Holarrhena

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Holarrhena
Holarrhena pubescens 09.JPG
Holarrhena pubescens
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Apocynoideae
Tribe: Malouetieae
Genus: Holarrhena
R.Br. [1]
Synonyms [2]
  • PhysetobasisHassk.

Holarrhena is a genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae first described as a genus in 1810. It is native to tropical and southern Africa as well as south, east, and southeast Asia. [1] As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 5 species: [3]

Species [1]

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<i>Holarrhena pubescens</i> species of plant

Holarrhena pubescens is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. It is native to central and southern Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, and parts of China. In Cambodia, it is called /tɨk dɑh kʰlaː thɔm/ ទឹកដោះខ្លាធំ big tiger milk or /kʰlaɛɲ kŭəŋ/ ខ្លែងគង់ invulnerable kite.

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Callichilia is a genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae native to tropical Africa.

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Holarrhena floribunda grows as a shrub or tree up to 25 metres (82 ft) tall, with a stem diameter of up to 30 centimetres (12 in). Its fragrant flowers feature a white corolla. Fruit is pale grey to dark brown with paired follicles, each up to 60 centimetres (24 in) long. Vernacular names for the plant include "false rubber tree" and "kurchi bark". H. floribunda is found in a variety of habitats from sea-level to 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) altitude. The plant's numerous local medicinal uses include as a treatment for dysentery, diarrhoea, fever, snakebite, infertility, venereal disease, diabetes and malaria. H. floribunda has been used as arrow poison. The plant is found in Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Gabon, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Oncinotis is a genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1849. It is native to Africa, including Madagascar. As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 7 species:

  1. Oncinotis glabrata(Baill.) Stapf ex Hiern - tropical Africa from Liberia to Tanzania, south to Angola
  2. Oncinotis gracilisStapf - tropical Africa from Liberia to Central African Republic, south to Angola
  3. Oncinotis hirtaOliv. - C Africa from Cameroon to Angola
  4. Oncinotis nitidaBenth. - W Africa from Liberia to Republic of Congo
  5. Oncinotis pontyiDubard - tropical Africa from Guinea to Uganda
  6. Oncinotis tenuilobaStapf - C + S Africa from Nigeria east to Sudan + Ethiopia, south to Cape Province
  7. Oncinotis tomentellaRadlk. - Madagascar
  1. Oncinotis axillarisK.Schum. = Baissea multifloraA.DC.
  2. Oncinotis campanulataK.Schum = Baissea campanulata(K.Schum.) de Kruif
  3. Oncinotis melanocephalaK.Schum. = Baissea myrtifolia(Benth.) Pichon
  4. Oncinotis subsessilisK.Schum. = Baissea campanulata(K.Schum.) de Kruif
  5. Oncinotis zygodioidesK.Schum. = Baissea zygodioides(K.Schum.) Stapf
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  1. Pleiocarpa bicarpellataStapf - Cabinda, Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Gabon, Zaire, Kenya
  2. Pleiocarpa brevistylaOmino - Gabon
  3. Pleiocarpa muticaBenth. - Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo
  4. Pleiocarpa picralimoides(Pichon) Omino - Cabinda, Republic of Congo, Gabon
  5. Pleiocarpa pycnantha(K.Schum) Stapf - widespread across most of tropical Africa
  6. Pleiocarpa rostrataBenth. - Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon
  1. Pleiocarpa camerunensis(K.Schum. ex Hallier f.) Stapf = Hunteria camerunensisK.Schum. ex Hallier f.
  2. Pleiocarpa hockiiDe Wild. - Acokanthera oppositifolia(Lam.) Codd
  3. Pleiocarpa simii(Stapf) Stapf ex Hutch. & Dalziel = Hunteria simii(Stapf) H.Huber

Pycnobotrya is a monotypic genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae found in tropical Africa. As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises the single species Pycnobotrya nitida.

Schizozygia is a monotypic genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae found in tropical Africa and the Comoros. As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises the single species Schizozygia coffaeoides.

<i>Ancylobothrys</i> genus of plants

Ancylobothrys is a genus of plant in the family Apocynaceae found in tropical and southern Africa. As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 7 species:

<i>Schrebera</i> genus of plants

Schrebera is a genus of plant in the Oleaceae family found in Peru, tropical and southern Africa, India and Southeast Asia. As of September 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 8 species:

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Holarrhena", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew , retrieved 17 August 2013
  2. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Holarrhena, synonyms" . Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  3. Search for "Holarrhena", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 17 August 2013