Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy

Last updated
Hugh IV
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy.jpg
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
Duke of Burgundy
Reign1218–1272
Predecessor Odo III
Successor Robert II
Born(1213-03-09)9 March 1213
Villaines-en-Duesmois
Died27 October 1272(1272-10-27) (aged 59)
France
Spouse Yolande of Dreux
Beatrice of Navarre
Issue
Detail
Odo, Count of Nevers
John
Adelaide, Duchess of Brabant
Robert II, Duke of Burgundy
Isabella, Queen of Germany
House House of Burgundy
Father Odo III, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Alice of Vergy

Hugh IV of Burgundy (9 March 1213 – 27 or 30 October 1272) was Duke of Burgundy between 1218 and 1272. Hugh was the son of Odo III, Duke of Burgundy [1] and Alice de Vergy.

Contents

Issue

Hugh married twice, first to Yolande de Dreux when he was 16 and she 17 years of age. [2] He then married Beatrice of Navarre, when he was 45. [3] Between his two marriages he had 10 children, the following are their issues:

Expansion

Hugh IV, through a transaction with John l'Antique de Chalon, gave up the barony of Salon for the counties of Chalon and Auxonne in 1237, which expanded the Duchy [6] and the regional economy benefited from the growing wine trade.

Barons' Crusade

In 1239, Hugh joined the Barons' Crusade led by King Theobald I of Navarre and supported by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. [7] The Burgundian troops allied with Richard of Cornwall and rebuilt Ascalon and negotiated a peace with Egypt in 1241. [8] Hugh was made titular king of Thessalonica in 1266, [9] although it had been recaptured by the Epirus more than 40 years ago.

Death

Hugh IV died on 27 October 1272 (Aged 60) at Villaines-en-Duismois, France. His burial place is unknown.

See also

Related Research Articles

Amadeus V, Count of Savoy Count of Savoy (1285–1323)

Amadeus V, surnamed the Great for his wisdom and success as a ruler, was the Count of Savoy from 1285 to 1323. He established Chambéry as his seat. He was the son of Thomas II of Savoy and Beatrice Fieschi.

Theobald I of Navarre King of Navarre

Theobald I, also called the Troubadour and the Posthumous, was Count of Champagne from birth and King of Navarre from 1234. He initiated the Barons' Crusade, was famous as a trouvère, and was the first Frenchman to rule Navarre.

Henry III, Duke of Brabant Dutch noble

Henry III of Brabant was Duke of Brabant between 1248 and his death. He was the son of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen.

Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy

Hugh III was duke of Burgundy between 1162 and 1192. Hugh was the eldest son of Duke Odo II and Marie, daughter of Theobald II, Count of Champagne.

Odo III, Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy

Eudes III, commonly known in English as Odo III, was duke of Burgundy between 1192 and 1218. Odo was the eldest son of duke Hugh III and his first wife Alice, daughter of Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine.

Odo, Count of Nevers French noble

Odo of Burgundy was Count of Nevers and Auxerre and the heir of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy. His mother was Yolande of Dreux. He died at Acre on 7 August 1266.

Robert II, Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy

Robert II of Burgundy was Duke of Burgundy between 1272 and 1306. Robert was the third son of duke Hugh IV and Yolande of Dreux.

Matthias II, Duke of Lorraine French noble

Matthias II was Duke of Lorraine from 1220 to his death. He was the son of Duke Frederick II and Agnes of Bar and succeeded his brother, Theobald I.

This is a list of counts and dukes of Rethel. The first counts of Rethel ruled independently, before the county passed first to the Counts of Nevers, then to the Counts of Flanders, and finally to the Dukes of Burgundy. In 1405 the County became part of the Peerage of France, and in 1581 it was elevated to a duchy. In 1663 it became the Duchy of Mazarin.

House of Burgundy cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, dukes of Burgundy

The House of Burgundy was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, descending from Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, a younger son of Robert II of France. The House ruled the Duchy of Burgundy from 1032–1361.

Yolande II, Countess of Nevers Countess suo jure of Nevers

Yolande II or Yolande of Nevers, was the daughter of Odo of Burgundy, and Matilda II, Countess of Nevers.

Yolande of Dreux (1212–1248) was Duchess of Burgundy as the first wife of Hugh IV of Burgundy.

John, Count of Chalon French Nobility

John, called the Old (l'Antique), was a French nobleman, the Count of Auxonne and Chalon-sur-Saône in his own right and regent in right of his son, Hugh III, Count of Burgundy. In contemporary documents, he was sometimes called "Count of Burgundy", as by King William of Germany in 1251.

Adelaide of Auxerre or Adelaide of Burgundy can be used interchangeably and may refer to:

Beatrice of Navarre, Duchess of Burgundy Duchess of Burgundy

Beatrice of Navarre, was Duchess of Burgundy, by marriage to Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy. She was a daughter of Theobald I of Navarre and his third wife Margaret of Bourbon. Her siblings included Theobald II of Navarre and Henry I of Navarre. She is also known as Beatrix of Champagne.

Alice of Vergy daughter of Hugh, Lord of Vergy, by Gillette de Trainel

Alicede Vergy (1182–1252) was duchess consort of Burgundy as the second spouse of Odo III, Duke of Burgundy. She was the regent of Burgundy during the minority of her son 1218–28.

John II, Count of Soissons French count

John II, also known as Je(h)an de Nesle and by the sobriquet le Bon et le Bègue, was the tenth Count of Soissons, succeeding his father Ralph the Good, in 1235. He was the son of his father's second wife, Yolande. By marriage he also became Count of Chartres and Lord of Amboise. He was well-connected with the trouvères: his younger brother Raoul was one and he received the dedication of a song by Pierrekin de la Coupele. He was also a cousin by marriage of the historian Jean de Joinville. He is not to be confused with John II of Nesle, the burggrave of Bruges.

Yolande of Brittany French noble

Yolande of Brittany was the ruler of the counties of Penthièvre and Porhoet in the Duchy of Brittany. Yolande had been betrothed to King Henry III of England in 1226 at the age of seven years. but married Hugh XI of Lusignan, the half-brother of Henry III. Through Hugh, she became Countess of La Marche and of Angoulême. She was the mother of seven children. From 1250 to 1256, she acted as Regent of La Marche and Angoulême for her son, Hugh XII of Lusignan.

Sybille of Bâgé Countess Consort of Savoy

Sybille de Baugé, Lady of Bâgé (1255–1294), was the daughter of Guy I Damas de Baugé, Baron of Couzan (c.1230-1269) and Dauphine de Lavieu. She was a Countess Consort of Savoy, being married to Amadeus V, Count of Savoy in 1272.

References

  1. Kenneth Meyer Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571: The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, (The American Philosophical Society, 1976), 492.
  2. 1 2 Michael Lower, The Barons' Crusade: A Call to Arms and Its Consequences, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), 97.
  3. Theodore Evergates, Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), 80.
  4. 1 2 Du Chesne, A. (1628) Histoire géneálogique des ducs de Bourgogne de la maison de France (Paris), Preuves, p. 79-80.
  5. 1 2 Philippe Le Bel et la Noblesse Franc-Comtoise, Frantz Funck-Brentano, Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes, Vol. 49 (1888), 9.
  6. The kingdom of Burgundy, the lands of the house of Savoy and adjacent territories, Eugene Cox, The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 5, C.1198-c.1300, ed. Rosamond McKitterick, David Abulafia, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 362.
  7. Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: The History of a Dynasty, (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2007), 210.
  8. Jean Richard, The Crusades, C.1071-c.1291, (Cambridge University Press, 1999) 325-327.
  9. The Morea:1311-1364, Peter Topping, A History of the Crusades: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, Vol. III, ed. Harry W. Hazard, (University of Wisconsin Press, 1975), 109.
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
Born: 9 March 1213 Died: 27 October 1272
Preceded by
Odo III
Duke of Burgundy
1218–1272
Succeeded by
Robert II