Hildesheim (district)

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Hildesheim
Wappen Landkreis Hildesheim.svg
Coat of arms
Hildesheim (district)
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
Capital Hildesheim
Area
  Total1,206 km2 (466 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2019) [1]
  Total275,817
  Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registration HI
Website www.landkreishildesheim.de

Hildesheim is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts of Hanover, Peine, Wolfenbüttel, Goslar, Northeim, Holzminden and Hamelin-Pyrmont.

Contents

History

In 1885 the Prussian government established districts within the Province of Hanover. The present territory of the district was occupied by four districts: Hildesheim, Alfeld, Gronau and Marienburg. In 1932 the district of Gronau joined Alfeld, and the number of districts was reduced to three.

When the state of Lower Saxony was founded in 1946, the districts were reorganised: Hildesheim became an urban district, the remaining district of Hildesheim and Marienburg were merged to the new district of Hildesheim-Marienburg. The district of Alfeld remained in its former borders.

In 1974 the city of Hildesheim lost its status as an urban district and became part of the surrounding district, which was renamed to Hildesheim. The districts of Hildesheim and Alfeld were merged in 1977.

Geography

The district is located southeast of Hanover, and the northernmost parts border the Hanover metropolitan area. The northern half of the district is highly urbanised, while the south is covered with forests. The River Leine enters the district in the south, runs through the towns of Alfeld and Gronau and leaves in the northwest towards Hanover; a small affluent, the Innerste, joins the Leine from the east after flowing through the city of Hildesheim. Between Leine and Innerste there are the forested hill chains of the Hildesheim Forest (Hildesheimer Wald) and the Sieben Berge ("Seven Hills", see Alfeld for more details).

Coat of arms

The coat of arms displays:

Towns and municipalities

Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Hildesheim Municipalities in HI.svg
Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Hildesheim
TownsFree municipalities Samtgemeinden
  1. Alfeld
  2. Bad Salzdetfurth
  3. Bockenem
  4. Elze
  5. Hildesheim
  6. Sarstedt
  1. Algermissen
  2. Diekholzen
  3. Freden
  4. Giesen
  5. Harsum
  6. Holle
  7. Lamspringe
  8. Nordstemmen
  9. Schellerten
  10. Sibbesse
  11. Söhlde
  1. Duingen
  2. Eime
  3. Gronau 1, 2
1seat of the Samtgemeinde; 2town

See also

Related Research Articles

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Alfeld Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

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Northeim (district) District in Lower Saxony, Germany

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The Province of Hanover was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1868 to 1946.

Innerste River in Germany

The Innerste is a river in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is a right tributary of the Leine river and 101 km (63 mi) in length.

The Innerste Uplands is a landscape region up to 359 m high and covering an area of over 900 km² in the northern part of the German Central Uplands. It lies within the eastern part of the Weser-Leine Uplands in Lower Saxony (Germany).

Leine Uplands

The Leine Uplands is a region in Germany's Central Uplands which forms a part of the Lower Saxon Hills and lies along the River Leine between Göttingen and Hanover. It borders on the Weser Uplands in the west, the Innerste Uplands in the northeast, the Harz in the east and Untereichsfeld in the southeast.

Hildesheim Forest

The Hildesheim Forest is a range of hills up to 359 m above sea level (NN) in the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.

Sieben Berge

The Sieben Berge are a ridge of hills up to 395 m above sea level (NN) in the Lower Saxon Hills in the district of Hildesheim, Lower Saxony, Germany. Together with the Vorberge and the Sackwald the Sieben Berge belong to the geological formation of the Sackmulde.

Leine-Heide Cycle Path

The Leine-Heide Cycle Path is a long-distance cycle path in Germany that has a total length of 410 kilometres (250 mi) and runs through the German federal states of Thuringia, Lower Saxony and Hamburg. Until 2009, it was called the Leine Cycle Path, after the River Leine; it ended north of the river's confluence with the Aller in Hodenhagen. Heide (‘heath’) refers to the Lüneburg Heath.

Calenberg Castle

Calenberg Castle was a medieval lowland castle in central Germany, near Schulenburg in the borough of Pattensen, 13 km west of the city of Hildesheim. It was built as a water castle in 1292 by the Welf duke, Otto the Strict, in der Leine river meadows between 2 branches of the Leine river on the southern part of the chalk marl hill of the Calenberg. At the start of the 16th century it was converted into a fort (Feste). In the 15th century, Fort Calenberg gave its name to the Welf Principality of Calenberg. Following the Thirty Years' War it lost its military importance and was slighted. Today it is a ruin with underground vaults that are surrounded by high ramparts.

The Ahrensberg, at 374 metres, is the highest hill in the Sackwald range in the district of Hildesheim, in the north German state of Lower Saxony.

Sackwald

The Sackwald is a ridge, up to 374 m above sea level (NN) high, in the Lower Saxon Hills in the district of Hildesheim in the North German state of Lower Saxony. It is named after the village of Sack in the borough of Alfeld, the name meaning "Sack Forest".

Vorberge Mountain range in Germany

The Vorberge are a ridge, up to 353 m above sea level (NN) high, in the Lower Saxon Hills and within the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony. Together with the Sieben Berge and the Sackwald, the Vorberge belong to the geological formation of the Sackmulde.

Heber (hills)

The Heber is a hogback ridge, relatively small in area and up to 313.5 metres high, in the Lower Saxon Hills within the districts of Goslar, Northeim and Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.

Külf Mountain ridge in Germany

The Külf is a ridge, up to 260 m above NN, in the Leine Uplands in the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.

The Giesen Hills are a ridge, up to 242.5 metres high, in the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony.

References

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Landkreis Hildesheim at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°05′N9°55′E / 52.08°N 9.92°E / 52.08; 9.92