Hermione Gingold

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Hermione Gingold
Hermione Gingold (1973) by Allan Warren.jpg
Gingold in 1973, by Allan Warren
Born(1897-12-09)December 9, 1897
London, UK
Died24 May 1987(1987-05-24) (aged 89)
New York City, U.S.
OccupationActress
Years active19091984
Spouse(s) Michael Joseph (19181926; 2 children)
Eric Maschwitz (19261945)

Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold (9 December 1897 24 May 1987) was an English actress known for her sharp-tongued, eccentric persona. Her signature drawling, deep voice was a result of nodes on her vocal cords she developed in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Contents

After a successful career as a child actress, she later established herself on the stage as an adult, playing in comedy, drama and experimental theatre, and broadcasting on the radio. She found her milieu in revue, which she played from the 1930s to the 1950s, co-starring several times with Hermione Baddeley. Later she played formidable elderly characters in such films and stage musicals as Gigi (1958), Bell, Book and Candle (1958), The Music Man (1962) and A Little Night Music (1973).

A revue is a type of multi-act popular theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance, and sketches. The revue has its roots in 19th century popular entertainment and melodrama but grew into a substantial cultural presence of its own during its golden years from 1916 to 1932. Though most famous for their visual spectacle, revues frequently satirized contemporary figures, news or literature. Similar to the related subforms of operetta and musical theatre, the revue art form brings together music, dance and sketches to create a compelling show. In contrast to these, however, revue does not have an overarching storyline. Rather, a general theme serves as the motto for a loosely-related series of acts that alternate between solo performances and dance ensembles.

Hermione Baddeley English character actress of theatre, film and television

Hermione Youlanda Ruby Clinton-Baddeley was an English actress and voice actress. She typically played brash, vulgar characters, often referred to as "brassy" or "blowsy". She found her milieu in revue, in which she played from the 1930s to the 1950s, co-starring several times with Hermione Gingold. She was best known for her roles as Ellen the maid in Mary Poppins, Mrs. Naugatuck in the TV series Maude, Madame Adelaide Bonfamille in The Aristocats, and Auntie Shrew in The Secret of NIMH.

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From the early 1950s Gingold lived and made her career mostly in the U.S. Her American stage work ranged from John Murray Anderson's Almanac (1953) to Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad (1963), the latter of which she also played in London. She became well known as a guest on television talk shows. She made further appearances in revue and toured in plays and musicals until an accident ended her performing career in 1977.

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Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad: A Pseudoclassical Tragifarce in a Bastard French Tradition was the first play written by Arthur Kopit.

Biography

Early years

Gingold was born in Carlton Hill, Maida Vale, London, [1] the elder daughter of a prosperous Vienna-born Jewish stockbroker James Gingold and his wife, Kate Frances (née Walter). Her paternal grandparents were the Ottoman-born British subject, Moritz "Maurice" Gingold, a London stockbroker, and his Austrian-born wife, Hermine, after whom Hermione was named (Gingold mentions in her autobiography that her mother might have got Hermione from the Shakespeare's play The Winter's Tale , which she was reading shortly before her birth). On her father's side, she was descended from the celebrated Solomon Sulzer, a famous synagogue cantor and Jewish liturgical composer in Vienna. Her mother was from a "well-to-do Jewish family". James felt that religion was something children needed to decide on for themselves, and Gingold grew up with no particular religious beliefs. [2]

Maida Vale residential district comprising the northern part of Paddington in west London

Maida Vale is an affluent residential district comprising the northern part of Paddington in west London, west of St John's Wood and south of Kilburn. It is part of the City of Westminster.

Vienna Capital city and state in Austria

Vienna is the federal capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million, and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.

Stockbroker professional who buys and sells shares and other securities for both retail and institutional clients

A stockbroker, share broker, registered representative, trading representative, or more broadly, an investment broker, investment adviser, financial adviser, wealth manager, or investment professional is a regulated broker, broker-dealer, or Registered Investment Adviser who may provide financial advisory and investment management services and execute transactions such as the purchase or sale of stocks and other investments to financial market participants in return for a commission, markup, or fee, which could be based on a flat rate, percentage of assets, or hourly rate. Examples of professional designations held by individuals in this field, which affects the types of investments they are permitted to sell and the services they provide include Chartered Financial Consultants, Certified Financial Planners or Chartered Financial Analysts, Chartered Strategic Wealth Professionals, Chartered Financial Planners, and Master of Business Administration. The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) provides an online tool designed to help understand professional designations in the United States.

Gingold first appeared on stage in a kindergarten staging of Shakespeare's Henry VIII , in the role of Wolsey. [3] Her professional début was in 1908 when she had just turned eleven. She played the herald in Herbert Beerbohm Tree's production of Pinkie and the Fairies by W. Graham Robertson, in a cast including Ellen Terry, Frederick Volpe, Marie Löhr and Viola Tree. [4] She was promoted to the leading role of Pinkie for a provincial tour. [5] Tree cast her as Falstaff's page, Robin, in The Merry Wives of Windsor . [5] She attended Rosina Filippi's stage school in London. In 1911 she was cast in the original production of Where the Rainbow Ends [6] which opened to very good reviews on 21 December 1911. Among her colleagues as child-actors in Where the Rainbow Ends were Philip Tonge [4] and Noël Coward. [7]

William Shakespeare English playwright and poet

William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including collaborations, consist of approximately 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.

<i>Henry VIII</i> (play) play by Shakespeare

Henry VIII is a collaborative history play, written by William Shakespeare and John Fletcher, based on the life of King Henry VIII of England. An alternative title, All Is True, is recorded in contemporary documents, the title Henry VIII not appearing until the play's publication in the First Folio of 1623. Stylistic evidence indicates that individual scenes were written by either Shakespeare or his collaborator and successor, John Fletcher. It is also somewhat characteristic of the late romances in its structure. It is noted for having more stage directions than any of Shakespeare's other plays.

Herbert Beerbohm Tree 19th/20th-century English actor and theatre manager

Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree was an English actor and theatre manager.

On 10 December 1912, the day after her fifteenth birthday, Gingold played Cassandra in William Poel's production of Troilus and Cressida at the King's Hall, Covent Garden, with Esmé Percy as Troilus and Edith Evans as Cressida. [8] The following year she appeared in a musical production, The Marriage Market, in a small role in a cast that included Tom Walls, W H Berry, and Gertie Millar. [9] In 1914 she played Jessica in The Merchant of Venice at the Old Vic. [3] In 1918 Gingold married the publisher Michael Joseph, with whom she had two sons, the younger of whom, Stephen, became a pioneer of theatre in the round in Britain. [5]

William Poel British actor

William Poel (1852-1934) was an English actor, theatrical manager and dramatist best known for his presentations of Shakespeare.

<i>Troilus and Cressida</i> play by Shakespeare

Troilus and Cressida is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1602. It was described by Frederick S. Boas as one of Shakespeare's problem plays. The play ends on a very bleak note with the death of the noble Trojan Hector and destruction of the love between Troilus and Cressida. The work has in recent years "stimulated exceptionally lively critical debate".

Covent Garden district in London, England

Covent Garden is a district in Greater London, on the eastern fringes of the West End, between Charing Cross Road and Drury Lane. It is associated with the former fruit-and-vegetable market in the central square, now a popular shopping and tourist site, and with the Royal Opera House, which is also known as "Covent Garden". The district is divided by the main thoroughfare of Long Acre, north of which is given over to independent shops centred on Neal's Yard and Seven Dials, while the south contains the central square with its street performers and most of the historical buildings, theatres and entertainment facilities, including the London Transport Museum and the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.

1920 to WWII

Gingold's adult stage career was slow to take off. She played Liza in If at the Ambassador's in May 1921, and the Old Woman in Ben Travers's farcical comedy The Dippers produced by Sir Charles Hawtrey at the Criterion in August 1922. [3]

Ambassadors Theatre (London) West End theatre in London

The Ambassadors Theatre, is a West End theatre located in West Street, near Cambridge Circus on Charing Cross Road in the City of Westminster. It is one of the smallest of the West End theatres, seating a maximum of 444, with 195 people in the dress circle and 251 in the stalls.

Ben Travers English writer of plays, screenplays, novels, and three memoirs

Ben Travers CBE AFC was an English writer. His output includes more than twenty plays, thirty screenplays, five novels, and three volumes of memoirs. He is best remembered for his long-running series of farces first staged in the 1920s and 1930s at the Aldwych Theatre. Many of these were made into films and later television productions.

Criterion Theatre theatre in London

The Criterion Theatre is a West End theatre at Piccadilly Circus in the City of Westminster, and is a Grade II* listed building. It has a seating capacity of 588.

In 1926 Gingold divorced from Joseph. Later in the same year she married the writer and lyricist Eric Maschwitz, whom she divorced in 1945. [5] She underwent a vocal crisis in the late 1920s and early 1930s: she had hitherto described herself as "Shakespearian and soprano", but nodules on her vocal cords brought a drastic drop in pitch, about which she commented, "One morning it was Mozart and the next 'Old Man River'". [5] The critic J. C. Trewin described her voice as "powdered glass in deep syrup". [5] During this period she broadcast frequently for the BBC [10] and established herself at the experimental theatre-club the Gate Theatre Studio in London, first as a serious actress and later in the genre for which she became famous, revue. According to The Times it was in Spread It Abroad (1936) a revue at another theatre, the Saville, with material by Herbert Farjeon that she truly found her milieu. [11]

In the ten years from 1938 Gingold concentrated on revue, appearing in nine different productions in the West End. The first four were The Gate Revue (transferred from the Gate to the Ambassador's, 1939), Swinging the Gate (1940), Rise Above It (1941) and Sky High (1942). During this period she and Hermione Baddeley established a stage partnership of what The Times called "briskly sustained mock-rivalry". [11] In June 1943 she opened in a revue at the Ambassadors, Sweet and Low, which was continually revised and refreshed over a run of almost six years, first as Sweeter and Lower and then Sweetest and Lowest. [3] In her sketches she tended, as the writer of the shows, Alan Melville, recalled, to portray "grotesque and usually unfortunate ladies of dubious age and occasionally, morals; the unhappy female painted by Picasso who found herself lumberered with an extra limb or two … the even less fortunate female who, after years of playing the cello in Palm Court orchestras, ended up bow-legged beyond belief." [12] In a biographical sketch, Ned Sherrin writes, "Gingold became a special attraction for American soldiers and 'Thanks, Yanks' was one of her most appropriate numbers. During the astringent, name-dropping 'Sweet' series, she played 1,676 performances, before 800,000 people, negotiating 17,010 costume changes." [5]

Postwar

Gingold as a guest on I've Got a Secret with host Garry Moore Publicity photo of actress Hermione Gingold and host Garry Moore from the television game show I've Got a Secret.jpg
Gingold as a guest on I've Got a Secret with host Garry Moore

Gingold's first new revue after the war was Slings and Arrows at the Comedy in 1948. She was praised, but the material was judged inferior to that of her earlier shows. [13] She appeared in cameo roles in British films, of which Sherrin singles out The Pickwick Papers (1952), in which she played the formidable schoolmistress, Miss Tompkins. [5] Gingold became well known to BBC radio audiences in "Mrs Doom's Diary" in the weekly show Home at Eight; this was a parody of the radio soap opera Mrs Dale's Diary in the manner of the Addams Family with Gingold as Drusilla Doom and Alfred Marks as her sepulchral husband. [5]

Gingold and Baddeley co-starred in a Noël Coward double bill in November 1949, presenting Fumed Oak and Fallen Angels . Reviews were poor, and Coward thought the performances crude and overdone, but the production was a box-office success, running until August the following year. [5] [14]

Gingold in the 1950s C7aif51sd9dj9fs5.jpg
Gingold in the 1950s

Between 1951 and 1969 Gingold worked mostly in the US. Her first engagement there was at the Brattle Theatre in Cambridge, Massachusetts in It's About Time, a revue that incorporated some of her London material. [15] In December 1953, she opened in John Murray Anderson's Almanac which made her an instant Broadway success and for which she won the Donaldson Award in 1954. [15] She also became a regular guest on talk shows. [5] In 1951 she cited as her hobbies; 'Interior decoration' and 'collecting china'. [16]

Gingold continued to make films. In 1956 she played a London "sporting lady" in Around the World in 80 Days , [17] and won a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the 1958 film Gigi playing Madame Alvarez, Gigi's loving grandmother. In the film, she sang "I Remember it Well" with Maurice Chevalier. She said, "It was my first American film and I was very nervous." But Chevalier put her at ease. "I had to sing and I hadn't got a great voice, but with him I felt the greatest prima donna in the world." [18] Gingold followed this with another hit film Bell, Book and Candle , also 1958, in which her role was Mrs Bianca De Pass. [19] She played the haughty wife, Eulalie Mackecknie Shinn, of River City Mayor George Shinn, played by character actor Paul Ford, in The Music Man (1962) starring Robert Preston and Shirley Jones. [20]

In October 1963, Gingold opened in Arthur Kopit's Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad , playing a monstrously possessive mother driving her son crazy. She played the role in the London production in 1965. Reviewing the latter, and noting that the first night had been greeted with cheering at the end, the critic Philip Hope-Wallace wrote:

It marks, of course, the return of Hermione Gingold, which would be cause enough for cheering. Blatant as ever, deafeningly loud, strutting like a parody of every tragedy queen, male or female, since time began, she was in splendid relishing form, her lips drawn back over fangs and her voice swooping campingly through a whole two octaves of sneer. [21]

Last years

Gingold in 1973 Hermione Gingold 2 Allan Warren.jpg
Gingold in 1973

Gingold was a member of the original 1973 Broadway cast of Stephen Sondheim's A Little Night Music in the role of the elderly Mme. Armfeldt, a former courtesan. Clive Barnes wrote of her performance, "Hermione Gingold is immeasurably grande dame as the almost Proustian hostess (I haven't loved her so much since she sang about the Borgia orgies 30 years ago)." [22] When the production transferred to London in 1975 Gingold reprised the role, [23] and later played it in the film version of the musical (1977). [24]

At the age of 77, Gingold made her operatic début, joining the San Francisco Opera to play the spoken role of the Duchess of Crackenthorp in Donizetti's La fille du régiment in 1975. [25] In 1977 she took over the narrator's role in Side by Side by Sondheim on Broadway. After the New York run, the show toured the US. In Kansas City, the 79-year-old Gingold suffered an accident that broke her knee and dislocated her arm; this brought her performing career to an end (although she appeared in a 1980s Goya commercial for their drink "Coca Goya" while lounging on a chaise lounge shaking the two cans like maracas.) [5]

Death

Gingold died from heart problems and pneumonia at Lenox Hill Hospital in Manhattan on 24 May 1987, aged 89. [15]

Legacy

Gingold's autobiography, How to Grow Old Disgracefully, was published posthumously in 1988. It had previously been published in installments: The World Is Square (1946), My Own Unaided Work (1952) and Sirens Should Be Seen and Not Heard (1963). She also wrote a play called Abracadabra and contributed original material to the many revues in which she performed. [15]

The Gingold Theatrical Group in New York is a company devoted to producing plays about human rights. It was founded by David Staller, great friend of Gingold for many years, as a tribute to her. They specialise in presenting the works of Bernard Shaw and are the first group to present all of Shaw's sixty-five plays. [26]

Screen performances

Film

Television

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References

  1. Births, The Times, 13 December 1897, p. 1
  2. Gingold, p. 7
  3. 1 2 3 4 Morley, pp. 143–144
  4. 1 2 "At the Play: His Majesty's Pinkie and the Fairies", The Observer 20 December 1908, p. 7
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sherrin, Ned, "Gingold, Hermione Ferdinanda (1897–1987)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 3 October 2013 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  6. New York Times obituaries Hermione Gingold
  7. Castle, p. 12
  8. "Troilus and Cressida", The Times, 11 December 1912, p. 12.
  9. "New Musical Play at Daly's", The Observer, 18 May 1913, p. 11
  10. Programme listings including, The Times, 15 January 1927; 1 April 1930. p. 28; 17 May 1930, p. 17; 31 March 1931, p. 13; 15 February 1932, p. 7; 11 January 1933, p. 10; 10 May 1934, p. 4; 1 June 1925, p. 31; 18 February 1936, p. 12; 26 April 1937, p. 8; and 8 June 1938, p. 10.
  11. 1 2 "Obituary – Hermione Gingold – Kindly malice in wonderland", The Times, 25 May 1987, p. 14
  12. Melville, Alan. "Lady of Laughter", The Guardian, 25 May 1987, p. 9
  13. "Comedy Theatre", The Times, 18 November 1948, p. 7; and Brown, Ivor, "At the Theatre", The Observer, 21 November 1948, p. 2
  14. "Ambassadors Theatre", The Times 30 November 1949, p. 8; "Fallen Angels", The Manchester Guardian, 1 December 1949, p. 4; and "Theatres", The Times, 8 August 1950, p. 2
  15. 1 2 3 4 Saxon, Wolfgang, "Hermione Gingold, English Actress, Dies At 89", The New York Times, 25 May 1987.
  16. Who's Who in the Theatre (11th Edn.) ed John Parker (London)
  17. "Around the World in Eighty Days", British Film Institute, accessed 4 October 2013
  18. Freedland, p. 219
  19. "Bell, Book and Candle", British Film Institute, accessed 4 October 2013
  20. "The Music Man", British Film Institute, accessed 4 October 2013
  21. Hope-Wallace, Philip. "Oh Dad at the Picadilly", The Guardian, 7 October 1965, p. 9
  22. Barnes, Clive, "A triumph for Stephen Sondheim", The Times, 28 February 1973, p. 13
  23. Wardle, Irving, "An artistic reunion", The Times, 16 April 1975, p. 13
  24. "A Little Night Music", British Film Institute archive; accessed 4 October 2013
  25. Morley, Sheridan, "Solid gold Gingold", The Times, 12 April 1975, p. 9
  26. Gingold Theatrical Group website, accessed 1 October 2013

Sources