Hron

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Hron
Rieka hron starytekov.jpg
The Hron near Starý Tekov
Hron River - location and watershed map.svg
Slovakia - background map.png
Current and watershed of the Hron River in Slovakia
Location
Country Slovakia
Region Banská Bystrica, Nitra
Physical characteristics
SourceHron
  location Kráľova hoľa near Telgárt, Low Tatras, Banská Bystrica Region
  elevation980 m (3,220 ft)
Mouth Danube River
  location
Kamenica nad Hronom, Nitra Region
  elevation
112 m (367 ft)
Length298 km (185 mi)
Basin size5,453 km2 (2,105 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average53.7 m3/s (1,900 cu ft/s)
  minimum7.6 m3/s (270 cu ft/s)
  maximum1,050 m3/s (37,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
  left Slatina
Progression DanubeBlack Sea

The Hron (Slovak : Hron; German : Gran; Hungarian : Garam; Latin : Granus) is a 298-kilometre (185 mi) long left tributary of the Danube and the second-longest river in Slovakia. It flows from its source in the Low Tatra Mountains (below Kráľova hoľa) through central and southern Slovakia, emptying into the Danube near Štúrovo and Esztergom. Major cities and towns on the Hron are Brezno, Banská Bystrica, Sliač, Zvolen, Žiar nad Hronom, Žarnovica, Nová Baňa, Tlmače, Levice, Želiezovce, and Štúrovo.

Contents

The river's basin covers approximately 11 percent of Slovakia's territory.

Hron is a popular destination of water tourism.

Etymology

The name is probably of Germanic origin; *Granahua: gran – spruce, ahua – water. [1]

History

The name of the river was mentioned for the first time in 170, when Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote his Meditations at the Hron (Latin : Granus ) river. [2] The first recorded medieval name was Gron (1075). [2] From the 17th century until the 1930s, the river was used for wood transport.

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Telgárt is a village and municipality in Brezno District, in the Banská Bystrica Region of central Slovakia.

Žarnovica Town in Slovakia

Žarnovica is a town and municipality in the Žarnovica District, Banská Bystrica Region in Slovakia. The town is situated in the Hron river valley. It has a population of around 6,000 people.

Kosorín

Kosorín is a village and municipality in Žiar nad Hronom District in the Banská Bystrica Region of central Slovakia.

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Urpín

Urpín is a mountain in the city of Banská Bystrica, Slovakia. It is situated on the left bank of the Hron river, above the old town. Despite its low elevation of 510 m AMSL (1,673 ft), Urpín dominates the cityscape due to its proximity to the city center. The mountain offers a panoramic view of the Hron basin from the easternmost outskirts of Banská Bystrica to the town of Zvolen, as well as of the surrounding mountain ranges of the Low Tatras and the Veľká Fatra. It is accessible by several hiking trails from the center of Banská Bystrica. Historical monuments located on Urpín chart the turbulent history of the city built underneath this mountain. However, in defiance of its urban environs, the largely forested mountain is characterized by the surprisingly diverse fauna and flora.

Horehronie

Horehronie is a tourism and geographic region of Slovakia. It is situated in the Banská Bystrica and Brezno districts and encompasses the upper Hron River valley and the surrounding Low Tatra mountain ranges. The Slovak entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 was "Horehronie", an ode to the region, performed by singer Kristína.

References

  1. Krško, Jaromír (2008). Hydronymia povodia Hrona (in Slovak). Banská Bystrica: Univerzita Mateja Bela. p. 81. ISBN   978-80-8083-611-5.
  2. 1 2 Krško, Jaromír (June 2003). "Názvy potokov v Banskej Bystrici a okolí". Bystrický Permon. 1 (2): 8.

Coordinates: 47°49′N18°45′E / 47.817°N 18.750°E / 47.817; 18.750