|Lord of Lippe|
Lippe (now called Lippstadt)
|Died||25 April 1229|
|Spouse(s)||Oda of Tecklenburg|
|Father||Bernard II, Lord of Lippe|
|Mother||Heilwig of Are-Hostaden|
Herman II, Lord of Lippe (1175 in Lippe (now called Lippstadt) – 25 April 1229) was a ruling Lord of Lippe.
Lippstadt is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the largest town within the district of Soest. Lippstadt is situated about 60 kilometres east of Dortmund, 40 kilometres south of Bielefeld and 30 kilometres west of Paderborn.
Lippe was a historical state in Germany, ruled by the House of Lippe. It was located between the Weser River and the southeast part of the Teutoburg forest.
Herman II was the eldest son of Lord Bernhard II and his wife, Heilwig, a daughter of Count Otto I Heilwig of Are-Hostaden.
Bernard II was Lord of Lippe from 1167 through 1196. He founded the towns of Lippstadt and Lemgo.
He was co-regent with his father, and succeeded him in 1196 as ruler of the House of Lippe. He was less belligerent than his father and brother, and often tried to act as intermediary when his neighbours had a dispute. In the dispute over the German throne in 1198, Herman supported the Guelph side. He switched sides to support Emperor Frederick II in 1214.
The House of Lippe is the former reigning house of a number of small German states, two of which existed until the German Revolution of 1918–19. Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands, former Queen of the Netherlands, is an agnatic member of this house.
The German throne dispute or German throne controversy was a political conflict in the Holy Roman Empire from 1198 to 1215. This dispute between the House of Hohenstaufen and House of Welf was over the successor to Emperor Henry VI who had just died. After a conflict lasting 17 years the Hohenstaufens gained the upper hand in the guise of Frederick II.
Frederick II was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225. He was the son of emperor Henry VI of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and of Constance, heiress to the Norman kings of Sicily.
In 1217 or 1218, Herman became administrator in Utrecht, representing his brother Otto II, who was Bishop of Utrecht. He promoted the cities and gained the post of Vogt of the Monasteries Clarholz and Herzebrock. His main opponent during this period was Engelbert II of Berg, who was Archbishop of Cologne. Earlier in his career, Herman had supported Engelbert.
Otto of Lippe was a son of Bernhard II, Lord of Lippe. He was bishop of Utrecht as Otto II from 1216 to 1227. Several of his brothers also held high ecclesiastical offices in the Rhineland.
A Vogt in the Holy Roman Empire was a title of a reeve or advocate, an overlord exerting guardianship or military protection as well as secular justice over a certain territory. The territory or area of responsibility of a Vogt is called a Vogtei. The term also denotes a mayor of a village.
Count Engelbert II of Berg, also known as Saint Engelbert, Engelbert of Cologne, Engelbert I, Archbishop of Cologne or Engelbert I of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne was archbishop of Cologne and a saint; he was notoriously murdered by a member of his own family.
In 1227, Herman II fought in the Battle of Bornhöved against Denmark. He supported his brother, Archbishop Gerhard IIof Bremen against the farmers in Stedingen and fell in battle against them.
The (second) Battle of Bornhöved took place on 22 July 1227 near Bornhöved in Holstein. Count Adolf IV of Schauenburg and Holstein — leading an army consisting of troops from the cities of Lübeck and Hamburg, about 1000 Dithmarsians and combined troops of Holstein next to various Northern German nobles — defeated King Valdemar II of Denmark and the Welf Otto the Child.
The Archbishopric of Bremen, or Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen — not to be confused with the former Archdiocese of Bremen, and the modern Archdiocese of Hamburg, founded in 1994 — was an ecclesiastical principality (787–1566/1648) of the Holy Roman Empire, which after its definitive secularization in 1648, became the hereditary Duchy of Bremen. The prince-archbishopric, which was under the secular rule of the archbishop, consisted of about a third of the diocesan territory. The city of Bremen was de facto and de jure not part of the prince-archbishopric. Most of the prince-archbishopric lay rather in the area to the north of the city of Bremen, between the Weser and Elbe rivers. Even more confusingly, parts of the prince-archbishopric belonged in religious respect to the neighbouring diocese of Verden, making up 10% of its diocesan territory.
Stedingen is an area north of Bremen in the delta of the Weser river in north-western Germany.
Herman was married to Oda, a daughter of Count Simon I of Tecklenburg and Countess Oda of Berg-Altena. Among their seven children were:
Simon I, Count of Tecklenburg was Count of Tecklenburg from 1156 until his death.
Herman II, Lord of LippeBorn: 1175 Died: 25 April 1229
| Lord of Lippe |
| Succeeded by|
|Lord of Rheda|
The County of Mark was a county and state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle. It lay on both sides of the Ruhr river along the Volme and Lenne rivers.
Dirk VI of Holland, also known as Dietrich in German, Thierry in French, and Theodoric in English, was Count of Holland between 1121 and 1157, at first, during his minority, under the regency of his mother Petronilla. He was the son of Count Floris II. After his death he was succeeded by his eldest son Floris III. He married Sofie of Salm, Countess of Rheineck and Bentheim. She was heiress of Bentheim, which she ruled together with her husband and which was inherited by the couple's second son Otto after his parents' death.
La Marck, original German name von der Mar(c)k, was a noble family, which from about 1200 appeared as the Counts of Mark.
John I of Nassau was bishop-elect of the Bishopric of Utrecht from 1267 to 1290.
Bernard III, Lord of Lippe was a German nobleman. He was the ruling Lord of Lippe from 1229 until his death.
Wilbrand van Oldenburg was a bishop of Paderborn and of Utrecht.
Engelbert II of the Mark was Count of the Mark and through marriage, Count of Arenberg.
Eberhard I was a German nobleman. He was Count of the Mark from 1277 until his death. He was the son of Engelbert I, Count of the Mark en Cunigonde of Blieskastel.
John I, Count of Holstein-Kiel was a member of the House of Schauenburg. He was Count of Holstein-Kiel from 1261 until his death.
Bernard VII of Lippe was the ruler of the Lordship of Lippe from 1429 until his death. Because of the many bloody feuds in which he was involved, he was nicknamed "the Bellicose". He is the longest-ever ruling European nobleman.
Otto III of Ravensberg was Count of Ravensberg from 1249 until his death.
Heilika of Pettendorf-Lengenfeld was by marriage Countess Palatine of Bavaria.
Bernhard V, Lord of Lippe was a member of the House of Lippe and was Lord of Rheda from 1344 until his death.
Simon I, Lord of Lippe ruled Lippe from 1273 until his death in 1344.
Heilwig of Lippe, also known as Heilwig of Schaumburg was a German noblewoman.
Engelbert I, Count of the Mark was a German nobleman. He was the ruling Count of the Mark from 1249 until his death.
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