Hu Jinqing

Last updated
Hu Jinqing
Native name
胡进庆
BornMarch 1936
Died13 May 2019(2019-05-13) (aged 83)
Shanghai, China
OccupationAnimator, director
Notable work
The Fight Between the Snipe and the Clam (1983),
Calabash Brothers (1986–87)
Awards Golden Rooster Award for Best Animation (1984)
Silver Bear for Best Short Film (1984)

Hu Jinqing (Chinese :胡进庆; March 1936 – 13 May 2019) was a Chinese animator and film director, and a pioneer in adapting the traditional art of Chinese paper cutting to animation. His film The Fight Between the Snipe and the Clam won the Silver Bear for Best Short Film at the 1984 Berlin International Film Festival. He co-directed the 1980s animated television series Calabash Brothers and created the Hulu (Calabash) Babies, which have become some of the most popular animated characters in China.

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Chinese paper cutting

The art of paper cutting in China may date back to the second century CE, since paper was invented by Cai Lun in the Eastern Han Dynasty in China. As paper became more affordable, paper-cutting became one of the most important types of Chinese folk art. Later, this art form spread to other parts of the world, with different regions adopting their own cultural styles. Because the cut-outs are often used to decorate doors and windows, they are sometimes referred to as chuāng huā (窗花), window flowers or window paper-cuts. People glued the papercuts to the exterior of windows, so the light from the inside would shine through the negative space of the cutout. Usually, the artworks are made of red paper, as red is associated with festivities and happiness in Chinese culture, but other colours were also used. Normally paper-cutting artwork is used on festivals like Spring Festival, weddings and childbirth. Papercuts always symbolize luck and happiness.

<i>The Fight Between the Snipe and the Clam</i> 1983 Chinese animated film

The Fight Between the Snipe and the Clam, also translated as Snipe–Clam Grapple, is a 1983 Chinese animated film directed by Hu Jinqing and produced by the Shanghai Animation Film Studio. It won the Silver Bear for Best Short Film at the Berlin International Film Festival in February 1984.

Contents

Life and career

The Fight Between the Snipe and the Clam FightBetweenSnipeClam.jpg
The Fight Between the Snipe and the Clam

Hu was born in March 1936 [1] in Changzhou, Jiangsu, Republic of China. [2] He joined the Shanghai Animation Film Studio in the 1950s as a young artist. [2]

Changzhou Prefecture-level city in Jiangsu, Peoples Republic of China

Changzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Jiangsu province, China. It was previously known as Yanling, Lanling and Jinling. Located on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, Changzhou borders the provincial capital of Nanjing to the west, Zhenjiang to the northwest, Wuxi to the east, and the province of Zhejiang to the south. Changzhou is located in the highly developed Yangtze Delta region of China extending from Shanghai going northwest. The population of Changzhou city was 4,592,431 at the 2010 census.

Jiangsu Province of China

Jiangsu is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China. It is one of the leading provinces in finance, education, technology, and tourism, with its capital in Nanjing. Jiangsu is the third smallest, but the fifth most populous and the most densely populated of the 23 provinces of the People's Republic of China. Jiangsu has the highest GDP per capita of Chinese provinces and second-highest GDP of Chinese provinces, after Guangdong. Jiangsu borders Shandong in the north, Anhui to the west, and Zhejiang and Shanghai to the south. Jiangsu has a coastline of over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) along the Yellow Sea, and the Yangtze River passes through the southern part of the province.

Shanghai Animation Film Studio also known as SAFS is a Chinese animation studio based in Shanghai, China, as part of the Shanghai Film Group Corporation. Shanghai Animation Film Studio was officially established in April, 1957, led by pioneering animators and artists including Te Wei, and Wan Brothers. It has produced around 500 films with over 40,000 minutes of original animation data source, covering 80% of China's domestic animation production.

In 1958, he assisted Wan Guchan, a founder of China's animation industry, in making the first-ever Chinese paper cutting animation film, Pigsy Eats Watermelon . [2] [3]

Wan Guchan Chinese animator

Wan Guchan was a Chinese filmmaker. Born in Nanjing, Jiangsu, he was one of the Wan brothers who pioneered the Chinese animations industry.

<i>Pigsy Eats Watermelon</i> 1958 short film

Pigsy Eats Watermelon is a 1958 Chinese animation film produced at the Shanghai Animation Film Studio by Wan Laiming and Wan Guchan. It is also translated as "Mr. Pig Eats Watermelon" or "Zhu Bajie Eats Watermelon". Wan Guchan innovated a new paper-cut technique and this film was the first to utilize the method.

In 1983, Hu directed the animated short film The Fight Between the Snipe and the Clam , based on the Chinese proverb "in the fight between the snipe and the clam, the fisherman has the best of it". [4] Hu was praised for bringing "vibrant, entirely believable life" to his animation, with "impeccable" timing that makes the movements of the animals "remarkably real". [4] The film won the 1984 Golden Rooster Award for Best Animation. [1] It garnered international attention when it was shown at Animafest Zagreb [4] and won the Silver Bear for Best Short Film at the 1984 Berlin International Film Festival. [5]

Snipe common name for birds

A snipe is any of about 26 wading bird species in three genera in the family Scolopacidae. They are characterized by a very long, slender bill and crypsis, or camouflage, plumage. The Gallinago snipes have a nearly worldwide distribution, the Lymnocryptes snipe is restricted to Asia and Europe and the Coenocorypha snipes are found only in the outlying islands of New Zealand. The four species of painted snipe are not closely related to the typical snipes, and are placed in their own family, the Rostratulidae.

The Golden Rooster Award for Best Animation (中国电影金鸡奖最佳美术片) is a category of competition of the Golden Rooster Awards.

Animafest Zagreb

World Festival of Animated Film Zagreb, also known as Animafest Zagreb, is a film festival entirely dedicated to animated film held annually in Zagreb, Croatia. Initiated by the International Animated Film Association (ASIFA), the event was established in 1972. Animafest is the second oldest animation festival in the World, after the Annecy International Animated Film Festival.

In the 1980s, Hu, together with Ge Guiyun and Zhou Keqin, co-directed the animated television series Calabash Brothers . It was extremely popular when aired in 1986 to 1987. [6] The Hulu (Calabash) Babies, the characters they created in the series, have become some of the most popular animated characters in China, exceeded only by Sun Wukong. [2]

<i>Calabash Brothers</i> Chinese animated television series

Calabash Brothers or Hulu Brothers is a Chinese animation TV series produced by Shanghai Animation Film Studio and directed by Hu Jinqing, Ge Guiyun, and Zhou Keqin. It was extremely popular when aired on TV in 1986–1987.

Sun Wukong mythical character from Journey to the West

Sun Wukong, also known as the Monkey King, is a figure who features in a body of legends that can be traced back to the Song dynasty. He appears as a main character in the 16th century Chinese classical novel Journey to the West (西游记) and is found in many later stories and adaptations. In the novel, he is a monkey born from a stone who acquires supernatural powers through Taoist practices. After rebelling against heaven and being imprisoned under a mountain by the Buddha, he later accompanies the monk Tang Sanzang on a journey to retrieve Buddhist sutras from "the West".

Hu continued to make animated films until the late 1990s and was an advocate for wildlife conservation. His 1998 film, Snow Fox, has been praised as "a beautifully animated and deeply felt appeal for the protection of the wildlife". [4]

Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting wild plant and animal species and their habitats. Wildlife plays an important role in balancing the ecosystem and provides stability to different natural processes of nature like rainfall, changing of temperature, and fertility of soil. The goal of wildlife conservation is to ensure that nature will be around for future generations to enjoy and also to recognize the importance of wildlife and wilderness for humans and other species alike. Many nations have government agencies and NGO's dedicated to wildlife conservation, which help to implement policies designed to protect wildlife. Numerous independent non-profit organizations also promote various wildlife conservation causes.

Hu directed more than 10 animated films, three of which won the Excellent Film Award from the Ministry of Culture of China, including The Naughty Snub-nosed Monkey, The Fight Between the Snipe and the Clam, and The Straw Man. [1] He also participated in the production of more than 30 animated films, including The Proud General , The Fisher Boy, The Ginseng Baby, and The Golden Conch. [2]

On 13 May 2019, Hu died at Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, at the age of 83. [2] [3]

Filmography

Sources: [1] [4]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 ""葫芦娃之父"胡进庆逝世 享年83岁 晚年曾陷抑郁症风波". Business Times (in Chinese). 2019-05-13. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "中国经典动画《葫芦兄弟》《鹬蚌相争》导演胡进庆在上海去世". Xinhua. 2019-05-13. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  3. 1 2 Zhou Huixiaowan 周慧晓婉. ""葫芦娃之父"导演胡进庆去世,享年83岁". The Beijing News. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Lent, John A. (2001). Animation in Asia and the Pacific. Indiana University Press. p. 22. ISBN   978-0-253-34035-1.
  5. Zhang, Yingjin (2012). A Companion to Chinese Cinema. John Wiley & Sons. p. 257. ISBN   978-1-4443-3029-8.
  6. Ye, Tan; Zhu, Yun (2012). Historical Dictionary of Chinese Cinema. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 15. ISBN   978-0-8108-6779-6.