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Rieka hron starytekov.jpg
The Hron near Starý Tekov
Hron River - location and watershed map.svg
Slovakia - background map.png
Current and watershed of the Hron River in Slovakia
Country Slovakia
Region Banská Bystrica, Nitra
Physical characteristics
  location Kráľova hoľa near Telgárt, Low Tatras, Banská Bystrica Region
  elevation980 m (3,220 ft)
Mouth Danube
Kamenica nad Hronom, Nitra Region
112 m (367 ft)
Length271 km (168 mi)
Basin size5,465 km2 (2,110 sq mi)
  average53.7 m3/s (1,900 cu ft/s)
  minimum7.6 m3/s (270 cu ft/s)
  maximum1,050 m3/s (37,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Progression DanubeBlack Sea
  left Slatina

The Hron (Slovak : Hron; German : Gran; Hungarian : Garam; Latin : Granus) is a 271-kilometre (168 mi) long left tributary of the Danube [1] and the second-longest river in Slovakia. It flows from its source in the Low Tatra Mountains (below Kráľova hoľa) through central and southern Slovakia, emptying into the Danube near Štúrovo and Esztergom. Major cities and towns on the Hron are Brezno, Banská Bystrica, Sliač, Zvolen, Žiar nad Hronom, Žarnovica, Nová Baňa, Tlmače, Levice, Želiezovce, and Štúrovo.


The river's basin covers 5,465 km2 (2,110 sq mi), [1] which is approximately 11 percent of Slovakia's territory.

Hron is a popular destination of water tourism.


The name is probably of Germanic origin; *Granahua: gran – spruce, ahua – water. [2]


The name of the river was mentioned for the first time in 170, when Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote his Meditations at the Hron (Latin : Granus ) river. [3] The first recorded medieval name was Gron (1075). [3] From the 17th century until the 1930s, the river was used for wood transport.

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Telgárt is a village and municipality in Brezno District, in the Banská Bystrica Region of central Slovakia.

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Žarnovica is a town and municipality in the Žarnovica District, Banská Bystrica Region in Slovakia. The town is situated in the Hron river valley. It has a population of around 6,000 people.


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Low Tatras National Park

Low Tatras National Park is a national park in Central Slovakia, between the Váh River and the Hron River valleys. The park and its buffer zone cover the whole Low Tatras mountain range. The National Park covers an area of 728 km² and its buffer zone covers an area of 1,102 km², which makes it the largest national park in Slovakia.


Urpín is a mountain in the city of Banská Bystrica, Slovakia. It is situated on the left bank of the Hron river, above the old town. Despite its low elevation of 510 m AMSL (1,673 ft), Urpín dominates the cityscape due to its proximity to the city center. The mountain offers a panoramic view of the Hron basin from the easternmost outskirts of Banská Bystrica to the town of Zvolen, as well as of the surrounding mountain ranges of the Low Tatras and the Veľká Fatra. It is accessible by several hiking trails from the center of Banská Bystrica. Historical monuments located on Urpín chart the turbulent history of the city built underneath this mountain. However, in defiance of its urban environs, the largely forested mountain is characterized by the surprisingly diverse fauna and flora.


Horehronie is a tourism and geographic region of Slovakia. It is situated in the Banská Bystrica and Brezno districts and encompasses the upper Hron River valley and the surrounding Low Tatra mountain ranges. The Slovak entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 was "Horehronie", an ode to the region, performed by singer Kristína.

Meandre Hrona

Meandre Hrona is a nature reserve in the Slovak municipalities of Telgárt and Šumiac in the Brezno District. The nature reserve covers an area of 104 ha of the upper Hron river between the Telgárt and Červená skala railway stations. It has a protection level of 4 under the Slovak nature protection system. The nature reserve is located in the protective border around the Low Tatras National Park.


  1. 1 2 Plán manažmentu povodňového rizikavčiastkovom povodí Hrona, p. 38
  2. Krško, Jaromír (2008). Hydronymia povodia Hrona (in Slovak). Banská Bystrica: Univerzita Mateja Bela. p. 81. ISBN   978-80-8083-611-5.
  3. 1 2 Krško, Jaromír (June 2003). "Názvy potokov v Banskej Bystrici a okolí". Bystrický Permon. 1 (2): 8.

Coordinates: 47°49′N18°45′E / 47.817°N 18.750°E / 47.817; 18.750