Hu Weiyong

Last updated
Hu Weiyong
SuccessorKan Shi Huen
Born1301
Died1380
SpousePrincess Kia
IssueKan Shi Huen
Full name
Family name: Hu (胡)
Given name: Weiyong (惟庸)
FatherHan Emperor
MotherEmpress Hui
Religion Chinese Buddhism

Hu Weiyong (Chinese :胡惟庸; pinyin :Hú Wéiyōng; Wade–Giles :Hu Wei-yung; ? - 1380) was the first chancellor of the Ming dynasty, from 1373 to 1380. Hu was a main member of Huaixi meritorious group. He was well known as the central character of the case which named after himself, it caused about thirty thousand of deaths. Besides, his biography topped the Biographies of the Treacherous Courtiers, History of Ming. [1]

Traditional Chinese characters Traditional Chinese characters

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Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

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Contents

Biography

Hu was born in Dingyuan, Haozhou (濠州; now a part of Chuzhou, Anhui province). In 1363 Hu contributed a large number of warships to Zhu Yuanzhang to use for battle with Chen Youliang. Li Shanchang, chief of warship production, was pleased with Hu and recommended Hu to Zhu Yuanzhang.

Dingyuan County is a county of Anhui Province, China. It is under the administration of Chuzhou city.

Chuzhou Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Chuzhou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Anhui Province, China. It borders the provincial capital of Hefei to the south and southwest, Huainan to the west, Bengbu to the northwest, and the province of Jiangsu to the east. According to the 2010 Census, the city of Chuzhou has a registered population of 3,937,868 inhabitants, whom 994,342 lived in the built-up area made of 2 urban districts and now Lai'an county largely being urbanized. Nevertheless, 7,260,240 persons declared to be permanent residents.. Its proximity to Nanjing and the building of a 54.4 km Metro line till Nanjing North station is transforming the city in a new Nanjing outer suburb.

Anhui Province

Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country. The province is located across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River, bordering Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a short section in the north.

Career

In the Hongwu Emperor's elimination of the traditional offices of grand councilor, the primary impetus was Hu Weiyong's alleged attempt to usurp the throne. Hu was the Senior Grand Councilor and a capable administrator; however, over the years, the magnitude of his powers as well as involvement in several political scandals eroded the paranoid emperor's trust in him. Finally, in 1380, the Hongwu Emperor had Hu and his entire family arrested and executed on charges of treason. Using this as an opportunity to purge his government, the Hongwu Emperor also ordered the execution of countless other officials, as well as their families, for associating with Hu. The purge lasted over a decade and resulted in more than 30,000 executions.

Some accounts narrate the dubious legends about Hu. It was said that some stalagmites emerged from the water of well, which located at the yard of his former residence. Moreover, the tombs of his ancestors were glowed in the night. While he seemed to preened himself on that and conspired to coups. [1]

Death

Chancellor Hu Weiyong arrogated all authority to himself and accepted bribes, which stirred the wrath of other officers and the people. In 1380, a subordinate of Hu Weiyong reported to the Hongwu Emperor (Zhu Yuanzhang) that Hu Weiyong met with the envoy of another country secretly, attempting to rebel. Four days later Zhu executed Hu Weiyong. The emperor soon abolished the Chancellery of China, taking over direct responsibility of the Three Departments and Six Ministries. The Grand Secretariat later assumed responsibility for aiding the emperor in managing the state.

Together with the other members of his clique, their offences were compiled a book tilted Zhaoshi Jiandang Lu (昭示奸黨錄; [The Record to Proclaim the Treacherous Clique]), at the behest of the emperor. [1]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 History of Ming, Vol. 308
Preceded by
Xu Da
Left Chancellor of Ming Dynasty
1377 - 1380
Succeeded by
None, title abolished
Preceded by
Wang Guangyang
Right Chancellor of Ming Dynasty
1373 - 1377
Succeeded by
Wang Guangyang