Hounslow

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Hounslow
Hounslow High Street.1.JPG
High Street
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Hounslow
Location within Greater London
Population103,337 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference TQ140760
  Charing Cross 10.7 mi (17.2 km)  ENE
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HOUNSLOW
Postcode district TW3–TW6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°28′00″N0°22′30″W / 51.4668°N 0.375°W / 51.4668; -0.375 Coordinates: 51°28′00″N0°22′30″W / 51.4668°N 0.375°W / 51.4668; -0.375
Junction of Bell Road and High Street Building at bottom of Hounslow High Street.jpg
Junction of Bell Road and High Street
Hounslow Heath Nature Reserve Grasslands - Hounslow Heath Nature Reserve (37203144216).jpg
Hounslow Heath Nature Reserve
ASDA store with apartments at the Blenheim Centre ASDA Store and Apartments at The Blenheim Centre in Hounslow - panoramio.jpg
ASDA store with apartments at the Blenheim Centre
High Street London Bus route 235 Hounslow High Street.jpg
High Street
Hounslow railway station Hounslow Railway Station.jpg
Hounslow railway station
Hounslow East tube station Hounslow East tube station 2.jpg
Hounslow East tube station

Hounslow ( /ˈhnzl/ ) is a large suburban district of West London, 10+34 miles (17.5 kilometres) west-southwest of Charing Cross. It is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Hounslow, and is identified in the London Plan as one of the 12 metropolitan centres in Greater London.

Contents

It is bounded by Isleworth to the east, Twickenham to its south, Feltham to its west and Southall to its north.

Hounslow includes the districts of Hounslow West, Heston, Cranford and Heathrow. Although most of the district lay within the London Borough of Hounslow, some parts fall within the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames and the London Borough of Hillingdon including Heathrow Airport.

Most of Hounslow, including its Town Centre, the area south of the railway station and the localities of Lampton and Spring Grove, falls under the TW3 postcode. The TW4 postcode is made up of Hounslow West and parts of Cranford, whilst the TW5 postcode includes Heston and Cranford. Heathrow Airport and parts of Hatton comprise the TW6 postcode.

History

Etymology

In old records, Hounslow is spelt 'Hundeslow' which points to the Anglo-Saxon phrase 'Hundes hlāw', translating to 'the Hound's barrow' or more accurately 'the barrow of a man named or nicknamed Hound'.

Hounslow Town

Hounslow was centred around the Holy Trinity Priory founded in 1211. [2] The priory developed what had been a small village into a town with regular markets and other facilities for travellers heading to and from London. Although the priory was dissolved in 1539, the town remained an important staging post on the Bath Road.

The construction of the Great Western Railway line from London to Bristol from 1838 reduced long-distance travel along the Bath Road. By 1842, the local paper was reporting that the 'formerly flourishing village' (which used to stable 2000 horses) was suffering a 'general depreciation of property'. [3] The Hounslow Loop Line was constructed in 1850 - which prompted new development. Hounslow Hospital opened in 1876 and closed in 1978. Hanworth Road drill hall (now the Treaty Lodge Hotel) was built for the 2nd Volunteer Battalion, The Middlesex Regiment.

The construction of the Great West Road (a by-pass for the Bath Road, around Brentford, Isleworth and Hounslow town centres) in the 1920s attracted the building of factories and headquarters of large companies and led to a great deal of housing development. After a decline in the 1970s, offices largely replaced factories and further expansion in hotel and housing stock started to take place.

Hounslow Heath

Hounslow Heath has a continuous recorded history dating back to the Norman period, in which it lent its name to the hamlet of Heathrow. It was infamously known for the numbers of highwaymen and footpads in the area, [4] who targeted wealthy individuals and noblemen. [5]

The Heath once had strategic importance as its routes acted as a throughway from London to the west and southwest of Britain. The present northern boundary of the Heath - Staines Road - was the Roman Road later known as the Devils Highway. There are several historic references to Roman camps surrounding the Heath. Both Oliver Cromwell and James II used the heath as a military encampment.

In 1784 the first accurate measurements were made on the heath to establish the base line for the Ordnance Survey trigonometrical survey of Great Britain. The event was attended by King George IV and Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society. [6]

In 1793, the Cavalry Barracks were constructed and were extended with the Beavers Lane Camp. Between 1914 and 1920 the heath became Hounslow Heath Aerodrome.

Emergency services

The territorial police force is the Metropolitan Police. Hounslow Police Station is located on Montague Road, adjacent to the High Street.

The statutory fire and rescue service in Hounslow is the London Fire Brigade (LFB), with the nearest fire station in Isleworth on London Road.

The nearest accident and emergency hospital is West Middlesex University Hospital, in Isleworth, which is part of the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and a teaching hospital of the Imperial College School of Medicine. London Ambulance Service provides emergency ambulance services.

Governance

Historically in Middlesex, Hounslow was within the county's hundred of Isleworth in ancient times. Since 1965 Hounslow has been part of the London Borough of Hounslow, with parts in the London Boroughs of Hillingdon and Richmond upon Thames. Prior to this, Hounslow was part of the Municipal Borough of Heston and Isleworth, from 1835 until 1965. The south of Hounslow was part of the Municipal Borough of Twickenham, while Cranford was part of the Hayes and Harlington Urban District and Feltham Urban District.

Geography

Hounslow is separated from Twickenham by Hanworth Road (A314) Nelson Road, Hounslow Road (B361) and Whitton Dene/ Murray Park.

Hall Road, Bridge Road, the Hounslow Loop Line, Thornbury Park, Worton Way, the Piccadilly Line, Stucley Road and Osterley Park separate Hounslow and Isleworth.

The Norwood Green estate and Industrial area in North Hyde, separate Hounslow and Southall whilst the River Crane and Cranford Park form a natural boundary between Hounslow and Hayes

Historically, Hounslow's traditional western boundary followed the River Crane however it now extends to the Bath Road (A4), Duke of Northumberlands River and Great South-West Road (A30) and back to the river (to include Heathrow Airport).

Demography

The town of Hounslow, including its localities Cranford, Heston, Hounslow West and Lampton, was 103,337 in the 2011 census, whereas the wider borough had a population of 254,000. [7]

2011 Census Homes
WardDetachedSemi-detachedTerracedFlats and apartmentsCaravans/temporary/mobile homesShared between households [8]
Hounslow Central2571,4559302,687352
Hounslow Heath2851,5221,1281,886787
Hounslow South2232,155967588011
Hounslow West2481,5267991,344523
2011 Census Households
WardPopulationHouseholds% Owned outright% Owned with a loanhectares [8]
Hounslow Central15,1695,3841919174
Hounslow Heath14,7274,9151727279
Hounslow South11,4083,9443342179
Hounslow West12,6583,9452324162

Hounslow has a high degree of people who ethnically identify as BAME (Black, Asian and minority Ethnic), and it is the borough's most diverse town. In seven of Hounslow's eight electoral wards, the BAME proportion is above 70%. [9] The town has a large British Asian community. [10]

Economy

Hounslow is an economic hub within the west of the capital city, with it having a large shopping centre which adjoins its high street and many restaurants, cafés and small businesses, [11] many of which are associated with product assembly, marketing, telecommunications and Heathrow Airport, which has many businesses and public sector jobs in and around it to which the local population commute. The settlement is also partially employed in the Commuter Belt with access between 45 and 60 minutes from most of Central London.

DHL Air UK has its head office in the Orbital Park in Hounslow. [12]

Hounslow Town Centre is a busy predominantly retail centre, with a small number of commercial offices and civic buildings. There is a large shopping centre called the Treaty Centre which opened in 1987, [13] containing JD, Next, H&M and many large branches of chain stores found in British high streets. It includes a food court along with over 50 shops. There is a large ASDA superstore located within the Blenheim Centre complex (which was completed in 2006) [14] along with B&M, a Barnado's charity shop, a local health centre, a gym run by The Gym Group and Jungle V.I.P (a children's indoor play area).

A new retail area, the High Street Quarter, will be located near Hounslow High Street and is set to contain a 27-storey residential tower along with many shops, restaurants, and a ten-screen Cineworld cinema multiplex. [15] [16]

Culture and community

Hounslow Heath is a large public open space and local nature reserve to the west of Hounslow, a London borough. It now covers about 200 acres (80 ha) and is only the residue of the historic Hounslow Heath that once covered over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha). [17]

Bell Square is an outdoor performance space next to the Bell pub. Hounslow Community Land Project was a community garden and sports area on a derelict piece of land on Hanworth Road.

Twinning

Hounslow is twinned with the following settlements around the world:

The London Borough of Hounslow also has a sister district agreement with Leningradsky District in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. [18]

Landmarks

One of the earliest surviving houses in the town is The Lawn, in front of the Civic Centre with its public tennis courts, in brown brick with three double-hung sash windows set back in reveals with flat arches, roof with parapet and porch of fluted doric columns, pilasters, entablature and semi-circular traceried fanlight. [19] The similar example of 44–50 Bath Road: also in brown brick and as is sometimes seen, has been painted. [20] Nearby country houses include Osterley House, Syon House, Hanworth Park House and Worton Hall.

Transport

A Qantas Boeing 747-400 over Myrtle Avenue, Hounslow on approach to Heathrow Airport runway 27L Qantas b747 over houses arp.jpg
A Qantas Boeing 747-400 over Myrtle Avenue, Hounslow on approach to Heathrow Airport runway 27L

Major roads

There are three major roads in Hounslow. The east–west roads, the A4 'Great West Road' and the 'Bath Road' that connects Hounslow to Central London and Slough, and the A30 'Great South West Road' that connects it to Staines-upon-Thames, which meet at Henlys Roundabout in Hounslow West. There is also the north–south road, the A312 'The Causeway' and 'The Parkway', which connects Hounslow to Hampton in the south and Harrow to the north.

Additionally, A and B roads in Hounslow include the A314 'Hanworth Road' that starts in Hounslow and finishes in Hanworth, Feltham. The historic A315 'London Road', 'Hounslow High Street', 'Hanworth Road', 'Grove Road' and 'Staines Road'; which starts in Central London and ends in Bedfont, Feltham. In doing this, it connects Hounslow to towns and districts such as Kensington, Hammersmith, Chiswick, Brentford and Isleworth.

East-west roads

The A4 Great West Road joins with the A3006 Bath Road (from the A315) before Henlys Roundabout, which is in Hounslow West, from which a WNW route passes Heathrow Airport, terminals 1 to 3 and terminal 5 as the Bath Road and a WSW route, the A30, passes terminal 4, bypasses Staines and reaches the M25; the remainder is a mostly-minor route to Land's End, Cornwall.

The M4 motorway is two miles north; its nearest junction, J3, being northwest along the A312.

The A315 is the historic WSW road out of London, on which Hounslow's High Street is placed. To the east, it bisects Isleworth, Brentford and Chiswick. To the west it bisects North Feltham and Bedfont before joining the A30.

North-south roads

The north–south A312, The Parkway, to the west of Hounslow leads south to Hampton or north to Harrow passing Waggoners' Roundabout (WNW of Henlys Roundabout in Hounslow West), Hayes, Yeading and Northolt.

Three minor roads converge on Heston from the A315 in parts of Hounslow, the A3063, A3005 and B363. The single road re-divides just north in Norwood Green into a northwest road to Southall (the A3005) and into the A4127 that passes by Hanwell, briefly using the A4020 west before bypassing Dormers Wells, passing Greenford to reach Sudbury, the town immediately to the west of Wembley and North Wembley.

For longer journeys north, the M4, A4 or A30 then M25 provides the best routes. For longer journeys south, Hanworth Road leads to the A316 that becomes the M3 motorway.

Trains and Underground

Hounslow Central tube station Hounslow Central westbound.JPG
Hounslow Central tube station

There are three main London Underground stations in the town; Hounslow East, Hounslow Central and Hounslow West, with all the stations being on the Piccadilly line. The District line used to operate services to Hounslow, and the town also has abandoned stations on the old line, such as Hounslow Town.

Hounslow railway station, operated by South Western Railway, is on the line to London Waterloo, or westwards to Reading, Weybridge, Woking or Windsor. The line also offers services on the Hounslow Loop Line, opened 1850, further around the loop to Twickenham and Richmond. [22] It is situated a fair distance from the town centre and is used far less than the Underground stations.

Bus services

London United buses confined to Hounslow bus station during the 2009 snowfall Hounslow Bus Garage 02-02-09.jpg
London United buses confined to Hounslow bus station during the 2009 snowfall

Hounslow bus garage and an adjoining bus station are close to the High Street. In 1962, as a result of the final stage of the London trolleybus programme of conversion to motor bus operation, when Isleworth garage was closed, the staff from that depot (coded IH) were transferred to Hounslow. The property is owned by the RATP Group, which took it over with the purchase of London United from Transdev. In addition to its frequent and regular daytime services throughout the surrounding areas, Hounslow is served by the N9 night service from Heathrow Airport to Central London.

Hounslow Heath Aerodrome was a grass airfield and was operational from 1910 to 1920. It was in the London borough of Hounslow, and in 1919 was where the first scheduled daily international commercial air services began. [23] [24]

Education

St Mark's Catholic School is on Bath Road. Lampton School was previously Spring Grove Grammar School, in the area of Lampton. Kingsley Academy was formerly known as Hounslow Manor School and Hounslow Heath Junior School in Selwyn Close.

Holy Trinity Church before renovation of Hounslow High Street Holy Trinity Church Hounslow.JPG
Holy Trinity Church before renovation of Hounslow High Street

Religious sites

Due to the town's large South Asian community, Hounslow has a large array of religious sites to cater to the large Muslim, Hindu and Sikh communities as well as the Christian community.

Mosques situated in the area include Hounslow Central Mosque, Hounslow Muslim Center, Mosque of Jummah Prayer, Islamic Integration Community Centre, Al-Furqan Education Trust and Madina Islamic Mission.

Mandirs include the Lakshmi Narayan Temple and Jalaram Jupadi.

Gurdwaras include Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha and Gurdwara Guru Nanak Nishkam Sewak Jatha.

Churches include Our Lady Queen of Apostles, Holy Trinity Church, Hounslow Methodist Church, Hounslow Spiritualist Centre, Hounslow Pentecostal Church, Maxwell Park Church, Hounslow URC Church, St Paul's Church, St Stephen's Church, Hounslow United Reformed Church, St Michael & St Martin Church, Christian Community Church, Hounslow Pentecostal Church, Hounslow West Evangelical Church, Emmanuel Baptist Church, Hounslow Spiritualist Church, St John's Mar Thoma Church, Christ Embassy and Heston Methodist Church.

Sport

A printed programme dated 7 July 1935 suggests that there may have been a motorcycle speedway race at a venue in Dockwell Lane, Feltham, branded as the Hounslow Speedway. Information suggests that more than one meeting was staged in conjunction with the Hounslow Motorcycle and Car Club.

In the late 20th century, Hounslow Hockey Club was successful at a national level but has since merged with Barnes Hockey Club. Hounslow Heath Golf Centre, situated on the western side of the Heath closed in 2016.

The Irish Guards GAA club is based in Hounslow.

Notable people

Rear of the Treaty Centre Treaty centre Hounslow.jpg
Rear of the Treaty Centre

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Borough of Hounslow</span> London borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Hounslow is a London borough in West London, England, forming part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 when three smaller borough councils amalgamated under the London Government Act 1963. It is governed by Hounslow London Borough Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Feltham</span> Suburb of West London

Feltham is a town in West London, England, 13 miles (21 km) from Charing Cross. Historically part of Middlesex, it became part of the London Borough of Hounslow in 1965. The parliamentary constituency of Feltham and Heston has been held by Labour Party MPs since 1992. In 2011, the population of the combined census area of Feltham, Bedfont and Hanworth was 63,368.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hanworth</span> Human settlement in England

Hanworth is a district of West London, England. Historically in Middlesex, it has been part of the London Borough of Hounslow since 1965. Hanworth adjoins Feltham to the northwest, Twickenham to the northeast and Hampton to the southeast, with Sunbury-on-Thames to the southwest.

Heston is a suburban area and part of the Hounslow district in the London Borough of Hounslow. The residential settlement covers a slightly smaller area than its predecessor farming village, 10.8 miles (17.4 km) west south-west of Charing Cross and adjoins the M4 motorway but has no junction with it; Heston also adjoins the Great West Road, a dual carriageway, mostly west of the "Golden Mile" headquarters section of it. Heston was, historically, in Middlesex.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whitton, London</span> Human settlement in England

Whitton is an area in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, England. Historically, the boundaries of Whitton were the north-western part of Twickenham manor, bounded internally by the sections of the River Crane and the Duke of Northumberland's River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1974 onwards

Feltham and Heston is a constituency created in 1974 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Its MP since 2011 is Seema Malhotra of the Labour Co-operative Party, which is in political union with the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">River Crane, London</span> River in England

The River Crane, a tributary of the River Thames, runs 8.5 miles (13.6 km) in West London, England. It forms the lower course of Yeading Brook. It adjoins or passes through three London boroughs: Hillingdon, Hounslow and Richmond upon Thames, in the historic county of Middlesex. The drainage basin is heavily urbanised but many of the Hayes to Whitton flood-meadows have been conserved, forming a narrow, green vale, opening out to what remains of Hounslow Heath in the centre – a near-continuous belt of semi-natural habitat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hatton, London</span> Human settlement in England

Hatton including Hatton Cross is a small settlement and locality in the historic County of Middlesex and the London boroughs of Hillingdon and Hounslow, on the south-eastern edge of London Heathrow Airport and straddling the A30 road.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parks and open spaces in the London Borough of Hounslow</span>

The London Borough of Hounslow is a peripheral London borough in the south-west of the conurbation; as such part of the Metropolitan Green Belt lies within its boundaries. It has one of London's largest Nature reserves as well as many smaller gardens and sports grounds. The major areas are:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cranford, London</span> Human settlement in England

Cranford is a suburban area in the London Borough of Hounslow, England. It is located 12.5 miles (20 km) west of Charing Cross and immediately east of Heathrow Airport, from which it is separated by the River Crane. A village till the mid-20th century, Cranford was developed with the building of major roads in its area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Municipal Borough of Heston and Isleworth</span>

Heston and Isleworth was a local government district of Middlesex, England from 1894 to 1965.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hounslow Heath</span> Nature reserve located in the London Borough of Hounslow

Hounslow Heath is a local nature reserve in the London Borough of Hounslow and at a point borders Richmond upon Thames. The public open space, which covers 200 acres (80 ha), is all that remains of the historic Hounslow Heath which covered more than 4,000 acres (1,600 ha). The present day area is bounded by A315 Staines Road, A3063 Wellington Road South, A314 Hanworth Road, and the River Crane.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A312 road</span> Road in London

The A312 is an A road in England, running across west London from Hampton to Harrow. Its status varies from a local urban street to a major dual carriageway in Hayes. Part the road has been diverted to make way for Heathrow Airport, while another stretch was originally planned to be Ringway 3, one of four major ring motorways around London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Feltham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1955–1974

Feltham was a constituency, between 1955 and 1974, of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It was used for five general elections and no by-elections and at each election returned the candidate of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2011 Feltham and Heston by-election</span>

The Feltham and Heston by-election was a by-election for the Parliament of the United Kingdom's House of Commons constituency of Feltham and Heston in the London Borough of Hounslow. The by-election was caused by the death of its Member of Parliament Alan Keen. It took place on 15 December 2011, and was held by the Labour Party candidate, Seema Malhotra.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hounslow Civic Centre</span> Municipal building in London, England

Hounslow Civic Centre was a municipal facility at Lampton in Hounslow, London. The building provided accommodation for many of the offices of Hounslow London Borough Council.

The 2022 Hounslow London Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2022. All 62 members of Hounslow London Borough Council were elected. The elections took place alongside local elections in the other London boroughs and elections to local authorities across the United Kingdom.

References

  1. Hounslow is made up of 8 wards in the London Borough of Hounslow: Cranford, Heston Central, Heston East, Heston West, Hounslow Central, Hounslow Heath, Hounslow South, and Hounslow West. "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates | London DataStore". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  2. Daniel Lysons, 'Heston', The Environs of London: volume 3: County of Middlesex (1795:22–45): accessed 6 August 2010.
  3. Quoted in Acworth, WM 'The Railways in 1843' in Morgan, B (1963) Railway Lover's Companion, Eyre & Spottiswoode, P90
  4. "Hounslow Heath - Highwaymen and Highway Robbery". Stand-and-deliver.org.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  5. "When Hounslow Was The Most Dangerous Place In Britain". Londonist.com. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  6. Owen, Tim; Pilbeam, Elaine (1992). Ordnance Survey, Map Makers to Britain since 1871. Southampton/London: Ordnance Survey/HMSO. p. 6. ISBN   0-31-900249-7.
  7. Ali, Sorriya. "Census 2011". Hounslow.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  8. 1 2 Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density Archived 11 February 2003 at the Wayback Machine 2011 census Office for National Statistics
  9. "Ward Profiles and Atlas – London Datastore". Data.london.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  10. "Inside the British Asian Brexit vote – and why it contains a few surprises". UKandeu.ac.uk. 18 February 2017.
  11. Restaurants guide Squaremeal.co.uk Retrieved 24 December 2013
  12. "Online Shipping." DHL Air UK. Retrieved on 23 April 2014. "DHL International (UK) Limited Registered Office: Orbital Park, 178-188 Great South West Road, Hounslow, Middlesex TW4 6JS"
  13. "Treaty Centre - Hounslow". Treatyshoppingcentre.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  14. "LONDON BOROUGH OF HOUNSLOW (HOUNSLOW HIGH STREET QUARTER) COMPULSORY PURCHASE ORDER 2015" (PDF). Hws.uk.com. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  15. Patel, Salina (2 February 2018). "Hounslow High Street Quarter development takes major step forward". Getwestlondon. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  16. "High Street Quarter, Hounslow |". Hounslowhighstreetquarter.com. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  17. "Hounslow Heath - Hidden London". hidden-london.com. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 Cumber, Robert (17 December 2010). "Council to revive links with Palestinian town". Hounslow, Heston & Whitton Chronicle. Archived from the original on 23 December 2010.
  19. Historic England. "Gate to The Lawn, The Lawn (1080312)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  20. Historic England. "44–50 Bath Road (1079602)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  21. "Myrtle Avenue, Hounslow". Google Maps. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  22. Grid square map Ordnance survey website
  23. Cumber, Robert (6 April 2016). "How Hounslow's forgotten airports helped win the world wars". Getwestlondon.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  24. "Hounslow - Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust UK". Abct.org.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2018.

Further reading