Huehuetenango

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Huehuetenango

Xinabahul
Municipality
Ciudad de Huehuetenango.JPG
The city center of Huehuetenango
Nickname(s): 
Huehue
Guatemala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Huehuetenango
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 15°18′53″N91°28′34″W / 15.31472°N 91.47611°W / 15.31472; -91.47611
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Flag of Huehuetenango.gif Huehuetenango
Municipality Huehuetenango
Government
  MayorGERONIMO MARTINEZ [1] (LIDER)
Area
  Municipality7,400 km2 (2,900 sq mi)
Elevation
1,901 m (6,237 ft)
Population
(census 2002) [2]
  Municipality81,294
   Urban
57,289
  Ethnicities
Mam, Ladino
  Religions
Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Maya
Climate Cwb

Coordinates: 15°18′53″N91°28′34″W / 15.31472°N 91.47611°W / 15.31472; -91.47611

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.

Contents

Huehuetenango is a city and a municipality in the highlands of western Guatemala. It is also the capital of the department of Huehuetenango. The municipality's population was over 81,000 people in 2002. The city is 269 kilometres (167 mi) from Guatemala City, and is the last departmental capital on the Pan-American Highway before the Mexican border at La Mesilla.

City Large and permanent human settlement

A city is a large human settlement. Cities generally have extensive systems for housing, transportation, sanitation, utilities, land use, and communication. Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process.

Highlands or uplands are any mountainous region or elevated mountainous plateau. Generally speaking, upland refers to ranges of hills, typically up to 500–600 m. Highland is usually reserved for ranges of low mountains.

Guatemala Republic in Central America

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.

Overview

Huehuetenango (originally called Xinabajul in the Mam language) was already a Mayan settlement before the Spanish conquest of the fortified city of Zaculeu, which was the Pre-Columbian capital of the Mam kingdom situated just a few kilometers from Xinabahul. 'Huehuetenango' means place of the ancients (or ancestors) in Nahuatl, which is the name Gonzalo de Alvarado adopted from his Nahua allies when Zaculeu and Xinabahul were conquered.

Mam is a Mayan language spoken by about half a million Mam people in the Guatemalan departments of Quetzaltenango, Huehuetenango, San Marcos, and Retalhuleu, and the Mexican state of Chiapas. Thousands more make up a Mam diaspora throughout the United States and Mexico, with notable populations living in Oakland, California and Washington, D.C.

Maya civilization Mesoamerican former civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its logosyllabic script—the most sophisticated and highly developed writing system in pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system. The Maya civilization developed in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador. This region consists of the northern lowlands encompassing the Yucatán Peninsula, and the highlands of the Sierra Madre, running from the Mexican state of Chiapas, across southern Guatemala and onwards into El Salvador, and the southern lowlands of the Pacific littoral plain.

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

Many people of Mam descent still live in and around Huehuetenango, and the nearby ruins of Zaculeu have become a tourist attraction. The ruins are markedly distinct from other Mayan archeological sites; the original unearthed stones, comprising only a small portion of the original structures, were coated with plaster during restoration works carried out in the 1940s. There is also a small museum at Zaculeu that includes statues and small artifacts found on the site.

Mam people Ethnicity in Central America

The Mam are an indigenous people in the western highlands of Guatemala and in south-western Mexico who speak the Mam language.

Huehuetenango's primary export is coffee.

Huehuetenango Airport ( IATA : HUG , ICAO : MGHT ) is within the city and has a paved 825 metres (2,707 ft) runway and a small terminal building. There are currently no scheduled airline flights. [3]

Huehuetenango Airport airport in Guatemala

Huehuetenango Airport is an airport serving the city of Huehuetenango, the capital of Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala.

An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The characters prominently displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are an example of a way these codes are used.

ICAO airport code four-letter code designating many airports around the world

The ICAOairport code or location indicator is a four-letter code designating aerodromes around the world. These codes, as defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators, are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning.

Climate

The city has a highland subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwb), with warm summers and mild winters. [4]

Oceanic climate a type of climate characterised by cool summers and cool winters

An oceanic climate, also known as a marine climate or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features mild summers and mild winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates. Oceanic climates are defined as having a monthly mean temperature below 22 °C (72 °F) in the warmest month, and above 0 °C (32 °F) in the coldest month.

Köppen climate classification widely used climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Climate data for Huehuetenango
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)21.6
(70.9)
23.0
(73.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.1
(77.2)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
21.8
(71.2)
23.4
(74.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)14.9
(58.8)
15.8
(60.4)
17.7
(63.9)
18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.8)
18.1
(64.6)
17.6
(63.7)
17.7
(63.9)
17.6
(63.7)
17.0
(62.6)
15.9
(60.6)
15.0
(59.0)
17.1
(62.7)
Average low °C (°F)8.3
(46.9)
8.6
(47.5)
10.4
(50.7)
11.6
(52.9)
12.6
(54.7)
12.8
(55.0)
12.1
(53.8)
11.6
(52.9)
11.9
(53.4)
11.5
(52.7)
9.8
(49.6)
8.7
(47.7)
10.8
(51.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)9
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
25
(1.0)
46
(1.8)
120
(4.7)
228
(9.0)
134
(5.3)
140
(5.5)
229
(9.0)
156
(6.1)
37
(1.5)
11
(0.4)
1,147
(45.2)
Source: Climate-data.org

Sports

The city currently boasts one Guatemalan top level football side with Peñarol La Mesilla (Halcones now) in the Liga Nacional de Fútbol de Guatemala.

Notable people

Former president Efraín Ríos Montt was born in Huehuetenango.

Notes

  1. Resultados de elección de Alcades Huehuetenango realizadas en el año 2015
  2. "XI Censo Nacional de Poblacion y VI de Habitación (Censo 2002)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). 2002.
  3. "Huehuetenango - Guatemala". World Airport Codes. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  4. "Huehuetenango climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Huehuetenango weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2019-02-15.

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