Hosseini infancy conference

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In the Hosseini infancy conference, babies wear green or white clothing like that of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn and have a headband with his name on it. Hosseini infancy conference.jpg
In the Hosseini infancy conference, babies wear green or white clothing like that of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn and have a headband with his name on it.
Muharram in cities and villages of Iran-342 16 (105).jpg

The Hosseini infancy conference (Persian: همایش شیرخوارگان حسینی) is a mourning custom of the Day of Ashura. It is held on the first Friday of Muharram in the Islamic calendar to commemorate the memory of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn, the six-month-old baby boy of Husayn ibn Ali and Umm Rubab, [1] [2] who was the youngest person killed in Battle of Karbala.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Muharram first month of the Islamic calendar

Muḥarram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year during which warfare is forbidden. It is held to be the second holiest month, after Ramaḍān. Since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar.

Islamic calendar lunar calendar

The Islamic, Muslim, or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to determine the proper days of Islamic holidays and rituals, such as the annual period of fasting and the proper time for the pilgrimage to Mecca. The civil calendar of almost all countries where the religion is predominantly Muslim is the Gregorian calendar. Notable exceptions to this rule are Iran and Afghanistan, which use the Solar Hijri calendar. Rents, wages and similar regular commitments are generally paid by the civil calendar.

Contents

Aim of the conference

Baby in his mother's arms in Hosseini infancy conference in Iran Shirkharehgan by Karbobala.com (2).jpg
Baby in his mother's arms in Hosseini infancy conference in Iran

According to the report of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, the aim of holding of the Hosseini infancy conference is to promote the teaching of Ashura. [3]

Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting organization

The Islamic Republic of Iranian Broadcasting (IRIB), formerly called National Iranian Radio and Television until the Iranian revolution of 1979, is an Iranian media corporation which holds a monopoly of domestic radio and television services in Iran, and is also among the largest media organizations in the Asian and Pacific regions, and a regular member of Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union. IRIB is independent of the Iranian government, but its head is appointed directly by the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Time and place

The first conference was held in 2003, after that in every year mourners congregate on the first Friday of Muharram in nationwide of Iran and 43 other countries including Iraq, Pakistan, Bahrain, India, and Turkey. [3]

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

Iraq Republic in Western Asia

Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism and Mandeanism also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

The 2018 Hosseini infancy conference is being held in Musalla, Tehran and other cities such as Mashhad, [4] [5] Alborz, [6] Khorramabad, [7] and Qom in Jamkaran mosque. [8]

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.694 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Mashhad City in Razavi Khorasan, Iran

Mashhad, also spelled Mashad or Meshad, is the second most populous city in Iran and the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province. It is located in the northeast of the country, near the borders with Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. It has a population of 3,001,184 inhabitants, which includes the areas of Mashhad Taman and Torqabeh. It was a major oasis along the ancient Silk Road connecting with Merv to the east.

Alborz Province Province in Region 1, Iran

Alborz Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, centered in Karaj.

Clothing

At the conference, mothers dress her babies by special green and white clothes, which is said to resemble the clothing of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn. Babies wear a headband that the name of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn is written on it. [3]

Places

Each first Friday of Muharram in Iran and other countries, mothers and their babies receive Alavi's green gown and scarf and the forehead band of Ya Sahebazzaman upon their arrival in the conference. They will then mourn Ali Asghar's infant death at Karbala. In 2003, the first ceremony was held in Tehran. Other cities of Iran and other countries have been holding the ceremony ever since. [9] [10]

Countries

The ceremony is held in these countries:

In the Gregorian calendar

The following table shows predicted dates and announced dates based on the calendar of Iran which celebrated the conference for the first time. [3]

Dates of first Friday in Muharram
Solar Hijri yearGregorian date
139622 September 2017 [11]
139714 September 2018 [12]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Husayn ibn Ali Grandson of Muhammad, son of Ali ibn Abi Talib and Fatimah bint Muhammad, and third Shia Imam

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Ashura

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Arbaeen

Arba'een, Chehlom is a Shia Muslim religious observance that occurs forty days after the Day of Ashura. It commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who was killed on the 10th day of the month of Muharram. Imam Husayn ibn Ali and 72 of his companions were killed by Yazid's army in the Battle of Karbala in 61 AH.

Zaynab bint Ali Sahaba


Sayyidah Zaynab bint ʿAli was the daughter of the first Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib and Fatimah bint Muhammad. The Islamic Nabi Muhammad was her maternal grandfather, and thus she is a member of his Bayt. Therefore, she is often revered not only for her admirable characteristics and actions, but also for her membership in, and continuation of, the biological line of Muhammad. Like other members of her family she became a great figure of sacrifice, strength, and piety in Islam – in the Sunni and Shia sects of the religion. Zaynab married ‘Abdullah ibn Ja‘far, and had three sons and two daughters with him. When her brother, Imam Al-Husain, stood up against Yazid ibn Mu‘awiyah in 680 CE, Zaynab accompanied him. She played an important role in protecting the life of her nephew, Imam ‘Ali ibn Al-Husayn, and because of her sacrifice and heroism, she became known as the "Heroine of Karbala". Zaynab died in 681 CE, and her Masjid is located in Damascus, Syria.

‘Ali al-Akbar ibn Al-Husayn, or simply "Ali al-Akbar," was the son of Al-Husayn ibn ‘Ali, the third Shi‘ite Imam, and Umm Layla. He was killed at the age of 18 on the day of ‘Ashura’, in Karbala’. ‘Ali Al-Akbar is highly respected by Shia Muslim and also respected by Sunni Muslims. According to Jean Calmard writing in Iranica, ‘Ali al-Akbar's reputation as a valiant warrior of the Household of Muhammad might have preceded that of Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Ali.

Abdullah Ali al-Asghar ibn Al-Husayn, or simply Ali Asghar, was the youngest child of Al-Husayn and Rubab bint Imra’ al-Qays. He was killed during the Battle of Karbala, and is commemorated in shia as the "personified quintessence of the innocent victim."

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Imam Husayn Shrine mosque in Iraq

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Mourning of Muharram

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In addition to the three mosques accepted by all Muslims as holy sites, Shia Muslims consider sites associated with Muhammad, his family members and descendants, After Mecca and Medina, Najaf, Karbala and Jerusalem are the most revered by Shias.

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Muharram in Bahrain

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<i>Lohoof</i> Shia book

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<i>Ziyarat Ashura</i> Wikimedia list article

Ziyarat Ashura is a Shia salutatory prayer to Husayn ibn Ali and the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala. The prayer is part of the liturgy used in pilgrimages to the shrine of Husayn in Karbala. Muhammad al-Baqir, the fifth Shia Imam, recommended reciting Ziyarat Ashura on Ashura while facing Karbala, as a symbolic visit to the shrine.

Rawda khwani is the Shia Iranian Muslim ritual of the Mourning of Muharram. It is held every day of the year to commemorate the death of Husayn ibn Ali and his followers during the Battle of Karbala.

References