Hso Khan Pha

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Hso Khan Pha
Hso Khan Pha.jpg
Hso Khan Pha was aged 14
Born(1938-04-15)15 April 1938
Yawnghwe State, British Burma
Died 4 October 2016(2016-10-04) (aged 78)
Innisfail, Alberta, Canada
Throne(s) claimed Yawnghwe
Pretend from 21 November 1962
Monarchy abolished 1962
Last monarch Sao Shwe Thaik
Connection with Son
Father Sao Shwe Thaik
Mother Sao Nang Hearn Kham
Spouse Rosemary Catherine Otte
Children Rebecca Sanda-Devi
Haŏ Shwe-Thaike
Jessica Ying Sita
Hsŏ Kham-Serk

Prince Hso Khan Pha of Yawnghwe (Burmese : စဝ်ခမ်းဖ, aka Tiger; 15 April 1938 – 4 October 2016) was a consulting geologist who lived in exile in Canada. He was a son of Sao Shwe Thaik, the Saopha of Yawnghwe and Sao Nang Hearn Kham, the Mahadevi (consort). [1] Sao Shwe Thaik was the first President of the democratic and newly independent Union of Burma from 1948-52.

Burmese language language spoken in Myanmar

The Burmese language is the Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Myanmar where it is an official language and the language of the Bamar people, the country's principal ethnic group. Although the Constitution of Myanmar officially recognizes the English name of the language as the Myanmar language, most English speakers continue to refer to the language as Burmese, after Burma, the older name for Myanmar. In 2007, it was spoken as a first language by 33 million, primarily the Bamar (Burman) people and related ethnic groups, and as a second language by 10 million, particularly ethnic minorities in Myanmar and neighboring countries.

Geologist Scientist who studies geology

A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid, liquid, and gaseous matter that constitutes the Earth and other terrestrial planets, as well as the processes that shape them. Geologists usually study geology, although backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, and other sciences are also useful. Field work is an important component of geology, although many subdisciplines incorporate laboratory work.

Sao Shwe Thaik President of Burma and the last Saopha of Yawnghwe

Sao Shwe Thaik was the first president of the Union of Burma and the last Saopha of Yawnghwe. His full royal style was Kambawsarahta Thiri Pawaramahawuntha Thudamaraza. He was a well-respected Shan political figure in Burma. His residence in Nyaung Shwe (Yawnghwe), the Haw, is now the "Buddha Museum" and is open to the public.



The Prince's education was first started at a local school in Yawnghwe (Nyaung Shwe) at convents run by Roman Catholic Church nuns at Kalaw and Hsenwi (Theinni) in the Shan State, later in 1949 attended The Doon School at Dehra Dun (Dehradun) in India, graduating in 1954; studied for two years at Rangoon University; attended the Bell School of Languages at Cambridge, England, and the Cambridgeshire Technical College; graduated in 1964 from the University of Keele, England, with a BA (Hons) in Geology and Political Institutions.

Kalaw Town in Shan State, Myanmar

Kalaw is a hill town in the Shan State of Myanmar. It is located in Kalaw Township in Taunggyi District.

Theinni Town in Shan State, Myanmar

Theinni or Hsenwi is a town in northern Shan State of Burma, situated near the north bank of the Nam Tu River and now the centre of Hsenwi Township in Lashio District. It is 28 miles north of Lashio. It is 2,100 feet above sea level.

Shan State State in East central, Myanmar

Shan State is a state of Myanmar. Shan State borders China to the north, Laos to the east, and Thailand to the south, and five administrative divisions of Burma in the west. Largest of the 14 administrative divisions by land area, Shan State covers 155,800 km², almost a quarter of the total area of Burma. The state gets its name from the Shan people, one of several ethnic groups that inhabit the area. Shan State is largely rural, with only three cities of significant size: Lashio, Kengtung, and the capital, Taunggyi. Taunggyi is 150.7 km north east of the nation's capital Naypyitaw.


Tiger married Rosemary Catherine Otte in 1976 and had four children, including: Rebecca Sanda-Devi, Haŏ Shwe-Thaike, Jessica Ying Sita, and Hsŏ Kham-Serk.


Upon graduating he was hired as a geologist in England, and went to prospect for diamonds in the Ivory Coast. West Africa, for the DeBeers, Diamond Corporation Limited; in 1966 transferred to Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Company Limited, starting first in Flin Flon, Manitoba, and on to exploration projects in Ontario and Quebec; joined Mattagami Lake Mines as a Senior Exploration Geologist in 1970; in 1972 became Senior Project Geologist in charge of all explorations in western Canada; opened the Western Exploration Office for Mattagami Lake Mines in Edmonton, 1975; became an independent geological consultant in 1976, working briefly in 1977 for Alberta Environment; in 1978 started consulting in the oil-patch; sought the Liberal nomination in the federal riding of Elk Island in April 1993.

Ivory Coast State in West Africa

Ivory Coast or Côte d'Ivoire, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country located on the south coast of West Africa. Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country, while its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan. It borders Guinea and Liberia to the west, Burkina Faso and Mali to the north, Ghana to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south.

West Africa westernmost region of the African continent

West Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, as well as the United Kingdom Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. The population of West Africa is estimated at about 362 million people as of 2016, and at 381,981,000 as of 2017, to which 189,672,000 are female, and 192,309,000 male.

Flin Flon City in Canada

Flin Flon is a mining city in Canada. It is located on a correction line in the boundary of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, with the majority of the city located within Manitoba. Residents thus travel south into Saskatchewan, and north into Manitoba.

Humanitarian aid

Prince Hso Khan Pha worked with exiled Prince Shwebomin of Burma to promote the protection of the Shan People's religious, traditional, culture, and indegenious land rights in Burma.

Shan people ethnic group

The Shan are a Tai ethnic group of Southeast Asia. The Shan live primarily in the Shan State of Burma (Myanmar), but also inhabit parts of Mandalay Region, Kachin State, and Kayin State, and in adjacent regions of China, Laos, Assam and Thailand. Though no reliable census has been taken in Burma since 1935, the Shan are estimated to number 4–6 million, with CIA Factbook giving an estimation of 5 million spread throughout Myanmar.

Hso Khan Pha was politically active in many groups, pressuring the government of Burma. He also worked with Shan exiles abroad to help provide schooling for displaced Shan children whose parents were unable to send them to school.


Professional Societies

APEGGA (Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists, and Geophysicists of Alberta); Association of Exploration Geochemists; Fellow, Geological Association of Canada and former member, Association of Alberta Petroleum Geologists.

Service Organizations

Founding member and past President of the human rights society - Burma Watch International.

Other Societies

Royal Alberta United Services Institute; Associate of the Garrison Officers Club, Mewata Armouries, Calgary.


The Yawnghwe royal family is descended from King Beingyayett (who ruled in 661-600 BC). The family ruled in what is now northern Burma and southwestern China. In 1358, the Saopha (King/Ruler) Si Hseng Hpa, a direct ancestor of this family formed his capital at Yawnghwe.

In 1850, Sao Suu Deva, Crown Prince of Yawnghwe, was assassinated by a rival claimant. King Mindon of Burma helped Prince Deva's son Sao Maung (aka Sir Sao Maung - knighted by George V of the United Kingdom) regain the crown of Yawnghwe. In 1927, Sao Shwe Thaike ascended the throne of Yangwhe, succeeding his uncle Sao Maung.

Sao Shwe Thaike (b. October 1896) was instrumental in laying the foundation in 1945 for what was to become the Union of Burma in 1948. Thaike served as President of the Constitutional Assembly and was elected by Parliament to serve as the first President of the Union in 1948. On 4 January 1948 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, handed the Union of Burma its independence.

The Mahadevi Sao Nang Hearn Kham (b. May 1916), Tiger’s mother, is sister to Saopha of Hsenwi, another ancient House. It is said by some Thai scholars that King Ramakhamheng of Sukhothai (the 13th Century precursor of modern Thailand ) was a scion of the House of Hsenwi. Sao Hern was elected to the Chamber of Deputies (Lower House or House of Commons) from 1954-58. In 1963, after Ne Wins coup of 1962 and the funeral of her husband Sao Shwe Thaike, she fled to Thailand with her younger children. Upon crossing the Thai border, the Provincial Governor called on the Mahadevi with a message of protection from the king. During her time in Thailand she organized and founded the Shan State Army (of resistance to Ne Win’s dictatorship). She became its commander-in-chief and her second son Chao Tzang served as her right-hand man. The Mahadevi lived quietly in Alberta. He died in his sleep of a heart attack on 4 October 2016. [2]




  1. Genealogy
  2. Ctvnews
  3. Peace Hall

See also

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