of Heredia. According to recent international studies, The National University of Costa Rica ranks 85th in Latin America and 1576th in the world. More than 12,000 students study in its main campus. In addition to offering a broad undergraduate curriculum, it offers 16 Master of Arts degrees. It is known for its strong programs in ecology, sociology and education.
Prior to its founding, the area around Heredia was inhabited by the native tribe that is known as the Huetares, who were commanded at the coming of the Spanish by the Cacique Garavito.In 1706 settlers from Cartago, set up a small church at a place they called "Alvirilla", which soon became more populated. Between 1716 and 1717 the settlers moved their village to the north, to a place the Indians called Cubujuquí. In 1736 Heredia was deemed sufficiently large to be granted its own parish, and the first incarnation of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada was built to serve as its parish church. In 1751, the Bishop of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Monseñor Pedro Agustín Morel de Santa Cruz supervised the founding of the first school in Heredia, which was run by the church. This school is now known as the Liceo de Heredia. In 1763 the town was promoted to the status of Villa ; it was later renamed Heredia in honor of the President of the Real Audiencia of Guatemala who had conferred the status, don Alonso Fernández de Heredia. During the 18th century the area around Heredia was developed, with the founding Barva and other towns. On 31 October 1796, Padre Felix de Alvarado laid the foundation stone for the rebuilding of the Iglesia de la Inmaculada. The Municipality of Heredia was founded on 19 May 1812, and in 1824, Heredia was promoted to city by Juan Rafael Mora, the first President of the Republic. The 1848 constitution made Heredia the capital of Heredia Province, promoted it to cantón, and assigned it seven parishes.
A cacique is a leader of an indigenous group, derived from the Taíno word kasikɛ for the pre-Columbian tribal chiefs in the Bahamas, the Greater Antilles, and the northern Lesser Antilles. In the colonial era, Spaniards extended the word as a title for the leaders of practically all indigenous groups that they encountered in the Western Hemisphere. In Spanish America, Brazil, Spain, and Portugal, the term also has come to mean a political boss or leader who exercises significant power in the political system known as caciquismo.
Garavito may refer to:
Cartago is the third largest city in Costa Rica, about 25 km (16 mi) east of the capital, San José. It is at an elevation of about 1435 m above sea level, at the base of the Irazú Volcano. Cartago is the capital of Cartago province, and was the capital of Costa Rica from 1574 to 1824. The city covers an area of 152,68 km². It includes the districts of city downtown: Oriental, Occidental, San Nicolás, El Carmen (north), Dulce Nombre, San Francisco, and Guadalupe (Arenilla). The city is part, with the cities of San Rafael de Oreamuno and Tejar del Guarco, of a continuous urban area that, in 2008, had a population of 156,600 inhabitants, according to the Statistics and Census Institute of Costa Rica.
For a brief period in the 1830s, Heredia served as the capital of Costa Rica.[ citation needed ]
Heredia is located 11km north of San José and is part of the greater metropolitan area.
Warm year-round, the temperatures are tempered by the amount of cloud cover that affects the area. The rains are spread throughout the year, but the rainiest period is May to October. The climate is relatively mild throughout the year.
|Climate data for Heredia|
|Average high °C (°F)||24.3|
|Average low °C (°F)||14.6|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||20.4|
|Source: National Meteorologic Institute of Costa Rica|
The city's football club is Herediano, who have won the league title 25 times.[ citation needed ] They play their home games at the Estadio Eladio Rosabal Cordero.
Estadio Eladio Rosabal Cordero is a multi-purpose stadium in Heredia, Costa Rica. The stadium holds 8,700 people and opened in 1951. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of Herediano.
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Grecia is the capital city of the canton of Grecia in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. It is also the name of the distrito that includes the city. The district of Grecia covers an area of 6.86 km², and has a population of 15,457.
Alfredo González Flores served as President of Costa Rica from 1914 to 1917. He was unable to complete his presidential mandate following a coup d'état on 27 January 1917, led by Federico Tinoco, his secretary for War and the Navy.
Rafael Anselmo José Yglesias Castro was a Costa Rican politician who served as President of Costa Rica for two consecutive periods from 1894 to 1902.
Heredia is a province of Costa Rica. It is in the north-central part of the country. As a result, the province covers areas as diverse as the agriculture-rich Northern plains to the more metropolitan areas such as the city of Heredia in the Central Valley. It contains several major environmentally important areas such as the Braulio Carrillo National Park and the Sarapiqui River. The capital is the city of Heredia.
Alajuela is the second largest city in Costa Rica. It is also the capital of Alajuela Province.
San Carlos is the 10th canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 3,347.98 square kilometres (1,292.66 sq mi), making it the largest canton in the country. It has a population of 178,460. ranking it fifth.
Costa Rica is administratively divided into seven provinces which are subdivided into 82 cantons, and these are further subdivided into districts. Cantons are the only administrative division in Costa Rica that possess local government in the form of municipalities. Each municipality has its own mayor and several representatives, all of them chosen via municipal elections every four years.
Montes de Oca is the 15th canton in the province of San José in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 15.16 square kilometres (5.85 sq mi), and has a population of 54,288. The capital city of the canton is San Pedro.
Heredia is the first canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 282.60 square kilometres (109.11 sq mi), and has a population of 110,887. Its capital is the provincial capital city of Heredia, also known as Heredia Centro.
Barva is the second canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 53.80 km², it is located inand has a population of 34,584. The capital city of the canton is also called Barva.
San Rafael is the fifth canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 48.39 km², and has a population of 39,636. The capital city of the canton is also called San Rafael.
San Isidro is the sixth canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 26.96 km², and has a population of 17,037. The capital city of the canton is also called San Isidro.
Belén is the seventh canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 12.15 km², and has a population of 21,085. The capital city of the canton is San Antonio. The area is well known locally for its inland chalk cliffs.
Flores is the eighth canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 6.96 km², and has a population of 16,036. The capital city of the canton is San Joaquín.
San Pablo is the ninth canton in the province of Heredia in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 7.53 km², and has a population of 22,038. The capital city of the canton is also called San Pablo.
Roberto Brenes Mesén, was a Costa Rican politician, writer, educator, and journalist.
The Iglesia de la Inmaculada Concepción, commonly known as La Inmaculada is a church located in Heredia, Costa Rica.
Jesús de Santa Bárbara, also called Barrio Jesús, is one of the six districts that make up the canton of Santa Bárbara in Heredia, Costa Rica. The district consists of several large neighborhoods: Altagracia, Birrí, Catalina, Común, Cuesta Colorada, La Máquina, Guachipelines, Guaracha, and Ulises.
Purabá de Santa Bárbara, also called Zetillal or Setillal, is the sixth district of the Santa Bárbara canton in Heredia, Costa Rica. The district consists of several large neighborhoods: San Bosco (Bosconia), Marías, Purabá, Lajas, and Calle Quirós.