Hron

Last updated
Hron
Rieka hron starytekov.jpg
The Hron near Starý Tekov
Hron River - location and watershed map.svg
Slovakia - background map.png
Current and watershed of the Hron River in Slovakia
Location
Country Slovakia
Region Banská Bystrica, Nitra
Physical characteristics
Source Hron
 - location Kráľova hoľa near Telgárt, Low Tatras, Banská Bystrica Region
 - elevation980 m (3,220 ft)
Mouth Danube River
 - locationKamenica nad Hronom, Nitra Region
 - elevation112 m (367 ft)
Length298 km (185 mi)
Basin size5,453 km2 (2,105 sq mi)
Discharge 
 - average53.7 m3/s (1,900 cu ft/s)
 - minimum7.6 m3/s (270 cu ft/s)
 - maximum1,050 m3/s (37,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - left Slatina
Progression DanubeBlack Sea

The Hron (Slovak : Hron, German : Gran, Hungarian : Garam, Latin : Granus) is a 298-kilometre (185 mi) long left tributary of the Danube and the second-longest river in Slovakia. It flows from its source in the Low Tatra Mountains (below Kráľova hoľa) through central and southern Slovakia, emptying into the Danube near Štúrovo and Esztergom. Major cities and towns on the Hron are Brezno, Banská Bystrica, Sliač, Zvolen, Žiar nad Hronom, Žarnovica, Nová Baňa, Tlmače, Levice, Želiezovce, and Štúrovo.

Slovak language language spoken in Slovakia

Slovak or less frequently Slovakian is a West Slavic language. It is called slovenský jazyk or slovenčina in the language itself.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Hungarian language language spoken in and around Hungary

Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and parts of several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America and Israel. Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family. With 13 million speakers, it is the family's largest member by number of speakers.

Contents

The river's basin covers approximately 11 percent of Slovakia's territory.

Etymology

The name is probably of Germanic origin; *Granahua: gran – spruce, ahua – water. [1]

History

The name of the river was mentioned for the first time in 170, when Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote his Meditations at the Hron (Latin : Granus ) river. [2] The first recorded medieval name was Gron (1075). [2] From the 17th century until the 1930s, the river was used for wood transport.

Marcus Aurelius Roman Emperor and philosopher

Marcus Aurelius, called the Philosopher, was a Roman emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled the Roman Empire with his adoptive brother Lucius Verus until Lucius' death in 169. He was the last of the rulers traditionally known as the Five Good Emperors. He is also seen as the last emperor of the Pax Romana, an age of relative peace and stability for the Empire. His personal philosophical writings, now commonly known as Meditations, are a significant source of the modern understanding of ancient Stoic philosophy. They have been praised by fellow writers, philosophers, and monarchs – as well as by poets and politicians – centuries after his death.

<i>Meditations</i> literary work by Marcus Aurelius

Meditations is a series of personal writings by Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD, recording his private notes to himself and ideas on Stoic philosophy.

Grannus water deity

In the Celtic polytheism of classical antiquity, Grannus was a deity associated with spas, healing thermal and mineral springs, and the sun. He was regularly identified with Apollo as Apollo Grannus. He was frequently worshipped in conjunction with Sirona, and sometimes with Mars and other deities.

The Slovak produced bus Granus was named after this river.

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Banská Bystrica Region Region in Slovakia

The Banská Bystrica Region is one of the eight regions of Slovakia. It is the largest region by area, and has a lower population density than any other region. The Banská Bystrica region was established in 1923; its borders were last adjusted in 1996. Banská Bystrica consists of 514 municipalities, 24 of which have town status. Its administrative center is the eponymous town of Banská Bystrica, which is also the region's largest town. Other important towns are Zvolen and Brezno.

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Bzenica is a village and municipality in Žiar nad Hronom District in the Banská Bystrica Region of central Slovakia.

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Slovenská Ľupča Village in Slovakia

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Urpín

Urpín is a mountain in the city of Banská Bystrica, Slovakia. It is situated on the left bank of the Hron river, above the old town. Despite its low elevation of 510 m AMSL (1,673 ft), Urpín dominates the cityscape due to its proximity to the city center. The mountain offers a panoramic view of the Hron basin from the easternmost outskirts of Banská Bystrica to the town of Zvolen, as well as of the surrounding mountain ranges of the Low Tatras and the Veľká Fatra. It is accessible by several hiking trails from the center of Banská Bystrica. Historical monuments located on Urpín chart the turbulent history of the city built underneath this mountain. However, in defiance of its urban environs, the largely forested mountain is characterized by the surprisingly diverse fauna and flora.

Horehronie region in Central Slovakia

Horehronie is a tourism and geographic region of Slovakia. It is situated in the Banská Bystrica and Brezno districts and encompasses the upper Hron River valley and the surrounding Low Tatra mountain ranges. The Slovak entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 was "Horehronie", an ode to the region, performed by singer Kristína.

References

  1. Krško, Jaromír (2008). Hydronymia povodia Hrona (in Slovak). Banská Bystrica: Univerzita Mateja Bela. p. 81. ISBN   978-80-8083-611-5.
  2. 1 2 Krško, Jaromír (June 2003). "Názvy potokov v Banskej Bystrici a okolí". Bystrický Permon. 1 (2): 8.

Coordinates: 47°49′N18°45′E / 47.817°N 18.750°E / 47.817; 18.750

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.