Howard Willoughby

Last updated

Howard Willoughby (19 June 1839 – 19 March 1908) was an Australian journalist. Notably, he was the first Australian war correspondent, he wrote against penal transportation to Australia and in favour of the federation of Australia.

Willoughby was born at Birmingham, England. He was educated at primary schools at Birmingham and London and came to Melbourne in 1857. He continued his education there, and in 1861 joined the staff of The Age newspaper as a junior reporter. About a year later he transferred to The Argus . In the 1860s he became the first Australian war correspondent, and accompanied the troops under General Cameron in the New Zealand Wars in New Zealand. [1] [2]

Returning to Melbourne he was sent to Western Australia to report on the convict system. A series of letters from Willoughby appeared in the Argus and were published in a pamphlet of 64 pages in 1865, Transportation: The British Convict in Western Australia. His conclusions were that the sending of further convicts would be bad for Australia and should be resisted and that from the British point of view it was comparatively useless and wastefully expensive. From 1866 to 1869, Willoughby was a member of the first Victorian Hansard staff, and in the latter year was appointed the editor of the Melbourne Daily Telegraph . He married in 1870, Emily Frances Jones, they had a son and two daughters. He wrote for the Telegraph until 1877, when he joined the Argus staff again as chief of the news department and leader writer. [1]

He fought valiantly[ citation needed ] for the constitutional party in opposition to Victorian Premier Graham Berry, and his column every week, "Above the Speaker" by "Timotheous", was a piece of journalism which never failed to be interesting.[ citation needed ] He was made chief political leader writer in 1882 and conducted a campaign in favour of federation. A selection of his writings in the Argus on this subject was published with additions in 1891 under the title Australian Federation its Aims and its Possibilities. Willoughby was frequently consulted when the drafting of federal bills was in progress. [1]

In 1898 he was appointed editor of the Argus but an illness in January 1903 compelled his resignation. He continued, however, to make occasional contributions to the paper until shortly before his death in the Melbourne suburb of St Kilda. In addition to the works already mentioned he was the author of The Critic in Church, published anonymously in 1872, and Australian Pictures, published in 1886. [1] [2]

Willoughby Crescent, in the Canberra suburb of Gilmore, is named in his honour. [3]

Related Research Articles

Marcus Clarke English-born Australian novelist, journalist and poet

Marcus Andrew Hislop ClarkeFRSA was an English-born Australian novelist, journalist, poet, editor, librarian and playwright. He is best known for his 1874 novel For the Term of His Natural Life, about the convict system in Australia, and widely regarded as a classic of Australian literature. It has been adapted into many plays, films and a folk opera.

Keith Murdoch Australian journalist, businessman and father of Rupert Murdoch

Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch was an Australian journalist, businessman and the father of Rupert Murdoch, the current Executive chairman for News Corporation and the chairman of Fox Corporation.

Henry Parkes Australian politician

Sir Henry Parkes, was a colonial Australian politician and longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales, the present-day state of New South Wales in the Commonwealth of Australia. He has been referred to as the "Father of Federation" due to his early promotion for the federation of the six colonies of Australia, as an early critic of British convict transportation and as a proponent for the expansion of the Australian continental rail network.

Frankston, Victoria Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Frankston is a suburb of Melbourne in Victoria, Australia, in the local government area of the City of Frankston. It is located 41 km south-east of the Melbourne city centre, north of the Mornington Peninsula. Due to its geographic location, it is often referred to as "the gateway to the Mornington Peninsula".

Robert Garran First Solicitor-General of Australia

Sir Robert Randolph Garran was an Australian lawyer who became "Australia's first public servant" – the first federal government employee after the federation of the Australian colonies. He served as the departmental secretary of the Attorney-General's Department from 1901 to 1932, and after 1916 also held the position of Solicitor-General of Australia.

<i>The Argus</i> (Melbourne) Former newspaper in Melbourne, Australia

The Argus was an Australian daily morning newspaper in Melbourne from 1846 to 1957. It was considered to be the general Australian newspaper of record for this period. Widely known as a conservative newspaper for most of its history, it adopted a left-leaning approach from 1949. The Argus's main competitor was David Syme's more liberal-minded newspaper, The Age.

William Watt (Australian politician) Australian politician

William Alexander Watt was an Australian politician. He served two terms as Premier of Victoria before entering federal politics in 1914. He then served as a minister in the government of Billy Hughes from 1917 to 1920, including as acting prime minister during World War I, and finally as Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1923 to 1926.

Thomas Bent Australian politician (1838–1909)

Sir Thomas Bent was an Australian politician and the 22nd Premier of Victoria.

Frederick William Haddon

Frederick William Haddon, was an English-born Australian journalist and newspaper editor.

John West (writer)

The Rev. John West emigrated from England to Van Diemen's Land in 1838 as a Colonial missionary, and became pastor of an Independent (Congregational) Chapel in Launceston's St. John's Square. He also co-founded The Examiner newspaper in 1842 and was later editor of The Sydney Morning Herald.

Charles French was an Australian horticulturist, naturalist, entomologist and plant/seed collector who made significant contributions to economic entomology.

Robert Best (politician) Australian politician

Sir Robert Wallace Best, KCMG was an Australian lawyer and politician who served in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. He was a Senator for Victoria from 1901 to 1910, and then represented the Division of Kooyong in the House of Representatives from 1910 to 1922. Best served in cabinet in the second and third governments of Alfred Deakin. Before entering federal politics, he also served in the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1889 to 1901, where he was a government minister.

James Hume Cook Australian politician

James Newton Haxton Hume Cook CMG was an Australian politician. He was a member of the House of Representatives from 1901 to 1910, after previously serving in the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1894 to 1900. He was a member of the anti-socialist parties and served as a minister without portfolio under Alfred Deakin.

Frank Langley Australian rules footballer

Francis Ernest "Frank" Langley was an Australian rules footballer who played for the Melbourne Football Club in the Victorian Football League (VFL) during the early 1900s.

Stella Henderson

Stella May Henderson was a New Zealand feminist, university graduate and journalist. She was the first woman parliamentary reporter for a major New Zealand newspaper.

Henry Miller (Australian politician) Australian politician

Henry Miller was an Australian banker and politician, member of the Victorian Legislative Council.

Julian Thomas (journalist)

Julian Thomas, LL.D., born John Stanley James, was an English-born Australian journalist and author.

Joseph Dalgarno Melvin was a Scottish-born journalist and editor, mainly based in Melbourne, Victoria.

The Daily Telegraph was a newspaper published in Melbourne from 1869 to 1892.

Frank Fox (author)

Sir Frank James Fox was an Australian-born journalist, soldier, author and campaigner, who lived in Britain from 1909.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Serle, Percival (1949). "Willoughby, Howard". Dictionary of Australian Biography . Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
  2. 1 2 Mellor, Suzanne G. (1976). "Willoughby, Howard (1839 - 1908)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . Melbourne University Press. ISSN   1833-7538 . Retrieved 6 October 2008 via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  3. "Australian Capital Territory National Memorials Ordinance 1928 Determination — Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. Periodic (National : 1977–2011), p.22". Trove. 15 May 1987. Retrieved 7 February 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)