Huásabas

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Huásabas is the municipal seat of Huásabas Municipality in the northeast of the Mexican state of Sonora. The municipal area is 711.17 km² (274.58 mi²) with a population of 966 registered in 2000. [1] Most of the inhabitants live in the municipal seat.

Huásabas Municipality is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Huásabas is connected to Moctezuma by a paved road; the distance being 47 km. The state capital, Hermosillo, lies at a distance of 215 km.

Hermosillo City in Sonora, Mexico

Hermosillo, formerly called Pitic, is a city located centrally in the northwestern Mexican state of Sonora. It is the capital and largest city as well as the main economic center for the state and region. As of 2015, the city has a population of 812,229 inhabitants, making it the 16th largest city in Mexico. The recent city population spur is due to its recent strong industrialization, especially in the automotive industry.

It was founded in 1645 by the Jesuit missionary Marcos del Río, with the name of "San Francisco de Huásaca". The land was occupied at the time by the Ópata Indians. In the Ópata language, Huásaca has two meanings: place of grassy lands or place of lands full of trash carried by the river. [2]

The land is mountainous and the main settlement lies at an elevation of 850 meters (2,790 ft). The average annual temperature is 20.3 °C (68.5 °F) and the average annual rainfall is 490.8 mm (19.32 in). [2]

The region is crossed by the Río Bavispe, which is a tributary of the Río Yaqui.

Agriculture and cattle raising are the two main economic activities. Corn and beans are raised for subsistence while grasses are grown for cattle fodder. The cattle herd was 10,120 head in 2000. [3] The economically active population in 2000 was only 347 workers in 2000. [2] Important communities from Huásabas now live in Hermosillo, the capital city of Sonora, and in Tucson, Arizona. Still, they maintain strong ties to "El Pueblo" (the Town) and most of them come back once or twice a year, since both cities are located at a distance no longer than a four-hour drive.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Special celebrations take place on August 15, when the "Fiesta Patronal" occurs to commemorate the Assumption of Mary, the patron saint of Huásabas, including dances in the main square, rodeos, horse races, and music bands on the streets. Holy Week is extensively celebrated with solemn Catholic rites and a vivid performance of the Via Crucis on Good Friday.

In Huásabas cowboy culture is historically and profoundly rooted, which can still be observed in men's clothing, specially the extensive use of Texan style hats (sombreros) and boots, rodeos (jaripeos), and the extended usage of horse riding among cattle tenders.


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References

Coordinates: 29°54′N109°18′W / 29.900°N 109.300°W / 29.900; -109.300