红原县 • རྐ་ཁོག་རྫོང་།
Location of Hongyuan County (red) in Ngawa Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||8,398 km2 (3,242 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Khyungchu (Hongyuan) County (Tibetan : སྐ་ཆུ་རྫོང་། or སྐ་ཁོག་རྫོང་།; Chinese :红原县) is a county in the north of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. There is a river called Kachu (སྐ་ཆུ།) in the area and khok means "valley" or "area"; thus it means the area of the Kachu River.
This is the only county under the Prefecture with entirely yak herding pastoralists. The average altitude above the sea level is 3,600 m (11,800 ft). About 8,398 square meter and about 40,000 people reside (2004) mostly Amdo Tibetan. The language is spoken is also Amdo Tibetan. The county seat is Khyunchu Town.
Southwest University for Nationalities maintains the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau Ecological Environmental Protection and Advanced Technology for Animal Husbandry in Hongyuan County.
|Climate data for Hongyuan (1981−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.4|
|Average high °C (°F)||2.2|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−9.4|
|Average low °C (°F)||−19.1|
|Record low °C (°F)||−36.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||6.9|
|Average relative humidity (%)||59||60||65||69||73||77||78||79||80||77||67||60||70|
|Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center|
Amdo is one of the three traditional regions of Tibet, the other two being Ü-Tsang and Kham; it is also the birthplace of the 14th Dalai Lama. Amdo encompasses a large area from the Machu to the Drichu (Yangtze). While historically, culturally, and ethnically a Tibetan area, Amdo was administered by a series of local rulers since the mid-18th century and the Dalai Lamas have not governed the area directly since that time. From 1917 to 1928, much of Amdo was occupied intermittently by the Hui Muslim warlords of the Ma clique. In 1928, the Ma Clique joined the Kuomintang, and during the period from 1928 to 1949, much of Amdo was gradually assimilated into the Qinghai province of the Kuomintang Republic of China. By 1952, Communist Party of China forces had defeated both the Kuomintang and the local Tibetans and had assumed control of the region, solidifying their hold on the area by 1958 and formally spelling the end of the political existence of Amdo as a distinct Tibetan province.
Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, also known as Aba, is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Sichuan, bordering Gansu to the north and northeast and Qinghai to the northwest. Its seat is in Barkam, and it has an area of 83,201 km2 (32,124 sq mi). The population was 919,987 in late 2013.
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Songpan; former Songzhou, is a county of northwestern Sichuan province, China, and is one of the 13 counties administered by the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. It has an area of 8,486 square kilometres (3,276 sq mi), and a population of approximately 68,000 composed of Tibetan, Qiang, Han and Hui populations.
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Amdo County is a county within Nagqu of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The county covers an area of 43,410.85 square kilometres and is dominated by mainly by Tibetan grassland. In 2000 it had a population of 32,843.
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The Amdolese language is the Tibetic language spoken by the majority of Amdolese, mainly in Qinghai and some parts of Sichuan and Gansu.
Heishui County is a county in the north of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture. The county has an area of 1,682 square miles (4,356 km2) and its average elevation is 11,627 feet (3,544 m). As of 2016, the county has a population of 61,744.
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