Hohenzollern-Hechingen

Last updated

Hohenzollern-Hechingen

1576–1850
Flag of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Sigmaringen.png
Flag
Furstenwappen Hohenzollern Hechingen.PNG
Coat of arms
Motto:  Latin: Nihil Sine Deo
(Nothing without God)
Hohenzollern-Hechingen.svg
Hohenzollern-Hechingen in 1848
StatusPrincipality
Capital Hechingen
Common languages Swabian German
Religion
Roman Catholic
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical era Middle Ages
1576
 Raised to Principality
1623
 House extinction
1869
 Incorporation into
     Kingdom of Prussia
1850
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Wappen Hechingen.svg Zollern
Province of Hohenzollern Flagge Preussen - Provinz Hohenzollern.svg

Hohenzollern-Hechingen was a small principality in southwestern Germany. Its rulers belonged to the Swabian branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty.

Contents

History

The New Castle at Hechingen Neues Schloss (Hechingen).JPG
The New Castle at Hechingen

The County of Hohenzollern-Hechingen was created in 1576, upon the partition of the County of Hohenzollern, a fief of the Holy Roman Empire. When the last count of Hohenzollern, Charles I of Hohenzollern (1512–1579) died, the territory was to be divided up between his three sons:

Unlike the Hohenzollerns of Brandenburg and Prussia, the Hohenzollerns of southwest Germany remained Roman Catholic. The County was raised to a principality in 1623.

The principality joined the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806 and was a member state of the German Confederation between 1815 and 1850. The democratic Revolution of 1848 was relatively successful in Hohenzollern, and on 16 May 1848, the Prince was forced to accept the establishment of a constitution. However, the conflict between monarch and democrats continued, and on 6 August 1849, Hohenzollern was occupied by Prussian forces. On 7 December 1849, Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Konstantin sold the country to his relative, King Frederick William IV of Prussia. On 12 March 1850, Hohenzollern-Hechingen officially became part of Prussia, and formed together with Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen the Province of Hohenzollern.

Rulers

Coat of arms of a prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen Hohenzollern Hechingen - Tyroff AT.jpg
Coat of arms of a prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen

Counts of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1576–1623) [1]

Princes of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1623–1850)

After cession of territory to Prussia, the Prince continued to use his title.
Line became extinct 1869 at Prince Constantine's death, and titles passed to the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen line.

Related Research Articles

House of Hohenzollern

The House of Hohenzollern is a German former royal dynasty whose members were variously princes, electors, kings and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania. The family came from the area around the town of Hechingen in Swabia during the late 11th-century and took their name from Hohenzollern Castle. The first ancestors of the Hohenzollerns were mentioned in 1061.

Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was a principality in southwestern Germany. Its rulers belonged to the senior Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern. The Swabian Hohenzollerns were elevated to princes in 1623. The small sovereign state with the capital city of Sigmaringen was annexed to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1850 following the abdication of its sovereign in the wake of the revolutions of 1848, then became part of the newly created Province of Hohenzollern.

Sigmaringen Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Sigmaringen is a town in southern Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg. Situated on the upper Danube, it is the capital of the Sigmaringen district.

Hechingen Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Hechingen is a town in central Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated about 60 kilometres (37 mi) south of the state capital of Stuttgart and 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of Lake Constance and the Swiss border.

Eitel may refer to

Sigmaringen Castle

Sigmaringen Castle was the princely castle and seat of government for the Princes of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. Situated in the Swabian Alb region of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, this castle dominates the skyline of the town of Sigmaringen. The castle was rebuilt following a fire in 1893, and only the towers of the earlier medieval fortress remain. Schloss Sigmaringen was a family estate of the Swabian Hohenzollern family, a cadet branch of the Hohenzollern family, from which the German Emperors and kings of Prussia came. During the closing months of World War II, Schloss Sigmaringen was briefly the seat of the Vichy French Government after France was liberated by the Allies. The castle and museums may be visited throughout the year, but only on guided tours. It is still owned by the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen family, although they no longer reside there.

Hohenzollern-Haigerloch was a small county in southwestern Germany. Its rulers belonged to the Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern. It became part of the neighboring Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in 1767.

Charles II, Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

Charles II, Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen(German: Karl II, Graf von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen) became Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in 1576 and remained so until his death. He was the fifth but second surviving son of Charles I, Count of Hohenzollern and Anna, daughter of Ernest, Margrave of Baden-Durlach.

Constantine, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen Prussian prince

Constantin, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, was the last Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen. Constantine was the only child of Frederick, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and his wife, Princess Pauline of Courland, the daughter of the last Duke of Courland, Peter von Biron.

Karl Friedrich was a member of the House of Hohenzollern and Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Lord of Haigerloch and Wehrstein from 1769 until his death.

Johann Georg of Hohenzollern-Hechingen was the first Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.

Karl I of Hohenzollern was Count of Hohenzollern from 1525 to 1575. He was Imperial Archchamberlain and chairman of the Aulic Council.

Eitel Friedrich IV, Count of Hohenzollern

Count Eitel Friedrich IV of Hohenzollern was the founder and first Count of the line Hohenzollern-Hechingen as Eitel Friedrich I.

Johann, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

Prince Johann of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, was the ruling Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen from 1606 to 1623. He was elevated to the rank of prince in 1623 and so was Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen from 1623 until his death.

Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen

Friedrich Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Hechingen was the fourth Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and was also an imperial Field Marshal.

Philipp Christoph Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen was a German nobleman. He was the third prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.

References

  1. Marek, Miroslav. "hohz/hohenz9.html". genealogy.euweb.cz.[ self-published source ][ better source needed ]

Coordinates: 48°21′N8°58′E / 48.350°N 8.967°E / 48.350; 8.967