House of Normandy

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House of Normandy
Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg
Arms of the duchy of Normandy [nb 1]
CountryFrance, England
Founded911
Founder Rollo
Final ruler Henry I of England
Titles
Estate(s)Normandy, England, Flanders
Dissolution1167 (1167)
Deposition1135
Cadet branchesIllegitimate lines:
  1. The House of Normandy became extinct before the age of heraldry.

The House of Normandy designates the noble family which originates from the Duchy of Normandy and whose members were counts of Rouen, dukes of Normandy, as well as kings of England following the Norman conquest of England. It lasted until the House of Plantagenet came to power in 1154. The house emerged from the union between the Viking Rollo (first ruler of Normandy) and Poppa of Bayeux, a West Frankish noblewoman. William the Conqueror and his heirs down through 1135 were members of this dynasty.

Contents

After that it was disputed between William's grandchildren, Matilda, whose husband Geoffrey was the founder of the House of Plantagenet, and Stephen of the House of Blois (or Blesevin dynasty).

The Norman counts of Rouen were:

The Norman dukes of Normandy were:

The Norman monarchs of England and Normandy were:

Norman Count of Flanders:

Family tree

Counts of Rouen and Dukes of Normandy shown in bold.

Rollo
Count of Rouen 911–927
HOUSE OF NORMANDY
William
‘Longsword’

Count of Rouen 927–942
Richard I
‘the Fearless’

Duke of Normandy 942–996
Richard II
‘the Good’

Duke of Normandy 996–1027
Robert
count of Évreux
Mauger
∞ Germain
countess of Corbeil
Geoffrey
count of Eu
CLARE
William I
count of Eu
EU
Richard III
Duke of Normandy 1026-1027
Robert I
‘the Magnificent’

Duke of Normandy 1027–35
Richard
count of Évreux
Ralph
lord of Gacé
William II (King William I)
‘the Conqueror’

Duke of Normandy 1035–87
King of England 1066–87
William
count of Évreux
Robert II
‘Curthose’

Duke of Normandy 1087–1106
Adela
Stephen II,
Count of Blois
Richard William II
‘Rufus’

King of England 1087–1100
Ducal Regent 1096–1100
Henry I
‘Beauclerc’

King of England 1100–35
Duke of Normandy 1106–35
William Clito
Count of Flanders
Ducal claimant
Stephen
King of England 1135–54
Duke of Normandy 1135–44
Henry V
king of Germany
HOUSE OF SALIANS
Matilda I
Lady of the English
Geoffrey, Count of Anjou
Duke of Normandy 1144–50
HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
William III Adelin
Duke of Normandy 1120
in his father's lifetime
(illeg.)
Robert I
1st earl of Gloucester
(illeg.)
Richard of Lincoln
(illeg.)
Reginald
1st earl of Cornwall
(illeg.)
Robert FitzEdith
∞ Matilda d'Avranches
baroness of Okehampton
(illeg.)
Gilbert FitzRoy
(illeg.)
Henry FitzRoy
(illeg.)
Fulk FitzRoy
monk at Abingdon?
Henry II
Duke of Normandy 1150–89
King of England 1154–89
William FitzRobert
2nd earl of Gloucester
Roger
bishop
(illeg.)
Richard
bishop of Bayeux
Meiler Fitzhenry
Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
Henry
‘the Young King’

Duke of Normandy 1170–83
in his father's lifetime
Richard IV (King Richard I)
‘Lionheart’

Duke of Normandy &
King of England 1189–99
John
‘Lackland’

Duke of Normandy &
King of England 1199–1216
Henry III
Duke of Normandy 1216–59
(renounced at Treaty of Paris )
King of England 1216–72

References and notes

  1. Matilda's inheritance was usurped by her cousin Stephen of England in 1135. She recovered Normandy, but ruled in England only in 1141 as Lady of the English. However, Matilda maintained her dynastic rights until she abdicated them in favour of her son Henry II of England in 1153 following the Treaty of Wallingford.

See also

House of Normandy
New title Ruling House of the Duchy of Normandy
9111154
Succeeded by
House of Plantagenet
Preceded by
House of Wessex
Ruling House of the Kingdom of England
10661154
Preceded by
House of Estridsen
Ruling House of the County of Flanders
11271128
Succeeded by
House of Alsace
New title Ruling House of the County of Eu
9961246
Succeeded by
House of Lusignan


Related Research Articles

William I, usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087. He was a descendant of Rollo and was Duke of Normandy from 1035 onward. His hold was secure on Normandy by 1060, following a long struggle to establish his throne, and he launched the Norman conquest of England six years later. The rest of his life was marked by struggles to consolidate his hold over England and his continental lands and by difficulties with his eldest son, Robert Curthose.

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou Duke of the Normans

Geoffrey V, called the Handsome,the Fair or Plantagenet, was the Count of Anjou, Touraine and Maine by inheritance from 1129, and also Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. His marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, which produced a son, Henry Curtmantle, who succeeded to the English throne as King Henry II (1154–1189) and was the first of the Plantagenet dynasty to rule England for centuries. The name "Plantagenet" was taken from Geoffrey's epithet. Geoffrey's ancestral domain of Anjou gave rise to the name Angevin, and what became known as the Angevin Empire in the 12th century.

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Duchy of Normandy Medieval duchy in northern France

The Duchy of Normandy grew out of the 911 Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between King Charles III of West Francia and the Viking leader Rollo. The duchy was named for its inhabitants, the Normans.

Duke of Normandy Medieval ruler of the Duchy of Normandy

In the Middle Ages, the Duke of Normandy was the ruler of the Duchy of Normandy in north-western France. The duchy arose out of a grant of land to the Viking leader Rollo by the French king Charles III in 911. In 924 and again in 933, Normandy was expanded by royal grant. Rollo's male-line descendants continued to rule it down to 1135. In 1202 the French king Philip II declared Normandy a forfeited fief and by 1204 his army had conquered it. It remained a French royal province thereafter, still called the Duchy of Normandy, but only occasionally granted to a duke of the royal house as an apanage.

Richard II, Duke of Normandy Duke of Normandy

Richard II, called the Good, was the eldest son and heir of Richard I the Fearless and Gunnora. He was a Norman nobleman of the House of Normandy.

Richard I, also known as Richard the Fearless, was the Count of Rouen or Jarl of Rouen from 942 to 996. Dudo of Saint-Quentin, whom Richard commissioned to write the "De moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum", called him a dux. However, this use of the word may have been in the context of Richard's renowned leadership in war, and not as a reference to a title of nobility. Richard either introduced feudalism into Normandy or he greatly expanded it. By the end of his reign, the most important Norman landholders held their lands in feudal tenure.

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William I of Blois was Count of Boulogne (1153–1159) and Earl of Surrey jure uxoris (1153–1159). He was the second son of King Stephen of England and Countess Matilda I of Boulogne.

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William of Talou, Count of Talou was a powerful member of the Norman ducal family who exerted his influence during the early reign of William the Conqueror Duke of Normandy.

Robert II (archbishop of Rouen) Archbishop of Rouen

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House of Tosny noble family

The House of Tosny was an important noble family in 10th and 11th century Normandy, though it did not include any comtes or vicomtes. Its founder was Raoul I of Tosny.

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