Hermagor-Pressegger See

Last updated
Hermagor-Pressegger See
Hermagor Stadtansicht 01.jpg
Town centre
Wappen at hermagor-pressegger-see.png
Coat of arms
Austria adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hermagor-Pressegger See
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°37′38″N13°22′02″E / 46.62722°N 13.36722°E / 46.62722; 13.36722 Coordinates: 46°37′38″N13°22′02″E / 46.62722°N 13.36722°E / 46.62722; 13.36722
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Hermagor
Government
   Mayor Siegfried Ronacher (SPÖ)
Area
[1]
  Total204.82 km2 (79.08 sq mi)
Elevation
602 m (1,975 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Total6,824
  Density33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
9620
Area code 0 42 82
Vehicle registration HE
Website www.hermagor.at

Hermagor-Pressegger See (Slovene : Šmohor-Preseško jezero) is a town in the Austrian state of Carinthia. It is the administrative centre of Hermagor District. The town is named after Saint Hermagoras, the first bishop of Aquileia.

Slovene language South Slavic language spoken primarily in Slovenia

Slovene or Slovenian belongs to the group of South Slavic languages. It is spoken by approximately 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia. It is the first language of about 2.1 million Slovenian people and is one of the 24 official and working languages of the European Union.

Town settlement that is bigger than a village but smaller than a city

A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary considerably between different parts of the world.

Austria Federal republic in Central Europe

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising nine federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi), a population of nearly nine million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is landlocked and highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

Contents

Geography

Hermagor in the Gail valley, view towards the Gailtal Alps Blick auf Hermagor1.jpg
Hermagor in the Gail valley, view towards the Gailtal Alps

Location

Hermagor is located in the lower Gail valley at the northern foot of the Carnic Alps, close to the border with Italy. In the south, the Naßfeld Pass connects it with the Italian municipality of Pontebba. In the north, the road leads via Gitschtal into the Gailtal Alps, across Kreuzberg Saddle to the Weissensee lake and further down to Greifenburg in the Drava valley. Hermagor station is a stop on the Gailtal Railway line from Arnoldstein to Kötschach-Mauthen.

Gail (river) river in Austria

Gail is the name of a river in southern Austria, the largest right tributary of the Drava.

Carnic Alps mountain range

The Carnic Alps are a range of the Southern Limestone Alps in Austria and northeastern Italy. They are within Austrian East Tyrol and Carinthia, and Italian Friuli and marginally in Veneto of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

The municipal area comprises shallow Pressegger See, one of the warmest lakes in Austria with extensive reed banks.

Lake Pressegg lake

Lake Pressegg is a lake in Carinthia, Austria. It is located in a glacial valley within the Gailtal Alps, a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps, east of Hermagor. With an average depth of 3.4 m (11 ft), the water body of the semi-circular lake is relatively flat. It is characterized by extended reed beds, while there are also bathing beaches on the northern and southern shore busy in summer.

Municipal arrangement

Hermagor-Pressegger See is divided into the following cadastral communities:

A cadastral community or cadastral municipality, is a cadastral subdivision of municipalities in the nations of Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Serbia, Slovakia, the Italian provinces of South Tyrol, Trentino, Gorizia and Trieste, Slovenia, and the Netherlands. A cadastral community records property ownership in a cadastre, which is a register describing property ownership by boundary lines of the real estate.

  • Tröpolach (Slovene: Drobolje or Dobropolje)
  • Egg (Brdo)
  • Görtschach (Goriče)
  • Guggenberg
  • Hermagor (Šmohor, earlier also Trg)
  • Khünburg
  • Mitschig (Mičiče or Semičiče)
  • Möderndorf (Modra vas)
  • Möschach
  • Nampolach (Napole)
  • Rattendorf (Radnja vas)
  • Watschig (Vačiče)
  • Vellach (Bela)
  • Neudorf (Genialovizo)

It is further divided into the following settlements: Achleiten (4), Aigen (4), Bergl (24), Braunitzen (12) (Boronica), Brugg (31) (Moste), Burgstall (9), Danz (26), Dellach (94) (Dole), Egg (178) (Brdo), Eggforst (10), Förolach (162), Fritzendorf (58) (Limarče), Görtschach (173), Götzing (22) (Gocina), Grafenau (0) (Kazla), Grünburg (70), Guggenberg (34), Hermagor (1.527) (Šmohor), Jenig (178) (Jenik), Kameritsch (80) (Kamerče), Khünburg (247), Kleinbergl (30), Kraß (14), Kraschach (57) (Krošani), Kreuth ob Möschach (19) (Rut(e)), Kreuth ob Mellweg (60) (Rut(e)), Kreuth ob Rattendorf (76) (Rute(e)), Kühweg (202), Kühwegboden (156), Latschach (86) (Loče), Liesch (7), Möderndorf (223) (Modrinja vas/ves), Mellach (49) (Mele), Mellweg (45) (Melviče, Maloviše), Micheldorf (167) (Velika vas/ves), Mitschig (79) (Mičiče), Nampolach (27) (Napole), Neudorf (271), Neuprießenegg (36), Obermöschach (38), Obervellach (243), Paßriach (143)(Pažirje), Podlanig (51) (Podlanig), Postran (123) (Postran), Potschach (61) (Potoče), Presseggen (222) (Preseka), Presseggersee (130) (Preseško jezero), Radnig (203), Radnigforst (0), Rattendorf (343) (Radnja vas), Schinzengraben (26), Schlanitzen (41) (Zelenica), Schmidt (1), Siebenbrünn (2), Sonnenalpe Naßfeld (27)(Mokrine), Sonnleitn (17), Süßenberg (20) (Planja), Toschehof (0) (Tesinje), Tröpolach (535) (Dobropolje, Dropolje), Untermöschach (48), Untervellach (229), Watschig (129) (Vočiče), Wittenig (50), Zuchen (3) (Suha).

Nassfeld Town and ski resort in Austria

Nassfeld or Naßfeld is a town and ski resort in the district Hermagor of the Austrian state of Carinthia.

History

Saint Hermagoras parish church Hermagor - Pfarrkirche und Denkmal.jpg
Saint Hermagoras parish church

Archaeological finds have shown that the historic iron ore mining area was already settled around 1800-1200 BC. It later was part of the Celtic kingdom of Noricum, which was incorporated into the Roman Empire in 15 BC.

Iron ore ore rich in iron or the element Fe

Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted. The ores are usually rich in iron oxides and vary in colour from dark grey, bright yellow, or deep purple to rusty red. The iron is usually found in the form of magnetite (Fe
3
O
4
, 72.4% Fe), hematite (Fe
2
O
3
, 69.9% Fe), goethite (FeO(OH), 62.9% Fe), limonite (FeO(OH)·n(H2O), 55% Fe) or siderite (FeCO3, 48.2% Fe).

Celts Ethnolinguistic group

The Celts are an Indo-European ethnolinguistic group of Europe identified by their use of Celtic languages and cultural similarities. The history of pre-Celtic Europe and the exact relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial. The exact geographic spread of the ancient Celts is disputed; in particular, the ways in which the Iron Age inhabitants of Great Britain and Ireland should be regarded as Celts have become a subject of controversy. According to one theory, the common root of the Celtic languages, the Proto-Celtic language, arose in the Late Bronze Age Urnfield culture of Central Europe, which flourished from around 1200 BC.

Noricum celtic kingdom, then a province of the Roman Empire

Noricum is the Latin name for the Celtic kingdom or federation of tribes that included most of modern Austria and part of Slovenia. In the first century AD, it became a province of the Roman Empire. Its borders were the Danube to the north, Raetia and Vindelicia to the west, Pannonia to the east and southeast, and Italia to the south. The kingdom was founded around 400 BC, and had its capital at the royal residence at Virunum on the Magdalensberg.

The parish of Saint Hermagoras in the Duchy of Carinthia was first mentioned in an 1169 document, probably a foundation of the Patriarchs of Aquileia. Due to its strategic location, it quickly prospered, obtained market rights in 1288, and became the main settlement of the Gail valley.

In 1779 the botanist Franz Xaver von Wulfen discovered Wulfenia carinthiaca on the slopes of the Gartnerkofel peak. Hermagor became capital of the eponymous district in 1868 and was home of an Imperial-Royal Landwehr garrison. The Gailtal Railway line was built from 1894, it was extended in 1915 for military purposes on the Italian Front of World War I.

Hermagor obtained town privileges on 10 October 1930, on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Carinthian plebiscite. The present-day municipality of Hermagor-Pressegger See was established by a merger of several formerly independent communes in the course of a 1973 administrative reform.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18695,366    
18805,821+8.5%
18905,797−0.4%
19006,030+4.0%
19106,621+9.8%
19236,095−7.9%
19346,296+3.3%
19396,760+7.4%
19517,219+6.8%
19617,036−2.5%
19717,238+2.9%
19817,079−2.2%
19917,403+4.6%
20017,232−2.3%
20117,082−2.1%

Points of interest

Economy

The economy of Hermagor today largely depends on tourism, especially skiing around Naßfeld Pass, the largest ski area in Carinthia. Pressegger See and the surrounding mountains are also a traditional summer retreat and a popular destination for hikers.

Politics

Town hall Rathaus von Hermagor.jpg
Town hall

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtrat) as of 2015 local elections:

International relations

Hermagor is twinned with:

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Carinthia State of Austria

Carinthia is the southernmost Austrian state or Land. Situated within the Eastern Alps, it is noted for its mountains and lakes. The main language is German. Its regional dialects belong to the Southern Bavarian group. Carinthian Slovene dialects, which predominated in the southern part of the region up to the first half of the 20th century, are now spoken by a small minority.

Bezirk Spittal an der Drau is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the state of Carinthia, Austria.

The Bezirk Hermagor is an administrative district (Bezirk) in Carinthia, Austria.

Malborghetto Valbruna Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Malborghetto Valbruna is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Moggio Udinese Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Moggio Udinese is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Pontebba Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy

Pontebba is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Kirchbach, Carinthia Place in Carinthia, Austria

Kirchbach is a market town in the Hermagor district in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Dellach Place in Carinthia, Austria

Dellach is a municipality in the district of Hermagor, in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Kötschach-Mauthen Place in Carinthia, Austria

Kötschach-Mauthen is a market town in the district of Hermagor in Carinthia in Austria.

Lesachtal Place in Carinthia, Austria

Lesachtal is a municipality in Hermagor District, in the Austrian state of Carinthia. It comprises the western part of the eponymous valley formed by the upper Gail River, and stretches from the Carinthian border with East Tyrol down to Kötschach-Mauthen in the east.

Sankt Stefan im Gailtal Place in Carinthia, Austria

Sankt Stefan im Gailtal is a small municipality in the district of Hermagor in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Oberdrauburg Place in Carinthia, Austria

Oberdrauburg is a market town in the district of Spittal an der Drau at the western rim of the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Bad Bleiberg Place in Carinthia, Austria

Bad Bleiberg is a market town in the district of Villach-Land, in Carinthia, Austria. Originally a mining area, especially for lead, Bad Bleiberg today due to its hot springs is a spa town.

Hohenthurn Place in Carinthia, Austria

Hohenthurn is a municipality in the district of Villach-Land in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Eberndorf Place in Carinthia, Austria

Eberndorf is a market town of the Völkermarkt District in Carinthia, Austria.

Griffen, Austria Place in Carinthia, Austria

Griffen is a market town in the district of Völkermarkt in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

The Gail Valley dialect is the westernmost Slovene dialect in the Carinthian dialect group, spoken in parts of southern Carinthia in Austria, in the northeasternmost part of the Province of Udine in Italy, and in northeastern Upper Carniola in Slovenia.

References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.