Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve

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Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve
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Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve
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Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve
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Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve
TypeBotanical preserve
LocationSan Francisco Bay Area, California
Nearest cityOakland, California
Area241 acres (0.98 km2)
Operated byEast Bay Regional Park District
Golden chinquapin (Chrysolepis chrysophylla), at the Preserve Chrysolepis chrysophylla Huckleberry BRP 1.jpg
Golden chinquapin (Chrysolepis chrysophylla), at the Preserve
Pale Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio eurymedon) at the Huckleberry Botanic Preserve Papilio eurymedon 000.jpg
Pale Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio eurymedon) at the Huckleberry Botanic Preserve

Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve is a 241 acres (0.98 km2) regional park and nature reserve in the Oakland Hills, in the eastern East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area) region of the San Francisco Bay Area of California. It is within Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. [1] It is a park within the East Bay Regional Parks District system. [1] The Preserve is named after the California Huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) which grows abundantly within its habitat. [1]

A regional park is an area of land preserved on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, recreational use or other reason, and under the administration of a form of local government.

Nature reserve protected area for flora, fauna or features of geological interest

A nature reserve is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. Nature reserves may be designated by government institutions in some countries, or by private landowners, such as charities and research institutions, regardless of nationality. Nature reserves fall into different IUCN categories depending on the level of protection afforded by local laws. Normally it is more strictly protected than a nature park.

Oakland Hills, Oakland, California human settlement in Oakland, California, United States of America

Oakland Hills is the city neighborhoods lying within the eastern portion of Oakland, California. The northernmost neighborhoods were devastated by the Oakland firestorm of 1991.

Contents

Geography

The Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve is on the crest of the Oakland Hills, located above Oakland and Orinda. It represents a relic plant association found only in certain areas along the coastal climate region of California, where specific soil and climatic conditions still exist. [1] It is a very diverse botanical area for native plants of the mixed evergreen forest and montane chaparral and woodlands ecoregions and plant communities. Trails connect the preserve with Robert Sibley Volcanic Preserve on the north, and Redwood Regional Park on the south. [2]

Oakland, California City in California, United States

Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States. A major West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth most populated city in California, and the 45th largest city in the United States. With a population of 425,195 as of 2017, it serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area; its Port of Oakland is the busiest port in the San Francisco Bay, the entirety of Northern California, and the fifth busiest in the United States of America. An act to incorporate the city was passed on May 4, 1852, and incorporation was later approved on March 25, 1854, which officially made Oakland a city. Oakland is a charter city.

Orinda, California City in California, United States

Orinda is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. The population was 17,643 at the 2010 census, and was estimated in 2012 to have increased to 18,342. In 2012, Orinda was ranked the second most friendly town in America by Forbes. The city is located just east of the city of Berkeley and is home to many affluent suburban professionals who commute to larger cities in the Bay Area such as Oakland, San Francisco, and Walnut Creek. Its location provides for a more rustic landscape, and Orinda's many parks and trails make it a destination for many Bay Area hikers and naturalists.

Native plant plant indigenous to an area

Native plants are plants indigenous to a given area in geologic time. This includes plants that have developed, occur naturally, or existed for many years in an area.

The Huckleberry Trail is a 1.7 miles (2.7 km) self-guided nature path that loops through the Preserve. [1] Besides the California Huckleberry, other plants include the Golden chinquapin (Chrysolepis chrysophylla), western leatherwood, Douglas iris, wood fern and western sword fern. Trees include California Bay (Umbellularia californica), Coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia), pallid manzanita, brittleleaf manzanita, and California hazelnut. [3] [1]

<i>Dirca occidentalis</i> species of plant

Dirca occidentalis, the western leatherwood, is a deciduous shrub with leaves three to seven centimeters in length. Yellow flowers emerge prior to leafing. It grows on moist and shaded slopes. It is rare and endemic to the San Francisco Bay area of California. Its closest relative, Dirca palustris, lives in the eastern half of North America.

<i>Iris douglasiana</i> species of plant

Iris douglasiana is a common wildflower of the coastal regions of Northern and Central California and southern Oregon in the United States. The Douglas Iris was first described by 19th century botanist David Douglas in Monterey, California. It grows mainly at lower elevations, below 100 meters (330 ft), though it is occasionally found at heights of up to 1,000 meters (3,300 ft). It is most common in grasslands near the coast; it is regarded as a noxious weed in pastures, because it forms clumps that inhibit other vegetation, and its leaves are bitter and unpalatable to cattle.

<i>Dryopteris</i> genus of plants

Dryopteris, commonly called wood fern, male fern, or buckler fern, is a genus of about 250 species of ferns with distribution in Eastern Asia, the Americas, Europe, Africa, and the Pacific islands, with the highest species diversity in eastern Asia. Many of the species have stout, slowly creeping rootstocks that form a crown, with a vase-like ring of fronds. The sori are round, with a peltate indusium. The stipes have prominent scales.

Visitation

The park is open year-round, between 5:00 AM and 10:00 PM daily, unless otherwise posted. No dogs are permitted in the park because of the sensitive plant habitat. There are no reservable campgrounds or picnic sites. Parking is free. [1]

See also

California mixed evergreen forest

California mixed evergreen forest is an ecoregion of the Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome. It is found in the mountain ranges of California and into southwestern Oregon.

<i>Vaccinium ovatum</i> species of plant

Vaccinium ovatum is a North American species of flowering shrub known by the common names evergreen huckleberry,winter huckleberry and California huckleberry.

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<i>Vaccinium parvifolium</i> species of plant, Red Huckleberry

Vaccinium parvifolium, the red huckleberry, is a species of Vaccinium native to western North America, where it is common in forests from southeastern Alaska and British Columbia south through western Washington and Oregon to central California.

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<i>Arctostaphylos pallida</i> species of plant

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Huckleberry

Huckleberry is a name used in North America for several plants in the family Ericaceae, in two closely related genera: Vaccinium and Gaylussacia.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 EBRPD-huckleberry "Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve." East Bay Regional Parks District Accessed November 1, 2011
  2. "Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve." Oakland Wiki. Accessed September 1, 2017.
  3. Penn, Stephanie. "Find Rare Plants Flowering at Huckleberry Preserve in the East Bay Hills". Bay Nature. Retrieved 2019-04-29.

Coordinates: 37°50′42″N122°11′24″W / 37.845°N 122.19°W / 37.845; -122.19