Hertfordshire

Last updated

Economy

View of one of the buildings at Hatfield Business Park, currently the headquarters of EE Hatfield Business Park.jpg
View of one of the buildings at Hatfield Business Park, currently the headquarters of EE

This is a table of trends of regional gross value added of Hertfordshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling. [17]

Hertfordshire
Motto(s): 
"Trust and fear not"
Hertfordshire UK locator map 2010.svg
Coordinates: 51°49′N0°13′W / 51.817°N 0.217°W / 51.817; -0.217 Coordinates: 51°49′N0°13′W / 51.817°N 0.217°W / 51.817; -0.217
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region East
Established Ancient
Time zone UTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of Parliament List of MPs
Police Hertfordshire Constabulary
Largest town Watford
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant Robert Voss
High Sheriff The Hon. Henry Holland-Hibbert [1] (2020-21)
Area1,643 km2 (634 sq mi)
  Ranked 36th of 48
Population (mid-2019 est.)1,184,365
  Ranked 13th of 48
Density721/km2 (1,870/sq mi)
Ethnicity80.8% White British
1.5% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
5.1% Other White
0.8% White & Black Caribbean
0.3% White & Black African
0.8% White & Asian
0.6% Other Mixed
2.6% Indian
1.1% Pakistani
0.5% Bangladeshi
0.8% Chinese
1.6% Other Asian
1.8% Black African
0.8% Black Caribbean
0.3% Other Black
0.2% Arab
0.4% Other
YearRegional Gross Value Added [n 1] Agriculture [n 2] Industry [n 3] Services [n 4]
199511,742963,2928,354
200018,370774,13814,155
200320,937824,34816,507

Hertfordshire has the main operational and/or headquarters UK site of some very large employers. Clockwise from north:

In Stevenage (a subsidiary of: BAE Systems, Airbus and Finmeccanica) MBDA, develops missiles. In the same town, Airbus (Defence & Space Division) produces satellites.

Hatfield was where de Havilland developed the first commercial jet liner, the Comet. Now the site is a business park and new campus for the University of Hertfordshire. This major employment site notably hosts EE, Computacenter and Ocado groceries and other goods e-commerce.

Welwyn Garden City hosts Tesco's UK base, hosts the UK Cereal Partners factory and in pharmaceuticals it hosts Roche UK's headquarters (subsidiary of the Swiss Hoffman-La Roche). GlaxoSmithKline has plants in Ware and Stevenage.

Hemel Hempstead has large premises of Dixons Carphone.

The National Pharmacy Association (NPA), the trade association for UK pharmacies, is based in St Albans.

Kings Langley has the plant-office of Pure, making DAB digital radios.

Watford hosts national companies such as J D Wetherspoon, Camelot Group, Bathstore, and Caversham Finance (BrightHouse). It is also the UK base of multi-nationals Hilton Worldwide, TotalEnergies, TK Maxx, Costco, JJ Kavanagh and Sons, Vinci and Beko. The 2006 World Golf Championship and the 2013 Bilderberg Conference, took place at The Grove hotel. [18] Warner Bros. owns and runs its main UK base since the 2000s, Warner Studios, in Leavesden, Watford.

Rickmansworth hosts Skanska.

Sport

In 2012, the canoe and kayak slalom events of the 2012 Summer Olympics took place in Waltham Cross, Broxbourne.

Football

Vicarage Road stadium in Watford Vicarage Road 2015.jpg
Vicarage Road stadium in Watford

As of the 2021–22 season, there are four professional football teams in Hertfordshire: Watford F.C., Stevenage F.C., Arsenal W.F.C. and Boreham Wood F.C.

Since 1922, Watford play their home games at Vicarage Road. [19] The club joined the Football League in 1920 as a founding member of the Third Division [20] and first played in the First Division of English football in 1982, finishing as runners-up to champions Liverpool. [20] Watford was promoted to the Premier League at the end of the 2020–2021 season. After spending one season in the Premier League, they were relegated to the Championship again for the 2022-2023 season. [21]

Stevenage F.C. was formed in 1976 as Stevenage Borough and have played at Broadhall Way since 1980. [22] Stevenage was the first club to win a competitive match at the new Wembley Stadium, beating Kidderminster Harriers 3–2 in the 2007 FA Trophy Final. [23] The club currently play in the EFL League Two and have been managed by former player Alex Revell since February 2020. [24]

Arsenal F.C., whilst based at the Emirates Stadium in the London Borough of Islington, has long held a training ground in the county. Until 1999, it held the London Colney University of London facility, until it built a new purpose-built compound adjacent to it. Watford FC currently utilises the old Arsenal training area as its training facility.

Arsenal W.F.C. play at Meadow Park in Borehamwood. [25] The club was formed in 1987 and have played in the FA Women's Super League since its inaugural season in 2011. [26]

Hertfordshire has many semi-professional and amateur clubs. The highest placed are Hemel Hempstead Town and St Albans City, who play one division lower in the National League South.

Rugby

Rugby league

Hemel Stags are a rugby league team based in Hemel Hempstead. [27] Hemel Stags have played at Pennine Way Stadium since the club's founding in 1981. [28] [29] Until 2018, the club played in league 1, the third tier of the British rugby league system, and now compete in the Conference League South. [30]

Rugby union

The Hertfordshire Rugby Football Union is the governing body for rugby union in Hertfordshire and is responsible for any interested parties involved in rugby. [31]

Tring Rugby play matches at Cow Lane, Tring. [32] The first XV currently play in the London & South East Premier, [33] a level 4 league.

Landmarks

Cedars Park Cheshunt, Theobalds - geograph.org.uk - 552741.jpg
Cedars Park
St Albans Abbey The Cathedral and Abbey Church of St Alban.jpg
St Albans Abbey
University of Hertfordshire University of Hertfordshire building 1.jpg
University of Hertfordshire
Bluebells in Dockey Wood Trees and Bluebells, Dockey Wood, Ashridge - geograph.org.uk - 1516118.jpg
Bluebells in Dockey Wood
The Warner Bros. Making of Harry Potter Studio Tour at Leavesden The Making of Harry Potter 29-05-2012 (7528994480).jpg
The Warner Bros. Making of Harry Potter Studio Tour at Leavesden

Below is a list of notable visitor attractions in Hertfordshire:

Main footpaths

Transport

Junction of the M1 and M25 near Hemel Hempstead M25-M1 intersection near Hemel Hempstead.jpg
Junction of the M1 and M25 near Hemel Hempstead
Govia Thameslink Railway provide frequent train services through Hertfordshire on the Midland Main Line and East Coast Main Line 700110 - London Blackfriars 3T13.JPG
Govia Thameslink Railway provide frequent train services through Hertfordshire on the Midland Main Line and East Coast Main Line
Bridge 168 on the Grand Union Canal Bridge 168, Grand Union Canal, Watford - geograph.org.uk - 464942.jpg
Bridge 168 on the Grand Union Canal

Hertfordshire is a home county with many towns forming part of the London commuter belt and has some of the principal roads in England including the A1, A1(M), A41, A414, M1, M11, and the M25.

Four principal national railway lines pass through the county:

A number of other local rail routes also cross Hertfordshire:

Three commuter lines operated by Transport for London enter the county:

Stansted Airport and Luton Airport are both within 10 miles (16 km) of the county's borders. The commercial airfield at Elstree is for light aircraft.

The Grand Union Canal passes through Rickmansworth, Watford, Hemel Hempstead, Berkhamsted and Tring.

Education

St George's School St George's School.jpg
St George's School

Hertfordshire has 26 independent schools and 73 state secondary schools. The state secondary schools are entirely comprehensive, although 7 schools in the south and southwest of the county are partially selective (see Education in Watford). All state schools have sixth forms, and there are no sixth form colleges. The tertiary colleges, each with multiple campuses, are Hertford Regional College, North Hertfordshire College, Oaklands College and West Herts College. The University of Hertfordshire is a modern university based largely in Hatfield. It has more than 23,000 students.

Literature

Hertfordshire is the location of Jack Worthing's country house in Oscar Wilde's play The Importance of Being Earnest .

Jane Austen's novel Pride and Prejudice is primarily set in Hertfordshire. [34]

The location of Mr Jarndyce's Bleak House in Charles Dickens's Bleak House is near St Albans. [35]

The eponymous residence in E. M. Forster's novel Howards End was based on Rooks Nest House just outside Stevenage. [36]

George Orwell based Animal Farm on Wallington, Hertfordshire, where he lived between 1936 and 1940. Manor Farm and The Great Barn both feature in the novel. [37] [38] [39]

See also

Notes

  1. Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. includes hunting and forestry
  3. includes energy and construction
  4. includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

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