Huma County

Last updated
Huma County

呼玛县
Kitchen-21-Russia-Amur-2817.jpg
The Huma River was shown as Houmar on early maps (1773), the surrounding region labeled Houmari
Location of Huma within Heilongjiang (China).png
Huma County (red) in Daxing'anling Prefecture (yellow) and Heilongjiang
China Heilongjiang location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Huma
Location of the seat in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 51°44′N126°39′E / 51.733°N 126.650°E / 51.733; 126.650 Coordinates: 51°44′N126°39′E / 51.733°N 126.650°E / 51.733; 126.650
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Prefecture Daxing'anling
Area
  Total14,285 km2 (5,515 sq mi)
Elevation
170 m (560 ft)
Population
  Total340,000
  Density24/km2 (62/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
165100
Area code(s) 0457

Huma County (simplified Chinese :呼玛县; traditional Chinese :呼瑪縣; pinyin :Hūmǎ xiàn; Manchu: Hūmar Siyan; Russian : Кумары) is a county in the far north of the Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The county seat is located on the right (southwestern) bank of the Amur River, a few kilometers upstream from the fall of the Huma River (formerly also known as Houmar) into the Amur. It is under the administration of the Daxing'anling Prefecture.

Contents

The opposite side of the Amur River is in Amurskaya Oblast', Russia, where there is a village with the same name in Russified form, Kumara (Russian : Кумара) [1]

History

Huma (labelled as Hu-ma Hu Ma 
) (1951) Txu-oclc-6614368-nm52-1.jpg
Huma (labelled as Hu-ma 呼瑪) (1951)
Oupu (labelled as Ou-p'u Ou Pu 
) (1951) Txu-oclc-6614368-nn52-10.jpg
Oupu (labelled as Ou-p'u 鷗浦) (1951)

Kumarsk, the predecessor of the present-day Huma, was a fortified Russian town in the Amur River region, founded in 1652 by Yerofey Khabarov and his companions, during his retreat from Achansk, corresponding to the present-day Khabarovsk, where he was besieged by Manchu and Daur allied forces.

On 13 March 1655, the Komar fortress, defended by the ataman Onufriy Stepanov and his 500 Cossacks, was besieged by a Qing army led by Ming'andali (明安達理) consisting of 10,000 men. The outnumbered defenders repulsed several assaults. The defeated Manchu lift the siege the following month (on 3 April 1655). The town was ceded to Qing Empire after the treaty of Nerchinsk in 1689.

Climate

Huma County has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb) with very warm, humid summers and severely cold, extremely dry winters. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −24.7 °C (−12.5 °F) in January to 20.9 °C (69.6 °F), and although temperatures consistently average above 10 °C (50 °F) from May to September, the annual mean, at −0.37 °C (31.3 °F), is low enough to form sporadic permafrost on sheltered sites, which is unusual for areas with this climatic classification. More than 70% of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 52% in July and December to 73% in February, sunshine is generous and the area receives 2,595 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Huma County (1981−2010 normals, extremes 1971−2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−1.9
(28.6)
5.1
(41.2)
18.9
(66.0)
27.6
(81.7)
36.2
(97.2)
40.5
(104.9)
39.4
(102.9)
36.5
(97.7)
31.3
(88.3)
28.6
(83.5)
12.1
(53.8)
1.0
(33.8)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F)−18.3
(−0.9)
−10.9
(12.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
10.0
(50.0)
18.9
(66.0)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
24.5
(76.1)
18.0
(64.4)
7.5
(45.5)
−7.4
(18.7)
−17.7
(0.1)
6.3
(43.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−24.7
(−12.5)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−9.1
(15.6)
3.4
(38.1)
11.8
(53.2)
18.5
(65.3)
20.9
(69.6)
18.4
(65.1)
11.1
(52.0)
1.1
(34.0)
−13.3
(8.1)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
Average low °C (°F)−29.7
(−21.5)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−16.3
(2.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
4.6
(40.3)
11.7
(53.1)
15.5
(59.9)
13.1
(55.6)
5.5
(41.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−6.2
(20.8)
Record low °C (°F)−48.2
(−54.8)
−43.3
(−45.9)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−7.2
(19.0)
0.4
(32.7)
5.7
(42.3)
2.0
(35.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−48.2
(−54.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)5.7
(0.22)
3.9
(0.15)
7.7
(0.30)
22.6
(0.89)
43.9
(1.73)
75.2
(2.96)
117.8
(4.64)
111.2
(4.38)
45.2
(1.78)
21.8
(0.86)
11.0
(0.43)
7.5
(0.30)
473.5
(18.64)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)7.74.64.87.510.213.614.514.211.47.27.18.5111.3
Average relative humidity (%)71675851516675777060687366
Mean monthly sunshine hours 146.7200.4252.7235.8271.8282.0260.7243.8210.0202.5162.2126.52,595.1
Percent possible sunshine 57726957575752545561615259
Source #1: China Meteorological Administration (sunshine 19712000) [2] [3]
Source #2: Weather China (precipitation days and records 19712000)

Related Research Articles

Shangzhi County-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Shangzhi is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It is 127 kilometres (79 mi) away from central Harbin and has an area of approximately 9,000 km2 (3,500 sq mi). The city proper has a population of around 120,000, while the total administrative population is approximately 600,000 inhabitants. The most spacious county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Yanshou County to the north, Wuchang to the southwest, Acheng District to the northwest, and Bin County to the northwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Mudanjiang to the southeast.

Hulunbuir Prefecture-level city in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Hulunbuir or Hulun Buir is a region that is governed as a prefecture-level city in northeastern Inner Mongolia, China. Its administrative center is located at Hailar District, its largest urban area. Major scenic features are the high steppes of the Hulun Buir grasslands, the Hulun and Buir lakes, and the Khingan range. Hulun Buir borders Russia to the north and west, Mongolia to the south and west, Heilongjiang province to the east and Hinggan League to the direct south. Hulunbuir is a linguistically diverse area: next to Mandarin Chinese, Mongolian dialects such as Khorchin and Buryat, the Mongolic language Daur, and some Tungusic languages, including Oroqen and Solon, are spoken there.

Yuncheng Prefecture-level city in Shanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Yuncheng is the southernmost prefecture-level city in Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It borders Linfen and Jincheng municipalities to the north and east, and Henan and Shaanxi provinces to the south and west. At the 2010 census, its population was 5,134,779 inhabitants, of whom 680,036 lived in the built-up area made of Yanhu District.

Zhangwu County County in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Zhangwu County is a county in the north of Liaoning province, China. It is under the administration of Fuxin City, the centre of which lies 82 kilometres (51 mi) to the southwest, with a population of 410,000 residing in an area of 3,635 km2 (1,403 sq mi). It is served by G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway, G2511 Xinmin–Lubei Expressway, and China National Highways 101 and 304.

Keshan County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Keshan is a county in western Heilongjiang province, China, about 100 km (62 mi) northeast of Qiqihar, which administers it. It is named from a city-shaped extinct volcano, which has a name of Erkeshan in its territory. Its total area is 3,632 square kilometres (1,402 sq mi), with a population of 460,000. Post Code: 161610. The seat of Keshan County is located in Keshan Town.

Linjiang County-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Linjiang is a county-level city in southern Jilin province, People's Republic of China, located to the east of Tonghua, and not far from the border with North Korea. It is a county-level city under the administration of Baishan.

Hailun County-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Hailun is a city in west-central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Administratively, it is a county-level city of Suihua City.

Nenjiang City County-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Nenjiang City, formerly Nenjiang County, is a county-level city under the administration of Heihe prefecture-level city in northwestern Heilongjiang province, China. It is located on the river of the same name, which also forms part of the provincial border with Inner Mongolia, more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) southwest of the urban area of Heihe. The city seat is Nenjiang Town. Land area 15,360 square kilometres (5,930 sq mi), population 500,000.

Sunwu County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Sunwu County is a county under the administration of Heihe City in the north of Heilongjiang province, China, situated on the bank of Amur River, which demarcates the Sino-Russian border. The length of border line within Sunwu county is 36 km (22 mi).

Tonghe County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Tonghe County is under the administration of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located on the northern (left) bank of the Songhua River. It is 161 kilometres (100 mi) to the east of central Harbin, bordering Yilan County to the east, Fangzheng County to the south, Mulan County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Yichun to the north.

Fujin City County-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Fujin is a county-level city in the east of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It is under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Jiamusi.

Urad Middle Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Urad Middle Banner is a banner of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. It is located in the west of the region, and administratively is part of Bayan Nur City. It has a total area of 22,606 square kilometres (8,728 sq mi) and in 2004 had a population of 140,000. Its seat is located in the town of Haliut (海流图镇).

Yuanping County-level city in Shanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Yuanping is a county-level city under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Xinzhou, in north-central Shanxi Province, China.

Linxi County, Inner Mongolia County in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Linxi County is a county of eastern Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Chifeng City, 165 kilometres (103 mi) to the south-southeast.

Jarud Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Jarud Banner is a banner of eastern Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Tongliao City, 150 kilometres (93 mi), and the China National Highway 304 passes through the area.

Huade County County in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Huade is a county of central Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China, bordering Hebei province to the southeast, Xilin Gol League to the northeast, and Shangdu County to the west. It is under the administration of Ulaan Chab city.

Duolun County County in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Duolun County is a county of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Xilin Gol League.

Abag Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Abag Banner is a county of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Xilin Gol League. Abag Mongols live here. The local dialect has variously been classified as Chakhar or Khalkha.

East Ujimqin Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

East Ujimqin Banner is a banner in the northeast of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Xilin Gol League.

West Ujimqin Banner Banner in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

West Ujimqin Banner is a banner of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Xilin Gol League.

References

  1. As per Google maps, https://maps.google.com/maps?q=51.725,126.650556&ie=UTF8&ll=51.725327,126.650391&spn=1.235174,2.471924&z=9&iwloc=addr
  2. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  3. 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.