Hugh McKay Sutherland
|Member of the Canadian Parliament |
|Preceded by||Thomas Scott|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Mayne Daly|
|Born||February 22, 1845|
New London, Prince Edward Island
|Died||August 14, 1926 81) (aged|
Croydon (London), England
Hugh McKay Sutherland (February 22, 1845 – August 14, 1926) was a lumber merchant and political figure in Manitoba, Canada. He represented Selkirk in the House of Commons of Canada from 1882 to 1887 as a Liberal member.
He was born in New London, Prince Edward Island, the son of Donald Sutherland, a Scottish immigrant. Sutherland moved to Oxford County, Canada West with his family in 1849. He taught school there for a time.Sutherland then worked as a bookkeeper for Adam Oliver's lumber business at Ingersoll. He married Mary Dickie in 1864. From 1868 to 1873, he was involved in the lumber trade near Orillia, first in partnership with Oliver and later on his own. In 1873, he moved to the North West region where he served as superintendent of Dominion Government Public Works. He married May Banks in 1878 after the death of his first wife in 1875. Sutherland settled at Winnipeg where he again became involved in the lumber trade. In 1875, he was an unsuccessful candidate for a seat in the Ontario legislative assembly. Sutherland ran unsuccessfully in the federal riding of Winnipeg in 1887. He was president of the Winnipeg and Hudson's Bay Railway, the Rainy Lake Lumber Company, the Canadian Northern Coal and Ore Dock Company, the British and North-West Colonization Company and the Prince Albert Colonization Company and vice-president of the Manitoba South Western Railway. In 1921, Sutherland married Constance Margaret Denholm. He died in Croydon, England at the age of 83 and was buried in Winnipeg.
Port Arthur was a city in Northern Ontario, Canada, located on Lake Superior. In January 1970 it amalgamated with Fort William and the townships of Neebing and McIntyre to form the city of Thunder Bay.
Sir James Albert Manning Aikins was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He was the leader of the Manitoba Conservative Party in the provincial election of 1915, and later served as the province's ninth Lieutenant Governor.
Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, known as Sir Donald A. Smith between May 1886 and August 1897, was a Scottish-born Canadian businessman who became one of the British Empire's foremost builders and philanthropists. He became commissioner, governor and principal shareholder of the Hudson's Bay Company. He was president of the Bank of Montreal and with his first cousin, Lord Mount Stephen, co-founded the Canadian Pacific Railway. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba and afterwards represented Montreal in the House of Commons of Canada. He was Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 1896 to 1914. He was chairman of Burmah Oil and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. He was chancellor of McGill University (1889–1914) and the University of Aberdeen.
Treaty Five is a treaty that was first established in September, 1875, between Queen Victoria and Saulteaux and Swampy Cree non-treaty band governments and peoples around Lake Winnipeg in the District of Keewatin. Much of what is today central and northern Manitoba was covered by the treaty, as were a few small adjoining portions of the present-day provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. The Treaty was completed in two rounds. The first was from September 1875 to September 1876. The Crown intended in 1875 to include only "the Indians [east and west] of Lake Winnipeg for the surrender of the Territory uncovered by previous treaties" including "the proposed migration of the Norway House band". Pimicikamak territory was north of the lake. It was included by accident or design of Tepastenam attending the Norway House signing. Additional peoples and groups signed on between 1908 and 1910.
James McKay was a fur trader, pioneer and pre Canadian confederation politician and interpreter.
James Henry Ashdown, the "Merchant Prince of Winnipeg", arrived in Winnipeg in 1868 and began his business as a tinsmith. In 1870, he purchased two lots on the corner of Main Street and Bannatyne Avenue, the location of the Ashdown retail store for over one hundred years. Ashdown's successful real estate speculation, combined with his business acumen, made him a millionaire by 1910.
Alexander Duncan McRae, C.B., was a successful businessman, a Major General in the Canadian Army in First World War, a Member of Parliament, a Canadian Senator and a farmer.
The history of Manitoba covers the period from the arrival of Paleo-Indians thousands of years ago to the present day. Prior to European colonization, the lands encompassing present-day Manitoba were inhabited for millennia by several First Nations. European fur traders in the area during the late-17th century, with the French under Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye setting up several trading post forts in the area. In 1670, Britain declared sovereignty over the watershed of Hudson's Bay, known as Rupert's Land; with the Hudson's Bay Company granted a commercial monopoly over the territory.
Lewis Wigle was an Ontario farmer, businessman and political figure. He represented Essex South in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1875 to 1882 and in the House of Commons of Canada from 1882 to 1887 as a Conservative member.
William Bain Scarth was a Scottish-born businessman and political figure in Ontario and Manitoba, Canada. He represented Winnipeg in the House of Commons of Canada from 1887 to 1891 as a Conservative member.
George Hugh Macdonell was a contractor and political figure in Ontario, Canada. He represented Algoma in the House of Commons of Canada from 1891 to 1896 as a Conservative member.
Andrew Graham Ballenden Bannatyne was a Canadian politician, fur trader and leading citizen of Winnipeg, Manitoba.
James McKay was a lawyer, judge and political figure in Saskatchewan, Canada. He represented Prince Albert in the House of Commons of Canada from 1911 to 1914 as a Conservative.
Thomas McKay was a Metis farmer and political figure in Saskatchewan, Canada. He represented Prince Albert in the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories from 1891 to 1894 and from 1898 to 1905. McKay was the brother-in-law of Lawrence Clarke, and like Clarke was connected to the Conservative Party of Canada. McKay was a Protestant Métis or Anglo-Metis individual, and was involved in the troubles of 1885 on the side of the federal government. He was one of the first forty men to volunteer to help Major Crozier of the Northwest Mounted Police. He served as an envoy to negotiate with Metis at Duck Lake. He also operated as scout relaying messages between Major Crozier and Colonel Irving. His brother James McKay served with C Company of the Winnipeg Rifles during the 1885 Resistance.
George Flett was a Presbyterian missionary in what is now Manitoba, Canada. Flett was of Orkney and Cree descent. As a young man he farmed on the White Horse Plains, led a gold exploration party to Edmonton and then became the first post master for the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort Victoria, Alberta. Flett was an interpreter to the first Presbyterian mission to the northwest between 1866 and 1867. After serving as a delegate in the provisional government of Louis Riel during the Red River Rebellion, he became a missionary among the Ojibwa of Okanese Reserve, serving from 1873 to 1895.
Andrew Allan was a Scottish-born Canadian businessman and financier. In 1882, he succeeded his brother, Sir Hugh Allan, of Ravenscrag, in the Allan family's Canadian enterprises that were centred on the Allan Line Royal Mail Steamers, but also included banking and railways. He was Master of Foxhounds for the Montreal Hunt.
Duncan MacArthur was a Scottish-born businessman, author and political figure in Manitoba. He represented Assiniboia in 1888 in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba as a Conservative.
Frederick William Colcleugh was a merchant and political figure in Manitoba. He represented St. Andrews from 1888 to 1896 in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba as a Liberal.
Hayter Reed was a Canadian politician. He served on the 1st Council of the Northwest Territories.
The Hudson Bay Railway (HBR) is a historic rail line in Manitoba, Canada to the shore of Hudson Bay. The venture began as a line between Winnipeg in the south and Churchill, and/or Port Nelson, in the north. However, HBR came to describe the final section between The Pas and Churchill.