House of Representatives of Belarus

Last updated
House of Representatives of the National Assembly of Belarus

Палата Прадстаўнікоў Нацыянальнага сходу Рэспублікі Беларусь
National Assembly of Belarus
Coat of arms of Belarus (official).svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1997
Preceded by Supreme Soviet of Belarus
Leadership
Chairman of the House
Vladimir Andreichenko
since October 2008
Structure
Seats110
Belarus House of Representatives 2019.svg
Political groups
Government (110)
  Independents (89)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
2019
Meeting place
Zal zasedanii Palaty predstavitelei Belorussii.png
House of Representatives of Belarus.jpg
The House of Government
Minsk
Website
Coat of arms of Belarus (official).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Belarus
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarusportal

Under the 1996 Constitution, the House of Representatives (Belarusian : Палата Прадстаўнікоў, Palata Pradstawnikow, Russian : Палата Представителей, Palata Predstaviteley) is the lower house of the parliament of Belarus.

Contents

It consists of 110 deputies elected to four year terms on the basis of direct electoral suffrage by secret ballot (art. 91). [1] It is a majoritarian system, with the outcome decided by overall majorities in single-member constituencies. Any citizen of 21 years is eligible for election (art. 92). The functions of the House are to consider draft laws and the other business of government; it must approve the nomination of a prime minister (art. 97); and it may deliver a vote of no confidence on the government (art. 97).

The upper house is the Council of the Republic.

The House of Representatives was established in 1997 to replace Supreme Soviet of Belarus. [2]

Powers

Bills adopted by the House of Representatives are sent to the Council of the Republic for consideration within five days, where they are considered within no more than twenty days.

Special powers accorded only to the House of Representatives are:

In practice, the House of Representatives has little real power. Notably, it has little control over government spending; it cannot pass a law to increase or decrease the budget without presidential consent. It has been dominated by supporters of President Alexander Lukashenko since its inception. Indeed, from 2004 to 2016, every seat in the chamber was occupied by supporters of the president. In any event, the Belarusian political system concentrates nearly all decision-making power in the president's hands, and there is almost no opposition to executive decisions.[ citation needed ]

In the aftermath of the 2019 Belarusian parliamentary election, the Belarusian opposition lost all of its seats in the assembly, as every single elected deputy was deemed to support President Alexander Lukashenko. [3]

Speakers of the House of Representatives

NameEntered OfficeLeft Office
Anatoly Malofeyev December 28, 1996November 21, 2000
Vadim Popov November 21, 2000November 16, 2004
Vladimir Konoplev November 16, 2004October 2, 2007
Vadim Popov October 2, 2007October 27, 2008
Vladimir Andreichenko October 27, 2008Present

Fraction

(2019 7th convocation).

PartyNumber of Deputies
201220162019
Liberal Democratic Party 011
United Civic Party 010
BPF Party 000
Communist Party of Belarus 3811
Belarusian Left Party "A Just World" 000
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Hramada) 000
Republican Party of Labor and Justice 136
Belarusian Patriotic Party 031
Belarusian Green Party 000
Conservative Christian Party - BPF 000
Party "Belarusian Social Democratic Hramada» 000
Social Democratic Party of Popular Accord 000
Republican Party 000
Agrarian Party 101
Belarusian Socialist Sporting Party 000
Belarusian Liberal Party of Freedom and Progress 000
Belarusian Christian Democracy Party 000
Belarusian Party of Workers 000
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (People's Assembly) 000

Members (since 1990)

See also

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References

  1. "Elections of Deputies of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus".
  2. https://iacis.ru/eng/parliaments/parlamenty_uchastniki/respublika_belarus/
  3. Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Belarus election: No seats for opposition as Lukashenko maintains power | DW | 18.11.2019". DW.COM. Retrieved 2019-11-18.