Hermes Lima

Last updated

Hermes Lima
Hermes Lima.tif
Justice of the Supreme Federal Court
In office
June 26, 1963 January 19, 1969 [lower-alpha 1]
Appointed by João Goulart
Preceded byFrederico de Barros Barreto
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Prime Minister of Brazil
In office
September 18, 1962 January 23, 1963
President João Goulart
Preceded by Brochado da Rocha
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
September 18, 1962 June 18, 1963
President João Goulart
Preceded byAfonso Arinos de Melo Franco
Succeeded by Evandro Lins e Silva
Minister of Labour and Social Security
In office
July 13, 1962 August 31, 1962
President João Goulart
Preceded by André Franco Montoro
Succeeded byJoão Pinheiro Neto
Chief of Staff of the Presidency
In office
September 12, 1961 July 13, 1962
President João Goulart
Preceded byFloriano Augusto Ramos
Succeeded by Evandro Lins e Silva
Personal details
Born(1902-12-22)December 22, 1902
Livramento de Nossa Senhora, Bahia, Brazil
DiedOctober 10, 1978(1978-10-10) (aged 75)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Political party
  • UDN (1945–47)
  • PSB (1947–50)
  • PTB (1950–63)
Spouse(s)Maria Moreira Dias
ProfessionProfessor and judge
Signature Hermes lima prime minister (Brazil).jpg

Hermes Lima ( [ˈɛʁmis ˈʎimɐ] ), (22 December 1902 [2] – 10 October 1978) was Brazilian politician who was the Prime Minister of Brazil, jurist, and winner of the 1975 Prêmio Machado de Assis.


Political career

He originally became an elected federal deputy of the National Democratic Union in 1945, but two years later co-founded and joined the Brazilian Socialist Party. [3] Under João Goulart he served as Labor Minister [4] and later as Prime Minister (from September 18, 1962 until January 23, 1963). [5] He would go on to serve in the Brazilian Supreme Court before being forced into retirement by the military dictatorship in 1969. [6]


  1. Removed from office by Institutional Act Number Six. [1]

Related Research Articles

Dictator Political leader who possesses absolute power

A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power. A dictatorship is a state ruled by one dictator or by a small clique. The word originated as the title of a magistrate in the Roman Republic appointed by the Senate to rule the republic in times of emergency.

President of Brazil Head of state and head of government of Brazil

The president of Brazil, officially the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil or simply the President of the Republic, is both the head of state and the head of government of Brazil. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Armed Forces. The presidential system was established in 1889, upon the proclamation of the republic in a military coup d'état against Emperor Pedro II. Since then, Brazil has had six constitutions, three dictatorships, and three democratic periods. During the democratic periods, voting has always been compulsory. The Constitution of Brazil, along with several constitutional amendments, establishes the requirements, powers, and responsibilities of the president, their term of office and the method of election.

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal and 1st Count of Oeiras, known as the Marquis of Pombal, was a Portuguese statesman and diplomat who effectively ruled the Portuguese Empire from 1750 to 1777 as chief minister to King Joseph I. A liberal reformer influenced by the Age of Enlightenment, Pombal led Portugal's recovery from the 1755 Lisbon earthquake and modernized the kingdom's administrative, economic, and ecclesiastical institutions. During his lengthy ministerial career, Pombal accumulated and exercised autocratic power.

Mário Soares Portuguese politician and statesman

Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares, GColTE, GCC, GColL was a Portuguese politician, who served as Prime Minister of Portugal from 1976 to 1978 and from 1983 to 1985, and subsequently as the 17th President of Portugal from 1986 to 1996. He was the first Secretary-General of the Socialist Party, from its foundation in 1973 to 1986.

1891 in Canada

Events from the year 1891 in Canada.

Jânio Quadros Former President of Brazil

Jânio da Silva Quadros was a Brazilian lawyer and politician who served as the 22nd President of Brazil from January 31 to August 25, 1961, when he resigned from office. He also served as the 24th and 36th mayor of São Paulo, and the 18th governor of the state of São Paulo. Quadros was known for his populist style of government, honesty, and eccentric behavior. As president, he focused on economic reform and attempted to root out corruption. He also pursued an independent foreign policy, trying to balance relations between the United States and the Eastern Bloc. Although he was elected by a huge margin, his term was marked by uncertainty and political instability, culminating in his resignation. That unexpected move caused national chaos, with the presidency being assumed by João Goulart.

Tancredo Neves President-elect of Brazil (died before taking office)

Tancredo de Almeida NevesSFO was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and entrepreneur. He served as Minister of Justice and Interior Affairs from 1953 to 1954, Prime Minister from 1961 to 1962, Minister of Finance in 1962, and as Governor of Minas Gerais from 1983 to 1984. He was elected President of Brazil in 1985, but died before he took office.

Military dictatorship in Brazil 1964–1985 military regime in Brazil

The Brazilian military government, also known in Brazil as the United States of Brazil or Fifth Brazilian Republic, was the authoritarian military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from 1 April 1964 to 15 March 1985. It began with the 1964 coup d'état led by the Armed Forces against the administration of President João Goulart—who, having been vice-president, had assumed the office of president upon the resignation of the democratically elected president Jânio Quadros—and ended when José Sarney took office on 15 March 1985 as President. The military revolt was fomented by Magalhães Pinto, Adhemar de Barros, and Carlos Lacerda, then governors of the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Guanabara, respectively. The coup was planned and executed by the most forefront commanders of the Brazilian Army and received the support of almost all high-ranking members of the military, along with conservative elements in society, like the Catholic Church and anti-communist civil movements among the Brazilian middle and upper classes. Internationally, it was supported by the State Department of the United States through its embassy in Brasilia.

Paulo Maluf

Paulo Salim Maluf is a Brazilian politician with a career spanning over four decades and many functions, including those of State Governor of São Paulo, Mayor of the City of São Paulo, Congressman and Presidential candidate. As of 2011, Maluf is on a second consecutive term as Federal Deputy. His political base is founded on populism and the provision of major public works.

Óscar Carmona

António Óscar Fragoso Carmona was a Portuguese Army officer and politician who served as the 96th Prime Minister of Portugal from 1926 to 1928 and 11th President of Portugal from 1926 until his death in 1951. He also served as the Minister of War in late 1923 and in 1926, and he also served two times as a Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1926.

Afonso Costa

Afonso Augusto da Costa, GCTE, GCL was a Portuguese lawyer, professor and republican politician.

28 May 1926 coup détat Military overthrow of the First Portuguese Republic, establishing the Estado Novo regime

The 28 May 1926 coup d'état, sometimes called 28 May Revolution or, during the period of the authoritarian Estado Novo, the National Revolution, was a military coup of a nationalist origin, that put an end to the unstable Portuguese First Republic and initiated 48 years of authoritarian rule in Portugal. The regime that immediately resulted from the coup, the Ditadura Nacional, would be later refashioned into the Estado Novo, which in turn would last until the Carnation Revolution in 1974.

Order of the Southern Cross

The National Order of the Southern Cross is a Brazilian order of chivalry founded by Emperor Pedro I on 1 December 1822. This order was intended to commemorate the independence of Brazil and the coronation of Pedro I. The name derives from the geographical position of the country, under the constellation of the Southern Cross and also in memory of the name – Terra de Santa Cruz – given to Brazil at the time of European discovery.

Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco 26th President of Brazil

Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco was a Brazilian military leader and politician. He served as the first President of the Brazilian military dictatorship after the 1964 military coup d'etat. Castelo Branco was killed in an aircraft collision in July 1967, soon after the end of his Presidency.

Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias Brazilian officer and politician

Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias, nicknamed "the Peacemaker" and "Iron Duke", was an army officer, politician and monarchist of the Empire of Brazil. Like his father and uncles, Caxias pursued a military career. In 1823 he fought as a young officer in the Brazilian War for Independence against Portugal, then spent three years in Brazil's southernmost province, Cisplatina, as the government unsuccessfully resisted that province's secession in the Cisplatine War. Though his own father and uncles renounced Emperor Dom Pedro I during the protests of 1831, Caxias remained loyal. Pedro I abdicated in favor of his young son Dom Pedro II, whom Caxias instructed in swordsmanship and horsemanship and eventually befriended.

Prime Minister of Brazil Political office in Brazil

Historically, the political post of Prime Minister, officially called President of the Council of Ministers, existed in Brazil in two different periods: from 1847 to 1889 and from 1961 to 1963.

Lincoln Gordon

Abraham Lincoln Gordon was the 9th President of the Johns Hopkins University (1967–71) and a United States Ambassador to Brazil (1961–66). Gordon had a career both in government and in academia, becoming a Professor of International Economic Relations at Harvard University in the 1950s, before turning his attention to foreign affairs. Gordon had a career in business after his resignation as president of the Johns Hopkins University, but remained active at institutions such as the Brookings Institution until his death. His full name was Abraham Lincoln Gordon, but he never used his first name.

History of Brazil Aspect of history

The history of Brazil begins with indigenous people in Brazil. Europeans arrived in Brazil at the opening of the 16th century. The first European to claim sovereignty over Indigenous lands part of what is now the territory of the Federative Republic of Brazil on the continent of South America was Pedro Álvares Cabral on April 22, 1500 under the sponsorship of the Kingdom of Portugal. From the 16th to the early 19th century, Brazil was a colony and a part of the Portuguese Empire. The country expanded south along the coast and west along the Amazon and other inland rivers from the original 15 donatary captaincy colonies established on the northeast Atlantic coast east of the Tordesillas Line of 1494 that divided the Portuguese domain to the east from the Spanish domain to the west, although Brazil was at one time a colony of Spain. The country's borders were only finalized in the early 20th century.

Jarbas Passarinho

Jarbas Gonçalves Passarinho was a Brazilian military officer and politician. Passarinho began his political career when he was appointed Governor of Pará. He served as head of several government ministries during both the Brazilian military government (1964–1985) and the transition to democracy. His government portfolio's included Minister of Labor (1967–1969), Minister of Education (1969–1974), Minister of Social Security (1983–1985), and Minister of Justice (1990–1992). Passarinho was also a member of the Federal Senate, representing Pará for two tenures during military rule and the return to democracy, including a period as President of the Federal Senate from 1981 to 1983.

Joaquim Silva e Luna Brazilian politician

Joaquim Silva e Luna, is a Brazilian politician and former Brazilian Army general who served as Minister of Defence from February 2018 until January 2019.


  1. Arthur da Costa e Silva (February 1, 1969). "Ato Institucional n° 6, de 1° de fevereiro de 1969" (in Portuguese). Presidência da República. Retrieved January 24, 2021.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. Black into white: race and nationality in Brazilian thought : with a preface ... by Thomas E. Skidmore, pg 266
  3. The Brazilian workers' ABC: class conflict and alliances in modern São Paulo by John D. French, pg 223
  4. Carlos Lacerda, Brazilian Crusader: The years 1960-1977, Volume 2 by John W. F. Dulles, pg 107
  5. Requiem for revolution: the United States and Brazil, 1961-1969 by Ruth Leacock, pg 132
  6. The Politics of Military Rule in Brazil, 1964-1985 by Thomas E. Skidmore, pg 82
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Afonso Pena Júnior
5th Academic of the 7th chair of the
Brazilian Academy of Letters

December 18, 1968–October 10, 1978
Succeeded by
Pontes de Miranda
Legal offices
Preceded by
Frederico de Barros Barreto
Justice of the Supreme Federal Court
Seat abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Floriano Augusto Ramos
Chief of Staff of the Presidency
Succeeded by
Evandro Lins e Silva
Preceded by
André Franco Montoro
Minister of Labour and Social Security
Succeeded by
João Pinheiro Neto
Preceded by
Afonso Arinos de Melo Franco
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Evandro Lins e Silva
Preceded by
Brochado da Rocha
Prime Minister of the United States of Brazil
Position abolished