Hirakata

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Hirakata

枚方市
Hirakata Park.jpg
Hirakata Park
Flag of Hirakata, Osaka.svg
Flag
Emblem of Hirakata, Osaka.svg
Emblem
Hirakata in Osaka Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Hirakata in Osaka Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Hirakata
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°49′N135°39′E / 34.817°N 135.650°E / 34.817; 135.650 Coordinates: 34°49′N135°39′E / 34.817°N 135.650°E / 34.817; 135.650
CountryJapan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Osaka Prefecture
First official recorded500 AD
City SettledAugust 1, 1947
Government
  MayorTakashi Fushimi [1]
Area
  Total65.08 km2 (25.13 sq mi)
Population
 (October 31, 2019)
  Total401,449
  Density6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address2-1-20 Ogaito-chō, Hirakata-shi, Osaka-fu
573-8666
Website city.hirakata.osaka.jp/freepage/gyousei/hpcontent/eng/index.html
Symbols
Bird Common kingfisher
Flower Chrysanthemum
Tree Willow

Hirakata (枚方市, Hirakata-shi) is a city in northeastern Osaka Prefecture, Japan. [2] It is known for Hirakata Park, an amusement park which includes roller coasters made of wood. [3] As of 1 October 2016, the city has an estimated population of 402,927, and a population density of 6,200 inhabitants per square kilometre (16,000/sq mi). The total area of the city is 65.07 square kilometres (25.12 sq mi).

Contents

Eriko Aoki, author of "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools," stated that the city's location in proximity to both Osaka City and Kyoto contributed to its population growth of ten times its previous size from around 1973 to 2013. [4]

History

The modern city was founded on August 1, 1947. On April 1, 2001, Hirakata was designated as a special city of Japan. On April 1, 2014, Hirakata became a Core city.

Surrounding municipalities

Mayors

Demographics

Ethnic Koreans

As of 2013 the city has about 2,000 ethnic Koreans, including permanent residents of Japan, South Korean citizens, and those aligned to North Korea. Most Hirakata Koreans, [5] including children of school age, use Japanese names. [6] Most ethnic Korean children in Hirakata attend Japanese public schools, while some attend Chongryon schools located in Osaka City. [7] Many Koreans in Hirakata operate their own businesses. Hirakata has the "mother's society" or "Omoni no Kai", a voluntary association of ethnic Korean mothers. It also has branches of the Chongryon and Mindan, Japan's two major Korean associations. Hirakata has no particular Korean neighborhoods. [5]

There were about 3,000 ethnic Koreans in Hirakata in the pre-World War II period. In the 1930s Hirakata Koreans, fearful of keeping their own jobs, had negative attitudes towards Osaka-based Koreans who were looking for employment after having lost their jobs. Military construction was the most common job sector of that era's Korean population. [5]

Eriko Aoki stated that in 2013 there was still a sense of difference between the Koreans in Hirakata and the Koreans in Osaka. [5]

Burakumin

Eriko Aoki stated that there is no area obviously identified as a Burakumin area in Hirakata. [6]

Education

Colleges and universities

Prefectural senior high schools

Municipal high schools

Private senior high schools:

Transportation

Hirakata-shi Station Hirakata-shi Station Minami Entrance.jpg
Hirakata-shi Station

Rail

Highways

Companies with offices in Hirakata

Sister and friendship cities

Notable people from Hirakata

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References

  1. https://www.city.hirakata.osaka.jp.e.cu.hp.transer.com/0000004030.html
  2. "Hirakata" at Britannica.com; retrieved August 28, 2013.
  3. "Hirakta Park" at Osaka-info.jp Archived September 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine ; retrieved August 28, 2013.
  4. Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN   1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 169-170.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN   1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 170.
  6. 1 2 Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN   1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 171.
  7. Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN   1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 170-171.