Hugh Chisholm

Last updated

Hugh Chisholm
Hugh Chisholm 1903.jpg
Chisholm in 1903
Born22 February 1866 (1866-02-22)
London, England
Died29 September 1924(1924-09-29) (aged 58)
London, England
Education Corpus Christi College, Oxford
Occupation(s)Journalist and encyclopædia editor
Known for10th, 11th, and 12th editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica
Relatives Archibald Chisholm (son) Grace Chisholm (sister)

Hugh Chisholm ( /ˈɪzəm/ ; 22 February 1866 – 29 September 1924) was a British journalist. He was the editor of the 10th, 11th and 12th editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica .

Contents

Life

He was born in London, England, a son of Henry Williams Chisholm (1809–1901), Warden of the Standards at the Board of Trade, and his wife Anna Louisa Bell; the mathematician Grace Chisholm was his sister. He was educated at Felsted School and matriculated at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, in 1884, graduating in 1888 with a first class in literae humaniores . He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 1892. [1] [2]

Chisholm worked for The St James's Gazette as assistant editor from 1892 and was appointed editor in 1897. During these years, he also contributed numerous articles on political, financial and literary subjects to the weekly journals and monthly reviews, becoming well known as a literary critic and conservative publicist. He moved in 1899 to The Standard as chief leader-writer and moved in 1900 to The Times , to act as co-editor with Sir Donald Mackenzie Wallace and President Arthur Twining Hadley of Yale University on preparation of the eleven volumes forming the 10th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. In 1903, he became editor-in-chief for the 11th edition, which was completed under his direction in 1910, and published as a whole by the Cambridge University Press, in 29 volumes, in 1911. He subsequently planned and edited the Britannica Year-Book (1913). [3]

Chisholm had been suggested as replacement as editor of The Times as an alternative to Geoffrey Dawson. Lord Northcliffe, owner of The Times from 1909, promised him the post in 1911, but did not act on the promise, and Dawson continued to 1919. [1]

In 1913, following his return from America overseeing the printing of The Britannica Year-Book, Chisholm was appointed day editor of The Times. [3] His role included that of leader writer; but eventually he fell out with Northcliffe. [1] In August 1913 he was appointed a director of the company. He was financial editor throughout World War I, resigning in 1920 when he embarked on the editorship of the three volumes forming the 12th edition of Encyclopædia Britannica, published in 1922. [3]

Family

In 1893 Chisholm married Eliza Beatrix Harrison, daughter of Henry Harrison of County Down. Together they had three sons. [1] Their son Archibald Chisholm played a key role in the development of the oil industry in Kuwait and was editor of the Financial Times from 1937 to 1940. [4]

Related Research Articles

<i>Encyclopædia Britannica</i> Eleventh Edition 1910 encyclopaedia

The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. It was developed during the encyclopaedia's transition from a British to an American publication. Some of its articles were written by the best-known scholars of the time. This edition of the encyclopaedia, containing 40,000 entries, has entered the public domain and is readily available on the Internet. Its use in modern scholarship and as a reliable source has been deemed problematic due to the outdated nature of some of its content. Modern scholars have deemed some articles as cultural artifacts of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Additionally, the 11th edition has retained considerable value as a time capsule of scientific and historical information, as well as scholarly attitudes of the era immediately preceding World War I.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wilhelm Siegmund Teuffel</span> 19th-century German classical scholar

Wilhelm Siegmund Teuffel, German classical scholar, was born at Ludwigsburg in the Kingdom of Württemberg. In 1849 he was appointed extraordinary, in 1857 ordinary professor in the university of Tübingen, which post he held till his death.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Janet</span> French philosopher and writer

Paul Alexandre René Janet was a French philosopher and writer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Adolphus Ward</span> English historian (1837–1924)

Sir Adolphus William Ward was an English historian and man of letters.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frederick Wedmore</span> British art critic and man of letters

Frederick Wedmore was a British art critic and man of letters.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sidney Lee</span> English biographer and critic

Sir Sidney Lee was an English biographer, writer, and critic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Vinogradoff</span> Russian historian

Sir Paul Gavrilovitch Vinogradoff was a Russian and British historian and medievalist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Saintsbury</span> English critic, literary historian, editor, teacher, and wine connoisseur

George Edward Bateman Saintsbury, FBA, was an English critic, literary historian, editor, teacher, and wine connoisseur. He is regarded as a highly influential critic of the late 19th and early 20th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henry Glassford Bell</span> Scottish lawyer, poet and historian

Henry Glassford Bell was a Scottish lawyer, poet and historian.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Spencer Baynes</span> English philosopher

Thomas Spencer Baynes was an English philosopher.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bernard Burke</span> British officer of arms and genealogist (1814–1892)

Sir John Bernard Burke, was a British genealogist and Ulster King of Arms, who helped publish Burke's Peerage.

An apophyge, in architecture, is the lowest part of the shaft of an Ionic or Corinthian column, or the highest member of its base if the column be considered as a whole. The apophyge is the inverted cavetto or concave sweep, on the upper edge of which the diminishing shaft rests.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wickham Steed</span> British journalist (1871–1956)

Henry Wickham Steed was an English journalist and historian. He was editor of The Times from 1919 to 1922.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clifford Allbutt</span> English physician

Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt was an English physician best known for his role as president of the British Medical Association 1920, for inventing the clinical thermometer, and for supporting Sir William Osler in founding the History of Medicine Society.

William John Courthope, was an English writer and historian of poetry, whose father was rector of South Malling, Sussex.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Horace Everett Hooper</span>

Horace Everett Hooper was the publisher of Encyclopædia Britannica from 1897 until his death.

Janet Elizabeth Courtney was an English scholar, writer and feminist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir William Anson, 3rd Baronet</span> 19th/20th-century British politician

Sir William Reynell Anson, 3rd Baronet, was a British jurist and Liberal Unionist turned Conservative politician from the Anson family.

Walter Alison Phillips was an English historian, a specialist in the history of Europe in the 19th century. From 1914 to 1939 he was the first holder of the Lecky chair of History in Trinity College Dublin. Most of his writing is in the name of W. Alison Phillips, and he was sometimes referred to as Alison Phillips.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Askwith, 1st Baron Askwith</span>

George Ranken Askwith, 1st Baron Askwith, KCB, KC, known as Sir George Askwith between 1911 and 1919, was an English lawyer, civil servant and industrial arbitrator.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Hamilton, N. "Chisholm, Hugh (1866–1924)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32404.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. Foster, Joseph (1888–1892). "Chisholm, Hugh"  . Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886 . Oxford: Parker and Co via Wikisource.
  3. 1 2 3 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Chisholm, Hugh"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 30 (12th ed.). London & New York: The Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 669.
  4. "Archibald Chisholm". The Times . No. 64507. 4 December 1992. p. 21. Retrieved 21 June 2021.

Bibliography