The Lord Reay
|Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Trade and Industry|
22 May 1991 –14 April 1992
|Prime Minister||John Major|
|Preceded by||Post vacant|
|Succeeded by||The Baroness Denton of Wakefield|
| Lord-in-waiting |
24 July 1989 –21 May 1991
|Prime Minister||Margaret Thatcher|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Arran|
|Succeeded by||The Earl Howe|
|Member of the European Parliament|
1 January 1973 –16 July 1979
|Constituency||Appointed by Parliament|
|Member of the House of Lords|
|as a hereditary peer|
9 August 1964 –11 November 1999
|Preceded by||The 13th Lord Reay|
|Succeeded by||Seat abolished|
|as an elected hereditary peer |
11 November 1999 –10 May 2013
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||The 5th Baron Borwick|
Hugh William Mackay
19 July 1937
|Died||10 May 2013 75)(aged|
|Political party|| Crossbencher (1963–1966);|
|Relations||See Clan Mackay|
|Alma mater|| Eton College |
Hugh William Mackay,14th Lord Reay,Baron Mackay (19 July 1937 –10 May 2013),was a British politician and Conservative member of the House of Lords. He was the only male Lord of Parliament to sit in the House of Lords following the abolition of the automatic right of all British hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords in 1999,the only female being The Lady Saltoun.
Lord Reay was the only son of Aeneas Alexander Mackay,13th Lord Reay. He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church,Oxford.
He succeeded to the title upon his father's death in 1963,sitting in the House of Lords first as a cross-bencher,then as a Liberal,and finally,from 1972,as a Conservative. He championed causes from the abolition of capital punishment to restrictions on onshore wind farms.
He sat as an appointed Member of the European Parliament from 1973 until the first elections in 1979. He also served as a delegate to the Council of Europe,living at the family's Dutch estates in Ophemert.
He subsequently was appointed as a House of Lords whip in 1989 by Margaret Thatcher. In 1991,he was moved by her successor,John Major,to the Department of Trade and Industry as a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State,but he left the government at the 1992 general election.
With the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999,Lord Reay along with almost all other hereditary peers lost his automatic right to sit in the House of Lords,however,he was one of the 92 elected hereditary peers to remain in the House of Lords pending completion of House of Lords reform.
Lord Reay was the hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Mackay,and Lord of Ophemert and Zennewijnen in the Netherlands.
Lord Reay was married twice. With his first wife Tessa Keswick,(née the Honourable Annabel Terese Fraser),a daughter of Lord Lovat (she is now wife of Henry Keswick),he had two sons and one daughter. With his second wife Victoria Isabella,youngest daughter of the late 1st Baron Bruntisfield,he had two daughters.
He was succeeded by his elder son,Aeneas Mackay,Master of Reay (born 20 March 1965),a banker,who married,on 14 January 2010,Mia Ruulio,elder daughter of Markus Ruulio of Helsinki. His heir is his son,the Honourable Alexander Shimi Markus Mackay (born 21 April 2010).
The peerages in the United Kingdom are a legal system comprising both hereditary and lifetime titles,composed of various noble ranks,and forming a constituent part of the British honours system. The term peerage can be used both collectively to refer to the entire body of nobles,and individually to refer to a specific title. British peerage title holders are termed peers of the Realm. The peerage's fundamental roles are ones of government,peers being eligible to a seat in the House of Lords,and of meritocracy,the receiving of any peerage being the highest of British honours. In the UK,five peerages or peerage divisions co-exist,namely:
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour,often hereditary,in various European countries,either current or historical. The female equivalent is baroness. Typically,the title denotes an aristocrat who ranks higher than a lord or knight,but lower than a viscount or count. Often,barons hold their fief –their lands and income –directly from the monarch. Barons are less often the vassals of other nobles. In many kingdoms,they were entitled to wear a smaller form of a crown called a coronet.
A courtesy title is a form of address in systems of nobility used for children,former wives and other close relatives of a peer,as well as certain officials such as some judges and members of the Scottish gentry. These styles are used "by courtesy" in the sense that persons referred to by these titles do not themselves hold substantive titles. There are several different kinds of courtesy titles in the British peerage system.
The Peerage Act 1963 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that permits women peeresses and all Scottish hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords and allows newly inherited hereditary peerages to be disclaimed.
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Lord Reay,of Reay in the County of Caithness,is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. Lord Reay is the hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Mackay,whose lands in Strathnaver and northwest Sutherland were known as the Reay Country. The land was sold to the Earls of Sutherland in the 18th century. Lord Reay also refers to a legendary magician in Caithness folklore.
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Clan Mackay is an ancient and once-powerful Highland Scottish clan from the far North of the Scottish Highlands,but with roots in the old Kingdom of Moray. They supported Robert the Bruce during the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century. In the centuries that followed they were anti-Jacobite. The territory of the Clan Mackay consisted of the parishes of Farr,Tongue,Durness and Eddrachillis,and was known as Strathnaver,in the north-west of the county of Sutherland. However,it was not until 1829 that Strathnaver was considered part of Sutherland when the chief sold his lands to the Earls of Sutherland and the Highland Clearances then had dire consequences for the clan. In the 17th century the Mackay chief's territory had extended to the east to include the parish of Reay in the west of the neighbouring county of Caithness. The chief of the clan is Lord Reay and the lands of Strathnaver later became known as the Reay Country.
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Donald James Mackay,11th Lord Reay,,in the Netherlands known as Donald Jacob,Baron Mackay,Lord of Ophemert and Zennewijnen,was a Dutch-born British administrator and Liberal politician.
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Donald Mackay,1st Lord Reay,14th of Strathnaver was a Scottish soldier and member of Parliament. He played a prominent role in the Thirty Years' War,raising a regiment of 3,000 men,which served in both the Danish and Swedish forces. He was later an unwilling Covenanter. He was the fourteenth chief of Clan Mackay,a Highland Scottish clan.
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