Hiroshima Prefecture

Last updated
Hiroshima Prefecture

広島県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 広島県
   Rōmaji Hiroshima-ken
Flag of Hiroshima Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Hiroshima Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 34 Hiroshima prefecture.svg
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Chūgoku (San'yō)
Island Honshu
Capital Hiroshima
Subdivisions Districts: 5, Municipalities: 23
Government
   Governor Hidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area
  Total8,479.63 km2 (3,274.00 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total2,811,410
  Rank 12th
  Density330/km2 (860/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-34
Website pref.hiroshima.lg.jp
Symbols
Bird Red-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県, Hiroshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. [1] Hiroshima Prefecture has a population of 2,811,410 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 8,479 km² (3,274 sq mi). Hiroshima Prefecture borders Okayama Prefecture to the east, Tottori Prefecture to the northeast, Shimane Prefecture to the north, and Yamaguchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Contents

Hiroshima is the capital and largest city of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region, with other major cities including Fukuyama, Kure, and Higashihiroshima. [2] Hiroshima Prefecture is located on the Seto Inland Sea across from the island of Shikoku, and is bounded to the north by the Chūgoku Mountains. Hiroshima Prefecture is one of the three prefectures of Japan with more than one UNESCO World Heritage site.

History

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province and Aki Province. [3] This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan's recorded history. Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Together with Nara and Tokyo, Hiroshima is one of the three prefectures with more than one UNESCO World Heritage site. The two such sites in Hiroshima Prefecture are:

Geography

Map of Hiroshima Prefecture
Government Ordinance Designated City City Town Map of Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Hiroshima Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City     City     Town
Fukuyama Fukuyama-city photo.jpg
Fukuyama
Onomichi Onomichi city huukei.jpg
Onomichi
Higashihiroshima Saijyo-cho.jpg
Higashihiroshima
Mihara Mihara.jpg
Mihara

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Japan . Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast.

The province faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea. [4] The prefecture also includes many small islands.

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima's climate very mild.

As of 1 April 2014, 4% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks (the lowest percentage of any prefecture), namely Setonaikai National Park; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks. [5]

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

NameArea (km2)PopulationMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Akitakata, Hiroshima.svg Akitakata 安芸高田市538.1731,565 Akitakata in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Etajima Hiroshima.JPG Etajima 江田島市100.9724,596 Etajima in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Fuchu city, Hiroshima.svg Fuchū 府中市195.7143,932 Fuchu in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Fukuyama, Hiroshima.svg Fukuyama 福山市518.14468,812 Fukuyama in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hatsukaichi.svg Hatsukaichi 廿日市市489.36117,106 Hatsukaichi in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima.svg Higashihiroshima 東広島市635.32185,418 Higashihiroshima in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hiroshima, Hiroshima.svg Hiroshima (capital)広島市906.681,199,391 Hiroshima in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kure, Hiroshima.svg Kure 呉市352.8228,030 Kure in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mihara, Hiroshima.svg Mihara 三原市471.0397,324 Mihara in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Miyoshi, Hiroshima.svg Miyoshi 三次市778.1953,616 Miyoshi in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Onomichi, Hiroshima.svg Onomichi 尾道市284.85141,811 Onomichi in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Otake, Hiroshima.svg Ōtake 大竹市78.5727,684 Otake in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shobara, Hiroshima.svg Shōbara 庄原市1,246.635,870 Shobara in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takehara Hiroshima.JPG Takehara 竹原市118.326,035 Takehara in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

NameArea (km2)PopulationDistrictTypeMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Akiota, Hiroshima.svg Akiōta 安芸太田町342.256,585 Yamagata District Town Akiota in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Fuchu Town, Hiroshima.svg Fuchū 府中町10.4552,056 Aki District Fuchu town in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Jinsekigogen Hiroshima.JPG Jinsekikōgen 神石高原町381.819,427 Jinseki District Jinsekikogen in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kaita Hiroshima.JPG Kaita 海田町13.8129,082 Aki District Kaita in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kitashiroshima, Hiroshima.svg Kitahiroshima 北広島町645.8619,115 Yamagata District Kitahiroshima in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kumano Hiroshima.JPG Kumano 熊野町33.6224,000 Aki District Kumano in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Osakikamishima Hiroshima.JPG Ōsakikamijima 大崎上島町43.247,801 Toyota District Osakikamijima in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Saka, Hiroshima.svg Saka 坂町15.6413,265 Aki District Saka in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sera Hiroshima.svg Sera 世羅町278.2919,213 Sera District Sera in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Economy

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,319,507    
19031,508,713+1.04%
19131,691,699+1.15%
19201,541,905−1.32%
19251,617,680+0.96%
19301,692,136+0.90%
19351,804,916+1.30%
19401,869,504+0.71%
19451,885,471+0.17%
19502,081,967+2.00%
19552,149,044+0.64%
19602,184,043+0.32%
19652,281,146+0.87%
19702,436,135+1.32%
19752,646,324+1.67%
19802,739,161+0.69%
19852,819,200+0.58%
19902,849,847+0.22%
19952,881,748+0.22%
20002,878,915−0.02%
20052,876,642−0.02%
20102,860,750−0.11%
20152,844,963−0.11%
source: [6]

Hiroshima's main industries include automobiles (Mazda is headquartered there) and tourism in two World Heritage sites: the A-Bomb dome and Itsukushima Shrine.

Components of the economy are primary industry, secondary industry, and tertiary industry, which compose 0.6%, 32.6%, and 66.2% in 2015. There is 0.6% of unclassified production. [7]

Value of production of manufacturing is 10,343 billion yen in 2016, which is the 10th largest in Japan. After 2012, production of manufacturing is continuously increasing in 2015. [8]

Education

University

Religion

Religious denominations in the Hiroshima Prefecture (1996) [9]

  Pure Land Buddhism (35.3%)
  Zen Buddhism (3.6%)
  Tendai or Shingon Buddhism (4.4%)
  Soka Gakkai (4.9%)
  Nichiren Buddhism (3%)
  Other Buddhist schools (1%)
  Christianity (2%)
  Shinto sects (2%)
  Folk Shinto or no religion (44.8%)

Similar to the rest of Japan, most people in the Hiroshima Prefecture are Shinto or Buddhist. in 1996 51.2% of the population was Buddhist, 2 were affiliated with Shinto Sects, 44.8% practiced Folk Shinto, and 2% were Christian. [9]

Transportation

Railway

People movers

Streetcars

Roads

Expressways

National highways

  • Route 2
  • Route 31
  • Route 54
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 185
  • Route 186
  • Route 191
  • Route 261
  • Route 313
  • Route 314
  • Route 317
  • Route 375
  • Route 432
  • Route 433
  • Route 434
  • Route 486
  • Route 487
  • Route 488

Ports

Airports

Sports

Mazda Stadium. MAZDA Zoom-Zoom Stadium Hiroshima.jpg
Mazda Stadium.

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima.

Football

Baseball

Volleyball

Basketball

Tourism

Famous festivals and events

International sister relations

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hiroshima-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 320 at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127 at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Hiroshima" at pp. 31920 at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Province and prefecture" at p. 780 at Google Books.
  4. Nussbaum, "Hiroshima Wan" at p. 320 at Google Books.
  5. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  6. Statistics Bureau of Japan
  7. "平成27年度広島県民経済計算結果について" (PDF). 広島県.
  8. "平成 28 年経済センサス" (PDF). 広島県.
  9. 1 2 Religion in Japan by prefecture, 1996. English language bar table.
  10. "県の外国との友好交流に関する問い合わせは" (in Japanese). Hiroshima Prefecture.
  11. "Hawaii's Sister-States". State of Hawai'i. Archived from the original on October 16, 2020.

Related Research Articles

Hiroshima Designated city in Chūgoku, Japan

Hiroshima is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture in Japan. As of June 1, 2019, the city had an estimated population of 1,199,391. The gross domestic product (GDP) in Greater Hiroshima, Hiroshima Urban Employment Area, was US$61.3 billion as of 2010. Kazumi Matsui has been the city's mayor since April 2011.

Ehime Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

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Okayama Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Okayama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Okayama Prefecture has a population of 1,906,464 and has a geographic area of 7,114 km2. Okayama Prefecture borders Tottori Prefecture to the north, Hyōgo Prefecture to the east, and Hiroshima Prefecture to the west.

Tottori Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Tottori Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Tottori Prefecture is the least populous prefecture of Japan at 570,569 (2016) and has a geographic area of 3,507 km2. Tottori Prefecture borders Shimane Prefecture to the west, Hiroshima Prefecture to the southwest, Okayama Prefecture to the south, and Hyōgo Prefecture to the east.

Shimane Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Shimane Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu. Shimane Prefecture is the second-least populous prefecture of Japan at 665,205 and has a geographic area of 6,708.26 km2. Shimane Prefecture borders Yamaguchi Prefecture to the southwest, Hiroshima Prefecture to the south, and Tottori Prefecture to the east.

Chūgoku region Region of Japan

The Chūgoku region, also known as the San'in-San'yō region, is the westernmost region of Honshū, the largest island of Japan. It consists of the prefectures of Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori, and Yamaguchi. In 2010, it had a population of 7,563,428.

Mihara, Hiroshima City in Chūgoku, Japan

Mihara is a city located in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on November 15, 1936. As of July 31, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 97,324 and a population density of 206.62 persons per km2. The total area is 471.03 km2.

Onomichi, Hiroshima City in Chūgoku, Japan

Onomichi is a city located in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan, facing the Inland Sea. The city was founded on April 1, 1898. As of April 30, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 141,811 and a population density of 497.8 persons per km2. The total area is 284.85 km2.

Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima City in Chūgoku, Japan

Hatsukaichi is a city located in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The name derives from a market traditionally held on the 20th of each month with hatsuka (廿日) meaning "20th day" and ichi (市) translating to "market". The market continues to this day on a small scale featuring fresh, locally grown vegetables and foodstuffs. Following the absorption of the nearby towns of Ōno and Miyajima on November 3, 2005, Hatsukaichi has a population of 117,106 and a population density of 239.36 persons per km². The total land area stands at 489.36 km².

Seto Inland Sea Japanese Inland Sea

The Seto Inland Sea, sometimes shortened to the Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū, three of the four main islands of Japan. It serves as a waterway connecting the Pacific Ocean to the Sea of Japan. It connects to Osaka Bay and provides a sea transport link to industrial centers in the Kansai region, including Osaka and Kobe. Before the construction of the San'yō Main Line, it was the main transportation link between Kansai and Kyūshū.

Aki Province Former province of Japan

Aki Province or Geishū (藝州/芸州) was a province in the Chūgoku Region of western Honshū, comprising the western part of what is today Hiroshima Prefecture.

Itsukushima Shrine Shinto shrine in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan

Itsukushima Shrine is a Shinto shrine on the island of Itsukushima, best known for its "floating" torii gate. It is in the city of Hatsukaichi in Hiroshima Prefecture in Japan. The shrine complex is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the Japanese government has designated several buildings and possessions as National Treasures.

Itsukushima

Itsukushima (厳島) is an island in the western part of the Inland Sea of Japan, located in the northwest of Hiroshima Bay. It is popularly known as Miyajima (宮島), which in Japanese means "Shrine Island". The island is one of Hayashi Gahō's Three Views of Japan specified in 1643. Itsukushima is part of the city of Hatsukaichi in Hiroshima Prefecture. The island was part of the former town of Miyajima before the 2005 merger with Hatsukaichi.

Hiroshima Airport

Hiroshima Airport is an airport in the city of Mihara, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Located 50 km (31 mi) east of Hiroshima, it is the largest airport in the Chūgoku region.

Mount Misen

Mount Misen is the sacred mountain on Itsukushima in Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima, Japan, and is the highest mountain on the island at 535 m; it is situated within the World Heritage area of Itsukushima Shrine.

Hiroshima Electric Railway

Hiroshima Electric Railway Co., Ltd. is a Japanese transportation company established on June 18, 1910, that operates streetcars and buses in and around Hiroshima Prefecture. It is known as "Hiroden" (広電) for short.

Hiroshima Expressway (West Nippon Expressway Company)

The Hiroshima Expressway is a national expressway in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. It is owned and operated by West Nippon Expressway Company.

Higashihiroshima-Kure Expressway

The Higashihiroshima-Kure Expressway is an national expressway in the southern part of Hiroshima Prefecture. The route connects the city of Higashihiroshima and the San'yō Expressway to the city of Kure on the coast of the Seto Inland Sea. It is owned and operated primarily by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT). The route is signed E75 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

References

Coordinates: 34°26′N132°45′E / 34.433°N 132.750°E / 34.433; 132.750