House of Schwarzburg

Last updated

Schwarzburg
Schwarzburg-Wappen.png
Country Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Founded12th century
Founder Sizzo I, Count of Schwarzburg
Final ruler Prince Günther Victor
TitlesCount, Prince
Deposition1918
The castle at Schwarzburg. The building is being renovated now. Schloss Schwarzburg mit Zeughaus.jpg
The castle at Schwarzburg. The building is being renovated now.
The Schwarzburg principalities in 1910
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Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Karte Schwarzburger Furstentumer.jpg
The Schwarzburg principalities in 1910
  Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

Schwarzburg is one of the oldest noble families of Thuringia. Upon the death of Prince Friedrich Günther in 1971, a claim to the headship of the house passed under Semi-Salic primogeniture to his elder sister, Princess Marie Antoinette of Schwarzburg who married Friedrich Magnus V, Count of Solms-Wildenfels. [1] [2] Reigning over the County of Schwarzburg and founded by Sizzo I of Schwarzburg (died 1160), the family split in the 16th century into the lines of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, with the Sondershausen dying out in 1909.

Contents

Family history

The County of Schwarzburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire from 1195 to 1595, when it was partitioned into Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. It was ruled by counts from the House of Schwarzburg. Schwarzburg Castle was first mentioned in a 1071 deed. In 1123 Count Sizzo III of Käfernburg (Kevernburg), mentioned by the medieval chronicler Lambert of Hersfeld and according to the Annalista Saxo a grandson of Prince Yaropolk Izyaslavich of Turov by his mother, rebuilt the castle calling himself a "Count of Schwarzburg". Sizzo also established Georgenthal Abbey and in 1157, he accompanied Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa during his campaign against High Duke Bolesław IV the Curly of Poland.

In 1197, Sizzo's grandson Henry II divided the common heritage with his brother Günther III and made Schwarzburg Castle his residence. His territory then also comprised the nearby castle of Blankenburg.

The most famous family member is Günther XXI von Schwarzburg. In 1349, he was elected as German king by the majority of electors. But, due to waning support, he renounced some months later and died shortly after.

The Schwarzburg lands were again divided among his successors until in 1538 when Count Günther XL the Rich was able to unite the territories including Frankenhausen and Rudolstadt under his rule. He was succeeded by his eldest son Günther XLI. However, after his death in 1583, his younger brothers again divided the county: John Günther I received the territory around Arnstadt, later called Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, while Albrecht VII inherited the lands of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. The partition was finally confirmed by the 1599 Treaty of Stadtilm.

Counts of Schwarzburg and Käfernburg

House of Schwarzburg

Partitions of Schwarzburg under Schwarzburg rule

County of Schwarzburg
(1030-1275/8)
County of Käfernburg
(1st creation)
(1070-1118)
      
      
County of Käfernburg
(2nd creation)
(1160-1184)
      
      
County of Hallermund
(1197-1411)
(inherited)
County of Käfernburg
(3rd creation)
(1197-1386)
      
      County of
Käfernburg-Wiehe

(1223-1319)
            
                  County of
Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg

(1275/8-1450)
County of
Schwarzburg-Blankenburg

(1275/8-1444), renamed
County of
Schwarzburg-Arnstadt

(1st creation)
(1444-1564)
                        
            County of
Schwarzburg-Leutenberg

(1333-1564)
            
      Annexed to
Meissen
                  
Sold to
Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
                  
            
County of Schwarzburg
(1564-1571)
(Arnstadt line)
County of
Schwarzburg-Frankenhausen

(1571-1597)
County of
Schwarzburg-Arnstadt

(2nd creation)
(1571-1583)
County of
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

(1571-1710)
renamed
Principality of
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

(1710-1909)
County of
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

(1571-1666)
renamed
Principality of
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

(1666-1909)
County of
Schwarzburg-Arnstadt

(3rd creation)
(1643-1716)
Principality of Schwarzburg
(1909-1918)
(Rudolstadt line)

Table of rulers

(Note: There are two manners for numbering the rulers of this noble family: birth numbers or regnal numbers. This table uses the regnal numbers for avoiding confusion or holes in the numbering. There's a different numbering for Schwarzburg, Käfernburg (from Günther IIII onwards) and Hallermund (as an already existing county which came into the family by marriage)).

RulerBornReignDeathRuling partConsortNotes
Sizzo I ?c.1030-1050c.1050County of SchwarzburgUnknown
at least one child
Probably the founder of the family. Sometimes attributed to his possible father, Günther.
Sizzo II ?c.1050-1118c.1118County of SchwarzburgUnknown
at least one child
Günther I ?c.1070-1109c.1109County of Käfernburg Matilda Yaropolkovna of Turov-Pinsk
after 1087
two children
Cited as Count of Käfernburg, and predeceased his father.
Sizzo III Gedenktafel Sizzo III Georgenthal.JPG ?1109-111819 June 1160County of Käfernburg Gisela of Berg
c.1133
four children
Reunited Schwarzburg after the death of his grandfather, Sizzo II.
1118-1160County of Schwarzburg
Henry I 11301160-118426 July 1184County of SchwarzburgA lady Winzenburg
1170
one child
Received the county of Schwarzburg.
Günther II 11351160-1184After 15 January 1197County of Käfernburg Agnes of Saarbrücken
four children

Adelaide of Loccum-Hallermund
1178
three children
Reunited Schwarzburg after the death of his grandfather, Sizzo II.
1184-1197County of Schwarzburg
Henry II the Elder ?1197-123620 February 1236County of Schwarzburg Irmgard of Weimar-Orlamünde
1211
at least one child
Günther III 11501197-1223After 31 March 1223County of Käfernburg Dietburg of Anhalt
(1169-1228)
two children
Ludolf II [3] 11801197-122615 November 1226County of HallermundUnknown
four children

Kunigunde of Pyrmont
one child
Son of Günther II, inherited the County of Hallermund from his mother.
Ludolf III ?1226-1266c.1266County of Hallermund Jutta of Hoya
six children
Henry III the Younger 1219/201236-1258/9Between 11 June 1258 and 24 October 1259County of Schwarzburg Sophie of Hohnstein
c.15 March 1247
one child
Left no male descendants and the county passed to his brother.
Günther IV ?1223-1269Between 7 March 1268 and 20 November 1269County of Käfernburg Matilda of Beichlingen
before 10 December 1254
two children
Albert I ?1223-1255After 27 July 1255 Käfernburg-Wiehe Unknown
five children
Albert II ?1255-1283After 1283 Käfernburg-Wiehe UnmarriedLeft no descendants. After his death the county waa inherited by his brother Frederick.
Günther IV 1219/201258/9-1275/8Between 19 September 1275 and 25 September 1278County of Schwarzburg Sofia Daniilovna of Galicia-Volhynia
(d. before 28 July 1287)
nine children
Wilbrand III [4] 11801266-1280Before 13 December 1280County of Hallermund Adelaide of Adenoys
five children
Sons of Ludolf III, ruled jointly. Ludolf IV became canon at Hildesheim in 1275, possibly abdicating from the co-ruling in that year.
Ludolf IV [5] 11801266-127515 November 1226County of HallermundUnmarried
Gerhard I the Elder 11801266-1326After 17 May 1326County of HallermundUnknown
seven children

Gerburg of Homburg
before 14 September 1317
two children
Wilbrand IV ?c.1300-1301After 1301?County of HallermundUnmarriedPossibly co-ruled with his father, Gerhard I.
Günther V the Elder ?1269-1273/5Between 10 April 1273 and 18 April 1275County of Käfernburg Matilda of Schwarzburg
before 1269
four children
Günther VI the Elder ?1273/5-1289Between 23 February and 30 March 1289County of Käfernburg Sophia of Lüchow
twelve children
Sons of Günther V, ruled jointly.
Günther VII ?1273/5-130210 June 1302County of Käfernburg Adelaide of Schwarzburg
before 1280
two children
Henry IV ?1275/8-1287Before 2 May 1287 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Unknown
two children
Son of Günther IV, received Blankenburg and made it his capital.
Günther V ?1275/8-1292/3Between 1 October 1292 and 19 September 1293 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Irmgard
no children

Helena of Saxe-Lauenburg
1283
nine children
Sons of Günther IV, received jointly Wachsenberg and made it his capital.
Henry V ?1275/8-1293Before 19 September 1293 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Oda of Henneberg-Hartenberg
two children
Frederick I Before 12591283-1312Before 11 August 1312 Käfernburg-Wiehe Elisabeth of Neuenburg
before 8 July 1280
two children
Günther VI ?1292/3-130824 October 1308 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Matilda of Käfernburg
before 21 August 1301
eleven children
Son of Günther V.
John I ?1292/3-13011303 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg UnmarriedBrother of Günther V and Henry V, probably ruled with his nephew, as he is cited as ruler only after 1293.
Henry VI Before 12851287-132411 November 1324 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Christina of Gleichen-Tona
three children

Oda of Henneberg-Hartenberg
no children
Sons of Henry IV, ruled jointly.
Günther VII c.12701287-132610 December 1352 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Unknown
no children

Katharina of Gera
two children

Oda of Henneberg-Hartenberg
no children
Günther VIII ?c.1290-1318/24Between 23 August 1318 and 22 August 1324County of Käfernburg Irmgard of Schwarzburg
six children
Sons of Günther VI, ruled jointly. They wera probably already co-ruling with their uncle Günther VII before 1332/3.
Günther IX ?c.1290-1332/3Between 8 April 1332 and 4 April 1333County of Käfernburg Matilda of Regentstein
between 5 June and 29 July 1312
four children
Günther X ?c.1290-12951295County of KäfernburgUnmarried
Günther VIII Before 12891308-13201320 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Matilda of Käfernburg
before 21 August 1301
eleven children
Rudolf ?1312-13191319 Käfernburg-Wiehe UnmarriedLeft no descendants. After his death the county is annexed to the major county of Käfernburg.
In 1319 Käfernburg-Wiehe reintegrates the County of Käfernburg
Günther IX Guenther von schwarzburg.jpg 1303/41326-134914/18 June 1349 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Elisabeth of Hohnstein
before 9 September 1331
five children
Sons of Henry VI, ruled jointly.
Henry VII Before 12851326-1338Before 4 March 1338 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Elisabeth of Weimar-Orlamünde
before 5 June 1321
five children
Henry VIII c.1300c.1320-1333Between 4 October 1354 and 29 September 1355 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Helena of Holstein-Pinnberg
ten children

Helena of Nuremberg
before 27 January 1346
one child
In 1333 exchanged his seat to Leutenberg and left Wachsenberg to his brother, Günther X.
1333-1354/55 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg
Gerhard II the Younger ?1326-1346Between 25 July 1345 and 16 July 1346County of Hallermund Elisabeth of Everstein-Polle
thirteen children
Sons of Wilibrand III and Gerhard I, ruled jointly, and some of them may even have co-ruled with their father and uncle.
Ludolf V ?1326-1358/61Between 10 February 1358 and 6 January 1361County of HallermundUnknown
four children
Gerhard III ?1326-1338After 1338County of HallermundUnmarried
Henry I ?1326-c.1384Before 1402County of HallermundUnmarried
Otto I ?1326-1361After 17 May 1326County of HallermundUnmarried
Günther X c.13001333-1358Before 11 June 1358 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Richeza of Schlüsselberg
before 24 November 1326
six children
Brother of Henry VIII, receive Wachsenburg from his brother.
Günther XI ?1332/3-1371After 27 June 1371County of Käfernburg Loretta of Eppstein
before 9 November 1341
seven children

Irmgard of Weimar-Orlamünde
1364
no children
Cousins, ruled jointly. Günther XI was son of Günther VIII and Günther XII a son of Günther IX
Günther XII ?1332/3-1341After 28 April 1341County of KäfernburgAgnes
no children
Henry IX 13251338-1373November 1357 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Agnes of Hohnstein-Sondershausen
24 February 1338
eight children
Sons of Henry VII, co-ruling with his uncle since 1338. Possibly associated their cousin Henry X (son of Günther IX) to rule, but the latter died early with no descendants.
Günther XI 9 September 13311338-13686 June 1368 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Elisabeth of Hohnstein-Sondershausen
before 11 June 1347
three children
Henry X 13391349-1357November 1357 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Unmarried
Wilbrand V ?c.1340-1345?After 17 May 1326County of HallermundUnmarriedSon of Gerhard II, probably co-ruled with him before becoming canon at Hildesheim.
Gerhard IV ?c.1345-1368?Before 15 April 1384County of HallermundUnmarriedSon of Gerhard II, probably co-ruled with him.
Henry II ?c.1366?After 1366County of HallermundUnmarriedSons of Ludolf V, probably co-ruled with their father, uncles and cousins.
Gerhard V ?c.1366?After 1366County of HallermundUnmarried
Ludolf VI ?c.1366?After 1366County of HallermundUnmarried
Günther XII 13221354/55-13824 July 1382 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Magdalena Reuss of Plauen
one child

Gertrude of Anhalt-Bernburg
before 12 August 1371
two children
Sons of Henry VIII, ruled jointly.
Henry XI 13221354/55-c.1390?1402 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Anna Reuss of Plauen
1373
one child
Günther XIII ?1358-13621362 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Richeza of Schlüsselberg
before 24 November 1326
six children
John 13271362-c.1390?Between 21 February 1395 and 21 July 1396 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Richeza of Henneberg-Hartenberg
before 16 July 1358
seven children

Sophia of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg
no children
Günther XIV 1362c.1360/70-1390?30 April 1418 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Helena of Schwarzburg-Leutenberg
two children

Margaret of Henneberg-Schleusingen
23 January 1399
no children
Probably already ruling in 1360 or 1370, in co-rulership with Henry IX and Günther XI. He left no male descendants.
George I ?1371-1376Between 23 August 1318 and 22 August 1324County of Käfernburg Sophia of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg
1353
three children
George and Günther XIII ruled jointly at first, and after George's death, his son Günther XIV replaced his role in the co-rulership.
Günther XIII ?1371-1386Before 26 July 1386County of KäfernburgUnmarried
Günther XIV the Younger ?1376-1386Between 25 July 1385 and 26 July 1386County of Käfernburg Matilda of Mansfeld
21 August 1379
no children

Agnes of Querfurt
no children
In 1386, Käfernburg was annexed by the Margraviate of Meissen
Henry XII 1339c.1372/73before 1374 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg UnmarriedSons of Henry IX, possibly co-ruling with his father and then probably his uncle. They both died without descendants and was succeeded by his brothers.
Henry XIII 13391373-c.1390Between 19 April 1387 and 8 March 1400 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Unknown
no children

Agnes of Gera
no children
Günther XV Before 1365c.1370-c.1390c.1390 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Unmarried
Otto II ?c.1381-1392Before 11 November 1392County of Hallermund Adelaide of the Mark
15 March 1332
three children
Son of Gerhard II, possibly already co-ruling earlier with his father, uncles and cousins.
Günther XVI 1352c.1390-14167 July 1416 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Anna of Leuchtenberg
before 20 January 1375
three children
Sons of Günther XI, ruled jointly with their uncle.
Henry XIV 1350c.1390-1413before 29 September 1413 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Unmarried
Günther XVII ?c.1390?-1395/6Between 21 February 1395 and 21 July 1396 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Anna of Falkenstein
28 August 1390
two children
Sons of John, possibly ruled jointly. Henry was canon at Köln and Mainz.
Henry XV ?c.1390?-13951395 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Unmarried
Balthasar I ?c.1390?-13961396 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg
Günther XVIII ?c.1390?-1397/9Between 13 June 1397 and 10 December 1399 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Anna of Falkenstein
28 August 1390
two children
Cousins, possibly ruled jointly. Günther was a son of Günther XII, while Henry XVI, Albert I and Albert II were sons of Henry XI. Albert I was a canon at Köln and then at Würzburg, and maybe had to abdicate before entering into clergy.
Henry XVI 1375c.1390?-1426After 2 May 1426 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Margaret
one child

Elisabeth of Weimar-Orlamünde
one child
Albert I ?c.1390?-141115 July 1421 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Unmarried
Albert II ?1404-1429After 7 November 1431 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg
Otto III ?c.1381-1392Before 11 November 1392County of HallermundElisabeth
no children
Son of Otto II. In 1411, endebted, sold the county to the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
In 1411 Hallermund was sold to the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Günther XIX c.1380c.1395/6-1406After 10 April 1406 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Matilda of Henneberg-Schleusingen
16 November 1407
three children

Katharina of Schönburg-Glauchau
18 February 1453
no children
Sons of Günther XVII, ruled jointly, but left no descendants. The county was then probably annexed to the county of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg.
Henry XVII c.1380c.1390?-1450Before 6 February 1450 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Margaret of Hohenlohe-Brauneck
29 October 1398
no children
In 1450 Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg was annexed by Schwarzburg-Blankenburg/Arnstadt
Henry XVIII ?c.1400-141010 October 1410 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Elisabeth of Weimar-Orlamünde
no children
Son of Günther XVI, Probably co-ruled with his father.
Henry XIX 1388c.1416-14447 October 1444 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg Katharina of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1413
three children
Henry XX 14121426-1462/4Between 15 September 1462 and 27 June 1464 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Brigitte of Gera
1443
three children
Henry XXI 23 October 14181444-148813 January 1488 Schwarzburg-Blankenburg

Schwarzburg-Arnstadt
Elisabeth of Clèves
15 July 1434
eleven children
He exchanged seat to Arnstadt, and his descendants line changed its name as well.
Balthasar II 14531462/4-152518 June 1525 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Anna Sack
1494
two children
Günther XX the Elder 8 July 14391476-150330 December 1503 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Margaret of Henneberg-Schleusingen
22/29 October 1458
Arnstadt
two children
Sons of Henry XXI, probably co-ruled with their father jointly. After Günther XXI's death, his son, Henry XXII, may have been associated with his uncles.
Günther XXI the Middle 14501476-148419 November 1484 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Katharina of Querfurt
1470
four children
Günther XXII the Bremer 30 May 14551476-15318 August 1531 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Amalia of Mansfeld
3 November 1493
Sondershausen
three children
Henry XXII November 14731484-15264 August 1526 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Magdalena of Hohnstein
1449
four children

Anna of Nassau-Idstein
19 August 1506
one child
John Henry 14961525-155514 March 1555 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Margaret Reuss of Weida
1494
two children
Henry XXIII The Reformer Heinrich XXXII von Schwarzburg.jpg 23 March 14991531-153812 July 1538 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Katharina of Henneberg-Schleusingen
14 November 1524
six children
Son of Günther XXII. He may have co-ruled with his father, uncles and cousin before 1531. Left no male descendants.
Günther XXIII the Rich Gunther XL von Schwarzburg.png 31 October 14991538-155210 November 1552 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Elisabeth of Isenburg-Büdingen-Ronneburg
29 November 1528
Sondershausen
three children
Son of Henry XXII, he was co-ruling with his uncles and cousins since his father's death in 1526.
Philip I 15401555-15648 October 1564 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg Katharina of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
4 December 1559
Saalfeld
no children
In 1564 Schwarzburg-Leutenberg was annexed to Schwarzburg-Arnstadt
Günther XXIV the Bellicose Gunther der Streitbare als junger Oberst.jpg 25 September 15291552-156423 May 1583 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Katharina of Nassau-Dillenburg
17 November 1560
Arnstadt
three children
Son of Günther XXIII, he briefly reunited Schwarzburg in 1564, but in 1571 redivided it between himself and his younger brothers. As he left no descendants, his domains were absorbed by Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.
1564-1571County of Schwarzburg
1571-1582 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt
Schwarzburg-Arnstadt was annexed to Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen
William I Wilhelm I.JPG 4 October 15341571-159730 November 1597 Schwarzburg-Frankenhausen Elisabeth of Schlick
6 April 1567
Frankenhausen
no children

Clara of Brunswick-Lüneburg
7 March 1593
Frankenhausen
no children
Son of Günther XXIII, received Frankenhausen. As he left no descendants, his domains were absorbed by Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
Schwarzburg-Frankenhausen was annexed to Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
John Günther I Johann Gunther.JPG 20 December 15321571-158628 October 1586 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Anna of Oldenburg
16 February 1566
Sondershausen
twelve children
Son of Günther XXIII, received Sondershausen. In 1583 absorbed Schwarzburg-Arnstadt.
Albert III Albrecht VII..JPG 16 January 15371571-160510 April 1605 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Juliana of Nassau-Dillenburg
14 June 1575
Rudolstadt
ten children

Albertine Elisabeth of Leiningen-Westerburg
2 March 1591
Rudolstadt
no children
Son of Günther XXIII, received Rudolstadt. In 1583 absorbed Schwarzburg-Frankenhausen.
Günther XXV 7 September 15701586-16437 January 1643 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen UnmarriedSons of John Günther I, ruled jointly.
Christian Günther 11 May 15781586-164225 November 1642 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Anna Sibylle of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
15 November 1612
Sondershausen
nine children
Anton Henry 7 October 15711586-163810 August 1638 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Unmarried
John Günther II 3 May 15771586-163116 December 1631 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Unmarried
Charles Günther Karl Gunther von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.JPG 6 November 15761605-163024 September 1630 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Anna Sophie of Anhalt
13 June 1611
Rudolstadt
no children
Sons of Albert III, ruled jointly.
Louis Günther I Graf Ludwig Gunther I. von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.JPG 27 June 15811612-16464 November 1646 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
4 February 1638
Rudolstadt
five children
Albert Günther Albrecht Gunther (Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt).JPG 8 August 15821612-163420 January 1634 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Unmarried
Christian Günther II the Pious 1 April 16161643-166610 September 1666 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Sophia Dorothea of Mörsperg-Beffort
1645
Arnstadt
six children
Son of Christian Günther I, received Arnstadt, which became once more independent.
Anton Günther I 9 January 16201643-166619 August 1666 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Maria Magdalene of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
29 October 1644
Sondershausen
ten children
Sons of Christian Günther I, received Sondershausen together. In 1651 Louis changed his seat to Ebeleben, which returned to Sondershausen after his death.
Louis Günther II 9 January 16201643-1651

1651-1681
19 August 1666 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

Schwarzburg-Ebeleben
Concordia of Sayn-Wittgenstein
30 March 1669
Ebeleben
two children
In 1681 Ebeleben was annexed again to Sondershausen
Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst (regent) Emilie von Oldenburg.jpeg 15 June 16141646-16624 December 1670 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Louis Günther I
4 February 1638
Rudolstadt
five children
Regent on behalf of her son.
Albert Anton Graf Albert Anton von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.JPG 14 November 16411662-171015 December 1710 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen
7 July 1665
Rudolstadt
two children
He was elevated to an Imperial Prince at the end of his reign, dignity that was kept by his descendants. The County evolved into a Principality.
John Günther III 30 June 16541666-166929 August 1669 Schwarzburg-Arnstadt UnmarriedDied without descendants. The county passed to his cousin, Anton Günther II.
Christian William Christian Wilhelm.JPG 6 January 16471666-172110 May 1721 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Antonia Sybilla of Barby-Mühlingen
22 August 1673
Sondershausen
seven children

Wilhelmine Christiane of Saxe-Weimar
1684
Sondershausen
eight children
Son of Anton Günther I, inherited Sondershausen from his father, in 1681 Eberleben from his uncle Louis Günther II, and in 1716, Arnstadt from his brother. In 1697 he was raised to Imperial Prince.
Anton Günther II 10 October 16531669-171620 December 1716 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Augusta Dorothea of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
7 August 1684
Wolfenbüttel
no children
Son of Anton Günther I, inherited Arnstadt from his cousin. In 1697 he was raised to Imperial Prince. However, left no descendants. The Principality returned to Sondershausen
In 1716 Arnstadt was annexed again to Sondershausen
Louis Frederick I Ludwig Friedrich I. von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1667-1718).jpg 25 October 16671710-171824 June 1718 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
15 October 1691
Gotha
thirteen children
Frederick Anton Friedrich Anton von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.PNG 14 October 16921718-17441 September 1744 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Sophia Wilhelmina of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
8 February 1720
Saalfeld
three children

Sophia Christina of East Frisia
6 January 1729
Rudolstadt
no children
Günther XXVI Furst Gunther I. von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1678-1740).jpg 13 August 16781721-174028 November 1740 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Elisabeth Albertine of Anhalt-Bernburg
2 October 1712
Sondershausen
no children
Left no descendants. The Principality passed to his half-brother, Henry.
Henry XXIV 8 November 16891740-17586 November 1758 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen UnmarriedLeft no descendants. The Principality passed to his nephew, Christian Günther III, son of his brother August.
John Frederick Portrat des Fursten Johann Friedrich von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1721-1767).jpg 8 January 17211744-176710 July 1767 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Bernardina Christina Sophia of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
19 November 1744
Eisenach
six children
Left no surviving descendants. The principality passed to his uncle.
Christian Günther III 24 June 17361758-179414 October 1794 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Charlotte Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Bernburg
4 February 1760
Sondershausen
six children
Louis Günther II Ludwig Gunther IV von Schwarzburg -Rudolstadt.PNG 22 October 17081767-179029 August 1790 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Sophie Henrietta Reuss-Untergreiz
22 October 1733
Greiz
four children
Son of Louis Frederick I, succeeded his nephew.
Frederick Charles Friedrich Karl Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.jpg 7 June 17361790-179313 April 1793 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Frederica Sophie Auguste of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
21 October 1763
Rudolstadt
six children

Auguste Louise Frederica of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
28 November 1780
Rudolstadt
no children
Louis Frederick II Ludwig Friedrich II von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.jpg 9 August 17671790-180728 April 1807 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Caroline of Hesse-Homburg
21 June 1791
Homburg
seven children
Günther Frederick Charles I Gunther Friedrich Carl I. von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.jpg 5 December 17601794-183522 April 1837 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Caroline of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
23 June 1799
Sondershausen
two children
Abdicated 19 August 1835.
Caroline of Hesse-Homburg (regent) Furstin Caroline Louise.jpg 25 August 17711807-181420 June 1854 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Louis Frederick II
21 June 1791
Homburg
seven children
Frederick Günther Friedrich Gunther of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.jpg 6 November 17931814-186728 June 1867 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Auguste of Anhalt-Dessau
15 April 1816
Dessau
three children

Helene of Reina
(morganatic)
7 August 1855
Dresden
two children

Maria Schultze
(morganatic)
24 September 1861
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
no children
He left no surviving legitimate children. The principality passed to his brother Albert.
Günther Frederick Charles II Franz S Stirnbrand - Furst Gunther Friedrich Carl II. von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1837).jpg 24 September 18011835-188015 September 1889 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Irene Maria of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
12 March 1827
Sondershausen
four children

Matilda of Hohenlohe-Öhringen
29 May 1835
Öhringen
two children
Abdicated 17 July 1880, due to an eye condition.
Albert (IV) Albert of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.jpg 30 April 17981867-186926 November 1869 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Augusta Louise of Solms-Braunfels
26 July 1827
Rudolstadt
four children
Brother of the predecessor.
George Albert Georg of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.jpg 23 November 18381869-189019 January 1890 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt UnmarriedLeft no descendants. He was succeeded by his cousin, George Victor.
Charles Günther Karl Gunther Schwarzburg.jpg 7 August 18301880-190928 March 1909 Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Marie Gasparine of Saxe-Altenburg
12 June 1869
Altenburg
no children
Left no descendants. After his death Sondershausen
Günther Victor Gunther Victor von Schwarzburg.jpg 21 August 18521890-190916 April 1925 Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Anna Louise of Schönburg-Waldenburg
9 December 1891
Rudolstadt
no children
Son of Prince Adolf, who was grandson of Prince Frederick Charles. In 1909 reunited the principalities of Rudolstadt and Sonderhausen. After 1918 became Titular Prince.
1909-1918Principality of Schwarzburg

Counts and Princes of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

Sondershausen Palace Schloss Sondershausen.jpg
Sondershausen Palace

See also

Related Research Articles

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a small historic state in present-day Thuringia, Germany, with its capital at Rudolstadt.

Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was a small principality in Germany, in the present day state of Thuringia, with its capital at Sondershausen.

Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg Prince of Schwarzburg

Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg was the final head of the House of Schwarzburg and heir to the formerly sovereign principalities of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.

Sizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg Prince of Schwarzburg

Günther Sizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg was the head of the House of Schwarzburg and pretender to the principalities of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.

Günther Victor, Prince of Schwarzburg Prince of Schwarzburg

Günther Victor, Prince of Schwarzburg was the final sovereign prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.

Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

Christian William I of Schwarzburg was Count and later Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Sondershausen, Arnstadt and Leutenberg. From 1681, he also carried the title of Count in Ebeleben, and from 1716 Count in Arnstadt.

Count Anton Günther I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen from 1642 until his death in 1666.

John Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

John Günther I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was the co-ruler of Schwarzburg from 1552 until 1571 and the sole ruler Schwarzburg-Sondershausen from 1571 until his death. He is regarded as the progenitor of the line Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.

Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Louis Frederick I of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was the ruling prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Rudolstadt, Blankenburg and Sondershausen from 1710 until his death.

Christian Günther I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen from 1601 until his death.

Günther XL, Count of Schwarzburg

Günther XL, Count of Schwarzburg nicknamed the Rich or Günther with the fat mouth, was a ruling Count of Schwarzburg.

Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1662 to 1710. He was raised to Imperial Prince in 1697, however, he chose not to accept his elevation. In 1710, he was elevated again, and this time, he accepted.

Anton Günther II, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Arnstadt was a Count of Schwarzburg and Hohenstein and Lord of Sondershausen, Arnstadt and Leutenberg from 1666 until his death. In 1697, he was raised to Prince of Schwarzburg.

Christian Günther II, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Arnstadt was Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershousen. From 1642 until his death, he ruled a part of the County around his residence in Arnstadt.

Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst

Emilie Antonia of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst, was regent of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1646 to 1662.

Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1612 until his death.

Günther XLI, Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt

Günther XLI, Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt, nicknamed "the Quarrelsome" or Bellicosus, was the ruling count of Schwarzburg from 1552 to 1571 and then Count of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt until his death.

Louis Günther II, Count of Schwarzburg-Ebeleben was the ruling count of Schwarzburg-Ebeleben from 1642 until his death. From 1666 until his death, he was also regent of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt on behalf of his underage nephews.

Anton Henry, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was a German nobleman. He was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen from 1594 until his death.

References

  1. The House of Schwarzburg on Heraldica.org
  2. James, John Almanach de Gotha, Volume I, 2013.
  3. His maternal uncle was Count Ludolf I
  4. His great-grandmother's father and brother were respectively Counts Wilibrand I and Wilibrand II.
  5. His maternal uncle was Count Ludolf I