Hong Myung-bo

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Hong Myung-bo
Hong Myung-Bo.jpg
Hong in 2013
Personal information
Full nameHong Myung-bo
Date of birth (1969-02-12) 12 February 1969 (age 49)
Place of birth Seoul, South Korea
Height 1.82 m (5 ft 11 12 in)
Playing position Sweeper
Youth career
1987–1990 Korea University
Senior career*
1991 Sangmu FC (army)
1992–1997 Pohang Steelers 110 (14)
1997–1998 Bellmare Hiratsuka 42 (0)
1999–2001 Kashiwa Reysol 72 (7)
2002 Pohang Steelers 19 (0)
2003–2004 LA Galaxy 38 (0)
National team
2000 South Korea U23 (WC) 1 (0)
1990–2002 South Korea 136 (10)
Teams managed
2009 South Korea U20
2009–2012 South Korea U23
2013–2014 South Korea
2016–2017 Hangzhou Greentown
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only
Hong Myung-bo
Revised Romanization Hong Myeong-bo
McCune–Reischauer Hong Myŏng-bo

Hong Myung-bo (Korean : 홍명보, Hanja: 洪明甫; Korean pronunciation:  [hoŋmjʌŋbo] ; born 12 February 1969) is a South Korean former footballer and former manager of the South Korean national team. Hong, alongside compatriot Cha Bum-kun, is often considered one of the greatest Asian footballers of all time. Hong was a member of the South Korean national team in four World Cups, and was the first Asian player to play in four consecutive World Cup final tournaments.

Korean language Language spoken in Korea

The Korean language is an East Asian language spoken by about 77 million people. It is a member of the Koreanic language family and is the official and national language of both Koreas: North Korea and South Korea, with different standardized official forms used in each country. It is also one of the two official languages in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of Jilin province, China. Historical and modern linguists classify Korean as a language isolate; however, it does have a few extinct relatives, which together with Korean itself and the Jeju language form the Koreanic language family. The proposal that Koreanic in turn belongs to the largely discredited Altaic language family is no longer supported by academic research. Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax.

Hanja Korean language characters of Chinese origin

Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation. Hanja-mal or Hanja-eo refers to words that can be written with Hanja, and hanmun refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "Hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because Hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and kyūjitai characters, though the stroke orders for some characters are slightly different. For example, the characters and are written as 敎 and 硏. Only a small number of Hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding Hanja characters.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.


A former defender Hong often played as a centre back but also played at the full back position. He was often touted to be the best sweeper in Asia at that time. He was often cited as the "Korean Libero" by the media due to his ability to play deep into the midfield and strike a long distance ball. He retired as a player following the end of the 2004 Major League Soccer season, having finished his career with the Los Angeles Galaxy. He was chosen among the "FIFA 100", Pelé's selection of the 125 greatest living footballers in the world. He was the only South Korean footballer in the FIFA 100. He was also the recipient of the 2002 FIFA World Cup Bronze Ball. No other Asian player has yet achieved this feat.

In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals.

Midfielder association football position played on both ends of the field

midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are generally positioned on the field between their team's defenders and forwards. Some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, and are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being more mobile and efficient in passing: they are commonly referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box, or holding midfielders. The number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the team's formation; the collective group of these players on the field is sometimes referred to as the midfield.

Major League Soccer Professional soccer league

Major League Soccer (MLS) is a men's professional soccer league sanctioned by the United States Soccer Federation which represents the sport's highest level in the United States. The league comprises 24 teams—21 in the U.S. and 3 in Canada and constitutes one of the major professional sports leagues in both countries. The regular season runs from March to October, with each team playing 34 games; the team with the best record is awarded the Supporters' Shield. Fourteen teams compete in the postseason MLS Cup Playoffs through October and November, culminating in the championship game, the MLS Cup. MLS teams also play in domestic competitions against teams from other divisions in the U.S. Open Cup and in the Canadian Championship. MLS teams also compete against continental rivals in the CONCACAF Champions League.

He managed the South Korea national under-20 football team in 2009, and led the team to the quarterfinals in the 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup. Since being appointed in 2009, he has worked as head coach of the under-23 football team. Under his guidance, the South Korean national football team was able to receive the bronze in the 2012 London Olympics, which set up a record by obtaining the first medal ever for South Korea in Olympic football as well as being the first Asian team in 44 years to win a medal at that event. [1] On 24 June 2013, Hong was appointed as the head coach of South Korean national football team to lead the team in the 2014 FIFA World Cup, but resigned the post a year later following the team's poor showing at the World Cup.

South Korea national under-20 football team national association football team

The Korea Republic national under-20 football team represents South Korea in international youth football competitions.

2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup

The 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup was the 17th U-20 tournament, which was hosted by Egypt from 24 September to 16 October, in the cities of Cairo, Alexandria, Port Said, Suez and Ismaïlia. The tournament was initially going to take place between 10–31 July, however the 2009 Confederations Cup was played mid year resulting in both the Under 20 World Cup and the Under 17 World Cup being played towards the end of the year. The cup was won by Ghana after they defeated Brazil on penalties in the final, becoming the first African team to have won the tournament.

South Korea national under-23 football team national association football team

Korea Republic national under-23 football team represents South Korea at football in the Olympic Games and Asian Games. This team mostly includes under-22 and under-21 squads.

Club career

Hong Myung-bo played the defender position for Pohang Steelers in South Korea's K League, Bellmare Hiratsuka Kashiwa Reysol in Japan's J1 League, LA Galaxy in USA's Major League Soccer

Pohang Steelers South Korean football club

Pohang Steelers is a South Korean professional football club based in Pohang, North Gyeongsang. They were originally called Pohang Steelworks, after the Pohang Iron and Steel Company that owned it. The club was founded in 1973 and is one of Korean football's most successful sides.

K League association football league

K League is South Korea's professional association football league including the first division K League 1 and the second division K League 2.

Kashiwa Reysol association football club

Kashiwa Reysol is a Japanese professional football club based in Kashiwa, Chiba. The team currently competes in the J2 League.

International career

Hong Myung-bo made his first appearance for the South Korea national football team on 4 February 1990, in a friendly match against Norway national football team. Hong Myung-bo went on to participate in major competitions such as 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1998 FIFA World Cup, 2002 FIFA World Cup, 1996 AFC Asian Cup, 2000 AFC Asian Cup.

South Korea national football team mens national association football team representing South Korea

The Korea Republic national football team represents South Korea in international association football and is organised by the Korea Football Association.

Norway national football team national association football team

The Norway men's national football team represents Norway in international association football and is controlled by the Football Association of Norway, the governing body for football in Norway. Norway's home ground is Ullevaal Stadion in Oslo and their head coach is Lars Lagerbäck. It is, as of February 2019, ranked by FIFA as the 48th best national football team in the world.

1990 FIFA World Cup 1990 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1990 FIFA World Cup was the 14th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football tournament. It was held from 8 June to 8 July 1990 in Italy, the second country to host the event twice. Teams representing 116 national football associations entered and qualification began in April 1988. 22 teams qualified from this process, along with host nation Italy and defending champions Argentina.

Hong was selected as an over-aged player by the South Korea under-23 for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. But he was injured just before the tournament, and replaced by Kang Chul.

Football at the 2000 Summer Olympics – Mens tournament

The men's football tournament was held at the 2000 Summer Olympics from 15 to 30 September. It was the 20th edition of the men's Olympic football tournament.

Kang Chul is a South Korean football player who played as a defender.

1990 World Cup

Hong's first appearance at a World Cup finals was at the 1990 World Cup in Italy. Hong played in all three group stage matches against Belgium, Spain, and Uruguay. However, South Korea was eliminated in the group stage after losing all the three games.

1994 World Cup

Hong's talent was most notable during the 1994 World Cup group stage. When South Korea had only 5 minutes to catch up Spain, who was leading the match with the score of 2-0, Hong scored the first goal and assisted the winger Seo Jung-won to score the equalizer goal shortly after, making the match a memorable draw against Spain.

In the match that took place two weeks later, South Korea was losing during the first half with the score of 3-0 to Germany – the defending World Champions at the time, represented by numerous skillful players including Jürgen Klinsmann, Jürgen Kohler, Matthias Sammer, Rudi Völler and Lothar Matthäus. After assisting the striker Hwang Sun Hong to strike the first goal into the net, Hong scored the second goal himself, but that was the last goal of the match.

1998 World Cup

Hong's third World Cup appearance was at the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France. Hong played all three group stage matches of South Korea against Mexico, Netherlands and Belgium. South Korea was eliminated at the first round with 1 draw (Belgium) and 2 losses (Mexico and Netherlands).

2002 World Cup

Hong captained the South Korean national team to a historic fourth-place finish in the 2002 World Cup. [2] He scored the winning penalty to secure a 5–3 shootout victory in the quarter final against Spain after a goalless draw. The Technical Study Group voted him as the third best player of the tournament (Bronze Ball award), the first ever Asian player to be named in the top 3 players in a World Cup. Leader of the Korean defensive trio alongside Kim Tae-young and Choi Jin-cheul, he ended his international career after a 2002 friendly match against World Cup champions Brazil as the all-time leader in appearances for the South Korean national team, with 135 caps.

Managerial career

On 26 September 2005, after his retirement as a player, Hong returned to the national team as assistant coach. Helping the manager Dick Advocaat, he took part in the 2006 FIFA World Cup, and worked with the next manager Pim Verbeek in the Asian Cup 2007. After the resignation of Pim Verbeek, he was one of the candidates to become the next manager. The Korea Football Association announced that it had appointed him as the South Korea national under-20 football team, on 19 February 2009. Under his guidance the team reached the quarter finals of the tournament, but were eliminated due to a 2–3 defeat to Ghana national under-20 football team. Hong also served an assistant coach for under-23 football team under Park Sung-wha. In October 2009, he took over the coaching duties at under-23 football team. He led his team into third place in the 2010 Asian Games.On 10 August 2012, Hong Myung-bo coached the U-23 Men's Olympic team to a 2-0 win over Japan to secure the bronze medal at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games. [3] He was named as assistant manager to Guus Hiddink at Anzhi Makhachkala in August 2012. After Choi Kang-hee, the former head coach of South Korean national football team, took the responsibility of the team's poor performance in 2014 FIFA World Cup Asian qualification and resigned from his position, Hong Myung-bo was appointed as the new head coach of the team on 24 June 2013 to prepare the team for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. After a winless World Cup campaign, Hong resigned from his post on 10 July 2014.

Personal life

Hong married Cho Soo-mi, [4] who was five years younger than him, in 1997. He has two sons, Hong Seong-min and Hong Jeong-min. One of them is currently attending Korea International School. Hong also has two younger siblings. Hong is known for his reticence and charisma.

Career statistics



ClubSeasonLeagueCupLeague CupTotal
Pohang Steelers 1992 K League 29180371
1993 K League11110121
1994 K League17400174
1995 K League24170311
1996 K League2970050347
1997 K League00006060
Bellmare Hiratsuka 1997 J1 League 1003100131
1998 J1 League3202000340
Kashiwa Reysol 1999 J1 League2854252379
2000 J1 League2922020332
2001 J1 League1500030180
Pohang Steelers 2002 K League1900000190
Los Angeles Galaxy 2003 MLS 25020270
2004 MLS13000130
Career total2812113337233126


[6] [7]

Korea Republic national team

International goals

Results list South Korea's goal tally first.
1.3 August 1990 Beijing, ChinaFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR 1 goal1–1 (6–5 PSO) 1990 Dynasty Cup
2.23 September 1990Beijing, ChinaFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 1 goal7–0 1990 Asian Games
3.24 August 1992Beijing, ChinaFlag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 1 goal1–1 1992 Dynasty Cup
4.13 May 1993 Beirut, LebanonFlag of India.svg  India 1 goal3–0 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
5.19 October 1993 Doha, QatarFlag of Iraq (1991-2004).svg  Iraq 1 goal2–2 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
6.5 June 1994 Boston, United StatesFlag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 1 goal1–2 Friendly match
7.17 June 1994 Dallas, United StatesFlag of Spain.svg  Spain 1 goal2–2 1994 FIFA World Cup
8.27 June 1994Dallas, United StatesFlag of Germany.svg  Germany 1 goal2–3 1994 FIFA World Cup
9.11 September 1994 Gangneung, South KoreaFlag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 1 goal1–0 Friendly match
10.8 August 1996 Ho Chi Minh City, VietnamFlag of Chinese Taipei (FIFA).svg  Chinese Taipei 1 goal4–0 1996 AFC Asian Cup qualification



Pohang Steelers

Kashiwa Reysol

South Korea

South Korea Universiade



South Korea U23

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