Hohenlohe (district)

Last updated
Hohenlohe
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Adm. region Stuttgart
Capital Künzelsau
Area
  Total776.75 km2 (299.90 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2017) [1]
  Total111,392
  Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registration KÜN, ÖHR
Website http://www.hohenlohekreis.de

The Hohenlohe (German : Hohenlohekreis [hoːənˈloːəkʁaɪs] ) is a Landkreis (district) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise) Neckar-Odenwald, Main-Tauber, Schwäbisch Hall and Heilbronn.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision is the Landkreis ; the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, which use the term Kreis. Most major cities in Germany are not part of any Kreis, but instead themselves perform functions like those of the Kreise; such a city is referred to as a Kreisfreie Stadt or Stadtkreis.

Baden-Württemberg State in Germany

Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France. It is Germany’s third-largest state, with an area of 35,751 km2 (13,804 sq mi) and 11 million inhabitants. Baden-Württemberg is a parliamentary republic and partly sovereign, federated state which was formed in 1952 by a merger of the states of Württemberg-Baden, Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern. The largest city in Baden-Württemberg is the state capital of Stuttgart, followed by Karlsruhe and Mannheim. Other cities are Freiburg im Breisgau, Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Pforzheim, Reutlingen and Ulm.

Contents

Künzelsau is the administration centre of the district.

Künzelsau Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Künzelsau is a town in Baden-Württemberg, in south central Germany. It is the capital of the Hohenlohe district. It is located on the river Kocher, 19 km (12 mi) north of Schwäbisch Hall, and 37 km (23 mi) northeast of Heilbronn.

Industry and companies

The Hohenlohekreis is host to many internationally active companies in the screws and ventilation industries.

History

The district was created in 1973 by merging the previous districts Öhringen and Künzelsau. It was named after the family of Hohenlohe, who once had ruled most of the area, until 1806 when they lost their independence as this area became part of the kingdom of Württemberg.

Hohenlohe noble family

Hohenlohe is the name of a German princely dynasty descended from the ancient Franconian Imperial immediate noble family that belonged to the German High Nobility. The family was granted the titles of Count and, later, Prince. In 1806 the Princes of Hohenlohe lost their independence and their lands formed part of the Kingdoms of Bavaria and of Württemberg by the Act of the Confederation of the Rhine. At the time of this mediatization in 1806, the area of Hohenlohe was 1 760 km² and its estimated population was 108,000. The Act of the Confederation of the Rhine deprived the Princes of Hohenlohe of their Imperial immediacy, but did not confiscate their possessions. Until the German Revolution of 1918–19 the Princes of Hohenlohe, as other mediatized families, had important political privileges. They were considered equal by birth (Ebenbürtigkeit) to the European Sovereign houses. In Bavaria, Prussia and Württemberg the Princes of Hohenlohe had hereditary right to sit in the House of Lords. In 1825 the Assembly / Diet of the German Confederation recognized the predicate of "Serene Highness" (Durchlaucht) for the heads of the Hohenlohe lines.

Württemberg Describes Württemburg in different forms from 1092 until 1945 - not to be confused with articles on parts of this period.

Württemberg is a historical German territory roughly corresponding to the cultural and linguistic region of Swabia. Together with Baden and Hohenzollern, two other historical territories, it now forms the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg. Württemberg was formerly also spelled Würtemberg and Wirtemberg.

Geography

The two main rivers of the districts are the Kocher and Jagst, both affluents to the Neckar. The highest elevation of the district with 523 m is the Mühlberg near Waldenburg.

Kocher river in Germany

The Kocher is a 169 km (105 mi)-long right tributary of the Neckar in the north-eastern part of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The name "Kocher" originates from its Celtic name "cochan" and probably means winding, meandering river. Its total drainage area is 1,960 km2 (760 sq mi). The Kocher rises in the eastern foothills of the Swabian Alb from two karst springs, the Schwarzer (black) Kocher and the Weißer (white) Kocher, that join in Unterkochen near Aalen. The Schwarzer Kocher is approximately 8 km (5.0 mi) long. Its source discharge varies between 50 l/s and 4,000 l/s with an average of 680 l/s. The 3.3 km (2.1 mi) long Weißer Kocher has an average discharge of 400 l/s.

Jagst river in Germany

The Jagst is a right tributary of the Neckar in northern Baden-Württemberg. It is 190 km long. Its source is in the hills east of Ellwangen, close to the Bavarian border. It winds through the towns Ellwangen, Crailsheim, Kirchberg an der Jagst, Langenburg, Krautheim, Möckmühl and Neudenau. Near Bad Wimpfen the Jagst flows into the Neckar, a few km downstream from the mouth of the river Kocher, that flows more or less parallel to the Jagst.

Neckar right tributary of Rhine river in Germany

The Neckar is a 362-kilometre-long (225 mi) river in Germany, mainly flowing through the southwestern state of Baden-Württemberg, with a short section through Hesse. The Neckar is a major right tributary of the Rhine. Rising in the Black Forest near Villingen-Schwenningen in the Schwenninger Moos conservation area at a height of 706 m (2,316 ft) above sea level, it passes through Rottweil, Rottenburg am Neckar, Kilchberg, Tübingen, Wernau, Nürtingen, Plochingen, Esslingen, Stuttgart, Ludwigsburg, Marbach, Heilbronn and Heidelberg, before discharging into the Rhine at Mannheim, at 95 m (312 ft) above sea level.

Partnerships

Since 1990 the district has a partnership with the County Limerick in the Republic of Ireland. In the same year it also started a friendship with the district Großenhain (now Riesa-Großenhain) in the Free State of Saxony, helping to build the administration according to West German standards.

County Limerick County in the Republic of Ireland

County Limerick is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Munster, and is also part of the Mid-West Region. It is named after the city of Limerick. Limerick City and County Council is the local council for the county. The county's population at the 2016 census was 194,899 of whom 94,192 lived in Limerick City, the county capital.

Republic of Ireland Country in Europe on the island of Ireland

Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a country in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern side of the island. Around a third of the country's population of 4.8 million people resides in the greater Dublin area. The sovereign state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, St George's Channel to the south-east, and the Irish Sea to the east. It is a unitary, parliamentary republic. The legislature, the Oireachtas, consists of a lower house, Dáil Éireann, an upper house, Seanad Éireann, and an elected President who serves as the largely ceremonial head of state, but with some important powers and duties. The head of government is the Taoiseach, who is elected by the Dáil and appointed by the President; the Taoiseach in turn appoints other government ministers.

Riesa-Großenhain District in Saxony, Germany

Riesa-Großenhain was a district in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It was bounded by the districts of Elbe-Elster and Oberspreewald-Lausitz in Brandenburg, Kamenz, Meißen, Döbeln and Torgau-Oschatz.

Dialect

The dialect spoken locally is Hohenlohisch, an East Franconian dialect.

Coat of arms

Wappen Hohenlohekreis.svg The coat of arms in its top part shows two lions, which is the symbol of the family of Hohenlohe, who once had ruled most of the area. The Wheel of Mainz in bottom is the symbol of the clerical state of Mainz, which also had some possessions around Krautheim.

Cities and municipalities

Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Hohenlohe Municipalities in KUN.svg
Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Hohenlohe
CitiesAdministrative districtsMunicipalities
  1. Forchtenberg
  2. Ingelfingen
  3. Krautheim
  4. Künzelsau
  5. Neuenstein
  6. Niedernhall
  7. Öhringen
  8. Waldenburg
  1. Hohenloher Ebene
  2. Krautheim
  3. Künzelsau
  4. Kochertal
  5. Öhringen
  1. Bretzfeld
  2. Dörzbach
  3. Kupferzell
  4. Mulfingen
  5. Pfedelbach
  6. Schöntal
  7. Weißbach
  8. Zweiflingen

Related Research Articles

Karlsruhe (region) Regierungsbezirk in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Karlsruhe is one of the four administrative regions of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located in the north-west of the state. It is subdivided into the three regional associations : Mittlerer Oberrhein, Rhein-Neckar (Rhine-Neckar) and Nordschwarzwald (Northern Black Forest).

Landkreis Heilbronn is a Landkreis (district) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Neckar-Odenwald, Hohenlohe, Schwäbisch Hall, Rems-Murr, Ludwigsburg, Enz, Karlsruhe and Rhein-Neckar. In the centre of it is the free-city of Heilbronn, which is its own separate administrative area.

Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis is a Landkreis (district) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Main-Tauber-Kreis, Hohenlohe-Kreis, Heilbronn, Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, Odenwaldkreis (Hesse) and Landkreis Miltenberg (Bavaria). The Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis is part of the Rhine Neckar Area.

Main-Tauber-Kreis is a Landkreis (district) in the northeast of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Miltenberg, Main-Spessart, Würzburg, Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim and Ansbach, and the districts of Schwäbisch Hall, Hohenlohe and Neckar-Odenwald.

Schwäbisch Hall is a Landkreis (district) in the northeast of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Main-Tauber, the Bavarian district Ansbach, Ostalbkreis, Rems-Murr, and Hohenlohe.

Tübingen is a Landkreis (district) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Böblingen, Reutlingen, Zollernalbkreis and Freudenstadt.

Miltenberg is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the city of Aschaffenburg, the districts of Aschaffenburg and Main-Spessart, and the states of Baden-Württemberg and Hesse.

Forchtenberg Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Forchtenberg is a town in the district of Hohenlohekreis, northern Baden-Württemberg. It lies on the side of a partly fortified hill overlooking the Kocher valley where the Kupfer river flows into the Kocher. The name Forchtenberg is derived from "vor dem Berg" or "before the hill" in English.

Ingelfingen Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Ingelfingen is a town in the Hohenlohe district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the river Kocher, 4 km northwest of Künzelsau, and 36 km northeast of Heilbronn.

Neuenstein, Baden-Württemberg Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Neuenstein is a town in the Hohenlohe district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 12 km southwest of Künzelsau, and 27 km east of Heilbronn.

Niedernhall Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Niedernhall is a town in the Hohenlohe district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the river Kocher, 6 km west of Künzelsau, and 33 km northeast of Heilbronn.

Ravenstein, Germany Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Ravenstein is a town in the Neckar-Odenwald district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 19 km northwest of Künzelsau, and 35 km northeast of Heilbronn.

Kupferzell Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Kupferzell is a town in the district of Hohenlohe in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The largest neighbouring towns are Künzelsau and Schwäbisch Hall. The town is named after the Kupfer river that flows through it.

Weißbach, Baden-Württemberg Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Weißbach is a town in the district of Hohenlohe in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.

Gäu Plateaus

The Gäu Plateaus form the largest natural region in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Not surprisingly, the individual geographical units of this large region show considerable variations in climate and soil types. A common feature of the region, however, is its landscape of flat-topped hills of Muschelkalk, gently rolling tracts of loess and plateaus in which the layers of Muschelkalk have been covered by sediments of Gipskeuper and Lettenkeuper.

Heilbronn-Franconia

Heilbronn-Franken is a region in northeastern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Stuttgart subdivision (Regierungsbezirk). It consists of the former Free imperial city of Heilbronn, Heilbronn district and the districts of Hohenlohe, Main-Tauber and Schwäbisch Hall.

Bauland

The Bauland is a Gäu landscape in the northeast of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is a natural region within the Neckar and Tauber Gäu Plateaus in the South German Scarplands.

References

  1. "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.

Coordinates: 49°16′N9°37′E / 49.27°N 9.62°E / 49.27; 9.62