Location of Hirakata in Osaka Prefecture
|First official recorded||500 AD|
|City Settled||August 1, 1947|
|• Mayor||Takashi Fushimi|
|• Total||65.08 km2 (25.13 sq mi)|
(October 31, 2019)
|• Density||6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (JST)|
|City hall address||2-1-20 Ogaito-chō, Hirakata-shi, Osaka-fu|
Hirakata (枚方市, Hirakata-shi) is a city in northeastern Osaka Prefecture, Japan. It is known for Hirakata Park, an amusement park which includes roller coasters made of wood. As of 1 October 2016, [update] the city has an estimated population of 402,927, and a population density of 6,200 inhabitants per square kilometre (16,000/sq mi). The total area of the city is 65.07 square kilometres (25.12 sq mi).
Eriko Aoki, author of "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools," stated that the city's location in proximity to both Osaka City and Kyoto contributed to its population growth of ten times its previous size from around 1973 to 2013.
The modern city was founded on August 1, 1947. On April 1, 2001, Hirakata was designated as a special city of Japan. On April 1, 2014, Hirakata became a Core city.
As of 2013 the city has about 2,000 ethnic Koreans, including permanent residents of Japan, South Korean citizens, and those aligned to North Korea. Most Hirakata Koreans,including children of school age, use Japanese names. Most ethnic Korean children in Hirakata attend Japanese public schools, while some attend Chongryon schools located in Osaka City. Many Koreans in Hirakata operate their own businesses. Hirakata has the "mother's society" or "Omoni no Kai", a voluntary association of ethnic Korean mothers. It also has branches of the Chongryon and Mindan, Japan's two major Korean associations. Hirakata has no particular Korean neighborhoods.
There were about 3,000 ethnic Koreans in Hirakata in the pre-World War II period. In the 1930s Hirakata Koreans, fearful of keeping their own jobs, had negative attitudes towards Osaka-based Koreans who were looking for employment after having lost their jobs. Military construction was the most common job sector of that era's Korean population.
Eriko Aoki stated that in 2013 there was still a sense of difference between the Koreans in Hirakata and the Koreans in Osaka.
Eriko Aoki stated that there is no area obviously identified as a Burakumin area in Hirakata.
Colleges and universities
Prefectural senior high schools
Municipal high schools
Private senior high schools:
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