Hubert Walter

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  1. Although the Complete Peerage lists Theobald as the eldest brother, other historians are not so sure that he was eldest. [5]
  2. The cathedral chapter at York presented five possible candidates to the king for his approval, but all five were rejected. It is not clear why all the names were rejected, but quite possibly it had nothing to do with the suitability of the candidates but rather stemmed from the king's desire to continue to keep the see vacant in order to keep receiving the income of York, which went to the king when a see was vacant. [13]
  3. This process of appropriating the revenues of a vacant see was known as Regalian right. [23]
  4. Geoffrey was elected to York partly in fulfilment of King Henry's dying wish, and partly to place Geoffrey in holy orders and thus unable to contest for the English crown. However, the cathedral chapter had elected Walter shortly before Geoffrey's appointment, and for a short while, Walter appealed to Rome. [26]
  5. There were precedents for such recording, as in 1166, King Henry II had ordered a third copy of the Constitutions of Clarendon be saved in the royal archives, and there were also Anglo-Saxon administrative precursors. [12]
  6. The tomb may have been built by William the Englishman, who designed the Trinity Chapel in Canterbury Cathedral. [91]


  1. 1 2 3 Greenway "Deans" Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300 Volume 6: York
  2. 1 2 Cokayne Complete Peerage: Volume Two p. 447
  3. 1 2 3 Young Hubert Walter p. 4
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Stacey "Walter, Hubert" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  5. Mortimer "Family of Rannulf de Glanville" Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research p. 9
  6. Young Hubert Walter pp. 4–5
  7. Young Hubert Walter p. 5
  8. Young Hubert Walter p. 3 and footnote 1
  9. Quoted in Young Hubert Walter p. 4
  10. Young Hubert Walter pp. 7–8
  11. Clanchy From Memory to Written Record p. 229
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 Clanchy From Memory to Written Record pp. 68–73
  13. 1 2 Young Hubert Walter p. 19
  14. Young Hubert Walter p. 15
  15. Young Hubert Walter pp. 20–21
  16. Knowles Monastic Order p. 360
  17. Young Hubert Walter p. 22
  18. Young Hubert Walter pp. 13–15
  19. Young Hubert Walter pp. 29–30
  20. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 270
  21. Greenway "Bishops" Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300 Volume 4: Salisbury
  22. Gillingham Richard I p. 109
  23. Coredon Dictionary p. 236
  24. Young Hubert Walter p. 23
  25. Young Hubert Walter pp. 25–26
  26. Turner "Richard Lionheart and English Episcopal Elections" Albion pp. 4–5
  27. Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 115
  28. Gillingham Richard I p. 129
  29. Tyerman God's War pp. 428–429
  30. 1 2 3 Gillingham Richard I pp. 238–240
  31. Tyerman God's War p. 471
  32. Turner "Richard Lionheart and English Episcopal Elections" Albion p. 8
  33. Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 232
  34. Jones King John and Magna Carta p. 35
  35. Young Hubert Walter p. 45
  36. 1 2 Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 71
  37. Quoted in Young Hubert Walter p. 49
  38. Young Hubert Walter p. 51
  39. West Justiciarship pp. 79–80
  40. Powell and Wallis House of Lords pp. 101–102
  41. Jones King John and Magna Carta pp. 5–6
  42. Young Hubert Walter pp. 52–53
  43. Jones King John and Magna Carta p. 62
  44. Joliffe Angevin Kingship p. 66
  45. Turner King John pp. 38–39
  46. 1 2 Powell and Wallis House of Lords pp. 102–105
  47. Carpenter "Decline of the Curial Sheriff" English Historical Review p. 4
  48. 1 2 West Justiciarship pp. 80–81
  49. Cosman Medieval Wordbook p. 84
  50. 1 2 West Justiciarship in England pp. 90–91
  51. Coredon Dictionary p. 118
  52. Kemp "Exchequer and Bench" English Historical Review p. 560
  53. Young Hubert Walter pp. 118–119
  54. Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 200
  55. 1 2 Chrimes Introduction pp. 75–76
  56. Saul "Fine" Companion to Medieval England p. 105
  57. Clanchy From Memory to Written Record p. 68
  58. Heiser "Households of the Justiciars" Haskins Society Journal pp. 226–227
  59. 1 2 Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 345
  60. Gillingham Richard I p. 279
  61. Gillingham Richard I p. 280
  62. Young Hubert Walter pp. 127–128
  63. Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 411
  64. Knowles Monastic Order pp. 651–652
  65. Knowles Monastic Order p. 654
  66. Young Hubert Walter p. 73
  67. Knowles Monastic Order pp. 324–328
  68. Moorman Church Life pp. 111–112
  69. Moorman Church Life p. 121
  70. Moorman Church Life p. 226
  71. Young Hubert Walter pp. 141–142
  72. Mortimer Angevin England p. 208
  73. 1 2 3 Gillingham Richard I pp. 280–281
  74. Young Hubert Walter pp. 129–130
  75. Quoted in Warren King John p. 49
  76. Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 124
  77. Petit-Dutaillis Feudal Monarchy pp. 117–118
  78. 1 2 Warren King John pp. 134–135
  79. Quoted in Cheney "Levies on the English Clergy" English Historical Review p. 578
  80. Cheney "Levies on the English Clergy" English Historical Review p. 578
  81. Saul "Government" Companion to Medieval England p. 116
  82. Warren King John pp. 96–97
  83. Young Hubert Walter pp. 74–75
  84. Young Hubert Walter p. 76
  85. Young Hubert Walter pp. 102–103
  86. Harper-Bill "John and the Church" King John p. 303
  87. Clanchy From Memory to Written Record p. 97
  88. Knowles Monastic Order p. 363
  89. Turner "Religious Patronage" Albion pp. 11–12
  90. Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 595
  91. Reeve "Seat of Authority" Gesta p. 134
  92. Reeve "Seat of Authority" Gesta p. 136
  93. Hearn "Canterbury Cathedral" Art Bulletin p. 47
  94. Quoted in Gillingham "Historian as Judge" English Historical Review
  95. Gillingham "Historian as Judge" English Historical Review
  96. Church "Rewards of Royal Service" English Historical Review p. 295
  97. 1 2 Gillingham Richard I p. 274
  98. Chrimes Introduction pp. 42–43
  99. Gillingham Richard I pp. 275–276
  100. Mortimer Angevin England p. 70
  101. Hollister "King John and the Historians" Journal of British Studies p. 6
  102. Gillingham Richard I p. 256
  103. Moorman Church Life p. 159
  104. Quoted in Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 485
  105. Turner "Roman Law" Journal of British Studies p. 9
  106. Young Hubert Walter pp. 57–58
  107. Cheney Hubert Walter pp. 164–165
  108. Young Hubert Walter pp. 61–62
  109. Turner "Reputation of Royal Judges" Albion p. 309
  110. West Justiciarship in England p. 78
  111. Warren King John p. 127
  112. Chrimes Introduction p. 40
  113. Chrimes Introduction p. 52
  114. Turner "Who Was the Author of Glanvill?" Law and History Review pp. 113–114
  115. Clanchy From Memory to Written Record p. 73

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Hubert Walter
Archbishop of Canterbury
Hubert Walter statue, Canterbury Cathedral (cropped).jpg
Statue of Hubert Walter from the exterior of Canterbury Cathedral
Elected29 May 1193
Installed7 November 1193
Term ended13 July 1205
Predecessor Reginald fitzJocelin
(elected but died before consecration)
Successor Reginald
Other post(s) Bishop of Salisbury
Consecration22 October 1189
Personal details
Bornc. 1160
Died13 July 1205
BuriedTrinity Chapel in Canterbury Cathedral
ParentsHervey Walter
Maud de Valoignes
Chief Justiciar of England
In office
Political offices
Preceded by Lord Chancellor
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Justiciar
Succeeded by
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Salisbury
Succeeded by
Preceded by Archbishop of Canterbury
Succeeded by