Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton

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Hugh Montgomerie
John Singleton Copley - Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton, 1739 - 1819. Soldier; Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire - Google Art Project.jpg
Hugh Montgomerie 12th Earl of Eglinton, circa 1780 Oil on canvas by John Singleton Copley
Born(1739-11-05)5 November 1739
Died14 December 1819(1819-12-14) (aged 80)
Title12th Earl of Eglinton
Tenure1769-1819
Other namesHugh Montgomerie of Coilsfield
NationalityScottish
LocalityAyrshire

Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton KT (5 November 1739 14 December 1819) was a Scottish peer, politician, and composer. [1]

Order of the Thistle order of chivalry associated with Scotland

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle is an order of chivalry associated with Scotland. The current version of the Order was founded in 1687 by King James VII of Scotland who asserted that he was reviving an earlier Order. The Order consists of the Sovereign and sixteen Knights and Ladies, as well as certain "extra" knights. The Sovereign alone grants membership of the Order; he or she is not advised by the Government, as occurs with most other Orders.

Scotland Country in Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

The Peerage of Scotland is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707. Following that year's Treaty of Union, the Kingdom of Scots and the Kingdom of England were combined under the name of Great Britain, and a new Peerage of Great Britain was introduced in which subsequent titles were created.

Contents

Biography

Montgomerie was styled Lord Montgomerie[ citation needed ] from 1769, and sat as a Member of Parliament for Ayrshire off and on from 1780 to 1796. That year he became Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire, which post he held until his death. In 1798, having previously succeeded to the earldom through his third cousin, he was elected a representative peer and moved to the House of Lords. On 15 February 1806, he was created Baron Ardrossan in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, enabling him to sit the Lords in his own right. [2] He was made a Knight of the Thistle in 1814.

Ayrshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until 1868, when it was divided into North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire.

This is a list of people who served as Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire, Scotland.

As large ships were unable to reach Glasgow due to silting of the River Clyde, Montgomerie promoted and partially funded the Glasgow, Paisley and Ardrossan Canal. However funds ran out and the canal was only constructed from Glasgow to Johnstone via Paisley. [2] The Glasgow terminus of the canal was at Port Eglinton. Though the wharf is now filled in, the neighbouring Eglinton Street still bears his name. Preparatory work on the canal from the new harbour created at Ardrossan was used as the basis for Glasgow Street, which is the main thoroughfare of the town.

Glasgow City and council area in Scotland

Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies". It is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is also known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language that is noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city.

River Clyde river in Scotland

The River Clyde is a river that flows into the Firth of Clyde in Scotland. It is the eighth-longest river in the United Kingdom, and the second-longest in Scotland. Traveling through the major city of Glasgow, it was an important river for shipbuilding and trade in the British Empire. To the Romans, it was Clota, and in the early medieval Cumbric language, it was known as Clud or Clut, and was central to the Kingdom of Strathclyde.

Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal

The Glasgow, Paisley and Ardrossan Canal, later known as the Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal, was a canal in the west of Scotland, running between Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone which later became a railway. Despite the name, the canal was never completed down to Ardrossan, the termini being Port Eglinton in Glasgow and Thorn Brae in Johnstone. Within months of opening, the canal was the scene of a major disaster.

Montgomerie was an amateur composer and cellist. His best known work is the dance tune "Ayrshire Lasses", and other composers dedicated works to him, including Thomas Arne. [3]

Cello musical instrument

The cello ( CHEL-oh; plural cellos or celli) or violoncello ( VY-ə-lən-CHEL-oh; Italian pronunciation: [vjolonˈtʃɛllo]) is a string instrument. It is played by bowing or plucking its four strings, which are usually tuned in perfect fifths an octave lower than the viola: from low to high, C2, G2, D3 and A3. It is the bass member of the violin family, which also includes the violin, viola and the double bass, which doubles the bass line an octave lower than the cello in much of the orchestral repertoire. After the double bass, it is the second-largest and second lowest (in pitch) bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra. The cello is used as a solo instrument, as well as in chamber music ensembles (e.g., string quartet), string orchestras, as a member of the string section of symphony orchestras, most modern Chinese orchestras, and some types of rock bands.

Thomas Arne 18th-century British composer

Thomas Augustine Arne was an English composer. He is best known for his patriotic song Rule Britannia, a version of God Save the King, which became the British national anthem, and the song A-Hunting We Will Go. Arne was a leading British theatre composer of the 18th century, working at Drury Lane and Covent Garden.

Notes

  1. Also known as Hugh Montgomerie of Coilsfield( Gazetteer editor 2011 )
  2. 1 2 Henderson 1895.
  3. David Johnson. "12th Earl of Eglinton", Grove Music Online , ed. L. Macy (accessed 20 May 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).

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Earl of Eglinton

Earl of Eglinton is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. In 1859, the thirteenth Earl of Eglinton, Archibald Montgomerie, was also created Earl of Winton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him an automatic seat in the House of Lords, and both earldoms have been united since. Furthermore, other titles held with the earldoms are: Lord Montgomerie, Baron Ardrossan (1806) and Baron Seton and Tranent (1859). The first is in the Peerage of Scotland, while the latter two are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Kilwinning town in North Ayrshire, Scotland

Kilwinning is a town in North Ayrshire, Scotland. It is on the River Garnock, north of Irvine, about 21 miles (34 km) south of Glasgow. It is known as "The Crossroads of Ayrshire". Kilwinning was also a Civil Parish. The 2001 Census recorded the town as having a population of 15,908. At the 2011 Census, Kilwinning had a population of 21,456.

Ardrossan town in Scotland

Ardrossan is a town on the North Ayrshire coast in southwestern Scotland. Although there are high levels of deprivation around the town centre of Ardrossan, the town is gentrifying but with some suburban developments around the outskirts of the town. The town has a population of roughly 11,000 and forms part of a conurbation with Saltcoats and Stevenston. Ardrossan is located on the east shore of the Firth of Clyde.

Alexander Montgomerie, 9th Earl of Eglinton Scottish Earl

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Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton British Army general

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Clan Montgomery

Clan Montgomery is a Lowland Scottish clan.

Eglinton Castle

Eglinton Castle was a large Gothic castellated mansion in Kilwinning, North Ayrshire, Scotland.

Ardrossan Railway railway that ran services between Kilwinning and Ardrossan in Scotland

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Archibald Montgomerie, 14th Earl of Eglinton British earl

Archibald William Montgomerie, 14th Earl of Eglinton, DL was a Scottish noble and member of the House of Lords.

Skelmorlie Castle castle in North Ayrshire, Scotland

Skelmorlie Castle stands on the eastern shore of the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, at the north-western corner of the county of Ayrshire. The structure dates from 1502, and was formerly the seat and stronghold of the Montgomery Clan. The modern village of Skelmorlie lies to the north of the castle.

Hugh Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Eglinton was a Scottish peer.

Lieutenant-General James Montgomerie was a Scottish soldier and politician who sat in Parliament for Ayrshire 1818–29.

Murder of Alexander Montgomerie

Alexander Montgomerie was the 10th Earl of Eglinton. Alexander was mortally wounded on the beach near his stables at Parkhouse on his own estate of Ardrossan by an excise officer or Gaudger (Scots) named Mungo Campbell on 24 October 1769 following a dispute about poaching and the latter's right to bear arms on the earl's grounds.

Lands of Doura

The Lands of Doura, Dawra, Dawray, DowreyDowray,Dourey or Douray formed a small estate, at one time part of the Barony of Corsehill and Doura, situated near the Eglinton Estate in the Parish of Kilwinning, North Ayrshire, Scotland.

Alexander Montgomerie, 1st Lord Montgomerie was a Scottish nobleman and diplomat.

Hugh Montgomerie, 3rd Earl of Eglinton was a Scottish aristocrat who was a strong supporter of Mary Queen of Scots. He was an important participant in a tumultuous period of Scottish history.

Murder of Hugh Montgomerie

The Murder of Hugh Montgomerie, 4th Earl of Eglinton at the Annick Ford in Stewarton, East Ayrshire, Scotland, took place in 1586 as a consequence of a long running feud between the Montgomeries, Earls of Eglinton and the Cunninghames, Earls of Glencairn, families who were competing for power and influence locally and nationally. The significant repercussions of this act were felt throughout the county of Ayrshire and beyond. The spelling 'Montgomerie' is used throughout for both the family and Montgomery for the clan and clan and district names 'Cunninghame' in the same fashion.

References

Sidney Lee 19th/20th-century English biographer and critic

Sir Sidney Lee was an English biographer, writer and critic.

<i>Dictionary of National Biography</i> Multi-volume reference work

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.

Further reading

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Adam Fergusson, Bt
Member of Parliament for Ayrshire
1780–1781
Succeeded by
Sir Adam Fergusson, Bt
Preceded by
Sir Adam Fergusson, Bt
Member of Parliament for Ayrshire
1784–1789
Succeeded by
William McDowall
Preceded by
Sir Adam Fergusson, Bt
Member of Parliament for Ayrshire
1796
Succeeded by
William Fullarton
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Eglinton
Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire
1796–1819
Succeeded by
The Earl of Glasgow
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Ardrossan
1806–1819
Succeeded by
Archibald Montgomerie
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Archibald Montgomerie
Earl of Eglinton
1796–1819
Succeeded by
Archibald Montgomerie