Herman II, Lord of Lippe

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Herman II
Lord of Lippe
Born 1175
Lippe (now called Lippstadt)
Died(1229-04-25)25 April 1229
Noble family Lippe
Spouse(s) Oda of Tecklenburg
Father Bernard II, Lord of Lippe
Mother Heilwig of Are-Hostaden

Herman II, Lord of Lippe (1175 in Lippe (now called Lippstadt) 25 April 1229) was a ruling Lord of Lippe.

Lippstadt Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Lippstadt is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the largest town within the district of Soest. Lippstadt is situated about 60 kilometres east of Dortmund, 40 kilometres south of Bielefeld and 30 kilometres west of Paderborn.

Principality of Lippe german principality

Lippe was a historical state in Germany, ruled by the House of Lippe. It was located between the Weser River and the southeast part of the Teutoburg forest.

Contents

Life

Herman II was the eldest son of Lord Bernhard II and his wife, Heilwig, a daughter of Count Otto I Heilwig of Are-Hostaden.

Bernard II, Lord of Lippe Founder of the Lordship of Lippe and the towns of Lippstadt and Lemgo

Bernard II was Lord of Lippe from 1167 through 1196. He founded the towns of Lippstadt and Lemgo.

He was co-regent with his father, and succeeded him in 1196 as ruler of the House of Lippe. He was less belligerent than his father and brother, and often tried to act as intermediary when his neighbours had a dispute. In the dispute over the German throne in 1198, Herman supported the Guelph side. He switched sides to support Emperor Frederick II in 1214.

House of Lippe noble family

The House of Lippe is the former reigning house of a number of small German states, two of which existed until the German Revolution of 1918–19. Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands, former Queen of the Netherlands, is an agnatic member of this house.

The German throne dispute or German throne controversy was a political conflict in the Holy Roman Empire from 1198 to 1215. This dispute between the House of Hohenstaufen and House of Welf was over the successor to Emperor Henry VI who had just died. After a conflict lasting 17 years the Hohenstaufens gained the upper hand in the guise of Frederick II.

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor 1194 – 1250, Holy Roman Emperor of the Middle Ages

Frederick II was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225. He was the son of emperor Henry VI of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and of Constance, heiress to the Norman kings of Sicily.

In 1217 or 1218, Herman became administrator in Utrecht, representing his brother Otto II, who was Bishop of Utrecht. He promoted the cities and gained the post of Vogt of the Monasteries Clarholz and Herzebrock. His main opponent during this period was Engelbert II of Berg, who was Archbishop of Cologne. Earlier in his career, Herman had supported Engelbert.

Otto II of Lippe Dutch bishop

Otto of Lippe was a son of Bernhard II, Lord of Lippe. He was bishop of Utrecht as Otto II from 1216 to 1227. Several of his brothers also held high ecclesiastical offices in the Rhineland.

<i lang="de" title="German language text">Vogt</i> title of overlordship or nobility in the Holy Roman Empire

A Vogt in the Holy Roman Empire was a title of a reeve or advocate, an overlord exerting guardianship or military protection as well as secular justice over a certain territory. The territory or area of responsibility of a Vogt is called a Vogtei. The term also denotes a mayor of a village.

Engelbert II of Berg Archbishop of Cologne

Count Engelbert II of Berg, also known as Saint Engelbert, Engelbert of Cologne, Engelbert I, Archbishop of Cologne or Engelbert I of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne was archbishop of Cologne and a saint; he was notoriously murdered by a member of his own family.

In 1227, Herman II fought in the Battle of Bornhöved against Denmark. He supported his brother, Archbishop Gerhard II [1] of Bremen against the farmers in Stedingen and fell in battle against them.

Battle of Bornhöved (1227) battle

The (second) Battle of Bornhöved took place on 22 July 1227 near Bornhöved in Holstein. Count Adolf IV of Schauenburg and Holstein — leading an army consisting of troops from the cities of Lübeck and Hamburg, about 1000 Dithmarsians and combined troops of Holstein next to various Northern German nobles — defeated King Valdemar II of Denmark and the Welf Otto the Child.

Archbishopric of Bremen archdiocese

The Archbishopric of Bremen, or Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen — not to be confused with the former Archdiocese of Bremen, and the modern Archdiocese of Hamburg, founded in 1994 — was an ecclesiastical principality (787–1566/1648) of the Holy Roman Empire, which after its definitive secularization in 1648, became the hereditary Duchy of Bremen. The prince-archbishopric, which was under the secular rule of the archbishop, consisted of about a third of the diocesan territory. The city of Bremen was de facto and de jure not part of the prince-archbishopric. Most of the prince-archbishopric lay rather in the area to the north of the city of Bremen, between the Weser and Elbe rivers. Even more confusingly, parts of the prince-archbishopric belonged in religious respect to the neighbouring diocese of Verden, making up 10% of its diocesan territory.

Stedingen

Stedingen is an area north of Bremen in the delta of the Weser river in north-western Germany.

Marriage and issue

Herman was married to Oda, a daughter of Count Simon I of Tecklenburg and Countess Oda of Berg-Altena. Among their seven children were:

Simon I, Count of Tecklenburg was Count of Tecklenburg from 1156 until his death.

Herman II, Lord of Lippe
Born: 1175 Died: 25 April 1229
Preceded by
Bernard II
Lord of Lippe
1196-1229
Succeeded by
Bernard III
Lord of Rheda

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References

  1. "ARE-HOSTADEN" . Retrieved 1 September 2015.