Hilja Parssinen (13 July 1876, in Halsua – 23 September 1935, in née Lindgren) was a Finnish schoolteacher, poet, journalist and politician. She served as a Member of the Parliament of Finland from 1907 to 1918 and again from 1929 until her death in 1935. During the Finnish Civil War in 1918, she was a member of the Finnish People's Delegation. After the defeat of the Red side, she fled at first to Soviet Russia and then to Estonia, from where she was extradited back to Finland in 1919 to receive a 12-year prison sentence for her role on the losing side of the Civil War. She was pardoned in 1923 and returned to politics.
The Finnish Civil War was a civil war in Finland in 1918 fought for the leadership and control of Finland between White Finland and Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic during the country's transition from a Grand Duchy of the Russian Empire to an independent state. The clashes took place in the context of the national, political, and social turmoil caused by World War I in Europe. The war was fought between the Reds, led by a section of the Social Democratic Party, and the Whites, conducted by the conservative-based Senate and the German Imperial Army. The paramilitary Red Guards, were composed of industrial and agrarian workers. They controlled the cities and industrial centers of southern Finland. The paramilitary White Guards, consisted of land owners and those in the middle and upper-classes. They controlled rural central and northern Finland led by General C. G. E. Mannerheim.
Patriotic People's Movement was a Finnish nationalist and anti-communist political party. IKL was the successor of the previously banned Lapua Movement. It existed from 1932 to 1944 and had an ideology similar to its predecessor, except that IKL participated in elections, although with limited success.
Kaarel Eenpalu was an Estonian journalist, politician and head of state, who served as 7th Prime Minister of Estonia.
Edvard Otto Vilhelm Gylling was a prominent Social Democratic and later Communist politician in Finland, later leader of Soviet Karelia.
Lauri Aukusti Letonmäki was a Finnish journalist, teacher, and politician. He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1914 to 1916. In 1918, during the Finnish Civil War, Letonmäki was Delegate for Justice in the Finnish People's Delegation, the government of the Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic. After the Red side lost the war, Letonmäki fled to Soviet Russia, where he was among the founders of the Communist Party of Finland (SKP). He committed suicide in 1935.
Raimo Pärssinen is a Swedish social democratic politician who has been a member of the Riksdag since 1998. He is of Finnish descent.
Yrjö Antti Linko was a Finnish gymnast who won bronze at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Heikki Aleksi "Ale" Riipinen was a Finnish gymnast who won bronze in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Silatch was a small Imperial Russian and later Soviet steam-powered icebreaker. She was captured by Finland in the aftermath of the Finnish Civil War in 1918 and renamed Ilmarinen until returned to the Soviet Union in 1922. She was decommissioned in the 1950s.
Lucina Hagman was an early Finnish feminist and among the first female MPs in the world due to the 1907 Finnish parliamentary election.
Tyyne Lilja Leivo-Larsson was a Finnish Ambassador and MP. She was the first Finnish woman to serve as Ambassador in Oslo from 1958 to 1966 and as Envoy to Reykjavík in 1958–1964 and the first Nordic woman, who led the government when she served as Deputy Prime Minister for Reino Kuuskoski in 1958.
Hilja Elisabet Riipinen was a Finnish politician involved with the nationalist and anti-communist Lapua Movement and Patriotic People's Movement (IKL). She was a member of parliament between 1930 and 1939, first elected from the electoral list of the National Coalition Party, but she defected to the Patriotic People's Movement after it was formed as a political party in 1933.
Agnes Elvira Maria Willman was a Finnish playwright, journalist and a revolutionary socialist who was one of the most prominent women of the early Finnish labour movement. Willman is also considered as the first female working-class writer in Finland, despite coming from a bourgeois background. After the 1918 Finnish Civil War Willman and her husband, Voitto Eloranta fled to the Soviet Russia. They were both later accused of being involved with the Kuusinen Club Incident, a murder of eight Finnish communists. Eloranta was executed in 1922 and Willman in 1925.
Pärssinen is a Finnish surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Anni Huotari was a Finnish politician. She was a Member of the Parliament of Finland from 1907 to 1910, from 1911 to 1918, from 1922 to 1927 and again from 1932 until her death in 1943. Anni Huotari was imprisoned from 1918 to 1919 for having sided with the Reds during the Finnish Civil War. She was married to Anton Huotari.
Mary Rhodes Moorhouse-Pekkala was a British-born Finnish patronage and civil rights activist, who was an heiress to a wealthy New Zealand-British family. In the early 1920s, she was active in the Communist Party of Great Britain and the Comintern. Moorhouse emigrated to Finland in 1928 after marrying the Finnish Socialist politician Eino Pekkala. She was one of the major financiers of the 1930s Finnish cultural left, and a prominent civil rights activist.
Olga Adele Oinola born Olga Adele Johansson was a Finn who became President of the Finnish Women Association.
Gunnar Isak Lindqvist was a Finnish Jäger and a senior lieutenant in the Estonian Army. He had received military training during the First World War as a Jäger and received his baptism of fire on the Eastern Front at Misse River in 1916. Later, he took part in the Finnish Civil War in the White Army as a signals officer and in the Estonian War of Independence as a battalion commander. During his life he served in the armies of three states and was a veteran of the six wars. In the 1930s and 1940s, Lindqvist took part in several Nazi groups.
Kyllikki Pohjala was a Finnish politician and nurse. She was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1933 to 1962 and served as the minister of social affairs from October to December 1963.