Hulin

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Hulin

虎林市
China Heilongjiang location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hulin
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°46′N132°56′E / 45.767°N 132.933°E / 45.767; 132.933 Coordinates: 45°46′N132°56′E / 45.767°N 132.933°E / 45.767; 132.933
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Prefecture-level city Jixi
Municipal seat Hulin Town (虎林镇)
Elevation
85 m (280 ft)
Population
  Total200,000
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
230381
Climate Dwb
Website hljhulin.gov.cn

Hulin (Chinese :虎林; pinyin :Hǔlín; literally: 'tiger forest') is a county-level city on the Muling River in southeastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. With a population of around 200,000, it is under the administration of Jixi. Nearby are Lake Xingkai, 51 kilometres (32 mi) to the southwest, the Usuri River, which forms the Russian border 38 kilometres (24 mi) to the east. The main agricultural products include soybeans, cattle, milk, various organic produces, and lumber. [1]

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the ethnic Chinese majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

Pinyin Chinese romanization scheme for Mandarin

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

County-level city Peoples Republic of China county-level subdivision

A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. County-level cities are usually governed by prefecture-level divisions, but a few are governed directly by province-level divisions. Formerly known as prefecture-controlled city.

Geography and climate

Hulin (labelled as Hu-lin) (1955) Txu-oclc-6614368-nl53-7-2nd-ed.jpg
Hulin (labelled as Hu-lin) (1955)

Hulin has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, bitterly cold, but dry winters, and warm, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −18.3 °C (−1 °F) in January to 21.6 °C (71 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 3.49 °C (38.3 °F). More than 2/3 of the year's precipitation occurs from June to September.

Monsoon seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea. Usually, the term monsoon is used to refer to the rainy phase of a seasonally changing pattern, although technically there is also a dry phase. The term is sometimes incorrectly used for locally heavy but short-term rains.

Humid continental climate Category in the Köppen climate classification system

A humid continental climate is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is usually distributed throughout the year. The definition of this climate regarding temperature is as follows: the mean temperature of the coldest month must be below −3 °C (26.6 °F) and there must be at least four months whose mean temperatures are at or above 10 °C (50 °F). In addition, the location in question must not be semi-arid or arid. The Dfb, Dwb and Dsb subtypes are also known as hemiboreal.

Köppen climate classification climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the German-Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Climate data for Hulin (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
7.1
(44.8)
17.0
(62.6)
26.2
(79.2)
30.4
(86.7)
33.7
(92.7)
35.2
(95.4)
34.7
(94.5)
31.5
(88.7)
24.8
(76.6)
13.4
(56.1)
4.7
(40.5)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F)−13.2
(8.2)
−8.1
(17.4)
0.6
(33.1)
11.3
(52.3)
18.6
(65.5)
23.3
(73.9)
26.4
(79.5)
25.5
(77.9)
20.2
(68.4)
11.4
(52.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
−10.2
(13.6)
8.8
(47.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−18.3
(−0.9)
−13.6
(7.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
5.5
(41.9)
12.7
(54.9)
18.0
(64.4)
21.6
(70.9)
20.7
(69.3)
14.5
(58.1)
5.7
(42.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−15.1
(4.8)
3.5
(38.3)
Average low °C (°F)−23.1
(−9.6)
−19
(−2)
−9.8
(14.4)
0.2
(32.4)
7.0
(44.6)
13.2
(55.8)
17.3
(63.1)
16.4
(61.5)
9.4
(48.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−9.9
(14.2)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−1.4
(29.4)
Record low °C (°F)−34.7
(−30.5)
−31.9
(−25.4)
−30.3
(−22.5)
−11
(12)
−3.4
(25.9)
5.0
(41.0)
10.6
(51.1)
6.1
(43.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−14.4
(6.1)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−34.7
(−30.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)5.4
(0.21)
5.8
(0.23)
12.4
(0.49)
33.4
(1.31)
55.2
(2.17)
82.1
(3.23)
108.2
(4.26)
112.5
(4.43)
78.0
(3.07)
48.6
(1.91)
15.9
(0.63)
8.1
(0.32)
565.6
(22.26)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)5.95.26.59.513.514.112.713.211.29.27.87.7116.5
Source: Weather China

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References

  1. Hulin Government web site.