Hradec Králové

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Hradec Králové
Hradec Kralove (Koniggratz) - Velke namesti.jpg
Market square
Flag of Hradec Kralove.svg
Flag
Hradec Kralove CoA CZ.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
The Salon of the Republic
Relief Map of Czech Republic.png
Red pog.svg
Hradec Králové
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°12′33″N15°49′56″E / 50.20917°N 15.83222°E / 50.20917; 15.83222 Coordinates: 50°12′33″N15°49′56″E / 50.20917°N 15.83222°E / 50.20917; 15.83222
CountryFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Region Hradec Králové
District Hradec Králové
Founded1225
Government
  MayorAlexandr Hrabálek
Area
  Total105.69 km2 (40.81 sq mi)
Elevation
235 m (771 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01) [1]
  Total92,683
  Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
500 XX, 503 XX
Website www.hradeckralove.org

Hradec Králové (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦradɛts ˈkraːlovɛː] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); German : Königgrätz) is a city of the Czech Republic. It has about 93,000 inhabitants. it is the capital of the Hradec Králové Region. The historic centre of Hradec Králové is well preserved and historically significant and is protected by law as urban monument reservation.

Contents

The city's economy is based on food-processing technology, photochemical, electronics manufacturing services (EMS) and IT. Traditional industries include musical instrument manufacturing – the best known being Petrof pianos. The University of Hradec Králové is located in the city, the University of Defense has its only medical faculty in Hradec Králové and Charles University in Prague also has its Faculty of Medicine [2] and Faculty of Pharmacy [3] there.

Administrative parts

Administrative parts of Hradec Kralove Location of Hradec Kralove.PNG
Administrative parts of Hradec Králové

Hradec Králové is made up of 21 city parts:

Geography

River running through the city Hradec kralove river.jpg
River running through the city
Petrof Piano Makers HradecKralove10 2004-12-23.jpg
Petrof Piano Makers
White tower detail White Tower (Hradec Kralove) top angle.jpg
White tower detail

The city lies at the confluence of the Elbe and the Orlice rivers close to Krkonoše (Giant Mountains), the highest of the Czech mountains, with its peak, Sněžka (Snowhill), at 1,603 m.

History

The original name of one of the oldest settlements in the Czech Republic was Hradec (the Castle); Králové (of the queen) was affixed when it became one of the dowry towns of Elisabeth Richeza of Poland (1286–1335), who lived there for thirty years, having been the second wife of two Bohemian Kings, Wenceslaus II and then Rudolph I of Habsburg. In Latin, the Castle of the Queen was called Grecz Reginae, the original German Königingrätz was shortened to Königgrätz by 1800. It remained a dowry town until 1620.

Königgrätz was the first town to declare for the national cause during the Hussite Wars in the first half of the 15th century. After the Battle of White Mountain (1620), a large segment of the Protestant population left the area. In 1639 the town was occupied for eight months by the Swedes. Several churches and convents were pulled down to make way for fortifications erected under Joseph II.

The Battle of Königgrätz, the decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian War, took place on 3 July 1866 near Hradec Králové. This event is commemorated in the famous "Königgrätzer Marsch". Moreover, the battle put an end to the age of fortifications, which were finally destroyed in 1884.

The city is situated in the centre of a very fertile region called the Golden Road, at the confluence of the Elbe and the Orlice, and contains many buildings of historical and architectural interest. The Cathedral of the Holy Spirit was founded in 1303 by Elizabeth, and the church of St. John, built in 1710, stands on the ruins of the old castle. During the 1920s and 1930s the city grew rapidly, thanks to decisions made by the heads of the city to develop a modern city, which included razing the fortress and opening the town for expansion. During this era many buildings of modern architecture were built, and Hradec Králové became known as the Salon of the Republic. This nickname was given to the city by its citizens, who were enamored by the architecture of Josef Gočár and Jan Kotěra.

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186918,884    
188024,230+28.3%
189025,236+4.2%
190029,310+16.1%
191035,675+21.7%
YearPop.±%
192139,151+9.7%
193050,137+28.1%
195057,118+13.9%
196166,608+16.6%
197080,463+20.8%
YearPop.±%
198096,145+19.5%
199199,917+3.9%
200197,155−2.8%
201194,314−2.9%
202192,683−1.7%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic [4]

Transportation

Hradec Králové Airport is a public domestic and private international airport located about 3 km (1.9 mi) from the city centre.

There are currently no scheduled flights operating to the airport. It is sometimes visited by private jet traffic.

Culture

Throughout the year, there are a number of festivals and events. These may include a range of Music Festivals during Summer months, or other traditional Czech festivals that are celebrated across the country.

Theatre

Every May, an Air Ambulance Show is held for both the general public and Air Ambulance personnel. Every June the Theatre of European regions, an international theatre festival, takes place.

Music

Since 2004 the city hosts Hip Hop Kemp, one of the biggest European hip hop festivals, in August.

Since 2007 the city hosts Rock for People, the biggest rock festival in the Czech Republic, in July.

"Jazz goes to town", an international jazz festival, is held in Hradec Králové every October.

The city's museum currently holds one of the oldest surviving collections of Czech Renaissance polyphony, the Codex Speciálník manuscript.

The city is home to one of the Czech Republic's leading orchestras, the Hradec Králové Philharmonic Orchestra.

Sport

The ice hockey club of Hradec Králové is Mountfield HK, which plays in the Czech Extraliga.

The most successful football club is FC Hradec Králové, which plays in the Czech National Football League.

The women's basketball team, Hradecké Lvice, plays in the national women basketball league.

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Hradec Králové is twinned with: [5]

Cooperation agreements

Hradec Králové cooperates with: [6]

See also

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References

  1. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2021.
  2. "Medical School". Archived from the original on 7 August 2004.
  3. "Pharmacy School". Archived from the original on 12 September 2007.
  4. "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Hradec Králové" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 21 December 2015. pp. 3–4.
  5. "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Statutární město Hradec Králové. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  6. "Spolupracující města" (in Czech). Statutární město Hradec Králové. Retrieved 5 June 2020.