Hubli

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Hubli
Hubballi
Hubliwiki.jpg
Clockwise from Top left; Chandramouleshwara Temple, KSCA Stadium, HD-BRTS, Rani Chennamma Circle, Infosys Hubli, Hubli City Skyline
Nickname(s): 
Chhota Bombay, Mini Bombay [1]
India Karnataka location map.svg
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Hubli
Location of Hubballi
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Hubli
Hubli (India)
Coordinates: 15°21′0.78″N75°08′15.45″E / 15.3502167°N 75.1376250°E / 15.3502167; 75.1376250 Coordinates: 15°21′0.78″N75°08′15.45″E / 15.3502167°N 75.1376250°E / 15.3502167; 75.1376250
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
StateKarnataka
Government
  MayorSudhir Saraf
Elevation
671 m (2,201 ft)
Population
 (2011)
   City 943,857 Hubli-Dharwad
  Rank India  : 49
Karnataka  : 2 (Along with Dharwad)
Karnataka (UA)  : 3 (Along with Dharwad)
   Metro
943,857 (Hubli-Dharwad Metropolitan Area)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Pincode(s)
580001 - 580064 (incl. Dharwad west end) [2]
Area code(s) +91-0836
Vehicle registration KA 25 (Navanagar RTO)
KA 63 (Gabbur RTO)
Official language Kannada
Website http://www.hdmc.mrc.gov.in

Hubli, officially known as Hubballi, is a City in the Indian state of Karnataka. The twin cities Hubli–Dharwad form the second largest city in the state by size and population and the largest city in North Karnataka. [3] Hubli is located in Dharwad district of Karnataka and is the taluk headquarters of Hubli City and Hubli Rural. Although it hosts the HDMC office, the district headquarters is located in Dharwad. [4]

Contents

It also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bangalore. [5] In 2016, Hubli-Dharwad was selected for solar city / green city master plans. [6] In 2017, government of India included Hubli-Dharwad city for a smart city project, a flagship scheme for overall development of infrastructure in the twin-cities. [7]

Etymology

The name Hubballi comes from Kannada Hoovina Balli which means "Flowering creeper" in Kannada. Hubli is the anglicised version of Hubballi.

History

Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Purvada Halli' or 'Purballi', was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jain basati. Under Vijayanagara Rayas, Rayara Hubli grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron. Under the rule of the Adilshahis, the British opened a factory here. The factory was looted by Shivaji in 1673. The Mughals conquered Rayara Hubli and it was then placed under the governance of the Nawab of Savanur, who built a new extension named Majidpura. Later, trader Basappa Shettar built new Hubli around the Durgadabail (fort maidan) part of Rayara Hubli.[ citation needed ]

Hubli's famous Moorusavira Matha is claimed to have been established by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period. Hubli was conquered by the Marathas from the Nawab of Savanur in 1755–56. In the following years, Hubli was conquered by Hyder Ali, only to be recaptured by the Marathas in 1790. At this point in time, the old town was administered by a person named Phadke under the Peshwas and the new town was under the administration of the Sangli Patwardhan. The British took Old Hubli from the Peshwas in 1817. The new town, with 47 other villages, was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of subsidy in 1820. Later in 1880, the British started the Railway workshop and with this, Hubli came to be reckoned as an industrial centre in this part of India. [8]

The impressive Chandramauleshwara temple in Unkal is from Chalukyan times. The Sufi shrine, Sayed Fathesha Wali, was visited by Tipu Sultan. [9]

Geography

Climate

Hubli-Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. Hubli is 640 meters above sea level. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm. [10]

Climate data for Hubli
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)29.1
(84.4)
31.7
(89.1)
34.5
(94.1)
40.0
(104.0)
38.5
(101.3)
28.2
(82.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F)14.5
(58.1)
15.7
(60.3)
18.6
(65.5)
27.0
(80.6)
25.0
(77.0)
20.9
(69.6)
20.9
(69.6)
20.2
(68.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.8
(65.8)
16.5
(61.7)
14.3
(57.7)
19.3
(66.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.4)
40
(1.6)
60
(2.4)
150
(5.9)
210
(8.3)
200
(7.9)
110
(4.3)
60
(2.4)
30
(1.2)
0
(0)
870
(34.4)
Source: [11]

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining the two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometres. The area covered by the corporation is spread over 45 revenue villages and is the second-largest city corporation in Karnataka after Bangalore. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 700,000. The population of Hubli-Dharwad is 943,857 according to 2011 Census. Hubli Municipal Council was established under the Government of India Act of 1850, and the Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. Both were merged later. [12] The headquarters of HDMC is situated in Hubli, comprising 67 members covering four Vidhan Sabha Constituencies of Hubli-Dharwad. There has been a huge demand by people of Dharwad to create a separate civic body and get itself detached by HDMC.Claims are that most of the funds are allocated to Hubli solely. [13]

Economy

Hubli is one of the commercial hubs of Karnataka. It has a wide cluster of industries and has more than a lakh small and medium industries. [14] The Government of India has set up a Software Technology Park of India on PuneBangalore Road and Aryabhata Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli. The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad and the Deccan plateau. Malnad is well known for its forests and forest-based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products including cotton, groundnut, and oilseeds, as well as manganese ore and granite.

The establishment of a new-generation diesel locomotive shed in the city by Indian Railways was another major boost for the development of industries in this region, as it was the first of its kind in Indian Railways history. The diesel locomotive shed at Hubli is the largest holder of EMD locomotives in India and was set up in 1880. [15]

Demographics

Population growth of Hubli 
CensusPopulation
190159,913
191161,4402.5%
192166,7728.7%
193183,49425.0%
194195,51214.4%
1951129,60935.7%
1961171,32632.2%
2001533,820
Source: Census of India [16] [17]

The population of the twin cities as per provisional figures of Census 2011 is 943,857 and is urban. [18] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased by 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298, and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The municipality covers 213 km2.

Education

B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology.jpg
B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology

Hubli, is an education centre in Karnataka, housing several educational institutions:

Transport

Air

Hubli Airport Hubballi Airport new Terminal.jpg
Hubli Airport

Hubli Airport ( IATA : HBX, ICAO : VOHB) is a domestic airport serving the twin cities of Hubli-Dharwad and North Karnataka in the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated on Gokul Road, 8 kilometres from city centre and 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Dharwad. It is the third busiest airport in Karnataka after Bangalore and Mangalore (both are international airports), the 45th busiest airport in India. In March 2020, Hubli airport received the best airport award under government of India's Regional connectivity scheme. [19] Hubli airport connects to 10 destinations throughout the country. Efforts are being taken to upgrade it to international standards. [20] [21]

Rail

Hubli Junction railway station, South Western Railway headquarters Hubli railway.jpg
Hubli Junction railway station, South Western Railway headquarters

The city currently has four stations and one Junction. The Hubli Junction railway station is the main railway station in the city with a built-up area of 161,460 sq. ft. [22] In September 2020, the union cabinet has approved the change of the station name to 'Shree Siddharoodha Swamiji Railway Station - Hubballi'. [23] [24] The other stations are Hubli South, Hubli East, Unkal, and Amargol. Hubli is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli Division. The Hubli Division is one of the highest revenue-generating divisions in India. Hubli is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network. Several trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country. [25] In November 2019, the work for extending a platform was undertaken by the Railways at the estimated cost of 90 Cr. According to railway officials, the length of the renewed platform is estimated at 1,400 meters, which would be longest in the world. [26] The work is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2020. [27] Hubballi also has a Heritage Rail museum. The Indian Railways currently has 11 railway museums across the country. For bringing glory to the proposed Rail Museum, narrow-gauge Railway Rolling Stocks, from different Railways are being displayed and work is moving at a rapid pace. It is proposed to collect photographs of Rail network going back to the 19th and early 20th century so that all old memories of Rail Journey can be part of the photo gallery in the proposed Rail Heritage Museum. [28]

Road

Hubli lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola–Gooty) and National Highway 218 (Hubli–Humnabad), which connect Hubli with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state-run corporation headquartered at Hubli. A semi ring road connecting NH4 (Pune–Bangalore), NH67 (Ankola–Gooty) and NH218 (Hubli–Humnabad) is already under construction.

Hubli-Dharwad Bus Rapid Transit System

Hdbrt2.jpg

Hubballi-Dharwad BRTS (also known as HDBRTS) is a bus rapid transit system built to serve the twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad, located in the North-Western part of Karnataka state in India. Hubli-Dharwad BRTS (HDBRTS) project is a Government of Karnataka initiative to foster long-term economic growth in the region. The project promotes fast, safe, comfortable, convenient and affordable public transportation between the twin cities and aims to reduce congestion and air pollution in the region.

The length of the Hubli-Dharwad BRTS corridor is 22.25 km (13.83 mi) from CBT Hubli to CBT–Dharwad with the width of the cross-sections ranging from 44 to 35 m (144 to 115 ft). The BRTS corridor includes segregated bus lanes, access-controlled bus stations, physical and fare integration with BRT feeder services, off-board ticketing through smart cards and bar-coded paper tickets, intelligent transport system and high-quality buses (Standard AC buses). The corridor is designed for operating regular and express services. It consists of two lanes for BRTS buses on either side of the median bus station facilitating overtaking lanes for express services. Foot overbridges at six locations, PELICAN signals, and synchronised signal management are proposed to facilitate the easy approach of passengers to bus stations. [29]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Dharwad City in Karnataka, India

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Hubli Airport Airport in Karnataka, India

Hubli Airport is a domestic airport serving the twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad in the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated on Gokul Road, 8 kilometres from Hubli and 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Dharwad.It is connected with 10 destinations throughout the country. Hubli Airport has been made self-reliant in terms of electricity generation with the commissioning of a 8 megawatt (MW) ground-mounted grid-connected photovoltaic solar plant in April 2021.

Transport in Karnataka

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Bangalore City railway station Railway station in Bangalore, India

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Chandramouleshwara Temple

The Chandramouleshwar Temple in Hubli City, Unkal area, is a 900 year old temple built during the Badami Chalukyan era. It is situated near Unkal circle, Unkal Lake

Kalas is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Kundgol taluk of Dharwad district in Karnataka. This is the native place of Guru Govindabhatta, who is the guru of Santha Shishunal Sharif. Today we can find Samadhi of Guru Govindabhatta here. His aradhana takes place every year during summer.

Siddhaganga Intercity Express

Siddaganga Intercity Express is a daily express train that runs between Dharwad and Bengaluru in Karnataka, India. Until 2009, this train ran from Hubballi to Bengaluru. It was extended to Dharwad on 8 December 2009. It takes 8 hours 50 minutes to cover 490 kilometres (300 mi). It has 17 stops and 65 intermediate Stations. It is numbered as 12725/12726. The train belongs to Mysuru Division of South Western Railway.

Hubballi-Dharwad BRTS is a bus rapid transit system built to serve the twin cities of Hubballi and Dharwad, located in the North-Western part of Karnataka state in India. Hubballi-Dharwad BRTS (HDBRTS) project is a Government of Karnataka initiative to foster long term economic growth in the region. The project promotes fast, safe, comfortable, convenient and affordable public transportation between the twin cities and aims to reduce congestion and air pollution in the region.

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Hubli Junction railway station Railway station in Karnataka

Hubli Junction, officially Shree Siddharoodha Swamiji railway station – Hubballi, is a railway junction station under Hubli railway division of South Western Railway zone (SWR) of Indian Railways situated in Hubli, Karnataka, India. The platform number 1 of Hubli Junction has a length of 1,505 metres, making it the longest railway platform in the world as of March 2021. It is the busiest railway station in Karnataka after Bangalore City railway station.

Dharwad railway station

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IIT Dharwad

Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad is an autonomous engineering and technology institute in Dharwad, Karnataka, India. IIT Dharwad started functioning from July 2016 in a temporary campus, previously of the Water and Land Management Institute (WALMI) in Belur village, on the outskirts of Dharwad city. It was formally inaugurated on 28 August 2016. For the academic year 2016–2017, the institute offered B.Tech courses in three branches, viz. Electrical Engineering, Computer Science, and Mechanical Engineering.

Gadag Junction railway station

Gadag Junction is a "B" Category ISO 14001 2015 -certified station on (10.02.2020) under South Western Railway in Gadag district, Karnataka. It serves Gadag-Betageri. The station consists of 3 platforms. The station lies on Guntakal–Vasco da Gama section HDN-7A | and as well as it connects Gadag–Hotgi railway line.The Gadag–Hotgi railway line was converted from metre gauge to broad gauge in December 2008. Amenities at Gadag railway station include: computerized reservation office, waiting room, retiring room, free Wi-Fi facility, vegetarian and non-vegetarian refreshments, and book stall.

References

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  10. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. institutt, NRK og Meteorologisk. "Weather statistics for Hubli". yr.no.
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