Hesa Awal Behsood District
حصه اول بهسود
|• Governor||Mohsen Wahdat|
|• Total||1,325 km2 (512 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3,200 m (10,500 ft)|
|• Density||42/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Standard Time)|
Hisa-e-Awali Behsud (Dari : حصه اول بهسود) is a district of Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. The district has a Hazara majority resident population, but the district is also used as grazing ground by nomadic Pashtun Kuchis. The Hajigak Mine is located in the district.
Since 2007 there has been a flare-up in ethnic violence in the district, emanating from a dispute between Hazaras and Kuchis over the ownership of vast tracts of land, with the Hazara claiming Kuchi militias are being armed by the Taliban. Several villages have been burned and thousands have had to flee the area.
The Hazaras are a Persian-speaking ethnic group native to, and primarily residing in, the mountainous region of Hazarajat, in central Afghanistan. They speak the Hazaragi dialect of Persian which is mutually intelligible with Dari, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.
Hazārajāt or Hazāristān (هزارستان) is a mountainous region in the central highlands of Afghanistan, among the Koh-i-Baba mountains in the western extremities of the Hindu Kush. It is the homeland of the Hazara people who make up the majority of its population. "Hazārajāt denotes an ethnic and religious zone." Hazarajat is primarily made up of the provinces of Bamyan, Daykundi, Ghor and large parts of Ghazni, Urozgan, Parwan, Maidan Wardak and more. The most populous towns in Hazarajat are Bamyan, Yakawlang (Bamyan), Nili (Daykundi), Lal wa Sarjangal (Ghor), Sang-e-Masha (Ghazni), Gizab (Urozgan) and Behsud. The Kabul, Farah, Hari, Murghab, Balkh and Kunduz rivers originate from Hazarajat.
Parwān, also spelled Parvān, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. It has a population of about 737,700. The province is multi-ethnic and mostly a rural society. The province is divided into ten districts. The town of Charikar serves as the provincial capital. The province is located north of Kabul Province and south of Baghlan Province, west of Panjshir Province and Kapisa Province, and east of Wardak Province and Bamyan Province.
Maidan Wardak Province, also called Maidan Wardag or Maidan, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 671,817. The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District.
Nawur is the largest district in Afghanistan's Ghazni Province by area. Its population, which is entirely Hazara, was estimated at 91,778 in 2002. The Jikhai River originates here. Nawur with 5234 square kilometre is located in northern part of Ghazni Province, Nawur is neighbour with Qarabagh District in south, Jaghuri District, Malistan District and Ajristan District (Daya) in south west, Jaghatu District and Rashidan District in east, Miramor District of Daikundi province in west, Waras District of Bamian Province in north west, Behsud District, Daimirdad District and Jeghatu District of Maidan Wardak Province in north.
Malistan is a district in the west of Ghazni Province, Afghanistan. Its population, which is 100% Hazara, was estimated at 350,000 in 2009. The district capital is Mir Adina.
Jalrez is a district in the west of Maidan Shar, Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. The main town lies at Jalrez, which is 62.9 kilometres (39.1 mi) southwest of the centre of Kabul via the main Kabul-Behsud Highway. The district is a major producer of potatoes.
Day Mirdad is a district in the south of Wardak Province, Afghanistan. The capital of the district is Miran city. The district used to be known as Jilga.
The Behsud or Behsudi, are one of the major tribe of the Hazara people of Hazarajat, Afghanistan. They inhabit the Markaz Besud and Hisa-I-Awali Bihsud and Hisa-i-Duwum, Jalrez, Dai Mirdad and Chak districts of Maidan Wardak Province, Nawur and Jaghatu districts of Ghazni Province, Panjaw and Waras districts of Bamyan Province.
Markaz-i Bihsūd District is one of the districts of Maidan Wardak Province in Afghanistan. It is located less than an hour-drive west of Kabul and south Bamyan. The main town in the district is Behsud. The district has an estimated population of 134,852 people, majority of which are ethnic Hazaras.
Saydabad District is a district of Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. The district is known for its pleasant climate, including hilly vegetation, streams, and orchards. The district was a popular retreat for Kabul residents until an increase in ISAF-Taliban violence in the late 2000s. The city of Saydabad serves as the district capital. With a population of 114,793, it is the most populous district of the province.
Behsud may refer to:
Kuchi–Hazara conflict is the series of conflicts between Kuchis and Hazaras over the lands in Hazarajat, the central highlands of Afghanistan, since the early 18th century. After the establishment of new Afghan Government, these conflicts have turned into war between Hazaras and Kuchis. The conflicts have left tens of people dead, hundreds injured and thousands internally displaced in recent years.
Behsūd is a town in Maidan Wardak Province, central Afghanistan. It is the administrative center of Markazi Bihsud District.
Ghulam Husain Naseri is an ethnic Hazara politician in Afghanistan. He is the representative of the people of Maidan Wardak during the 16th term of Afghanistan Parliament.
On 21 January 2019, in central Afghanistan, the Taliban attacked a military compound in Maidan Shar, killing officers of the Afghan National Directorate of Security. The Taliban attacked while engaging in the process of negotiating a truce with the United States. The attack began when an explosives-laden car rammed through a military checkpoint and onto the grounds of the compound, where the vehicle detonated. After the explosion, two gunmen entered the base and opened fire on Afghan soldiers, before the two were shot down. A senior official in the Afghan defense ministry said that 126 people were killed in the explosion. The Taliban claimed responsibility and stated that over 190 people were killed in the attack. The Afghan National Directorate of Security (NDS) reported that 36 military personnel were killed in the attack. Afghan president, Ashraf Ghani condemned the attack and said that the 'Afghan intelligence agency personnel were target of the attack'.
Kot-e Ashro is a small town in the western Paghman Mountains of Jalrez District, Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. It was formerly the district capital until it was taken by the Taliban in 2006. The town lies along the Kabul-Behsud Highway, 14.6 kilometres (9.1 mi) by road northwest of Maidan Shar.
Zaiwalat, also Zaywalāyat or Zywlayt is a subdistrict and village of Jalrez District, Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. It lies along the Kabul-Behsud Highway, to the west of Kot-e Ashro and to the east of the town of Jalrez. As of 2010 the village itself had a population of about 300 people. It is inhabited mainly by Pashtuns and is a producer of fruit, with extensive orchards in the vicinity.
Takana, also Takānah-ye Bālā, is a subdistrict and village of Jalrez District, Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. It lies along the Kabul-Behsud Highway, to the west of the town of Jalrez.
The Kabul–Behsud Highway, formally National Highway 13, NH13, is a highway connecting Kabul in Afghanistan to Behsud in the west, passing through Maidan Wardak Province. It is cited as a highly dangerous route, prone to hijackings, beheadings, kidnappings and robberies, particularly in the districts of Jalrez and Markazi Bihsud, and has obtained the moniker "Death Road" due to the frequency of Taliban killings along the route.