The city center of Huehuetenango
|• Mayor||GERONIMO MARTINEZ (LIDER)|
|• Municipality||222 km2 (86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,901 m (6,237 ft)|
|• Density||530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Mam, Ladino|
|• Religions||Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Maya|
Huehuetenango ( [weweteˈnanɡo] ) is a city and municipality in the highlands of western Guatemala. It is also the capital of the department of Huehuetenango. The city is situated 269 kilometres (167 mi) from Guatemala City, and is the last departmental capital on the Pan-American Highway before the Mexican border at La Mesilla.
Huehuetenango (originally called Xinabajul in the Mam language) was already a Mayan settlement before the Spanish conquest of the fortified city of Zaculeu, which was the Pre-Columbian capital of the Mam kingdom situated just a few kilometers from Xinabahul. 'Huehuetenango' means place of the ancients (or ancestors) in Nahuatl, which is the name Gonzalo de Alvarado adopted from his Nahua allies when Zaculeu and Xinabahul were conquered.
Many people of Mam descent still live in and around Huehuetenango, and the nearby ruins of Zaculeu have become a tourist attraction. The ruins are markedly distinct from other Mayan archeological sites; the original unearthed stones, comprising only a small portion of the original structures, were coated with plaster during restoration works carried out in the 1940s. There is also a small museum at Zaculeu that includes statues and small artifacts found on the site.
Huehuetenango's primary export is coffee.
Huehuetenango Airport ( IATA : HUG , ICAO : MGHT ) is within the city and has a paved 825 metres (2,707 ft) runway and a small terminal building. There are currently no scheduled airline flights.
The city has a highland subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwb), with warm summers and mild winters.
|Climate data for Huehuetenango|
|Average high °C (°F)||21.6|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||14.9|
|Average low °C (°F)||8.3|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||9|
The city currently boasts one Guatemalan top level football side with Peñarol La Mesilla (Halcones now) in the Liga Nacional de Fútbol de Guatemala.
Former president Efraín Ríos Montt was born in Huehuetenango.
Zaculeu or Saqulew is a pre-Columbian Maya archaeological site in the highlands of western Guatemala, about 3.7 kilometres (2.3 mi) outside of the modern city of Huehuetenango. Occupation at the site dates to the Early Classic period (AD 250–600) of Mesoamerican history. Zaculeu was the capital of the Postclassic Mam kingdom, and was conquered by the K'iche' Kingdom of Q'umarkaj. It displays a mixture of Mam and K'iche' style architecture.
Huehuetenango is one of the 22 departments of Guatemala. It is situated in the western highlands and shares borders with the Mexican state of Chiapas in the north and west; with El Quiché in the east, with Totonicapán, Quetzaltenango and San Marcos to the south. The capital is the city of Huehuetenango.
San Marcos is a department in northwestern Guatemala, on the Pacific Ocean and along the western Guatemala-Mexico border.
Sololá is a city in Guatemala. It is the capital of the department of Sololá and the administrative seat of Sololá municipality. It is located close to Lake Atitlan.
Aguacatán is a town and municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. It is situated at 1,670 metres (5,480 ft) above sea level. The municiality has a population of 49,607 and covers an area of 287 km².
Chiantla is a town and municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. The municipality is situated at 2,000 metres above sea level and covers an area of 521 km2. The annual festival is on January 28.
Colotenango is a town and municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. The municipality is situated at 1,590 m (5,220 ft) above sea level and has a population of 34,834. It covers an area of 62 km2 (24 sq mi). The annual festival is August 12- 15.
Concepción Huista is a town and municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango.
Jacaltenango is a town and municipality situated in the Western Highlands of Guatemala. It is located in a valley surrounded by the Sierra Madre Mountains. Jacaltenango serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. In 2002, its urban population was about 23,500 but at the 2018 census the town's population has decreased to 22,533.
Nentón is a town and municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. Its territory extends 717 km2 with a population of 45,679. It became a municipality on December 5, 1876 and was formerly known as San Benito Nentón. The population here speaks Spanish and Chuj.
San Antonio Huista is a town and municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. It is located 362 kilometers from Guatemala City. The predominant language is Spanish, while approximately 20% of the population speak indigenous languages, the majority speaking Mam. The municipality of San Antonio Huista is situated at 1240 metres above sea level, with a population of 16,697. It covers an area of 60.4 km2. The annual festival is December 8–12 dedicated to the Virgin of Guadalupe and the patron saint's day is celebrated June 11–13.
San Pedro Solóma is a town and municipality of Huehuetenango, a department of Guatemala. It is located in the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes at 2,300 m above sea level. The municipality covers a total area of 264 km2 with elevations ranging from 1,900 m to 3,500 m. Its population of 49,030 is spread over the town of Soloma, 19 villages and 50 smaller rural communities (caserios).
San Sebastián Huehuetenango is a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. It is located approximately 27 km. north of the city of Huehuetenango on Inter-American Highway heading toward the Mexican border at La Mesilla. The language spoken is Mayan Mam. The majority of the inhabitants are subsistence farmers.
Santiago Chimaltenango is a town and municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. Named in honor of the Apostle St James. The annual celebrations are from July 21 to July 25. It is estimated that roughly 10% of the population is abroad mainly in the American states of California and Florida. The cities of Oakland and Los Angeles having the largest populations. The Mam people are the predominant people in the municipality.
Todos Santos Cuchumatán is a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. It is situated in the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes at an elevation of 2,500 m. The municipality covers an area of approximately 269 km2 and is formed by the town of Todos Santos Cuchumatán, 6 villages, and 69 smaller rural communities, called caserios, parajes, and cantones. The village of San Martin Cuchumatán is the second largest urbanized centre in the municipality of Todos Santos. San Martin is also the agricultural heart of the Cuchumateca valley which produces crops like potatoes, broccoli and large scale cultivation of coffee on the lower mountain slopes of the municipality.
Concepción Chiquirichapa is a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Quetzaltenango in the Western Highlands of Guatemala, 14 kilometers west of the departmental capital of Quetzaltenango, and 214 kilometers west of the capital Guatemala City. The municipality has a population of 17,342, 98% of whom identify as indigenous Maya-Mam and speak a dialect of Southern Mam.
Ostuncalco, full name San Juan Ostuncalco, is a town, with a population of 20,763, and a municipality in the Quetzaltenango department of Guatemala. Beside Spanish, local people speak the Mam language. La Victoria is a village in this municipality.
Comitancillo is a town and municipality in the San Marcos department of Guatemala.The spoken language is Mam.The municipality was founded by the Spaniards between 1633 and 1648 year. There is an archaeological site called Chipel, with remains of the Mam culture.
Ixchiguán is a municipality in the San Marcos department of Guatemala. The economy is based on temporary work force on the coffee plantations, respectively on a male migrating work force in Mexico.
The Mam are an indigenous people in the western highlands of Guatemala and in south-western Mexico who speak the Mam language.