Hochkirch

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Hochkirch/Bukecy
Kirche Hochkirch.jpg
Parish church
Wappen Hochkirch (Sachsen).svg
Location of Hochkirch/Bukecy within Bautzen district
Hochkirch in BZ.svgBernsdorfPolen
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hochkirch/Bukecy
Saxony location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hochkirch/Bukecy
Coordinates: 51°9′N14°35′E / 51.150°N 14.583°E / 51.150; 14.583 Coordinates: 51°9′N14°35′E / 51.150°N 14.583°E / 51.150; 14.583
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Bautzen
Subdivisions18
Government
   Mayor (202229) Thomas Meltke [1]
Area
  Total41.73 km2 (16.11 sq mi)
Elevation
290 m (950 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31) [2]
  Total2,259
  Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
02627
Dialling codes 035939
Vehicle registration BZ, BIW, HY, KM
Website www.hochkirch.de

Hochkirch (German) or Bukecy (Upper Sorbian) is a municipality in the district of Bautzen, in Saxony, Germany. It is known for the 1758 Battle of Hochkirch, part of the Seven Years' War.

Contents

The municipality (except Breitendorf) is part of the recognized Sorbian settlement area in Saxony. Upper Sorbian has an official status next to German, all villages bear names in both languages.

Geography

Hochkirch is located in the historic Upper Lusatia region, about 10 km (6.2 mi) east of the administrative capital Bautzen and 9 km (5.6 mi) northwest of Löbau. Situated within the Lusatian Highlands, it belongs to the settlement area of the Sorbs.

History

Battle of Hochkirch, painting, c. 1759/60 La Pegna Uberfall bei Hochkirch.jpg
Battle of Hochkirch, painting, c.1759/60

The village of Bukovici (possibly derived from Upper Sorbian buk: "beech") was first mentioned in a 1222 deed issued by Bishop Bruno II of Meissen; the present German name first appeared in 1368. By the 1635 Peace of Prague, the area passed to the Electorate of Saxony.

During the Seven Years' War on 14 October 1758, the Habsburg (Austrian) Imperial Army under Field Marshal Count Leopold Joseph von Daun attacked the Prussian forces of King Frederick II in a gruesome dawn attack in which many soldiers were bayonetted in their tents in an alleyway beside the village cemetery, called Blutgasse (Blood Alley). The Prussians suffered a bitter defeat; Frederick's field marshal James Francis Edward Keith was killed in battle; his brother-in-law was decapitated by a cannonball. The church yard and church were the scene of intense fighting and the doors of the Baroque Hochkirch parish church still show pock marks from musket balls.

Politics

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2014 local elections:

Notable people

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References

  1. Gewählte Bürgermeisterinnen und Bürgermeister im Freistaat Sachsen, Stand: 17. Juli 2022, Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen.
  2. "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen nach Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2021" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen. 2022.