Hoeryong

Last updated
Hoeryong

회령시
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
   McCune-Reischauer Hoeryŏng-si
   Revised Romanization Hoeryeong-si
Hoeryong North Korea.JPG
Hoeryong City Centre
DPRK2006 Hambuk-Hoiryong.PNG
Map of North Hamgyong showing the location of Hoeryong
Hoeryong
North Korea adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hoeryong
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 42°26′N129°45′E / 42.433°N 129.750°E / 42.433; 129.750 Coordinates: 42°26′N129°45′E / 42.433°N 129.750°E / 42.433; 129.750
Country North Korea
Province North Hamgyong Province
Administrative divisions 19 tong, 28 ri
Population
 (2008)
  Total153,532
  Dialect
Hamgyŏng
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Hoeryŏng (Korean pronunciation:  [ɸwe̞.ɾjʌŋ] ) is a city in North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea. It is located opposite Jilin Province, China, with the Tumen River in between. Sanhe (三合鎮), in Longjing City, is the closest Chinese town across the river. Hoeryŏng is claimed to be the birthplace of Kim Il Sung's first wife and Kim Jong Il's mother, Kim Jong Suk. [1] The Hoeryong Revolutionary Site commemorates the birthplace. [2]

Contents

The Hoeryŏng concentration camp (Kwalliso No. 22) is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the city. [3]

Birthplace of Kim Jong-suk Birthplace of Kim Jong-suk.jpg
Birthplace of Kim Jong-suk

History

Hoeryŏng was one of the six posts/garrisons (Chosŏngŭl: 육진, Hanja: 六鎭) established under the order of Sejong the Great of Joseon (1418 - 1450) to safeguard his people from the potentially hostile semi-nomadic Jurchens living north of the Yalu river. In 1952, some territories of Hoeryŏng (then a county), which included myoen of Poŭl and parts of myoens of Yonghung and Pyŏksŏng, were incorporated into the then newly created Yusŏn county. [4] After the 1974 incoroporation of Yusŏn county, the Yusŏn region became a up and was renamed as Yusŏn worker's region. [4] In early May 2007, the newly appointed Prime Minister Kim Yong-il visited Hoeryŏng. At the time, the Prime Minister brought with him on his train one carriage worth of glass (made in South Korea) and 3 carriages worth of cement. After delivering the goods to the People's Committee of Hoeryŏng he ordered that the city of Hoeryŏng be decorated and adorned as much as a city where Mother Kim Jong Suk's birthplace should be.

Administrative divisions

Hoeryŏng-si is divided into 19 tong (neighbourhoods) and 28 ri (villages):

  • Chungdo-dong
  • Chungbong-dong
  • Ch'irwŏlp'aril-dong
  • Kang'an-dong
  • Kyerim-dong
  • Kungsim-dong
  • Mang'yang-dong
  • Nammun-dong
  • Osandŏk-tong
  • Poŭl-dong
  • Saemaŭl-dong
  • San'ŏp-tong
  • Sech'ŏn-dong
  • Sinch'ŏn-dong
  • Sŏngch'ŏn-dong
  • Subuk-tong
  • Tongmyŏng-dong
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong
  • Yusŏn-dong
  • Ch'angt'ae-ri
  • Ch'anghyo-ri
  • Hakp'o-ri
  • Hangyong-ri
  • Hongsal-li
  • In'ge-ri
  • Kesang-ri
  • Keha-ri
  • Kulsal-li
  • Kŭmsaeng-ri
  • Musal-li
  • Namsal-li
  • Obong-ri
  • Oryu-ri
  • Pangwŏl-li
  • Pyŏksŏng-ri
  • P'ungsal-li
  • Raksaeng-ri
  • Ryongch'ŏl-li
  • Saŭl-li
  • Sinhŭng-ri
  • Sŏngbung-ri
  • Sŏngdong-ri
  • Songhang-ri
  • Taedong-ri
  • Tokhŭng-ri
  • Wŏnsal-li
  • Yŏngsu-ri

Economy

Hoeryŏng's main industries are mining machines and a paper mill. The area contains many mines. According to media reports, in 2017 ordinary residents in Hoeryong receive electricity for 3–4 hours per day. [5] However, many people do not have electricity at all.

Civil unrest

It is reported that on 24 September 2008 only about 20% of Hoeryŏng's city residents attended a civilian defence-training programme held in Hoeryŏng City. The other 80% are thought to have stayed home or tended to private patch fields. As punishment, authorities from the Civilian Defence ordered non-attendees to pay KP₩5,000, however this fine was largely ignored. [6]

2016 Flood

On August 29, 2016, as the result of Typhoon Lionrock, the Tumen River flooded, making many of the residents homeless and causing substantial property damage. [7] The displaced residents moved to China.

Climate

Hoeryong has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwb).

Climate data for Hoeryong
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−5.1
(22.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.2
(39.6)
12.6
(54.7)
18.3
(64.9)
21.4
(70.5)
24.8
(76.6)
25.4
(77.7)
21.2
(70.2)
14.7
(58.5)
4.9
(40.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)−11.1
(12.0)
−8.5
(16.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
5.7
(42.3)
11.4
(52.5)
16.0
(60.8)
20.3
(68.5)
20.8
(69.4)
15.3
(59.5)
8.1
(46.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
5.6
(42.0)
Average low °C (°F)−17.0
(1.4)
−15.0
(5.0)
−8.5
(16.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.6
(40.3)
10.7
(51.3)
15.8
(60.4)
16.3
(61.3)
9.4
(48.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−6.4
(20.5)
−14.0
(6.8)
−0.3
(31.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)6
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
14
(0.6)
29
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
94
(3.7)
112
(4.4)
155
(6.1)
82
(3.2)
38
(1.5)
20
(0.8)
8
(0.3)
625
(24.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org [8]

See also

Notes

  1. "Brilliant life of Kim Jong Suk". KCNA. Archived from the original on 2005-03-16. Retrieved 2006-06-28.
  2. "Hoeryong Revolutionary Site". KCNA. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014.
  3. "Kwan-li-so No.22 Haengyŏng (Hoeryŏng)". Wikimapia. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  4. 1 2 "회령시" [Hoeryong city] (in Korean). Encyclopedia of Korean Culture . Retrieved 2021-02-02.
  5. Shim, Elizabeth (July 12, 2017). "North Korea supplies high-voltage electricity to border fence". UPI. Ordinary North Koreans in Hoeryong, North Hamgyong Province, on the other hand, are supplied with electricity for about 3 to 4 hours a day, the North Korean source said.
  6. North Korea Today, No. 28. (2008). Research Institute for North Korean society.
  7. "Implications of North Korean Flood". Center for Strategic and International Studies. 2 November 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  8. "Climate: Hoeryong - Climate-Data.org" . Retrieved 25 July 2018.

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Hyesan Municipal City in Ryanggang

Hyesan is a city in the northern part of Ryanggang province of North Korea. It is a hub of river transportation as well as a product distribution centre. It is also the administrative centre of Ryanggang Province. As of 2008, the population of the city is 192,680.

Ryanggang Province Province of North Korea

Ryanggang Province is a province in North Korea. The province is bordered by China (Jilin) on the north, North Hamgyong on the east, South Hamgyong on the south, and Chagang on the west. Ryanggang was formed in 1954, when it was separated from South Hamgyŏng. The provincial capital is Hyesan. In South Korean usage, "Ryanggang" is spelled and pronounced as "Yanggang"

Chongjin Municipal City in North Hamgyong, North Korea

Chŏngjin is the capital of North Korea's North Hamgyong Province (함경북도) and the country's third largest city. It is sometimes called the City of Iron.

Sonbong County, formerly called Unggi, is a subdivision of the North Korean city of Rason. It is located at the northeastern extreme of North Korea, bordering Russia and China. It lies on Unggi Bay, an extension of the Sea of Japan. A uranium mine is allegedly located there, as is a 200 megawatt oil-fired power plant. The word Sonbong means "Vanguard" in Korean.

Kim Jong-suk

Kim Jong-suk was a Korean anti-Japanese guerrilla, a Communist activist, North Korean leader Kim Il-sung's first wife, former leader Kim Jong-il's mother, and current leader Kim Jong-un's grandmother.

Wangjaesan Light Music Band

The Wangjaesan Light Music Band is a light music (gyeongeumak) group in North Korea. It is one of two popular music groups that were established by North Korea in the 1980s, both named after places where Kim Il-sung fought the Japanese in 1930s. It takes its name from Mount Wangjae in Onsong-gun, North Hamgyong Province, on the border with China, where Kim Il-sung is said to have held a meeting for anti-Japanese activities in 1933.

Onsong County County in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea

Onsŏng County is a county (kun) in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea, located near the border with China. The administrative center is the town (ŭp) of Onsong. Onsong is the alleged site of the former Onsong concentration camp, now closed.

Musan County County in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea

Musan County is a county in central North Hamgyong province, North Korea. It borders the People's Republic of China to the north, across the Tumen River. It is divided into one ŭp, six labor districts, and fifteen ri. The county seat is the town of Musan, Musan ŭp. Luguo and Dehua are the closest Chinese cities across the river.

Kyonghung County County in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea

Kyŏnghŭng County is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. Formerly known as Ŭndŏk County, from 1977 to 2010.

Kyongwon County County in Kwanbuk, North Korea

Kyŏngwŏn County is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea, located at 42°48′41″N130°11′58″E, formerly known as Saebyŏl. It is bordered by the People's Republic of China to the north and east, Kyonghung to the southeast, Hoeryong to the southwest, and Onsong to the west.

Huichon city in Chagang Province, North Korea

Hŭich'ŏn is a city in the southern part of Chagang Province, North Korea. The population is 168,180.

Anbyon County County in Kangwon Province, North Korea

Anbyŏn is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Originally included in South Hamgyŏng province, it was transferred to Kangwŏn province in a September 1946 reshuffling of local government.

Kimjongsuk County County in Ryanggang, North Korea

Kimjŏngsuk County is a kun, or county, in Ryanggang province, North Korea, along the Yalu River. Originally part of Samsu, the county was made a separate entity in 1952. Formerly known as Sinpa, it was named in 1981 after Kim Jong-suk, the mother of Kim Jong-il.

Taehongdan County County in Ryanggang, North Korea

Taehongdan County is a kun, or county, in Ryanggang province, North Korea. It was originally part of Musan County.

Rangrim County County in Chagang Province, North Korea

Rangrim County is a kun, or county, on the eastern flank of Chagang province, North Korea. It was created in 1952 from portions of Changgang and Changjin, as part of a general reorganization of local government. Originally part of South Hamgyong, it was transferred to Chagang province in 1954. It borders Hwapyong and Ryanggang's Kimjongsuk and Kimhyongjik counties to the north, South Hamgyong's Pujon county to the east and Changjin to the south, as well as the counties of Changgang, Songgan, and Ryongnim to the west.

Hambuk Line

The Hambuk Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from Ch'ŏngjin) on the P'yŏngra Line to Rajin, likewise on the P'yŏngra line.

Ch'ŏngam-guyŏk is a district of the 7 kuyŏk that constitute Chongjin, North Hamgyong Province, North Korea.

2016 North Korean floods

The 2016 North Korean floods began in late-August 2016 as a consequence of Typhoon Lionrock, killing at least 525 people, destroying more than 35,000 homes, and leaving over 100,000 people homeless, mainly in the North Hamgyong Province. The floods occurred when the Tumen River, near the borders with China and Russia, broke its banks, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and Red Cross.

Revolutionary Site

Revolutionary Sites are designated historical sites in North Korea. The sites were designated by Kim Jong-il when he began working at the Propaganda and Agitation Department of the Workers' Party of Korea in 1966. He would send troops all over the country to unearth sites that "were supposedly once forgotten and undiscovered". By converting North Korea into a "huge open museum", Kim's goal in designating the sites was to solidify the North Korean cult of personality centered around him and his father Kim Il-sung.

Hwang Sun-hui North Korean politician

Hwang Sun-hui was a North Korean politician who served in several high-ranking positions in the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), including in the Supreme People's Assembly and the Central Committee of the WPK. She was affiliated with the Korean Revolution Museum since 1965, and was its director since 1990.